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6B. PENOLOGY AND POLICE SCIENCE

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
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09844. "Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice" by Germann, Day and Gallati. A summary overview and analysis of this introductory text in criminal justice which focuses on law enforcement and police administration. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
09843. High Tech Applications in Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement. Presents a brief survey overview of some of the ways in which new computer and related technologies are being used by police, corrections officers, and probation officials. Expert systems, control-and-command communication devices, automated fingerprint identification, DNA profiling, personality profiling, automated suecurity systems, and electronic moinitoring are described and briefly discussed. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09730. Prostitution Should Be Legalized. Argues in favor of the legalization of prostitution based on economic and medical reasons. Maintains that the need to prevent the spread of AIDS makes a compelling case for state regulation of this age-old industry. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09729. A Case for Pornography. Presents the arguments for and against banning pornography. Concludes that pornography should not be banned based both upon the lack of evidence for harm from pornography and First Amendment rights. 5 pages,7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09728. A Model for Effective Police-Community Relations: The Problem-Solving Approach. Argues that good police-community relations are integral to an effective criminal justice system. Factors which stimulated the need for community-oriented policing and examples of the range of community-oriented approaches now under consideration are analyzed. Concludes with an argument for the adoption of a problem-solving community-oriented approach, explaining its objectives, components, and implications. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09726. The War on Drugs -- Interdiction or Legalization? Considers America's drug crisis as a problem of supply and demand, arguing that no amount of police action can prevent drugs from reaching our borders. Economic, political and moral arguments for and against legalization and regulation are analyzed, with the conclusion that decriminalization and regulation are most likely to succeed. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09725. Institutional Corrections: Prospects for and Problems in Prisoner Education. An investigation which addresses the issue of whether or not prisoner education programs can aid in the rehabilitation process. 8 pages, 16 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
09724. Prison Violence: Causes and Possible Cures. Examines the causes of prison violence, distinguishing between psycho-social causes and environment (institutional) causes. Suggests that efforts to address the problem should focus primarily on institutional factors (e.g., overcrowding, convict code of conduct). 5 pages, 17 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09723. Alternatives to Prison: A Comparison of Two Innovative Methods. Examines alternatives to prison from the standpoint of philosophical intention, implementation obstacles and opportunities, and proven effectiveness in meeting the objectives of deterrence, rehabilitation and/or retribution. The focus is on two specific alternatives: 1) restitution programs; and 2) intensive probation supervision with electronic monitoring. 15 pages, 52 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
09721. Criminal Investigation by Wayne Bennet and Karen Hess. Summary, review and analysis of Bennet's and Hess' text which presents a basic overview of criminal investigation. Concludes that the text serves best as an introduction to those who have little or no background in criminal investigation. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
 
09642. Gangs and Drugs. An overview and analysis of the drug gang problem in America's inner cities. Focusing on the problem of "crack" cocaine gangs, the investigation reviews the scope of the problem, its ramifications, and its central causes. Argues that any solution to the problem of drug gangs requires that the sub-problems of crack itself, the availability of sophisticated weaponry, the economic incentives of gang life, and the legal system which favors juveniles must be addressed. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09569. Prison Overcrowding. Analyzes the problem of prison overcrowding, assessing both its scope and the factors contributing to the problem and then considers possible solutions. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09566. Computer Crime. Overview of the types, causes, and components of computer crime. The three broad categories of theft (software piracy, computer-assisted cash or merchandise theft), sabotage (worms, viruses) and espionage are considered in detail. Also discusses barriers to prosecution and strategies for prevention. 11 pages, 35 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09478. Incest and Human Sexuality. Considers social, educational, psychological, and legal problems posed by incest. Focusing on non-consensual incest, the sexual abuse of children by family members, the essay argues that incest represents a serious and pervasive social problem which has been "in the closet" for too long. 12 pages, 16 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09463. The Evolution of the Police Force in England. A history of the reform movements that led to the establishment of the London police force in 1829. The origins of the medieval system of constables and watchmen are reviewed, and the spread of the London system to the rest of England in the later 19th Century is detailed. 15 pages, 37 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
09436. Rape: The Victim's Viewpoint. Examines rape from the victim's viewpoint, exploring its psychological, legal and social effects. Also looks at potential legal and personal preventative measures. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09311. Why We Need Stiffer Penalties for Convicted Drug Pushers. Makes a strong case for the argument that stiffer sentences and strict enforcement are the only way to deal with the current drug abuse epidemic and the crack cocaine problem in particular. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09310. Drugs and Crime as Presidential Campaign Issues. Articulates and critiques the campaign promises of Bush and Dukakis regarding what each would do about the drug-crime problem. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09309. The Problem of Crime: Two Viewpoints. A review and analysis of Wilson and Herrnstein's Crime and Human Nature and Currie's Confronting Crime -- An American Challenge which present two diametrically opposed viewpoints on the causes and cures for crime in the U.S. Favors Currie's more "liberal" approach and sharply criticizes Wilson and Herrnstein's rather arrogant approach to their topic. 12 pages, 11 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09308. The Case for Capital Punishment. Examines and analyzes the arguments for and against capital punishment, making the case that the death penalty is a just and necessary sentence for criminals committing certain types of crimes by rejecting the discrimination, constitutional and moral objections. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09307. "Crime and Human Nature" by Wilson and Herrnstein and "Confronting Crime" by Elliot Curie. A comparative analysis of these two works which take a conservative and liberal view, respectively, on the causes and possible solutions to crime in America. Argues that while there may be some basis of truth in Wilson's view of "constitutional" factors in criminality, Currie's arguments concerning the economic basis of criminality are more convincing if we are to look for solutions to the problem. 12 pages, 24 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09306. In Support of Gun Control. Argues in favor of gun control laws, reviewing NRA activities and public and police support for tougher laws. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09124. Drunk Driving: Legal and Social Issues. An overview of the problem of drunk driving in the U.S., which a focus on California. Includes a discussion of DUI laws and programs, a profile of the drunk driver, and a consideration of program effectiveness. 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09123. Payola. The nature and history of bribery of disk jockeys and station managers is reviewed. The focus is on the 1960 Harris investigations and the more recent mafia-connected cash/cocaine scandal in Hollywood. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographics sources.   $42
 
09027. Mounting a Campaign for Handgun Control. The organization and research tactics involved in mounting a political campaign for handgun control are outlined in this study. 9 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08901. Drug Maintenance Programs. Examines the issue of utilizing drug maintenance programs, rather than rehabilitation or jail, in dealing with drug-addicted individuals who have not voluntarily indicated a desire to stop using drugs. Concludes that this would be an appropriate alternative. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08244. Computer Security Issues: The Case of Software Piracy and Software Protection. Examines the issue of software piracy from historical examples. The focus then turns to solutions: preventative, punitive, and ethical. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
08124. Gang Warfare in California Prisons. Report on gang violence, especially that connected with racial strife. Focuses on violence at San Quentin prison in the l970s and 1980s. Emphasis on La Familia Nuestra. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
08004. Al Capone. This paper details the career of gangster Al Capone and examines how the mass media created a romantic legend around Capone that was at variance with his actual history. 8 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
07802. The Measurement of Parole Effectiveness. A thorough study of the variety and uses of predictive devices for measuring the success or failure of parole outcome. Includes references to criminology journals and literature as well as an outline of the history of parole prediction methodology. 15 pages, 40 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
07678. Theft by Employees: A Book Review. Summary and review of this book by Hollinger and Clark. The book is the result of an extensive and intensive study of employee theft conducted by two sociologists, with fascinating first-hand data on the extent of and attitudes to the problem. Five hypotheses of causes of theft are examined, with the conclusion that the informal "social controls" of the peer group are the most effective deterrent, and that management must bake its commitment to honesty a major priority to achieve results. Review is very favorable to this ground-breaking result. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. KEYWORDS: employee theft shrinkage employment crime deterrence. 1,154 words.   $35
 
07657. Capital Punishment. A detailed study of the legal and social aspects of the capital punishment debate, reviewing court decisions and executions that have set precedent. A comparison of the United States with Western European, Communist, and Islamic countries is included. 15 pages, 16 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
07490. The Death Penalty. Basic pro and con essay on the death penalty. Examines both sides of such issues as deterrence, the prevention of recidivism, the concept that society might be equally guilty of murder for executing criminals; finds that law is not a matter of ultimate morality, but of social codes and protection of the law-abiding; thus the safety and order of society requires the death penalty for the most reprehensible crimes. 5p. (+2p. outline) 0f. j0b.   $35
 
07489. Police Personnel Selection. An examination of the testing and selection procedures used by police departments for entrance-level candidates. The focus is on psychological screening and the use of assessment center techniques to predict the performance of potential police officers. 14 pages, 16 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
07488. The Dysfunction of the American Prison System. History and overview of the crisis of today's prisons. Includes history of prisons and punishment in America; creation of the idea of rehabilitation since 1945 and its failure in practice; gangs, violence and contraband in today's prisons; overcrowding and why it won't end soon. The debate over community corrections, incapacitation, punishment and other fundamental issues. 16 pages, 44 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
07449. International Industrial Security: Trade Secrets and Technology. solid review of what trade secrets are, how and why they are stolen, and preventive measures that can be taken. Includes legal aspects, examples of reverse engineering and copying in computer industries, preventive measures, the Hitachi sting case, comprehensive program to prevent employees from leaving to set up their own companies using former employer's secrets. Finds prevention very difficult but very necessary. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
07322. Prisoner's Rights. Written in the form of a study for speechmaking,with comments on making an effective presentation. Includes a thorough outline for a balanced presentation of the problem, sympathetic to prisoner's rights but recognizing the rights of society as well. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
07321. Computer Crimes and Business. Thorough review of the many dangers of computer crime, and how it can be carried out. Types of computer crime, difficulty of detection (especially when programmers/supervisors are perpetrators), lax security procedures, and the low level of prosecutions. Concludes computer crime is a people problem. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
07144. Judicial Assembly Lines and Bureaucracies. Good pro and con discussion of whether the court system can be described as assembly line; good discussion of pros and cons of organized plea bargaining among working groups of judges, prosecutors, and defenders. 6 pages, 12 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
07142. Mapp vs. Ohio. Thorough balanced history of this 1961 Supreme Court decision which strengthened the exclusionary rule. Constitutional basis and precedents, the case, the conflicting decisions of state and federal supreme courts, effects of the decision on arrest rates in years afterward: tilting the balance towards the defense, even before Miranda. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06803. Drunk Driving Laws. The recent crackdown on drunk driving, prompted by protest groups, is looked at; new state laws,pParticularly those of California, are seen as a rejection of leniency for drunk drivers. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06746. White Collar Crime in America. The emergence of a "white collar" crime wave in America is examined; types of theft, the reaction of the security industry, and the criminal justice system are all included in the scope of the paper. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
06618. Cesasre Beccaria's "On Crimes and Punishments". The chief work of the 18th Century Italian criminologist Cesare Beccaria is reviewed. Beccaria is seen as a liberal advocate of social controls. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06548. The Civilian Review Board. The development and controversy surrounding Civilian Review Board for urban American police departments is throughly examined in this study. The history of civilian review boards in New York, Philadelphia, and Berkeley is looked at, and an in-depth proposal for a San Francisco Civilian Review Board is put forward. 19 pages, 43 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
06395. "Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison" by Michel Foucault. The French historian's view of the birth of the modern prison systems is reviewed. Foucault's attitude is compared with Hannah Arendt's humanist view in "Eichmann in Jerusalem." 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
06347. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Female Crime. The history of the criminological interpretation is given a thorough review in this comprehensive study. The literature of women's criminology is reviewed, and women's crime in Canada, England and Wales, and 15 other countries is compared on the basis of male/female ratios, crimes of violence and rises in terrorism and other crimes by women. A thorough study. 20 pages, 87 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
06317. Problems, Expectations, and the Post-Release Adjustment of the Female Felon. A critique of a PhD. Dissertation on the post-release adjustment problems of female felons; primarily based on data from Missouri State Correctional Center for Women, the thesis argues that institutional success rates have been optimistically interpreted. 5 pages, 28 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
06215. Marijuana and the Law. Summary and explanation of the arguments for decriminalization of one of mankind's most popular drugs. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05805. The Insoluble Problems of Crime. A review of the book by Robert Rhodes which argues that criminology ought not to be concerned with the `root causes' of crime but with policies to deter crime here and now. A generally objective review concluding that the task of scientific criminology should be both. 5p. 11f.   $35
 
05741. Research Results on Attitudes Towards Penalties for Different Crimes. A sociological analysis of attitudes to crime and punishment according to class, race, occupation and c. 11p.   $77
 
05387. Violence on t.V. A paper reviewing the various arguments on the likelihood that TV violence stimulates violence in real life. The generally inconclusive nature of many studies is pointed out. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
05385. The Cinema of India. A comprehensive discussion of the development of the film industry in India, from before World War II to the current day. The study focuses on Mehboob Khan, Bimal Roy, and Satja yit Ray, the Apu Trilogy, and the future of non-commercial films in India. 14 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
05381. Police and Community Relations in Poorer Neighborhoods. Differential law enforcement standards in black and minority areas are documented. Various causes are discussed - racism being the predominant one. 11 pages, 10 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
05379. Aggression and Violence in Murder. Social characteristic of murder are considered - large cities and ghettoes are shown to be particularly hazardous in terms of the frequency of murder. Psychological and psychotic factors are considered too. Extensive reference is made to the literature of the subject. 12 pages, 7 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
05283. The Uniform Determinate Sentencing Act. The history and provisions of California's uniform prison sentence laws, with their reform of the uncertainty element in j ail terms, and the provisions of the 1976 S. B. 42 to correct those uncertainties. A thorough study of the law and its applications. lOp., Of., 2b.   $70
 
05200. The California Penal System. The philosophy of incarceration and reform is given a brief historical review, and the work programs for rehabilitation in the California Prison System are examined. Includes a diagram of the chain of command in the organizational hierarchy. 7p., 0 f., Ob.   $49
 
05118. Crime Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency. A comparison of the difficulties of crime prevention among juveniles and among their adult counterparts. Britain's Borstal school system is compared with the juvenile system in the San Francisco Bay area, and white collar and financial crimes are considered briefly as well. 15 pages, 11 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
05078. Gun Control. A look at the gun control controversy in the United States and the impact of handguns in terns of violent crimes; the pros and cons of gun control are noted, and the arguments of the gun lobby rejected as insufficient in light of the proliferation of Saturday Night Specials. 5p., Of., Ob.   $35
 
05053. A Report on Capital Punishment. Paper argues the thesis.that capital punishment is unfairly applied and is applied more often to the poor and to racial minorities. The paper argues that capital punishment should be abolished and offers two ways of doing it. 6 pages, 25 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05012. The Case Against Capital Punishment. Traces the development of the doctrines supporting capital punishment. Argues against capital punishment using cases, legal opinions, and social and economic arguments. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05006. Public Administration: The Issue of a "Super" Police Agency. A discussion of a hypothetical unified police agency for the area of Sacramento, California. This is used as a framework in which to discuss several general questions of public administration theory and practice. 8 pages, 6 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
04960. Probation Services in California. The historical origins of the probation concept and the evolution of the existing system in California are discussed in this paper. The philosophy of probation ", the bureaucracy of the system, and the current criticism of that system are also considered; probation is seen as an effective alternative to incarceration. 12 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
04932. Probation Procedures and Practices in California. A descriptive and analytical paper on the workings of California's probation system. Presentence sentencing and termination procedures are discussed, and the unique features and the overall effectiveness of California's system are considered. 8p., 12f., Sb.   $56
 
04912. Pioneers in Criminology. A discussion of the development of the science of criminology, comparing the European and the American systems. Major figures in the history of criminology are discussed, and sociometric and behaviorist tendencies in modern American criminology are treated briefly. lOp., 12f., ab.   $70
 
04856. Capital Punishment in America. The history of capital punishment in America is briefly treated, and the recent Supreme Court decisions affecting the is sue in recent years are discussed. The arguments pro and con are treated as well, and it is concluded that the death penalty is useful in a few, limited instances. lOp., Of., 8b.   $70
 
04536. The "Xyz" Genotype and Deviant Behavior. The question is, are mem with the so-called "xyz" chromosome genetic defect especially disposed to criminal behavior This paper presents a very well-balanced and rational presentation of the evidence on both sides, concluding that the defect may,exaggerate "intellectual dysfunction" (poor judgment), but is not yet proved to be a sure sign of criminality. 9 pages, 7 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
04533. The Pros and Cons of Gun Control. Good basic overview of the positions of both sides in the controversy over whether or not all guns should be licensed and registered. Gives the pros and cons of each side, seems to agree a little with both., 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
04531. White Collar Crime in America. Good overview of "inside" crimes usually committed by employees of the firm ripped off; focuses on the greed and senselessness of motives, the unbelievably huge cost to consumers, the insane willingness of courts to give probation to six-digit upper-class thieves. 8p., 9f., sb.   $56
 
04526. Stress on the Policeman. Very good, well-organized study of what causes stress in policemen, how it might be overcome; includes medical and psychological effects of stress, results of a study of causes of stress in cops, (courts, supervisors, poor equipment, public relations), experiments in psych. techniques to reduce stress. 16 pages, 14 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
04491. The Prison System and Possible Reforms. Good, objective survey of what is wrong with prisons (they're merely warehouses for criminals), good discussion of what has and hasn't worked in attempting to reform conditions. Recommends complete physical and psychological overhaul of the system. 16 pages, 6 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
04319. The Parole Officer. Interesting report of an interview with a parole officer, interspersed with comments by the interviewer. Finds that the P.0. really does want to help. 5p., Of., Ob.   $35
 
04255. Punishment and Alternatives. This is a collective review of nine articles on various phases of punishment and alternatives, whose authors range from I. Kant and Karl Marx to B. F. Skinner and Karl Merninger. Good brief summaries of the articles, balanced overall conclusion. 10p., Of., Ob.   $70
 
04176. Investigating Alternative Methods of Parole. Good overview of how the parole system works, and how it , places conflicting demands on both authorities and convicts; proposes two alternative methods of parole for experimental study, "community service" and own recognizance, with discussion of their pros and cons. References to Calif. outdated by new parole law, but generally applicable to most states. lOp., 10f., 2b.   $70
 
04173. Race and Violent Crime. Well-argued discussion of the fact that blacks make up most of the poor and most of the criminals. Concentrates on relation between urban poverty and crime in blacks and other groups, the need to alleviate poverty. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
04046. Observations and Experiences of a Modified Probation Treatment Program. Very interesting report of writer's experiences as "participant-observer" inside a state-run mental health facility for drug offenders, written in technical language, includes the theory of both participant-observation and modified probation;. treatment program of the facility, subjective description of the environment, the patients, their feelings and their progress; finds the program to be worthwhile. 24 pages, 17 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
03971. Assassination and Law Enforcement in America. This essay makes the case that while reforms such as gun control are necessary, political violence in America will remain a problem until basic personal and political attitudes are changed. 6p., Of., Sb.   $42
 
03907. Bail American Style. Overview of the bail system; guidelines, actual practices, discrimination against the poor. lOp., 27f., Ob.   $70
 
03879. Voluntary Informed Consent and Behavior Modification Therapies Within the Prison. Excellent, sophisticated discussion of experimental drug and psychotherapy in prisons, including the right to refuse treatment, pros and cons of classifying inmates as "incapable of choice," consequences of recent court decisions. Recommends as much protection of individual rights as possible, does a very good job of dealing with the subtleties of the issue. 20p., 334f., lOb.   $133
 
03793. Terrorist. Violence and Law Enforcement Techniques. Good overview of how conventional police tactics didn't often work in dealing with weathermen, SLA, and new techniques recommended for such situations. Could be updated. 6p., Sf., 4b.   $42
 
03515. The Policeman's Working Personality. Good overview of what constitutes the "police mentality;" typical traits of policemen and why they appear, authoritarianism and public respect of police, summary of psychological studies of police. 17 pages, 16 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
03392. Institutional Investing and Its Effects Upon Common Stocks. Examines the radical shift in the past twenty years from a predominance of individual investors to a predominance of institutional investors. A sophisticated analysis concludes that market liquidity will never be retained if investors continue to imitate each other. 9p., l4f., 6b.   $63
 
03356. The California Adult Authority. Good overview of how California's prisonkeepers do their work, focusing on the arbitrary and unjust aspects of the system (which are many.) Must be updated in view of 1977 sentencing reform law. 16p., Of., 9b.   $112
 
03317. Truman Capote's "In Cold Blood". The issues of capital punishment, parole and the legal system are discussed in terms of Capote's dramatization of the murder of a Kansas farm family by the amoral young killers Perry Smith and Dick Hickcock. Suggestions for legal reforms are made at the end. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
03285. Ed Cray's "The Enemy in the Streets: Police Malpractice in America". Good critical review, with conservative criticism of this book which tries to show that "police malpractice" is typical. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
03281. Frankel's Criminal Sentences: Law Without Order. Good critical book review and summary; Frankel is a judge who criticizes arbitrary sentences, the reviewer criticizes Frankel's naive liberalism. 4p., Of., ob.   $28
 
03259. The Role of Imprisonment in American Society Today. Interesting essay, in reply to the radical position of "prisons concentration camps;" tries to point out why the "bureaucratic-conservative rationale" for the prison system, though distasteful, is unavoidable. 3p., Of., 3b.   $21
 
03174. Creating Police Professionalism. Good, original discussion of ending dissatisfaction in police ranks and upgrading their image in community, by creating a new rank of "patrol lieutenant" with professional qualifications. lOp., lf., 5b.   $70
 
02589. Homosexuality in American Prisons. Good basic study of the problems of men locked up without women, and with experienced "wolves". Discussion of conjugal visits as a possible remedy, but sees no real solution until authorities change their attitudes and practices. lOp., 16f., lOb.   $70
 
02527. Traffic Safety. Interesting overview of traffic safety problems, which blames the attitudes of drivers, America's climate of violence, "misdirected priorities" of enforcement agencies for traffic deaths and recommends several steps to change the situation. 10 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
02507. The Policeman's Role in Society. Good, original study of the policeman's attitudes towards his work, life, etc.;, material from academic studies supplemented by interviews with three policemen from medium-sized Midwestern city, 8p.; text, 6f.; 13p.; interviews.   $56
 
02402. The Experience of Prison and the Process of Socialization. Very good paper by former participant in work Release program, giving good sociological explanation of how the con becomes socialized to prison society and finds it muCh easier than outside; how prison makes rehabilitation possible, and the need for institutional and attitudinal changes that would make reintegration into society possible. 21 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
02082A. Justice Without Trial by Skolnick. A review of a research study on the problem of police systems and their relationship to criminal law. Police-legal antagonism and unenforceable.laws are discussed in the context of the larger law and order issue. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
02080A. Police Professional Service. An argument for the creation of Patrol Lieutenant positions, use oP Patrol cadets, incentive pay and other morale boosting programs in order to improve the quality of police services to the community. 10 p., Of., 3b.   $70
 
01809. Selection and Tenure of Judges in California. Thorough study of judge selection procedures, concentrating on argument s for and against election and appointment; recommends "quasi civil service" merit procedure. 17p., 27., 16b.   $119
 
01249. The California Youth Authority Community Treatment Program. Very thorough, very detailed study of the alternatives to incarceration of juveniles used in California since 1965. Very detailed survey of psychological classifications, treatment programs, research findings of the CYA. Includes 4p. abstract. 34 pages, 41 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
01209. The Integration of Police Forces in the United States. Very good study of all aspects of the question of Black policemen, beginning with the Civil Rights Movement and overview of ghetto problems, through the specifics of hiring and using Black police, with special report on the situation in Cleveland. 26 pages, 15 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
01155. Police in Chicago. Very good study of the recent history of the Chicago police, focusing on the Internal Investigations Division; very good discussion of the problem of how to police policemen (in any city). Might want updating. 32 pages, 44 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
01085. Can Criminal Patterns Be Assigned by Race. Basic discussion of the fact that high ghetto crime rates are due to poverty and rotten conditions, not race. 15 pages, 9 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
01046. The Japanese Police System: Past and Present. Very good description and analysis of Japan's police system; thorough discussion of pre-WWII system, American occupation, centralization of police administration in 1950's. 18p., 21f., lib.   $126
 
00884. The Power of the Police. Good basic study of the abuses of police power concentrating on sociological roots of the problem; based solely on Westley's Violence and the Police, Skolnik's Justice Without Trial, and Chevigny's Police Power. Should be updated. 20p., Of., Ob.   $133
 
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