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18204. VIRTUAL REALITY TRAINING IN MEDICINE: SUGERY. Drawing on an analytical review of the scholarly and professional medical literature, this paper considers the application of a computer-based technology in medicine: virtual reality simulators in surgical training. In the past two decades there has been explosive growth of laparoscopic and other minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques versus conventional open surgery procedures. MIS techniques provide benefits to patients but present challenges to surgeons. The rapid expansion in MIS has combined with surgical learning curves, ethical concerns, reductions in training surgeon hours, cost considerations, new FDA requirements, concerns over medical errors and evidence of the training effectiveness of virtual reality simulators to force a paradigm shift in how surgical residents are trained. KEYWORDS: virtual reality medicine computer technologies surgery. Strict APA Style throughout. 6 pages, 32 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 1,621 words   $42


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