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5A1. PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
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13978. Business Plan: Outsourcing Human Resource Management in a Tqm Environment. This termpaper presents a plan for the creation of a new business, which will provide human relations services to companies outsourcing their HRM functions. The HRM outsourcing business will operate within a TQM (Total Quality Management) paradigm and market itself as a TQM business. The paper provides an outline of the new business, including a description of the scope of services, a risk assessment, and a comprehensive Quality Assurance Plan detailing how the business will utilize TQM tools to provide excellence in human resource practices. KEYWORDS: hrm outsourcing total quality management tqm term paper business plan. 24 pages, 42 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources. 6,217 words.   $133
 
13942. Employee Performance Appraisal. This termpaper provides an overview and analysis of some of the problems involved in measuring and evaluating performance at work. Following an overview of the central objectives and types of performance appraisals, the analysis looks at the major problems associated with the work evaluation process. Among the issues addressed are problems of measurement, reliability, validity, rater bias, rating “inflation”, liability issues, and difficulties in measuring the performance of knowledge workers and managers. The concluding section makes recommendations for improving the performance appraisal process and considers the arguments for eliminating the process altogether. KEYWORDS: performance appraisal employees. APA Style. 12 pages, 44 footnotes, 15 bibliographic references.   $84
 
13851. John Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice. According to Holland, there are six personality types, each of which is best matched to a particular work environment. This paper discusses his theory and its implications for counselors in helping people to attain suitable careers for themselves. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.   $42
 
13840. The Psychology of Work and Human Performance. Examines the psychology of workplace performance in terms of the basic behavioral needs for motivation, performance, ingenuity and initiative within the organization. Takes the perspective of an Occupational Safety and Health Consultant, adapting principles of industrial psychology to making the organization a safer, more satisfying place in which to work. Considers the relationship between organizational structure, managerial style and employee motivation, drawing on the ideas of theorists such as Herzberg, Ouchi, and Drucker. 12 pages, 12 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13697. Discrimination in the Workplace: Gender, Race, Sexual Orientation. A brief and general overview of the different patterns, perceptions and effects of workplace discrimination, along with a brief evaluation of current proposed solutions for the problem with a special focus on gender discrimination. Provides current statistics on the scope of the problem. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references.   $35
 
13510. Wrongful Termination. Discusses the legal concept and the types of cases that have been brought to court. Also covers what companies should do to avoid such suits and concludes by arguing for the use of "alternative dispute resolution". p. 14f. 6b.   $49
 
13441. Career Development for Corporate Executives. Examines the issue of career development and career counseling for corporate executives. Describes the characteristics and career development needs of today's corporate executives. Outlines career counseling/educational interventions to assist this group in achieving their career objectives. Concludes with a recommended reading list. 21 pages, 51 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13437. Inequality in the u.s. Economy. Examines the extent to which racial minorities and women lack opportunities for success. Argues that women have made greater strides than the races in recent years, but both groups still lack full equality at the present time. 12 pages, 35 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13423. Culture and Communication: High-Context vs. Low-Context Cultures. This paper provides an overview and analysis of high context/low context communication cultures and their relevance and impact for international business operations. The analysis begins with a discussion of high-context/low-context communication cultures within the framework of Hofstede’s four dimensions of national culture. The next sections examine the nuances of the high/low context clash through an examination of cross-cultural comparisons, with a special focus on Middle Eastern (high-context)/American (low-context) studies and Asian (high-context)/Non-Asian (low-context) studies. 9 pages, 29 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
13409. Executive Pay: Economics, Ethics and International Perspectives. This paper considers the substantive issues with regard to the economics, ethics, and organizational goals related to executive pay. The analysis views the topic from the international perspective, considering the issues and their related empirical and theoretical findings concerning executive pay not only from the framework of its most extreme manifestation - the United States - but also from the historically more tempered perspective in other developed countries. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
13355. Virtual Teams. Argues that computer-based, geographically-separated teams are an organizational trend for the future. Also discusses the pro's and con's of such teams, and suggests ways to overcome the problems (such as using videoconferencing to improve relations between team members). 11p., 39f., 12.   $77
 
13352. Culture and Administration. An overview of the importance of cultural considerations to the running of organizations. Analyzes how cultural differences make for different views of leadership roles, supervisor-subordinate relationships, planning, organizational development, and employee selection. 11p., 11b.   $77
 
13348. Globalization and Human Resources Development at Ford. Considers the importance of employee involvement and motivation in company's "Ford 2000"plan. Also traces Ford's emphasis on employee development from the 1980s, and looks at recent efforts to diversify the company's workplace. 10 pages, 33 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
13235. Motivation in the Hospitality Industry. Topics covered include the importance of motivation, theories of motivation, and the role of managerial leadership. Also discusses specific motivators, such as rewards, recognition and training. 11 pages, 41 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13209. The Importance of Culture in International Business. This essay considers the short-sightedness and wrong-headedness in the notion that cultural awareness is not important, that if one simply treats others as one would like to be treated, everything will work out fine. The paper cites six main examples of major areas of cultural difference, including language, social hierarchy and distance, time orientation, humor, ethics, and symbolic meaning. KEYWORDS: culture organization international business strategy argumentative essay. APA Style. 6 pages, 21 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
13208. Preparing Employees for Expatriate Assignments. This essay argues that the high failure rate of expatriate assignments demands that organizations - both for the sake of the company and for the sake of the employee - take steps to comprehensively prepare the expatriate and his/her family for the overseas posting. Taking the hypothetical case of an individual and his family of four (spouse, 8-year-old son and 10 year old daughter) who are being asked to move to a non-English speaking foreign country, the analysis identifies and discusses the five most critical areas (cross-cultural training, language training, management & organization training, assistance in tools of everyday living, and assistance in family-related issues) in which they should be assisted. KEYWORDS: expatriate workers hrm employee training assistance foreign postings. 5 pages, 19 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.

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13190. The Advantages of Internships. This term paper discusses cost-effectiveness, the opportunities provided in terms of recruiting future employees, and other organizational benefits of developing internship programs. By contrast, notes that there are very few disadvantages. Concludes with suggestions for implementing a successful internship program. Includes an executive summary. KEYWORDS: business interns internships organizational advantages benefits. 11 pages, 37 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13163. Conflict in the Workplace. This term paper examines the issue of conflict in the modern, evolving organization. The essay describes some of the major sources of conflict in the workplace, considers whether or not conflict is an inevitable component of the modern workplace (and if so, whether or not conflict is necessarily a bad thing), and deliberates if and how conflict can be eliminated by good management. KEYWORDS: work employees conflict management violence workplace. APA Style. 12 pages, 26 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13120. Japanese Human Resource Management. Based on a comparative analysis of Ballon's (1992) Foreign Competition in Japan and White & Trevor's (1983) Under Japanese Management, this report examines Japanese human resources management (and its contrast with Western-style human resources management), focusing closely on the question of whether Japanese-style human resources management provides Japanese organizations with a "competitive advantage" over Western organizations. The scope of these two books allows for an examination of Japanese versus Western human resources strategies in both Japan and a Western setting (Britain). KEYWORDS: japan hrm comparative management. 14 pages, 21 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
13116. Operational and Organizational Change Among Mncs. This report discusses some of the major human resources management and organizational change issues involved in transforming a multinational corporation into an integrated transnational company. Following an overview of the evolving TNC and its implications for human resources management, the analysis examines the use of "subsidiary empowerment" as one potential MNC-TNC transformation strategy. The limitations and shortcomings of this strategy are then considered with reference to Asian subsidiaries. A concluding section considers the implications of resistance to organizational change for the strategic planner within a multinational organization. 20p., 64f, 19b.   $133
 
13115. Hofstede on Business Culture in Asia. This report provides an overview and introduction to Hofstede's theories on national culture and organization. The analysis begins with an overview and critique of Hofstede's methodology. While Hofstede's framework for cultural analysis has been widely cited and applied, a number of researchers have pointed to certain shortcomings and methodological weaknesses. This brief section addresses one common criticism. The next section of the report looks more closely at Hofstede's theories on how national culture affects motivation - a critical area of interest for Hofstede. A final section examines Hofstede's concept of Confucian Dynamism and his theories on Asian business culture. 19 pages, 32 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13114. Managing & Training the Expatriate Work Force. This report considers some of the advantages and disadvantages of the expatriate workforce and examines key human relations management issues related to expatriate staffing of MNCs. The analysis begins with a critical overview of the traditional reasons for maintaining an expatriate workforce. A concluding section considers steps to take to maximize the value of expatriates. 14 pages, 35 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: expatriate management, expatriates, talent management, international human resource management, SHRM, talent management

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13101. Drug Testing in the Workplace. Discusses the laws, cases and controversies relating to this issue, with emphasis on the views of union leaders and employees. Includes such concerns as collective bargaining, invasion of privacy, inaccuracy of tests, opposition to random testing, and support for treatment of those found to be drug users. The paper also includes four tables showing survey data on the opinions of union workers. 26 pages, 89 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13100. Merit Pay. Discusses the use of pay for performance as a tool for motivation and job satisfaction, with emphasis on its usefulness in the public sector. Describes both the advantages and disadvantages, and argues that the system can work if it is properly implemented and includes effective appraisal methods. 6 pages, 34 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
13099. Age Discrimination in the Workplace. Studies have shown that negative stereotypes persist despite laws prohibiting this type of discrimination. The paper includes a discussion of Supreme Court decisions on the matter and how these decisions have placed limits on both plaintiffs and defendants. A recent trend toward hiring older workers is also noted, and recommendations are made to help employers avoid lawsuits. 13 pages, 48 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
13025. Work Team Innovation at 3m. This report presents a case analysis of best practices in innovation at 3M. Following a brief profile of the company and its track record of innovation, the analysis focuses on the role of 3M work teams in fostering and maintaining 3M's reputation for innovative excellence. The investigation examines the underlying processes and systems supporting 3M teams, looking at specific factors such as team leadership, team organization, management support, organizational culture, and team motivation. 13 pages, 43 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
12653. Women in Management: Indonesia. This termpaper considers current conditions, prospects for and barriers to Indonesian women's entry and progression in the management sector. Includes a general profile of women in the Indonesian labor market and compares male versus female progress in occupational status in Indonesia. KEYWORDS: women managers indonesia. 8 pages, 13 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
12615. In-Group vs. Out-Group Distinctions in Collectivist Cultures. Implications for International Business. This paper provides a close focus on Hofstede's (1991) observation that "the distinction between in-group and out-groups which is so essential in the collectivist culture pattern has far-reaching consequences for business relationships, beyond those between employers and employees" (p. 66). Following an overview of Hofstede's (1991) individualist-collectivist dimension of culture and a more detailed discussion of its implications for the in-group versus out-group distinction, the analysis examines the consequences of the collectivist cultures' treatment of in- and out-groups for international business relationships, looking specifically at its impact on inter- and extra-firm negotiations, organizational structures, and HRM (human resources management) structures and processes. 15 pages, 51 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
12421. The Cultural Nature of Global Human Resource Management. Summarizes, synthesizes, and critiques six (1996-97) articles (including four research articles) relating to the cultural imperatives of global human resource management. The topic is investigated through three main sub-themes: 1) expatriate adjustment; 2) culture and management; and 3) culture and work-related values. 11 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12389. Why Change Is Not Working in Most Organizations. This paper reviews the key points and examines the validity of a recent article by the National Underwriter Life & Health company which explores the reasons behind the failure of organizational change efforts. Considers how to apply the information from the perspective of an internal management consultant. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
12387. Employee Involvement and Participation at Ibm. This paper provides an audit and analysis of IBM against the participative management/employee involvement model of human resource management. The first section describes the participative model of human resource systems and justifies the use of this model as an evaluative benchmark. the remainder of the paper evaluates IBM against this normative HRS model, addressing issues of strategy, structure, and culture, along with the specific human resource management functions of performance and management and rewards. KEYWORDS: IBM hrm employee involvement participation. 17 pages, 52 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
12386. Human Resources Management at Microsoft. This paper presents a management report analyzing the human relations management issues, strategies and policies of software giant Microsoft Corporation. The report focuses on Microsoft's problems in employee recruiting, hiring and classification which are related to the highly competitive market for qualified high-technology employees, the company's needs to retain flexibility in hiring practices, and recent legal challenges to Microsoft's long-standing practice of relying on "contract" or "temporary" workers to fill part of its labor needs. KEYWORDS: hrm microsoft recruitment hiring employee classification temporary workers us software industry labor practices. 11 pages, 48 footnotes, 34 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12385. Public Personnel Management and the Supervisor. This paper, which is structured as a draft letter from the Chief of Personnel in a public organization to newly selected supervisors, emphasizes the new and critical role each supervisor plays in human resource management. Drawing upon public administration texts and recent literature, the report addresses the key human resources management responsibilities of the new supervisors. The analysis and recommendations consider EEO, employee motivation and job satisfaction, employee training and development, performance appraisal, employee discipline and grievance procedures, and the management of diversity. 11 pages, 24 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12384. Introducing New Technology Into the Workplace. This paper considers and critiques the proposition that the introduction of new technology into the workplace is a straightforward management task. The essay argues that the implementation of new technology into the workplace is a complex and often daunting challenge for management. The analysis begins with a review of some of the major problems and/or barriers involved in implementing new technologies and then concludes with a discussion of the implications for managers. 8 pages, 25 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
12383. Learning Organizations. Overview and analysis of the learning organization. The first part of the paper takes a theoretical focus, considering the definitions and central characteristics of the learning organization; differentiating between organizational learning and the learning organization; considering the implications of being a learning organization for corporate culture, organizational structure, strategy, and environmental outlook, examining the factors in the external environment which encourage or demand the development of learning organizations; and previewing theoretical approaches towards becoming learning organizations. the concluding section of the paper examines the learning organization in action. Drawing on case studies and anecdotal reports of companies' achievements and/or failures as learning organization, the analysis takes a birds-eye look at how and why companies become learning organizations. 17 pages, 43 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
12381. Globalwork: Bridging Distance, Culture & Time by O'hara-Deveraux & Johansen. Review and evaluation of this 1994 book by two management consultants which aims at providing managers with useful models and frameworks for transcending the cultural boundaries of the global business environment to ensure effective teamwork and optimal utilization of new business technologies. While noting that the subject matter is timely and relevant, appraises much of the book as indecipherable, particularly its discussions of globalization and culture. KEYWORDS: book review globalization business. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
12375. Electronic Monitoring of Employees. This research paper provides a review and analysis of the problems and issues raised by the organizations' electronic monitoring of employees, with a close focus on monitoring of employee email and internet usage. The topic is investigated from the perspective of organizational theory and business ethics, rather than in terms of its legal ramifications (although these issues are briefly addressed as well). KEYWORDS: employee email monitoring term paper. APA Style. 15 pages, 49 footnotes, 25 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
12372. Organizational Behavior & Corporate Change. The analysis applies three theories of organizational behavior/employee motivation theories (Herzberg's Motivation-hygiene theory, equity theory, and goal-setting theory) to the process of organizational change (downsizing, restructuring, re-engineering, corporate culture change) at General Electric Company as it has occurred from 1981 to present. The link between changing employees' behavior and attitudes and successful organizational transformation is emphasized. 12 pages, 27 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12367. The Downsizing of At&T. Profiles and analyzes downsizing at AT&T. Although the report focuses on AT&T's most recent downsizing efforts (since January 1996), the cumulative impact of five previous downsizing programs during the past decade is also considered. Evaluates the rationale behind the downsizing, profiles the scope of restructuring efforts to date, and examines its impact on the company as a whole, and on AT&T employees - both the 'downsized' and the 'survivors' - in particular. 15 pages, 47 footnotes, 34 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
12310. The Americans With Disabilities Act. This paper provides an overview an analysis of the history, development and structure of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. The analysis begins with an overview of ADA's history and development, looking at some of the pre-ADA legislation affording the disabled protection against discrimination and examining some of the major environmental forces spurring ADA legislation. Following this a detailed summary analysis of the ADA's main purposes and central protections as provided through its five Titles. KEYWORDS: ADA term paper disabled employees legislation. APA Style. 11 pages, 28 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12164. o.d. (Organization Development) Skills. This paper identifies, prioritizes and explains the five O.D. skills that are most important for helping public and/or nonprofit managers develop and maintain flexible, adaptive, and effective organizations: 1) diagnostic skills; 2) motivational skill; 3) consultative management skill; 4) evaluation skill; and 5) interventions skill. 11 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12163. Human Resource Planning for the Future. This paper discusses the value of human resources planning and management in the achievement of organizational objectives with particular attention to how changes in the labor market and employment structure over the next decades will impact the vital link between human resources and organizational strategy. KEYWORDS: hrm planning human resources management. 9 pages, 19 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
12161. A Seminar on Training Evaluation. Formatted as a training seminar on the subject of training evaluations. The purpose is to provide an overview of the training evaluation process as it applies to the evaluation of training programs, trainers, trainees, and job results. Defines evaluation, describes its benefits, and analyzes the five main levels of evaluations and their basic methodologies and applications. Presents a step-by-step plan for evaluation implementation. Concludes with a brief evaluation of the seminar. 10 pages, 21 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12110. Surviving Downsizing. Examines the impact of corporate downsizing on employee survivors (those who remain after the layoffs), and looks at ways companies can mitigate the negative impacts. Considers links between absenteeism, work stress, employee morale and "survivor syndrome." 17 pages, 68 footnotes, 44 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
12022. Sexual Harassment in the Workplace. This paper presents an overview of the current status of sexual harassment law and an analysis of recent trends and emerging issues in workplace sexual harassment. Reviews the definition and legal history of workplace sexual harassment and considers recent trends such as the rising caseloads, the changing parameters of hostile environment claims and the criteria for establishing employer liability. KEYWORDS: workplace sexual harassment hostile environment claims employer liability. 16 pages, 45 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
12021. "Leadership: The Art of Empowering Others" by Jay Conger. Critical analysis of an article written by a management expert on the subject of effective leadership. Conger argues that the key to effective leadership (and hence, to organizational effectiveness) is empowering employees. KEYWORDS: hrm article review employee empowerment leadership jay conger. 7 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
11981. Restructuring Ibm. This paper analyzes the relevant issues and problems in the strategic process of restructuring of IBM. Following an overview of the downsizing/restructuring program to date, a summary S.W.O.T. (strengths-weaknesses-opportunistic-threats) analysis identifies threats and opportunities in IBM's external environment and matches them with IBM's internal strengths and weaknesses. Alternative courses of action for handling the problems and opportunities are defined and evaluated. The concluding section outlines a recommended course of action based on the analysis of alternatives. KEYWORDS: IBM change management corporate restructuring downsizing. 15 pages, 48 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11945. Work and Romance: A Bad Mix. A persuasive essay arguing that organizations should take steps to discourage romantic relationships in the workplace. Makes the case that workplace romances disrupt the work environment, compromise organizational effectiveness and expose the organization to legal liabilities, and threaten the career potential of the parties involved in the romance. KEYWORDS: workplace romance. 6 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
11942. Gender in a Multi-National Business Environment. Surveys the most male dominated countries in the world and the methods of American Corporations to integrate women into these workplaces. Examines U.S. law on various aspects of sexual harassment in a multi-national workplace. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11941. The Impact of National & Corporate Culture on Global Business. Following a brief overview of the concept and definition of culture, both as it pertains to nations and to organizations, this paper looks at some of the ways in which culture has the power to facilitate and /or impede companies' access to global markets and their participation in a global inter-linked economy. Profiles how culture impacts the marketing and the management functions. Considers how companies can overcome cultural barriers. KEYWORDS: organizational culture national international business globalization. 12 pages, 40 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11926. Networking in Organizations. This paper investigates the topic of networking within organizations, with a special focus on networking in large corporations and bureaucracies. Following a definition of networks, a discussion of the various types of networks and their main purposes, and an overview of the major models of network formation and network process, the analysis looks more closely at the impact of networking on the organization and the impact of the organization on networking. KEYWORDS: organizational networks networking. 21 pages, 47 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11924. Group Dynamics & Entrepreneurism in Large Organizations. This paper looks at the importance of group process and group dynamics when applying the entrepreneurial process to large organizations. Drawing on both empirical research and anecdotal evidence from organizations, the analysis takes a close focus on how the team or group approach can provide the foundation for the new organizational paradigm based on innovation, risk-taking, and flexibility. KEYWORDS: entrepreneurial process innovation risk taking organization group dynamics. 22 pages, 40 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11833. Computer Applications in Job Interviews and Employee Selection. This paper considers the use of computers in the job interview and employee selection process, looking in particular at computer-assisted and computer-adapted job interviewing/testing. Provides examples of programs which interview applicants and make hire recommendations, as well as a range of programs which assist in testing, applicant tracking, and other functions. 6 pages, 29 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
11832. The Difficulties in Changing Corporate Culture. Considers the extent to which organizational culture can be successfully managed or changed. Defines organizational culture, reviews the major types of culture, addresses the issue of whether or not culture can be treated as an organizational variable. Considers how and if it is possible to change organizational culture and looks at the barriers which may be encountered during the process. 10 pages, 36 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11813. Downsizing and Its Alternatives. Examines a hypothetical downsizing case in a mid-size manufacturing firm which has targeted a 30% payroll reduction. Considers the scope and consequences of downsizing and examines steps toward effective downsizing, including proper management of mass layoffs and a wide range of alternatives to layoffs, including wage reductions, reductions in time, early retirement, worker participation, and organizational re-design. 19 pages, 59 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11811. Industry's Role in Recycling. This paper examines recycling from the perspective of U.S. industry, looking at the role played by industrial producers, manufacturers, and packages in the drive to build a comprehensive framework for recycling in the united states. The analysis includes a close focus on two important areas for industry action: manufacturing recycled-content products and designing/manufacturing for recyclability. 12 pages, 39 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11755. Organizational Flexibility and Entrepreneurism. Looks at some of the ways in which companies have worked to increase organizational flexibility as part of their effort to increase corporate entrepreneurism. Focuses on the efforts to increase flexibility in human resources management, considering both the risks and the benefits of such efforts. 7 pages, 25 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11754. Entrepreneurism and Corporate Downsizing. Examines the phenomenon of corporate downsizing as it relates to companies' efforts to increase corporate entrepreneurism. The analysis examines the impact of downsizing on the corporation, including its impact on employees, and the extent to which it has helped companies increase entrepreneurism. A concluding section examines "right-sizing" as an alternative to downsizing which may be more in keeping with the objective of increasing corporate entrepreneurism. 14 pages, 44 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
11753. Using Employee Empowerment to Foster Entrepreneurism. Examines how and why corporations use employee empowerment programs as a means of increasing corporate entrepreneurism. Draws examples from successful programs and cites reasons why some programs fail. 6 pages, 31 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
11752. Entrepreneurism in American Corporations - Theory & Scope. Examines the rationale and scope of corporate entrepreneurship. Provides a definition of the entrepreneur and the entrepreneurial organization, including a summary of its key characteristics, and considers the rationale and scope of the "entrepreneurial prescription" offered by American management experts such as Drucker and Peters as a solution to the competitive and quality problems of large corporations. A concluding section considers the barriers to implementing entrepreneurism. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11699. Entrepreneurism in American Corporations. An investigation which examines the purpose, scope and outcomes of introducing entrepreneurial methods and values into large American organizations. Considers the 'key success' factors in implementing organizational entrepreneurism -- including employee empowerment and removal of hierarchies -- along with some of the major barriers which have been encountered. 41 pages, 112 footnotes, 54 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11601. Resistance to Change Is a Defense of Self. This analysis develops the notion that resistance to change is a defense of the self. This notion is developed both through the clinical perspective of the psychotherapist on patient resistance and the diagnostic perspective of the Organizational Development (OD) change agent on client and client-member resistance. 15 pages, 26 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11587. Organizational Change at the u.s. Postal Service. Survey and analysis of the postal system as a relative failure in American business, with general ideas for change based on the 're-framing' concept of organizational culture developed by Deal and Bolman: turning postal managers into leaders who can solve problems, especially identifying and either retraining or releasing problem workers. KEYWORDS: organizational change usps culture organization. 8 pages, 21 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
11518. Lifetime Employment: Not a Good Model for the u.s. Looks at the merits and drawbacks of the Japanese "lifetime employment" model and considers its applicability within the U.S. business environment. Rejects the model for the U.S., but urges U.S. businesses to develop a new employee-employer contract to replace what was in reality for many firms an implied lifetime contract prior to the downsizing of the 1990s. 8 pages, 29 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
11516. Organizational Culture Conflicts: Strategies for Change Agents. Considers the problems and conflicts posed by organizational culture for the change agent seeking to implement effective intervention. Following a presentation of examples of the culture-intervention value conflict, the analysis considers some strategies the change agent can use for coping with this conflict. 15 pages, 23 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11513. Corporate Downsizing. Investigates the phenomenon of corporate downsizing, tracing its history and progress from the late 1980s to the present. The process of downsizing and its impact on particular industries are considered. Looks at the causes (motivations) and consequences of downsizing, with particular attention to the impact on employer-employee relations and the structure of the organization in the 1990s. 20 pages, 44 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11510. Managing Change at General Electric. Describes, analyzes and assesses the outcome of GE's corporate change program implemented by CEO Jack Welch in 1981 and continued through the mid-1990s. Profiles the "pre-change" culture, organizational structure and strategy; considers the goals and procedures for change (including downsizing, employee empowerment and organizational restructuring); assesses the outcome. Faults GE for its failure to change its business ethics and for its delay in empowering employees and implementing true organization-wide change. 19 pages, 56 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11507. Business Analysis: United Airlines. Business analysis of one of America's Big Three airlines, in format of short subsections including history, business summary and mission, future strategy alternatives, and recommendations. Gives a no-holds-barred summary of the good and bad points of United and its competitors, focusing on the airline industry's struggle to keep marginal cost below marginal revenue, United's two 1994 shakeups (employee buyout/wage reduction deal, United Shuttle and other price-cutting) United's war with Southwest, and offers a new business strategy for 1995, including new marketing techniques to increase passenger revenues per mile. 20 pages, 25 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11476. Human Resource Management Downsizing. Analyzes how HR planning, recruitment/selection, performance evaluation, compensation management, and training can best be used in a downsizing organization. Cites planning as the most important challenge for HR managers in downsizing firms. TAGS: HR planning, layoffs, reductions, compensation management, training. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources. 1,496 words.   $42
 
11414. Sexual Harassment. This paper provides an overview of sexual harassment, considering its legal definition and components, its prevalence and demographic profile, its causes and consequences, and its potential remedies. KEYWORDS: sexual harasssment definition prevalence. 12 pages, 25 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11386. Meritor Savings v. Vinson: Hostile Environment Sexual Harassment Claims. This paper provides n analysis and discussion of the Meritor Savings v. Vinson case, a 1986 Supreme Court case which recognized that sexual harassment based on a hostile environment claim is a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. KEYWORDS: workplace sexual harassment hostile environment claims. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11385. A Case of Aids Discrimination: Employer Liability for Reduction of Health Benefits. Summary and analysis of McGann v. H&H Music Co., a U.S. Court of Appeals case involving an employee who sued his employer for discrimination under Section 510 of ERISA after the employer reduced health benefit coverage for AIDS. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11377. Work Satisfaction & Occupational Stress Across Occupations. Examines Hofstede's findings on the stress-satisfaction balance of occupations in light of reports indicating rising job dissatisfaction among higher level employees. Considers some of the factors (e.g, work environment, organizational structure, changing values, work-family conflict) which may contribute to the apparent change in stress/satisfaction balance at higher occupational levels. KEYWORDS: job satisfaction employee stress work environment geert hofestede. 8 pages, 13 footnotes in text, 7 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
11367. 360-Degree Performance Appraisal. This paper examines and analyzes techniques and methods of performance appraisal and employee evaluation for managers and executives. Following a review of traditional and more contemporary techniques commonly used, it focuses on what is rapidly becoming the method of choice in management performance appraisal -- 360-degree feedback. KEYWORDS: managerial employee performance appraisal 360 degree feedback subordinate ratings supervisors. 10 pages, 20 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11316. Leadership and Organizational Outcomes. Examines the relationship between leadership and organizational outcomes for the organizations. Considers the meaning and functions of effective leadership, contrasting the new paradigm of "visionary" leadership with traditional leadership models. Implications for personnel managers in terms of leader development and training are considered. KEYWORDS: organizational leadership visionary leadership effective leaders. 12 pages, 36 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11275. The Impact of Technology on Labor. This investigation addresses the impact of technology on work organization and labor practices in terms of the composition of the work force and the structure of job opportunities; the skill levels of the world force; the productivity of the organization; the conditions of work and/or the way work is done; the structure of the corporation; and union-management relations. KEYWORDS: technololgy job structure work organization. 15 pages, 36 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11264. Motivational Theory: Herzberg's Motivation-Maintenance Theory. Following a discussion of the range of worker motivational theories, argues that Herzberg's hygiene-motivation theory provides the most comprehensive and utilitarian view of employee motivation. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11263. The Importance of Human Resources Management (Hrm). This paper considers some of the many reasons why human resources management stands out as one of the most critical organization functions of the past few decades. Among the reasons cited are changes in organizational structures (the evolution of the horizontal corporation and the use of contingency workforce), changes in the legal and competitive environments, and changes in the work force itself (e.g., changing demographics). KEYWORDS: hrm impact importance. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11195. Videoconferencing: Business Application. Analyzes the potential impact of videoconferencing on business. Discusses efficiency benefits, traditional communication channels, and development in listening/receiving techniques and data transfer. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11191. Sexual Harassment in the u.s. Provides in-depth discussion of level of sexual harassment in U.S. with specific reference to workplace, forms of harassment, responses (personal and legal) to problem, role of feminist movement in exposing problem. Also describes organization response. 9 pages, 23 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
11178. Communication Theory in a Business Environment. Compares and contrasts three models of communication as they apply to formal and informal business conferences. Discusses communication patterns in effective organizations. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11138. Cultural Diversity in the Workplace. Discusses primary and secondary characteristics of diversity. Considers advantages of diversity including larger work pool, fosters greater awareness of employee relations (necessary for creating optimum worker productivity), more perspectives and hence creativity. Methods of developing diversity are briefly analyzed. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
11137. The Process Model of Motivation in the Workplace. Taking an organizational behavior approach to motivation, this paper reviews and discusses the process model of human motivation within the organizational setting. Following a brief discussion and analysis of the process model, the investigation examines various methods of increasing employee motivation, drawing upon both empirical studies of goal setting, team-building, and organizational behavior management and anecdotal reports of change efforts found in recent business literature. KEYWORDS: employee motivation process model. 14 pages, 34 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
11020. Issues in Personnel Management. Reviews current issues in personnel and human resources management. Specific topics addressed include the conflict between unions and HR, the validity and reliability of interviews as a selection tool, the issue of"work force flexibility" and its implications for employees and organizations, and the differences between personnel management and human resources management. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
10683. Motivation, Empowerment, and Participation: Theory and Action Plan. Discusses employee empowerment, decision-making participation, goal-setting, and extrinsic rewards. Provides an action plan to implement these policies. KEYWORDS: employee motivation strategies participation extriinsic rewards. 12 pages, 20 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
10654. United Parcel Service: Personnel Problems and Remedies. This paper analyzes internal problems at United Parcel Service (UPS), the world's largest package and distribution company. The problem is viewed from the perspective of a mid-level management employee at UPS. Drawing on published sources, company news releases, and interviews with UPS managers, line staff (drivers), and customers, the analysis utilizes the concepts and assumptions of the four frames in reframing organizations: structural, human resources, political and symbolic (cultural). Forces within the external environment (e.g. regulatory changes, competition, technology and economics) which may impact on the problem situation are also taken into consideration within the structural analysis. Presents the case that hourly workers are dissatisfied with work overloads and unrealistic production demands and argues that this has negatively impacted customer service and overall company productivity. Contends that UPS must change its organizational culture and allow line workers to have a greater say in and control over the means and methods of production. 17 pages, 63 footnotes, 52 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
10634. Decision Tree Analysis of a Career Decision. A m.b.A. 's search for a career path demonstrates gathering and categorizing information for a decision tree analysis. 5p. ,0f., 0b. (+1 chart)   $35
 
10526. The Evolving Character of u.s. Management-Labor Relations. Considers recent changes in the traditional structure of American labor-management relations, particularly as these apply to union-management relations. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10523. Communications Problems in Family Business. This investigation takes a case analysis approach, studying the communication difficulties within a particular family business -- an import-export firm jointly run by four brothers. Problems are analyzed from the perspective of organizational communications theory and family business literature. The concluding section discusses some of the alternative approaches towards solving the problems. 5 pages, 12 footnotes in text, 9 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10514. Job Enrichment Work Teams and Unions. Considers legal issues related to "quality circles" and job enrichment teams: Are they unions? Are team leaders managers? Discusses the new ruling by the National Labor Relations Board which limits the subject matter of quality circles. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
10455. Gender Disparities for Women in Managerial Position, Salary and Promotions. Following an overview of the existing situation in terms of salary inequities, workforce participation, occupational segregation and promotional inequities, the analysis considers explanations for existing equities and possible barriers to female occupational and salary advancement. The concluding analysis addresses possible remedies to persistent inequities, taking into account EEO/Affirmative Action remedies, corporate remedies such as organizational/job reform, and social reform. KEYWORDS: women management glass ceiling gender disparity inequity sex discrimination. 15 pages, 36 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
10409. Industrial Relations: Japan and the United Kingdom. This paper compares and contrasts industrial relations in Japan and the United Kingdom from the perspective of evolving systems in each country. Following an overview of the "traditional" system of industrial relations along with a review of recent changes (and causative factors) in each country, a summary comparison of the two systems is presented. KEYWORDS: comparative labor industrial relations japan uk. 12 pages, 40 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
10328. Employee Attitudes Towards Unions. This paper provides an overview of contemporary employee attitudes towards unions. It examines models of union commitment and the factors involved in employee union commitment, with attention to the relationship between membership decline and union commitment. The paper then explores possible factors involved in changing union composition, addressing the impact of quality of work life programs, considering the observed negative relationship between union membership and job satisfaction, and the influence of employer anti-union campaigns. Finally, the investigation examines the growth of association-type labor organizations and looks at how employee attitudes towards these relative new labor organizations differ from employee attitudes towards traditional unions with collective bargaining powers. 12 pages, 21 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
10327. Executive Pay: An International Comparison. This paper analyzes the current executive pay controversy within a comparative framework. The analysis begins with an examination of the scope and extent of CEO pay differentials in the U.S., Japan and the EEC and a review of industrialized nations' executive compensation trends. The extent to which corporations within any industrialized nation compensate CEOs based on performance is considered. The next section examines some of the effects of CEO overpayment and considers some of the reasons why American CEOs are paid more than their foreign counterparts. The concluding section considers the need for reform and looks at specific proposals for reform in executive pay within the United States. 13 pages, 47 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
10321. Employee Performance Evaluation. Following a brief discussion of the importance of employee performance appraisals and their central objectives, the paper discusses some of the major problems with traditional approaches and presents alternative strategies to improving the process. 5 pages, 16 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10232. Organization Development: Intervention & Implementation Trends. This term paper examines trends and developments in OD interventions over the past decade with a view in mind towards the future viability of OD practice. The central research question are answered through an analysis and interpretation of both qualitative and the more limited quantitative recent OD literature as well as through an examination of pertinent cases in OD intervention implementation. Following a brief definition of OD and a discussion of the major categories of OD intervention, the analysis looks at cases of OD intervention in a range of industries and organizations. KEYWORDS: organizational development OD interventions organizational systems. 21 pages, 62 footnotes, 53 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
10216. Employee Stock Option Plans (Esops). This term paper explores the types and uses of ESOPs as well as analyzing their advantages and disadvantages to both the employee owner and the corporate employer who establishes the program. The effect of ESOPs on employee security, the influence of such programs over employee motivation and productivity, and the tax and finance ramifications for corporate sponsors are considered and discussed. In addition to considering the pros and cons of ESOPs in general, the analysis will look at their application in specific companies. KEYWORDS: esops employee stock options employee ownership employee motivation. 17 pages, 31 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
10210. Job Profile of a Sales Manager. A summary of a series of job-related questions posed to the sales manager of a car dealership. Considers job requirements, job responsibilities, recruitment and training practices and compensation. 7 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
10110. Research Design: The Effectiveness of Role-Playing Techniques in Business Management. This paper presents a research design for investigating the use and effectiveness of role-playing in management training and development, conflict resolution, case problem resolution, intragroup relations training, and as an adjunct to employee selection. Presents a research design for empirical investigation of role-play effectiveness. KEYWORDS: research design role playing management training development. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09919. Research Design: Factors Contibuting to Job Satisfaction. Proposal and research design for a study which investigates whether or not selected job characteristics, job context factors and worker perceptions of equitable compensation contribution to the job satisfaction of two groups of public administrators. Presents a review of prior research, an overview of the research problem, hypotheses, variables (independent, dependent and intervening), measurement parameters, and sampling procedures. 15 pages, 14 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
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