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6C. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
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18848. CRIMINALITY ACROSS THE LIFESPAN. This paper explores recent studies taking a life-span development approach which challenge traditional sociological assumptions about the constancy of criminal behavior throughout the lifespan. Critical to these studies is the realization that the link between anti-social behavior in children and criminal behavior in adults is a link that works in only one direction: adult criminals almost invariably showed marked anti-social behavior as children, but most children who exhibit anti-social behavior do not become criminals as adolescents or adults. APA Style. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 1,219 words.
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TAGS: criminality lifespan, juvenile delinquency, adult criminality, older criminals, theories delinquency theory crime theory

  $35
 
18701. EVALUATION OF THE “COMMUNITY WORKS” PROGRAM. This paper reviews an evaluation study by Melde, et al. (2006) of the Community Works program, which is designed to help youth at risk of antisocial and illegal behaviors. The study focused on “program fidelity,” or the extent to which instructors have implemented the program as intended by the program’s developers. The review concludes that the study makes an important contribution to the research literature and that the authors provide some useful recommendations for improving the program’s effectiveness. KEYWORDS: article review program evaluation at-risk youth. APA Style. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 2,355 words.   $70
 
17752. CHILDHOOD DELINQUENCY TO ADULT CRIMINALITY: PATHWAYS & PREVENTIVE INTERVENTIONS. This paper draws on established theories of criminology (specifically Hirschi’s and Gottfredson & Hirschi’s control theories) to explain an important turn in a child’s life (hypothetical case) related to severe family disruption and social isolation that seem to have led him, now that he verges on adulthood, to a sustained criminal career. The next section of the paper briefly articulates the young criminal’s point of view, explaining how he sees his life opportunities lying only within the criminal realm. The concluding section proposes a program aimed at high-risk high school students to ameliorate familial contributing factors to juvenile delinquency/adult criminality. APA Style. 16 pages, 43 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.
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Differential Association Theory and School violence Research Paper

Labeling Theory and Juvenile Justice Research Paper

TAGS: conduct disorder antisocial personality disorder crime theories control theory effective parenting crime prevention persistent criminality juvenile delinquency theory lifespan crime.

  $112
 
17708. A QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE STUDY OF RELIGIOSITY & DELINQUENCY. This paper presents a research proposal for a quantitative-qualitative study of religiosity and delinquency. The purpose of the study is to confirm and clarify previous findings concerning the religiosity-delinquency relationship and to explore facets of religiosity and potential relationships between religiosity and delinquency among current delinquents and gang members. A meta-analysis of previous quantitative studies of the impact of religiosity on delinquency will test the hypothesis that religiosity is inversely related to delinquency as well as hypotheses related to contexual aspects of the religiosity-delinquency relationship. Religiosity and its association with delinquency among current juvenile delinquents and members or affiliates of youth gangs will be explored through semi-structured interviews with delinquents, gang members and adults connected with delinquent youth. Strict APA Style throughout. 17 pages, 48 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources. 4,285 words.
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TAGS: research design juvenile delinquency religiosity quantitative qualitative study delinquency theory.

  $119
 
17640. SHOPLIFTING AND SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY. After a brief overview of the scope of the problem of shoplifting by adolescents, this paper analyzes social learning with the view that it provides the most appropriate means for explaining the crime of adolescent shoplifting. Adolescent shoplifters learn their behaviors by communicating with and observing peers who shoplift. By contrast, they fail to form the types of social attachments that would be helpful in reducing shoplifting and other criminal behaviors. TAGS: social learning theory shoplifting juvenile crime and delinquency theory. APA Style. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,671 words.
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  $49
 
17407. FAMILY STRUCTURE AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the role of family structure as a contributing factor in juvenile delinquency. The evidence on the general impact of disruption in family structure on delinquency is discussed and described. Possible theoretical explanations for why and how family structure impacts juvenile delinquency are presented and reviewed. The analysis also looks at possible racial, gender, income and other variations in the family structure-delinquency relationship. 11 pages, 31 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 2,753 words.
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TAGS: juvenile delinquency theory causation family structure crime theory family structure teens.

  $77
 
17394. FIST, STICK, KNIFE, GUN: VIOLENCE AND YOUTH IN AMERICA. Using Geoffrey Canada’s (1995) autobiographical case study in violence as a basis for further discussion and analysis, this paper provides an overview and analysis of the causes of violence and strategies for preventing and controlling violence. In keeping with the themes of Canada’s (1995) book, the analysis focuses on youth violence (causes and prevention and control, along with reasons behind the escalation in violence) and on community-based strategies for controlling and preventing such violence. KEYWORDS: book review violence causes youth gangs prevention Geoffrey Canada autobiography. Written 2002. APA Style. 13 pages, 29 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 4,201 words.   $91
 
17390. SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. This paper describes and analyzes the social disorganization theory of criminology as developed from theorists in the Chicago School. Considers how the more recent work of Robert Sampson and William Julius Wilson has extended and refined Shaw & McKay’s work to have application in the contemporary era, particularly with regard to urban crime and racial differences in crime. Finally, the analysis looks at Sampson, et al’s construct of collective efficacy as an explanatory variable in why people in socially disorganized communities commit crime. APA Style. 9 pages, 25 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 2,273 words.
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TAGS: chicago school criminology crime theory social disorganization theory juvenile delinquency theory family peers crime.

  $63
 
17341. RESTORATIVE JUSTICE AND YOUTH CRIME IN GREAT BRITAIN. This paper discusses the concept of restorative justice and assesses its importance in relation to youth crime in Britain. Provides an overview of restorative justice and discusses elements of restorative justice found in the UK Crime and Disorder Act and the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act of 1999. Examines evidence of the effectiveness of the approach. Concludes that assessments of the restorative justice programs have been generally positive, however, a problem is also perceived in terms of lack of victim participation; such participation is seen as being particularly important in the effectiveness of the restorative justice approach. KEYWORDS: juvenile justice youth crime restorative justice. Written 2005. 10 pages, footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 2,355 words.   $70
 
17286. CRIME THEORIES. This paper provides a brief overview and discussion of several major crime theories including differential association/learning theory, developmental theories, social learning/subculture theory, routine activities theory, social learning/social bond theory, general theory, and techniques of neutralization theory. Strengths and weaknesses of each theory are considered. True-life crime book, True Confessions: The Unsolved Crimes of Phil Cresta is used to illustrate the differential association theory.11 pages, 21 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 2,753 words.
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TAGS: crime theory criminology subculture differential association social bond learning theory routine activities delinquency theory delinquents criminals.

  $77
 
17243. THE REINTEGRATIVE SHAMING THEORY OF JOHN BRAITHWAITE. This paper argues that Braithwaite’s “reintegrative” approach to reducing recidivism among delinquents is more effective than approaches that use “disintegrative shaming” techniques. The strengths and weaknesses of the theory are considered, as well as its usefulness in community-based “restorative justice”. 5 pages; 7 footnotes; 5 bibliographic sources. 1,257 words.
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TAGS: crime theory restitution shame juveniles delinquency theory communities.

  $35
 
17163. THE PATHOLOGY OF A HOMICIDAL CHILD: MARY BELL. This paper profiles the English child criminal Mary Bell, who, in 1968 at age eleven, killed a 4-year-old and a 3-year-old boy in her hometown of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England. Drawing in Gitta Sereny’s (1972,1999) books on the case and Bowlby’s (1969, 1973, 1980) attachment theory and other supporting works, the paper presents an explanation of why she killed her two young victims. In keeping with the findings of the court appointed psychiatrists in the case, it is argued that Mary could rightly be classified as a child psychopath at the time of the killings and that this psychopathology explained her behavior . It is argued that Mary Bell’s psychopathology developed as a result of her insecure attachment to her mother. Written 2003. 14 pages; 19 footnotes; 15 bibliographic sources. 3,898 words.   $98
 
17111. GIRL GANG CRIME VIEWED FROM THREE PERSPECTIVES. This essay discusses the Claire Marsh incident (an 18 year old girl convicted, along with three male South London gang members, of raping a teenage girl) and the more general situation of girl gang violence from three different interpretive points of view in youth justice: 1) the neoclassical version of the punitive/retribution model, also known as the ‘law and order’ model of youth justice; 2) the restorative model of youth justice which focuses on shaming, reintegration and reparation; and 3) a feminist view of the welfare model of youth justice. KEYWORDS: girls crime gang violence female girl gangs crime theory. Written 2002. APA Style. 10 pages; 22 footnotes; 17 bibliographic sources. 2,881 words.   $70
 
17105. JUVENILE JUSTICE IN JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. This paper provides a comparative overview of the Japanese and U.S. juvenile justice systems, considering recent trends, basic legal framework, court systems, and sentencing practices. Contrasts the rehabilitative/protective model in Japan with the punitive trends in U.S. juvenile justice. Notes the call to reform the Japanese system in response to rising juvenile crime rates. Keywords: juvenile justice delinquency rehabilitation punishment Japan United States. Written 2002. 15 pages; 20 footnotes; 15 bibliographic sources. 4,177 words.   $105
 
15969. NON-JUDICIAL ORGANIZATIONS IN JUVENILE DIVERSION AND RESTORATIVE JUSTICE. This paper describes the advantages of juvenile diversion and restorative justice programs being handled by community-based organizations and agencies, rather than by the courts and traditional juvenile justice institutions. Examples of various successful programs are noted. Written 2003. 17 pages; 33 footnotes; 11 bibliographic sources. 3,964 words.   $119
 
15726. PREDICTIONS OF VIOLENT YOUTH CRIME WAVE. This paper provides an overview, analysis and assessment of predictions (based on statistical modeling) made by criminologists in the 1990s that there would be a major youth violent crime wave during the early 21st century. The central arguments and basis of the prediction are discussed, followed by a discussion and analysis of experts’ refutation of these predictions, and concluding with counter-arguments providing support for the predictions of a youth-based crime wave. KEYWORDS: juvenile delinquency crime waves youth violent crime future predictions crime statistics. APA Style. 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources + Outline.   $42
 
15657. PREVENTING AND RESPONDING TO VIOLENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS: COUNSELING INTERVENTIONS AND COUNSELOR ROLES. This reesarch paper provides an overview and analysis of counselors' current and potential roles in addressing the problem of school violence in U.S. secondary (high schools) schools. The report looks at appropriate counselor roles and counseling interventions from the perspective of counseling theory and traditional counselor roles with adolescent populations. The essay begins with a brief overview of current thinking on the causes of school violence. The next section considers the traditional and evolving role of the school counselor. The next part of the paper focuses on appropriate roles and interventions for counselors attempting to address the problem of school violence in the secondary schools. KEYWORDS: school violence school counselors counseling interventions high school students term papers. APA Style. 14 pages, 41 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources. 4,346 words.   $98
 
15620. SYSTEMATIC GENDER BIAS IN YOUTH JUSTICE IN ENGLAND AND WALES. A brief overview and analysis of systematic discrimination against young women and girls in the youth justice system of England and Wales. Argues that while the existence of gender bias in the system is indisputable, its nature is complex. On some levels (e.g., cautions versus sentencing) young women appear to be treated more leniently than young men. On the other hand, young women are treated more harshly than young men in terms of sentencing on first convictions and remanded to secure local accommodations. Other areas of juvenile justice showing evidence of gender bias include disparate treatment for status offenses, differences in prison environment, differential policies on adult/youth mixing, and the preoccupation with sexual aspects or possible sexual consequences of young women's criminal behavior. KEYWORDS: discrimination against women girls gender bias uk juvenile justice system britain. APA Style. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 2,771 words.   $70
 
15619. RESTORATIVE JUSTICE IN THE YOUTH JUSTICE SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN. This paper assesses the impact of restorative justice principles on contemporary juvenile justice policy and practice in Great Britain. The analysis explains the concept of restorative justice and its evolution in England and Wales. Practical examples of the implementation of restorative justice in the juvenile system are discussed, as are problems in the implementation of the model. Concludes that the restorative justice model will not be truly viable until the underlying culture of the youth justice system shifts away from retribution and towards the principles of restorative justice. 10 pages, 48 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
15566. AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS AND GANG ACTIVITIES. It is argued that there is an increased risk of delinquent behavior when youths are unsupervised during after-school hours. Although there are some arguments against the effectiveness of after-school programs, there is also a great deal of evidence (both empirical and evaluative) that such programs at least help in reducing gang activity. 8 pages, 18 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
15460. TREATING KIDS LIKE ADULTS: TRANSFORMATION IN JUVENILE JUSTICE. This research paper provides an overview and analysis of the "criminalization" of juvenile justice, examining the reasons behind and the initial consequences of juvenile defendants being treated as adults as a matter of the public policy. The analysis traces the evolution of this trend, looking at the reasons for the shift in juvenile justice philosophy and considering the range of procedures used to carry out the policy. The essay also considers apparent consequences and impact (both in terms of intended and unintended effects) of the policy so far as it can be discerned. It is argued that the policy of trying juveniles as adults (and relatedly, sentencing juveniles as adults) is contrary to the public interest. KEYWORDS: juvenile justice policy juveniles adult court punitive justice term paper. APA Style. 14 pages, 75 footnotes, 25 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
13586. PUNITIVE APPROACHES TO JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Discusses the role of punishment in the treatment of maladaptive social behaviors, and contrasts the punitive approaches with those that focus on prevention and rehabilitation. Also considers the link between maladaptive behaviors and environment, as well as how punishment should be balanced within a general intervention program. 11 pages, 30 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13488. LABELING THEORY AND JUVENILE JUSTICE. Drawing on the crime causation theory of labeling theory, this paper argues that labeling theory must be considered in the formulation of juvenile justice policy. Argues that the current “get tough” policies are likely to have long range negative effects on juvenile crime and delinquency. Alternatives to the “get tough” policies, including intensive supervision, group homes and decriminalization, are discussed. 14 pages, 25 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.
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TAGS: labeling theory juvenile delinquency theory delinquents youth crime violence criminology theory

  $98
 
13194. SCHOOL VIOLENCE. This report provides an overview and analysis of the problem of school violence, with a particular emphasize on school violence at the K-6th grade (elementary) level. This introductory section provides definitions and background information on the scope of the problem followed by a discussion of the significance and importance of the problem. The next section presents a thematic review of the literature, looking at topics such as the presumed causes of school violence, risk factors for school violence, and the range of interventions used to address the problem. A concluding section summarizes the findings and makes recommendations. 12 pages, 53 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12411. ARE PRISON BOOT CAMPS AN EFFECTIVE FORM OF INCARCERATION? Following a review of literature on penal boot camps (tracing their history, goals, characteristics, use, evidence of effectiveness), this paper presents a research design for a study aimed at appraising the effectiveness of boot camps as an alternative to traditional incarceration. The proposed study, which compares outcomes for 500 boot camp inmates against outcomes for 500 matched controls in traditional institutions, seeks to test the hypothesis that: a) prison boot camps are a cost-effectiveness alternative to traditional incarceration; and b) prison boot camps are an effective alternative to traditional incarceration on prisoner outcome measures of recidivism and behavior change. 15 pages, 42 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
12178. ARE PRISON BOOT CAMPS AN EFFECTIVE FORM OF INCARCERATION? Following a review of the literature on penal boot camps (tracing their history, goals, characteristics, use, evidence of effectiveness), this paper presents a research design for a study aimed at appraising the effectiveness of boot camps as an alternative to traditional incarceration. The proposed study, which compares outcomes for 500 boot camp inmates against outcomes for 500 match controls in traditional institutions, seeks to test the hypotheses that: a) prison boot camps are a cost-effective alternative to traditional incarceration; and b) prison boot camps are an effective alternative to traditional incarceration on prisoner outcome measures of recidivism and behavior change. Keywords: prison alternatives research design recidivism. 16 pages, 42 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
11846. THE CALIFORNIA JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM. An overview and analysis of the problems and prospects for contemporary juvenile justice within the framework of a case analysis of the California state system, initially contrasting it with the juvenile justice system in Great Britain. Profiles the history, current structure and organization (covering jurisdiction, custody procedures, intake detention, required hearings, disposition) detention population, and detention center environment of the California juvenile justice system. Thoroughly analyzes current legal issues (remanding to adult court, search and seizure, right to counsel, etc.) and the impact of Supreme Court decisions concerning juvenile rights. Argues that the California system is in desperate need of extensive reform. 29 pages, 142 footnotes, 47 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11845. TEEN SUICIDE AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE. Cites numerous studies in outlining social, parental, and psychological factors that lead to suicide and/or substance abuse among teenagers. A relation between substance abuse and suicide is also examined. 7 pages, 27 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11520. BOOT CAMPS: A BAD ALTERNATIVE FOR JUVENILE JUSTICE. This paper looks at the problems and prospects of prison boot camps as alternative juvenile justice. Following a review of the boot camp concept, including a discussion of objectives, factors encouraging their formation, current prevalence, techniques, and success/failure rates, it is argued that the boot camp idea has not been and will never be a valid alternative in juvenile justice. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11490. COMMUNITY BASED SERVICES FOR DEPENDENT AND NEGLECTED CHILDREN. Examines the problem of neglected children and youth in America and considers the current and appropriate future responses to the problem, with a focus on community-based services and policies. Presents an overview of the problem, including definitions, consequences and causes of child neglect. Looks at the historical and current responses to the problem of child neglect. A concluding section offers policy recommendations. 22 pages, 67 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
10694. TEEN VIOLENCE: THE PROBLEMS AND ITS CAUSES. Investigation and analysis of the problem of teenage violence. Following an overview of the scope and magnitude of the problem, considers the sociocultural, familial and psychological factors in the etiology of teen violence. Concludes that multiple causal factors are involved in this growing social problem. 13 pages, 39 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
10693. COPING WITH TEEN VIOLENCE IN THE SCHOOLS. Following a brief overview of the scope and magnitude of the problem, the report investigates strategies and tactics for coping with the problem of adolescent violence in the schools. The paper concludes with an "action plan" for the high school educator to use in addressing violence in the school. 11 pages, 23 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
10317. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Looks at the emergence of juvenile delinquency as a separate area of the criminal justice system, noting the ideas of criminologists like Robin and Anson, Sutherland and Gibbons on the causes and effects of juvenile crime. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10141. TEEN SUICIDE. Report describes incidence of teen suicide in America, reasons for increase in suicide rate, and types of services available to prevent suicide. 10 pages, 21 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
10065. PLACEMENT OF ABUSED OR NEGLECTED ADOLESCENTS IN GROUP HOMES. Describes use of group home placement for troubled adolescents; therapeutic millieu discussed, along with reasons for placement. 12 pages, 23 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09722. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE AND CONDITIONING THEORIES. Considers the behavior of juvenile delinquency (specifically gang violence among teen boys) from the perspective of two psychological theorists: Erik Erikson and his epigenetic theory of the eight ages of man, and B. F. Skinner and behaviorism. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09642. GANGS AND DRUGS. An overview and analysis of the drug gang problem in America's inner cities. Focusing on the problem of "crack" cocaine gangs, the investigation reviews the scope of the problem, its ramifications, and its central causes. Argues that any solution to the problem of drug gangs requires that the sub-problems of crack itself, the availability of sophisticated weaponry, the economic incentives of gang life, and the legal system which favors juveniles must be addressed. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09125. TEEN SUICIDE. Investigates the phenomenon of suicide among American adolescents. Reviews the basic epidemiology and demographic features of teen suicide victims for the past two decades. Examines specific social/familial causes and correlations of teen suicide. 10 pages, 31 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
08192. TRUANCY: ITS CAUSES, ITS EFFECTS, AND SOME SOLUTIONS. Looks at the causes of truancy within and without of the school system; the effects of truancy upon the student, the school system and society in general in terms of the relationship between truancy and juvenile delinquency; and extensively examines various anti-truancy programs, particularly California State Dept. of Ed.'s "Blueprint for Action" which recommends computerized attendance systems, rewards for good attendance and in-house suspension as punishment for poor attendance. 20 pages, 46 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05806. GROUP THERAPY WITH DELINQUENTS AND PRE-DELINQUENTS. Attempts to resocialize delinquents through contact with peers and authority figures in groups are documented together with screening procedures for placement in such groups. The benefits of the therapy sessions are listed. 7 pages, 5 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
05790. THE INEFFICIENCY OF FREUDIAN ANALYSIS AND TECHNIQUES IN THE TREATMENT OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS. The obsolesence of some Freudian techniques in the understanding and control of juvenile delinquency - mainly because his work has been superceded by that of others such as Kvaraceaus, Cloward and Grambard. 10p. 7b.   $70
 
05431. THE TRILATERIALIST COMMISSION. A discussion of whether an organization of economic, political and economic leaders of the US, W. Europe and Japan constitutes an international "power elite." Argues that their potential power is considerable, but their actual power is a matter for empirical research. 20 pages, 18 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05383. JUVENILE DELIQUENCY. The causation of juvenile deliquency is seen to be the failure to internalize societal norms. Environment, family and demographic factors are offered as causes. The study is largely confined to black juvenile delinquency. 10p. 6b. 15f.   $70
 
05378. POETRY OF ANDREW MARVELL. Four Marvell poems and themes are compared from both a lyrical and intellectual point of view. They are: "Coronet," "To His Coy Mistress", "Dialogue Between Soul and Body", and "Dialogue Between Sesolved Soul and Created Pleasure." There is a close textual analysis of each. 6 pages, 11 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
05097. CALIFORNIA JUVENILE JUSTICE. Recent developments in the juvenile crime situation of California, and recent media representations of that crisis, are examined in this brief essay. 6p., 0 f., Ob.   $42
 
05002. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN GIRLS. Factors contributing to delinquent behavior in girls, and the typology of sexual misbehavior in general, are looked at in terms of the changing role of the female in American society. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
04287. WORKING MOTHERS AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Good study of relationship between working mothers and misbehavior of children, including economic and social trends towards women working, traditional view of absent mother equals messed-up kid. Review of recent literature, quality of substitute care, optimistic conclusion. 12 pages, 26 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
03919. GANGS IN SCHOOLS. Basic overview of juvenile gangs, theories on why they form and what they " re looking for. lOp.;, 2f.; ab.   $70
 
03354. JUVENILE DETENTION. Excellent, detailed, and well-written study of the problems of juvenile detention homes, focusing on Alameda County, CA. Thorough study of juvenile penal theory, offenders and homeless juveniles in detention, length of stay, overcrowding, school facilities, very good discussion of national juvenile detention problems. suggestions for reform. 48 pages, 28 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
02500. WHY JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IS HIGHER IN THE WORKING CLASSES. Another restatement of the arguments that juvenile delinquency becomes institutionalized among ghetto dwellers because of poverty, inadequate institutions, etc. lOp.; 10f. sb.   $70
 
02499. A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MAN BY JSMES JOYCE. An analysis of pages 164-173 of the novel, looking at the imagery of Daedalus and Icarns in Stephen's vow to "live, to err, to fall, to triumph, to recreate life out of life." 3p., Of., Ob.   $21
 
02498. A RESEARCH DESIGN FOR THE USE OF ISOLATION IN THE TREATMENT OF DELINQUENCY. Good design of an experiment to be carried out at a youth institution, using "isolation rooms" no as punishment (as is usual) but as "time-out" or "Neutral" spaces from ongoing therapy. 15 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. tables.   $105
 
02496. ROBINSON JEFFERS' THE WOMEN AT POINT SUR. The philosophical questions raised in Jeffers' poem, such as the existence of God, the immortality of man, and the proper life, arc treated briefly. 4p., Of., Ob.   $28
 
01205. RACE IN JUVENILE DEINQUENCY. Good summary of studies trying to isolate race as a causitive factor in juvenile delinquency; not surprisingly, finds that police are more likely to judge Blacks harshly. 15 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
01204. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Very good examination of what causes delinquency, based on research studies; thorough discussion of various theories and factors, focuses on the failure of socialization as most common problem. 20 pages, 38 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
00717. AGE LIMITS OF DELINQUENCY. Good summary of the questions posed by setting an arbitrary line between children and adults; contains a list of age limits of juvenile jurisdiction for all 50 states. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
00091. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Overview of juvenile delinquency, focusing on causes and treatment. Should be updated. 11 pages, 12 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
53880. "FAMILY BACKGROUND, ETHNICITY AND URBAN DELINQUENCY." Review and summary of a 1974 article by the same name, by three sociologists. The authors of the article criticize the methodology of earlier studies, introduce new methods of measuring social class and family background. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
53571A. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. A psychological profile of the juvenile offender, including a look at the juvenile justice system and the changing trends in delinquent crime. A well-reseearched essay on reform efforts and educational failures in the juvenile justice area. 8 pages, 24 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
53087. GROUP THERAPY WITH DELINQUENTS AND PRE-DELINQUENTS. Good summary of the advantages of group therapy for children, and basic considerations to remember. 6 pages, 5 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
52376. WESTERN RELIGION AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Interesting discussion seekiing to prove that traditional religion fosters juvenile delinquency: by being authoritarian structure to rebel against, by providing stress on respect and achievement which boys can only get through crime and deviance. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
52158. INTERNATIONAL NEO-COLONIALISM IN AFRICA, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GHANA. Interesting (but somewhat dated) African view of neo-colonialism. Stresses the dangers of dependence on foreign models, the need for African unity, the reasons for the fall of Nkrumah in Ghana (1966). 16 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
52052. THE CALIFORNIA YOUTH AUTHORITY. The history and functions of the California institutions for the management of juvenile offenders is given in considerable detail. The paper includes some statistics on the breakdown of juvenile crime and the sort of sentencing imposed by the juvenile court. 8 pages, 13 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
51642. THE EFFECT OF THE GAULT DECISION ON JUVENILE COURTS. Good summary of what happened after the Supreme Court required juvenile courts to observe due process in the 1967 Gault decision. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $49
 


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