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10691. THE ARGUMENT AGAINST ALLOWING GAYS IN THE MILITARY. Argues that the traditional ban on gays in the military should continue to be enforced. Contends that the presence of open gays in the military impairs the accomplishment of the military mission, destroys esprit de corps, violates heterosexual's privacy rights, and may spread AIDS. 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $42
10690. THE ARGUMENT IN FAVOR OF LIFTING THE BAN ON GAYS IN THE MILITARY. Argues that the ban on gays in the military should be lifted- based on the fact that gays are already serving, their presence is not disruptive, public opinion generally supports gay rights, and the fact that the ban is discriminatory. The conclusion includes recommendations for implementing the new policy. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $49
10689. GAYS IN THE MILITARY: TIME TO LIFT THE BAN. This paper investigates the issue of lifting the ban on gays in the U.S. military. Following a brief background summary on the current status of military policy and the potential influence of recent events on future military policy, we will present the arguments in favor of allowing gays to openly enlist in the military. The concluding section provides a summary argument in favor of lifting the ban, refuting the arguments of the opponents and providing suggestions about how to implement the new policy. 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $70
10655. THE WATERGATE AFFAIR. An investigation and analysis of the events of leading to and circumstances surrounding the June 17, 1972 Watergate break-in which eventually led to the indictment and conviction of top Nixon aides and the resignation of President. Includes a summary of the outcomes of Watergate for those directly involved. 21 pages, 31 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
10636. ESTABLISHING THE CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING THE SUCCESS OR FAILURE OF A PROTEST MOVEMENT. An analysis of a theme in David S. Meyer's A Winter of Discontent, this paper investigates the complexities of the nuclear disarmament movement and suggests a cost-benefit analysis (similar to that used in economics) to evaluate the success of the movement. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
10635. STREET-LEVEL BUREAUCRACY: DILEMMAS OF THE INDIVIDUAL IN PUBLIC SERVICES BY MICHAEL LIPSKY. Considering the overworked and autonomous workers in schools, police and welfare departments, legal and other services, Lipsky discusses the range of decisions street-level bureaucrats make and their effect on society. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
10601. POLITICAL PARTIES IN PUERTO RICO AND THE ISSUE OF STATEHOOD. Well-documented paper which describes the three major political parties active in Puerto Rico. Legal, cultural, and economic considerations concerning statehood are discussed, as well as the alternatives (independence or continued commonwealth status). 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
10592. JESSE JACKSON'S 1984 AND 1988 CAMPAIGNS. Overview and analysis of Jackson's two bids for the presidency. Analyzes main points of each campaign, including campaign style, platform, high and low points, and voter constituencies. 11 pages, 14 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
10567. THE EMERGENCY POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT. Looks at the broad powers of the U.S. president to take military action and other steps to unilaterally respond to national emergencies. The origins, evolution, and presidential use of these powers by Lincoln, Wilson, Roosevelt, Truman, and Nixon are analyzed in detail. 12 pages, 28 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
10564B. AN ARGUMENT FOR THE DEATH PENALTY. See Section 6B. 11 pages, 43 footnotes, 21 bibliographic references.   $77
10564A. AN ARGUMENT AGAINST THE DEATH PENALTY. Following a brief summary of the history and current status of capital punishment in the United States, this paper presents an overview of ethical, legal, practical, and economic arguments and concludes with a brief recommendation for future policy decisions. 11 pages, 43 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $77
10549. THE ROLE OF POLITICAL FACTORS IN THE SEVERITY OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION. Considers the evidence supporting the theory that the Great Depression was severely influenced by the absence of international economic leadership. Discusses what would constitute appropriate leadership and whether this theory gives an adequate understanding of the Great Depression. 13 pages, 18 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $91
10544. FATHER CHARLES COUGHLIN. The life and work of the controversial Catholic "radio priest" of the 1930s are reviewed. Coughlin's reactionary views are studied as a form of political demagoguery. 5 pages, 13 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $35
10533. BLACK AND CHICANO NATIONALISM COMPARED. Reviews major figures and organizations of Black and Chicano social activism and their attitudes and goals concerning mainstream U.S. society. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $63
10513. TERM LIMITS: LIMITED REFORM. Investigates the issue of limiting incumbents' terms of office in the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate. Following background on the legislative history and growth in popular support for term limits, arguments both pro and con are considered. The paper argues against imposing term limits, charging that they are unconstitutional and that imposing such limits will not achieve the objectives term limit proponents claim they will. 10 pages, 43 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $70
10499. SOCIAL MOBILITY AND SOCIAL BARRIERS IN AMERICA. Race and ethnicity are viewed as the primary barriers to social mobility and its facilitator, education. Poverty is also discussed. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
10491. THE BUSH ADMINISTRATIONS POLICY ON CO2 ADMISSIONS: NO REGRETS? Considers the wisdom of the Bush administration position on the control/reduction of CO2 emissions in light of findings presented in Dornbusch and Poterba's recent compilation of studies concerning economic policy responses to global warming. Concludes that the Bush administration has selectively appropriated economic arguments against the reduction of CO2 emissions while ignoring broader environmental and ethical implications. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
10479. PUBLIC CHOICE THEORY & THE LIBERAL AGENDA. Considers how the ideas espoused by four public choice theorists can be utilized both as an indictment of the need for political reform (from the liberal or radical perspective) and as a roadmap for effecting reform along a radical or left-wing agenda. 9 pages, 24 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $63
10477. CALIFORNIA BALLOT PROPOSITION 161: EXAMINES THE NOVEMBER, 1992 CALIFORNIA REFERENDUM ON PHYSICIAN ASSISTED DEATH. Examines the pros and cons of the November 1992 California referendum on the physician assisted death; public and professional opinion on euthanasia is reviewed, and the measure is found wanting in sufficient safeguards against physician or family abuse. 13 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $91
10471. ABORTION RIGHTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND THE DENIAL OF PUBLIC CONSENSUS. Investigates the apparent dichotomy in the United States between public support for abortion rights and legislative and special interest groups' persistent effort to abrogate those rights. 11 pages, 28 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $77
10466. THE U.S. PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY AND OLIGOPOLY. Argues that while the domestic ethical (prescription) drug industry is an oligopoly, this has largely been the result of patent protection and FDA regulation. Examines concentration ratios, history of industry, economies of scale, price fixing, product life cycles, R&D costs and trends, effects of early 1960s Kefauver hearings and subsequent regulation and its eventual reform in the 1980s, how R&D has moved overseas, role of advertising & promotion, legal risks (lawsuits, etc.), patent protection, competition from generic and counterfeit drugs, conclusions. 27p., 117f, 40b.   $133
10443. AN ANALYSIS OF THE WAR POWERS ACT OF 1974. An interesting discussion of the constitutionality of the Act, considering the intent of the framers and political realities today. Also analyzes the intent, implementation, and historical context of the Act. 12 pages, 27 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $84
10405. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE NATIONAL HEAD START ASSOCIATION PROJECT. Discusses the problems of poverty which Project Head Start was designed to address, core values of the program, evaluation procedures, geographic variance, future possibilities for the program. 11 pages, 27 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
10364. STATE GOVERNMENT IN MASSACHUSETTS AND PENNSYLVANIA. A comparison of electoral processes, interest groups, partisan political activity and state officeholders in the two states. Recent (to 1992) election results and political trends are noted. 15 pages, 17 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $105
10362. REFUGEES: U.S. POLICY AND PRACTICE. This paper examines U.S. policies and practices regarding refugees. Following an examination of the laws and conventions which define and regulate the United States, an overview and analysis of the refugee situation in the U.S. is presented. The demography of U.S. refugee migration is explored and analyzed. Specific examples of U.S. policy and practice are drawn from the U.S. experience with southeast Asian, Cuban, Haitian and Central American refugees. 10 pages, 36 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
10359. SMOKING IN THE WORKPLACE. The movement toward worksite-based smoking restrictions, smoking bans and no-smoker policies is reviewed. The arguments for and against banning smoking and implementing no-smoker policies are considered and discussed. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $35
10347. FOREIGN WARS AND SOCIAL REFORM IN MODERN AMERICA. The opposing forces of war and social reform are studied from World War I to Vietnam. Progressive, New Deal and Great Society reforms are examined in the context of foreign involvement. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
10346. THE 1896 AND 1932 ELECTIONS. The role of the two national elections in realignment of U.S. politics is noted; 1896 is seen as a Republican landslide, 1932 Democratic. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
10310. HOLOCAUST AND THE AMERICAN PRESS. This paper provides a survey of the American print media coverage of the Holocaust during World War II. The essay argues that the press failed to give adequate coverage and that it failed to advocate government rescue action in spite of ample warning of genocide of the Jews. KEYWORDS: holocaust nazi jews genocide us press coverage. 16 pages, 16 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $112
10304. MEDICARE PHYSICIAN PAYMENT REFORM: THE RESOURCE BASED RELATIVE VALUE SCALE. This paper examines Medicare physician payment reform. Following a brief overview of historical Medicare methods for reimbursing physicians,we will consider the rationalization for reform and review the steps taken by Congress and physician groups to effect the reform. The central components of the new system, including the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale (RBRVS), the geographical adjustment, the limitations on balanced billing, and the volume performance standard are explained and analyzed. Advantages and disadvantages to the new system are considered. Finally, the impact of the new system on physicans, hospitals and patients is considered. 15 pages, 32 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $105
10295. LABOR UNIONS AND RADICALISM IN THE U.S. Looks at the failure of radical trade union syndicalism to take hold in the U.S., focusing on the pattern of unionization at the Amoskeag Mill in Manchester, New Hampshire. Radical socialism and non-political trade unionism are seen as parting ways at the turn of the century. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
10278. A PROPOSAL FOR A NATIONAL UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN THE U.S. Following an overview of some of the reasons behind this renewed interest in national health insurance -- the rationale and need for reform -- this analysis briefly considers the relative merits and components of several major proposals now being discussed and makes recommendations for the implementation of a comprehensive reform system. 12 pages, 30 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.   $84
10258. AIRLINE SAFETY AND DEREGULATION. The impact of the 1978 U.S. deregulation of commercial airline fares and routes on air safety is considered; issues of aging fleets, maintenance standards, safety technology, and anti-terrorist security are reviewed. Statistical evidence showing steady improvements in air safety and no increase in accident or fatalities since 1978 are presented. 25 pages, 59 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $133
10257. RAIL TRANSPORTATION POLICY IN JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. Examines the different approaches Japan and the U.S. have followed in shaping transportation policy during the past generation, emphasizing their different approaches to railroad passenger operations. Argues that the Japanese approach has succeeded by focusing comprehensive national planning on practical goals while the American approach has failed because of its emphasis on ideology above outcomes. 20 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $133
10233. AN ARGUMENT FOR THE BRADY BILL. Argues in favor of the passage of the firearm's purchase waiting law, the Brady Bill, SB1236. Provides background to the legislation, considers major issues involved and analyzes the arguments for and against the law. 8 pages, 22 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $56
10225. THE DEMOCRATIC FACADE BY DANIEL HELLINGER AND WILLIAM JUDD. Review of a political science study of America's modern democratic institutions; accepts the authors' view that media, schooling and socialization have made democracy an illusory form of government. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
10209. THE BAKKE DECISION. A comprehensive examination and review of the 1978 Supreme Court case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. The historical context of the civil rights legislation and decisions since Brown v. Board of Education is discussed; the progress of the Bakke case through the California courts to the high court of the land is detailed. Majority and dissenting opinions in the case are discussed in detail, and the impact of the decision is noted. 30 pages, 47 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $133
10201. PROBLEMS IN URBAN HOUSING. This paper provides an analysis of factors involved in the systematic decline of inner city housing and a consideration of appropriate government policy responses. Also considers the need for cooperation from landlords, tenants and the community at large. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
10185. MEIR KAHANE: THE "DEMON OF THE JEWS." Report outlines career and beliefs of Meir Kahane, leader of the right-wing Kach Party in Israel and so-called Messianic terrorist who called for the expulsion of all Arabs from Israel and for violence as a means of combatting the Arab threat. 16 pages, 28 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $112
10153. THE MIDEGETMAN MISSILE. Outlines history of Midgetman Missile Project, discussing its design, procurement problems and issues, role in U.S. armory, role in SALT and other arms limitations talks, and current status of project. 20 pages, 23 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
10128. FLAG BURNING AND FREE SPEECH: PRO AND CON. An examination of the 1989 U.S. Supreme Court decision upholding the right of demonstators to burn the American flag, including an analysis of the free-speech argument which supports the right and an analysis of the "flag as a sacred symbol of liberty" argument which argues against this right. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
10125. FAIR HOUSING STANDARDS. This paper considers the ways in which communities can facilitate the implementation of federally-mandated fair housing standards. Focuses on the reconciliation of conflicts of interests between landlords, tenants and the community at large. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
10116. A BRIEF ANALYSIS OF THE SAVINGS AND LOAN CRISIS. Report summarizes causes of S&L financial crisis, using examples of Maryland and Ohio as indicative of industry-wide abuses resulting from excessive fiscal gambling following federal deregulation. 10 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
10100. RESPONSE TO A PROPOSED FEDERAL RULE CHANGE: PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES, INTERNATIONAL WATER AND BOUNDARY COMMISSION. Report describes proposed rule, analyzes problem addressed by rule and the major effects of the proposed changes, describes reasonable alternatives and suggests improvements. Concludes with a recommendation for further action. 20 pages, 18 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
10098. TENESSEE GOVERNOR'S RACE OF 1990. A look at the election campaigns, records and prospects of the Democratic and Republican candidates for the gubernatorial campaign of 1990. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
10075. A PREDICTION OF U.S. RACIAL AND ETHNIC MIX IN THE YEAR 2050: MOVING FROM RACIAL MAJORITY TO PLURALITIES. Analyzes the trend of changing ethnic population composition in an effort to arrive at a reasonable projection of U.S. ethnic diversity in the year 2050. The analysis considers current demographic trends within and among the groups in terms of the three main factors effecting population change (fertility, mortality, and net immigration) as well as trends within the sub-influences on these factors, such as the distribution of wealth, the use of contraceptives, susceptibility to disease (rates of morbidity), and political/legal restraints on immigration. 14 pages, 43 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $98
10072. THE LEGACY OF THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION: DEREGULATION. Provides background and an overview analysis of the Reagan Administration's broad-sweeping deregulation policies. Argues that in many cases, regulatory reforms were ill-conceived and poorly executed. Cites examples from the airline and S&L industries and discusses how deregulation impacted federal environmental policies. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $42
10068. AIRLINE DEREGULATION AND THE LEGACY OF THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION. Taking airline deregulation as a case in point, this paper examines the extent to which deregulation has in fact served the public interest. After reviewing the rationale for and history of regulation and examining the major criticisims of regulation and their concomittant economic theories of deregulation, the paper examines the effects of deregulation on the airline industry through the two-term Reagan administration. Deregulation's effects on industry competitiveness, air fares (pricing), labor relations, customer service, air traffic safety and industry capacity are specifically addressed and analyzed. It is the central contention of this paper that Reagan mismanaged the basically sound program of airline regulatory reform put in place during the Carter Administration. 16 pages, 29 footnotes in text, 19 bibliographic sources.   $112
10066. IMPACT OF CLAYTON ANTI-TRUST ACT MODIFICATIONS. Discusses changes in Act regarding anti-trust policy, price discrimination, monopolies, directorships. Influences of multinationals described. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
10060. NO FAULT AUTO INSURANCE. The investigation presents a comprehensive analysis of the no-fault sytem. Its history, purpose and compostion is discussed and compared with the traditional tort/liability system of auto insurance. The evidence of no-fault's effectiveness and the barriers to its implementation are considered. The conclusion offers recommendations on the implementation of a comprehensive, national no-fault system. 21 pages, 36 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $133
10003. THE APPLICATION OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY TO POLITICAL METHODOLOGY. An overview and summary of David Garson's assessment and critique of the use of Freud's psychoanalytic approach in explaining variations in political phenomena. Considers Freud's four major developmental themes as they apply to political science, profiles the major criticisms of the psychoanalytic approach, and considers criteria for hypothesis evaluation. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
09998. SUPPRESSION OF POLITICAL SPEECH: GITLOW V. NEW YORK, 268 U.S. 652 (1925). In this 1925 landmark Supreme Court case, the US Supreme Court considered a communist labor organizer’s (Gitlow) First and Fourteenth Amendment rights to free speech (in particular, free political speech). In this case, the Court advanced an important rule about free speech in America: the government can suppress political speech only if it can show that the speech creates a “clear and present danger.” TAGS: free speech, First Amendment rights, labor movement, unions, state’s rights, Fourteenth Amendment rights, labor unrest, political speech, landmark Supreme Court case. APA Style. 7 pages, 23 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 1,645 words.   $49
09972. THE POST-WAR YEARS IN AMERICA: 1945-1960. The political, social and economic changes in America during the period between Roosevelt and Kennedy are examined; anti-communism, conformism, and rebellious popular cultural movements are noted. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
09968. HAZARDOUS EXPORTS: THE EFFECTIVENESS AND LIMITATIONS OF CURRENT U.S. LAWS AND REGULATIONS. Analyzes the effectiveness of current U.S. laws designed to regulate the export and overseas marketing of hazardous products. Presents historical background to the problem, examines the evidence on current effectiveness drawing from specific product examples, and makes recommendations on future modifications to the existing regulations. 23 pages, 37 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
09966. THE ECONOMIC TRENDS OF THE 1990S: THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT. A case focus study of government role the modern global economy. Focuses on the continuing transfer of American-developed advanced technology overseas, especially to Asian countries. 8 pages, 16 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $56
09961. THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM. 23p. 29f. --b. See Section 7A.   $133
09961. THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM. A comprehensive review of the U.S.' central bank. Reviews its history and structure as well as its functions and operations. Analyzes some of the recent problems and policies within the system, including deregulation and Third World debt. 23p. 29f. --b.   $133
09950. SUPREME COURT JUSTICE SANDRA DAY O'CONNOR: A REVIEW OF HER PERFORMANCE. A review of the Reagan-appointee's first term on the Supreme Court. Summarizes and reviews O'Connor's voting records on major decisions, assessing her position on individual rights, the use of deadly force, equal rights, freedom of the press, right to privacy, and abortion. Concludes that O'Connor favors a narrow interpretation of a law and order conception of justice. 13 pages, 9 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $91
09949. CHIEF JUSTICE WILLIAM REHNQUIST. Examines some of the most important legal decisions rendered by Rehnquist during his period on the court (1972-present) and considers which of his past decisions have been the most influential in shaping the future direction of the court. Takes a closer look at Rehnquist's consistently conservative stand on abortion and death penalty cases. 11 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $77
09948. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS TO PRIVACY. Explores the Court's interpretation of the individual's Constitutional right to privacy. After a brief review of the meaning of privacy and its historical importance in American tradition, the paper analyzes the Court's interpretations, focusing on key cases during the 20th century. 11 pages, 30 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
09854. THE MASS MEDIA AND THE 1988 CAMPAIGN. The use of images and symbols as a substitute for substantive ideas in the 1988 presidential campaigns is described; negative ads, attack videos, "sound bites", and simplistic symbols are seen as media manipulation, and proposals to reform the debate process are put forward. 11 pages, 16 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
09850. LEADERSHIP AND CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT: THE CONTRAST BETWEEN JAPANESE AND AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Compares and contrasts the two country's public school systems with particular atttention to the contrasting roles played by administrators, principals, teachers, parents, and even students in each system. The Japanese teacher is seen as the lynchpin in the effectiveness of the Japanese system. 16 pages, 46 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $112
09842. THE FEDERAL INCOME TAX. A brief look at the history and dedvelopment of the federal income tax, with a focus on the 1981 and 1986 tax codes and their changes in rates, brackets, deductions and exemptions. 5 pages, 16 footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
09833. CUTBACK MANAGEMENT. Defines and analyzes "cutback management", a new government strategy to deal with reduced revenues and the general environment of fiscal constraint. Considers the application of the strategy at both state and local levels, and then takes a brief look at possible alternatives to cutback management. 10 pages, 8 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
09811. PROPOSAL FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TWENTY-SEVEN. Considers the features, advantages and disadvantages to the proposed 27th amendment which is intended to modify the amendment procedure of the U.S. Constitution. Argues that such an amendment would be advantageous in that it would put the debate over a given amendment directly into the democratic process, rather than relegating it to state-level government. It is thus seen as one very effective way to enhance direct citizen involvement in representative government. 18 pages, 19 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $126
09804. THE CONCEPT OF ARISTOCRACY IN AMERICAN POLITICS. Considers the conflict between the values of aristocracy and the values of equality in American politics. Argues that there are forms of aristocracy in this country which continue to this day. 11 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $77
09788. PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT IN AN ENVIRONMENT OF FISCAL SCARCITY. Considers various strategies government can use to operate effectively under conditions of organizational scarcity. Proposals discussed include pay-as-you-go, privatization, deference of operating expenditures and the postponement of capital investment. 10 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
09785. SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE IN AMERICA. The origins and development of the First Amendment principle of a wall of separation between church and state are traced; numerous state establishments of religion in colonial America are noted, and the persistence of state laws and sectarian pressures for state religion in the 19th Century are described. 16 pages, 43 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $112
09774. THE PARANOIA BEHIND WATERGATE. Advances the thesis that Nixon's paranoia was the motivating force behind the Watergate scandal. Presents evidence from former associates, political analysts, journalists, and Nixon's own tapes. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
09769. REVITALIZING AMERICA'S INNER CITY NEIGHBORHOODS. Considers whether poor urban neighborhoods can be revitalized without undergoing gentrification: privatization of public housing stocks, tenant management schemes, and low-income housing subsidy programs are reviewed. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
09755. SAN FRANCISCO: CHANGES IN POWER AND DECISION-MAKING. Argues that changing demographics (and in particular the influx of gay males and immigrants from the Pacific Rim countries) significantly shifted the base of power and decision-making in San Francisco during 1960-1990. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
09752. THE PLANNING FUNCTION IN GOVERNMENT AGENCIES: THE GROWING ROLE OF OUTSIDE CONSULTANTS. Examines recent trends of government agencies to use private, outside consultants, especially for the planning function. Considers the current extent of service use, history of success, cost-effectiveness and advantages and disadvantages. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
09751. THE DETERIORATION OF U.S. PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE. Considers the problem of deteriorating roads, bridges, public buildings and other facilities (using the quakes in San Francisco as a basis). The extent of the problem and the financial and political complexities of correcting the problem are considered in detail. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
09749. THE IMPACT OF THE 1974 AND 1985 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET REFORM. Considers the impact of the 1974 Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act and the 1985 Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act on the manner in which Congress and the President conduct the budgetary process. The pre-reform budget process, the major provisions of the 1974 and 1985 reforms, and the fiscal impact of the reforms. 10p. 16. 10b.   $70
09746. INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS: THE PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN FEDERAL AND STATE. Considers the need for, and conflicts inherent within national/state/local relations. Considers the relationship from the perspective of three perspectives: the inclusive-authority model, the overlapping-authority model, and the coordinate-authority model. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
09745. THE CIVIL SERVICE REFORM ACT OF 1978. Discusses the components of the 1978 Civil Service Reform Act. Focuses on the purpose and functions of the two agencies created by the Act, known as the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB). 9 pages, 5 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $63
09744. THE PRIVATIZATION MOVEMENT: SHRINKING. Analyzes the recent movement to reduce government through divestiture of government properties, privatization of services, deregulation, and tax reduction. Advantages and disadvantages for government, the private sector, and the public at large are noted. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. See Section 7A.   $70
09740. THE FAILURE OF THE EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT. Explores the reasons for the failure of the Equal Rights Amendment to gain approval. Considers the political history of the ERA, the judicial and constitutional problems that an amendment poses, and the nature and meaning of opposition to the amendment. 12 pages, 23 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $84
09727. UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES: DUMPING AND ANTI-DUMPING. Considers the rationale, components and arguments for and against U.S. anti-dumping and countervailing duty laws. 10 pages, 13 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
09726. THE WAR ON DRUGS -- INTERDICTION OR LEGALIZATION? Considers America's drug crisis as a problem of supply and demand, arguing that no amount of police action can prevent drugs from reaching our borders. Economic, political and moral arguments for and against legalization and regulation are analyzed, with the conclusion that decriminalization and regulation are most likely to succeed. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
09719. MINIMUM WAGE AND UNEMPLOYMENT. Traces the theoretical relationship between minimum wage rates and unemployment. Presents the economic, social and political arguments (supported with empirical evidence) for and against recent proposal to increase the minimum wage. 10 pages, 36 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $70
09715. RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR. Discusses the growth of risk management practices in public and not-for-profit organizations since 1978. Defines risk management, describes its early development in the private sector (mainly in insurance), and the risks of its application in the public sector. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
09708. THE INFORMATION MARKET AND THE CASE FOR REGULATION. Examines the history and current status of the information market (e.g., credit bureaus, medical information bureaus, etc.). Makes the case that based on privacy rights, issues of fairness, inadequacies in existing regulations, and widespread inaccuracies in the operations of these data bases, the government should regulate the information industry. 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
09707. THE INFLUENCE OF THE MEDIA. An essay arguing that the mass media has robbed individuals of their ability to make up their own minds on matters as divergent as consumerism and politics. Cites examples in advertising consumer products and in mass media projections of political issues and political candidates. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $35
09699. FEDERAL BUDGET DEFICITS: CAUSES AND CORRECTIONS. Considers in turn the causes driving the recurring annual budget deficits since the 1960s, the shortcomings and merits of Gramm-Rudman-Hollings, and the arguments for and against a constitutional amendment prescribing that total government expenditures not exceed annual receipts in the projected fiscal year. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
09698. PRODUCTIVITY IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR. A look at some of the efforts taken to improve productivity within public sector organizations. Discusses the impetus behind such efforts, the problems inherent in managing productivity in the public sector, programs in-place, and some of the conditions for successful program implementation. 11 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $77
09692. MERIT PAY: FAILING TO LIVE UP TO THE PROMISE. Considers the theoretical and practical advantages and disadvantages to pay-for-performance systems implemented for groups of government employees under the provisions of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. Concludes that such systems are severely limited by a number of practical barriers to their implementation and also questions the theoretical basis behind their objectives. 10 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $70
09691. REGULATION VERSUS DEREGULATION. Considers the arguments for and against government regulation of industry in light of the recent deregulation fervor. Economic, administrative, and public interest issues are considered. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
09675. THE DALKON SHIELD SCANDAL: A CASE STUDY IN CORPORATE IRRESPONSIBILITY. Reviews and analyzes the facts of the Dalkon Shield product liability case against A.H. Robins. Considers Robins' motivation in marketing the product, and its tactics in defending against the liability charges. 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $70
09658. MARTIN LUTHER KING AND MALCOLM X: A PROFILE OF TWO BLACK LEADERS. Compares and contrasts the differing approaches -- especially concerning violence -- of the two leaders. Analyzes each man's stance on segregation, Blacks' role in politics and economics, and the Black man's place in American culture. 10 pages, 29 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
09643. CONTAINMENT, COMMITMENT AND LIMITED WAR: THE FAILURE OF AMERICAN MILITARY STRATEGY IN VIETNAM. Considers the American defeat in Vietnam in light of the failure of superior U.S. military technology and firepower to win a "war from above" in which vast resources and enormous manpower were committed to a piecemeal approach instead of the total war of traditional military strategy. 12 pages, 24 footnotes in text, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
09620. SEEKING A TRAIL BY JURY. Examines an individual's prospects for a fair and thorough jury trial by looking at a specific trial of a man accused of armed robbery. Considers the role of plea bargaining in the judicial system. 7 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
09598. LOBBYING IN THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM: THE CASE OF POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES. Analysis of the history, composition, and influence of PACs in the political process, with a focus on the effects of PACs on the House and Senate. Considers arguments for and against PACs and the evidence supporting each. 24 pages, 62 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.   $133
09595. REAGAN, THATCHER AND THE POLITICS OF DECLINE BY JOEL KRIEGER. Review of this study of "New Right" conservativism in Great Britain and the U.S. Examines the merits of Krieger's central thesis that economic, rather than political or social changes, have been responsible for the shift to the right. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
09594. THE RIGHT TO STRIKE IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR. Explores the controversy over public employees' right to strike in the U.S. Compares private versus public employees' right to strike and the laws in the U.S. with other industrialized countries. Traces the evolution of collective bargaining in the public sector, concluding that the right to strike will soon be as clearly established in the public sector is it currently is in the private sector. 11 pages, 28 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
09588. AMERICAN MILITARY COMMITMENT IN VIETNAM AND THE GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION. Examines the origins and significance of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, both in terms of its role in making the dramatic escalation of the American military commitment in Vietnam possible, as well as in terms of its role in expanding Presidential war powers. 8 pages, 16 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $56
09583. BIG GOVERNMENT AND AMERICAN CIVILIZATION IN THE 20TH CENTURY. Traces the historical transformation of American attitudes toward the role of their government in local, national and world affairs. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
09577. A POLITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROSPECTIVE FOR A NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM IN THE UNITED STATES. Investigates how the U.S. political structure and American political values shape policy on national health insurance. Outlines the history of legislative proposals and profiles the special interest groups favoring or opposing such a bill. Concludes with an analysis of the prospects for passage of particular proposals. 21 pages, 49 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $133
09574. FORMULATION OF US POLICY ON THE MIDDLE EAST. Considers U.S. foreign policy from a constitutional perspective, asking whether the U.S. political system effectively serves American interests, or is influenced by foreign lobbies, partisan politics and superpower rivalry. 20 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
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