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22B. SEXUALITY

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18845. BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA V. DALE, 530 U.S. 640 (2000): THE FIGHT OVER HOMOSEXUALS IN THE BOY SCOUTS. Eagle Scout James Dale was expelled from the Boy Scouts because of his homosexuality. The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that this violated New Jersey state law (Dale v. Boy Scouts of America, 1999). In Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, the Supreme Court ruled that this ruling violated the Boy Scouts' right of “expressive association” protected by the First Amendment and overturned the New Jersey court’s ruling. This paper provides an overview and analysis of this controversial Supreme Court ruling, considering its implications for private association memberships and gay rights in America. TAGS: Boy Scouts, discrimination homosexuals, gay rights, landmark case, membership restrictions, Supreme Court ruling. APA Style. 7 pages, 27 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 1,625 words.   $49
 
18739. GENDER DEVELOPMENT. This paper discusses gender development, which is the process of acquiring a gender identity as well as an understanding of gender-based roles and expectations. The paper examines research evidence regarding gender development through the stages of life, the influence of social factors (as well as biological factors) on gender development, and the impact of culture on gender development. It is concluded that there are various questions about gender development that are in need of further research. KEYWORDS: psychology sociology gender development research gender identity. APA Style. 10 pages, 24 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 2,546 words.   $70
 
18665. THE EVOLUTION OF THE GAY RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN NEW YORK CITY.. Based on reports in the New York Times, this paper discusses how the gay rights movement evolved from the Stonewall riots in Greenwich Village in 1969 and then on through 1989. Over the years, activists were able to change the city’s laws regarding discrimination against homosexuals. However, with the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, there was increased discrimination and violence against gays and lesbians. The paper also notes how the coverage of gay rights changed in the New York Times over the years. At first, the coverage was minimal and negative in tone; later, it was more in-depth and sympathetic. KEYWORDS: history journalism gay rights discrimination AIDS stonewall. 11 pages, 23 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources. 2,693 words.   $77
 
18136. TRIUMPH OF JUSTICE (DANIEL PETROCELLI) AND THE GOOD BLACK (BY PAUL M. BARRETT). This paper is concerned with two books on the issue of race in American society and justice. Petrocelli's book is about the wrongful death suit against O.J. Simpson and Barrett's book is about a black lawyer (Lawrence Mungin), who filed a racial discrimination suit against the firm where he worked. The paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of each book, their messages and critical implications, and the extent to which their content is typical of American justice and society. KEYWORDS: race justice society legal system trials. MLA Style. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 1,991 words.   $56
 
18046. FASHION CHOICES IN GENDER AND IDENTITY. This term paper is concerned with the British fashion industry and the notion of a "British identity" in dress style. The introduction notes that, although clothing choices are constrained in various ways, people generally express themselves through either conservative or non-conformist styles. The paper then discusses the styles associated with Burberry of London (which are conservative and based on traditional ideas of gender-based power) and Vivian Westwood (which make an artistic commentary on British society and dress). Reference is also made to a small-scale study that showed British women having complex reasons for their fashion choices, as related to their search for personal identity. KEYWORDS: fashion industry clothes identity gender identity british society. MLA Style. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 1,743 words.   $49
 
17737. COHABITATION AND MARRIAGE: TRENDS, INTERACTIONS & IMPLICATIONS. This paper explores the trends in nonmarital cohabitation and marriage among American heterosexual couples and considers the implications for the marital transition, marital stability, and family structure. Following a review of the demography of cohabitation and marriage, the analysis considers the process of entering into nonmarital cohabitation, the relationship between cohabitation and the transition to marriage, and the impact of cohabitation on marital stability and happiness. Despite significant racial and socioeconomic differences, rising cohabitation and declining marriage rates are found across all groups and are likely to continue, although marriage remains a highly valued institution. Research suggests that a combination of union duration and the Aexperience hypothesis@ provide the best explanation for the association between cohabitation and marital disruption. KEYWORDS: living together premarital cohabitation marriage. Strict APA Style throughout. 13 pages, 46 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 4,459 words.   $91
 
17633. A CONTENT ANALYSIS STUDY OF GENDER ROLE PORTRAYALS IN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE. This paper presents a study exploring the changes (or lack thereof) in gender role portrayal and stereotyping in children’s literature, with particular attention to gender asymmetries. A content analysis methodology was used to explore a sample of children’s books originally published prior to 1970 with a sample of children’s books published after 1990. The study sample consisted of five male-character-oriented and five female-character-oriented books (total sample = 20) from each time period. The study tested three hypothesis: 1) Females are more often portrayed in non-traditional roles in the post-1990 literature than in the pre-1970 literature; 2) Females are more frequently depicted in non-traditional roles in the post-1990 literature than male characters; and 3) There appears to be little change in the gender role depictions of male characters between the pre-1970 and post-1980 literature samples. Strong support was found for all three hypotheses. Included in the study write-up are twenty (one for each book) content analysis coding sheets specifying dependent and independent variables and gender role coding for each book analyzed. KEYWORDS: gender roles female characters male characters. APA Style. 26 pages, 32 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
17612. GAY MARRIAGE AS AN AMERICAN RIGHT. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the gay marriage controversy. The history of the gay marriage controversy (including recent federal and state legislative history) is traced and the arguments for and against same-sex marriage are presented. The arguments against gay marriage are dismissed as faulty and/or specious as well as un-American and discriminatory. The conclusion makes the case for legalizing gay marriage throughout the United States. KEYWORDS: gay marriage same-sex marriage pro gay marriage. MLA Style. 11 pages, 29 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 2,641 words.   $77
 
17591. ONLINE DATING. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the online dating industry. Following a brief history of online dating and a discussion of its current status, the paper discusses why people use online dating services as well as the opportunities and pitfalls associated with the experience. The paper concludes with an evaluation of the effectiveness of the online dating experience, arguing that while online dating can be successful in terms of forming long-term relationships, as a general rule, a great deal of trial-and-error is also involved in the entire online dating experience. KEYWORDS: online dating cyber relationships internet romance. MLA Style. 15 pages, 29 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 3,495 words.   $105
 
17502. THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTHY ADOLESCENT SEXUALITY IN AN ERA OF AIDS. This paper examines the obstacles that teens face in developing healthy and responsible sexual identities in an era of HIV and AIDS, as well as the ways in which society can support the development of healthy adolescent sexuality. Argues that much of the education that teens receive on sexuality is filtered through a moral lens and grounded in the often erroneous assumption that drastic measures are needed to reduce and subdue the supposed inherent hyper-sexuality of teens. KEYWORDS: Strict APA Style throughout. 13 Pages, 33 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 3,082 words.   $91
 
17450. PROTECTION OF CHILDREN FROM SEXUAL PREDATORS, P.L. 105-314 Following a summary of the main provisions of the 1998 Protection of Children from Sexual Predators Act and a short discussion of some of the forces that led to the Act’s passage, this paper looks closely at the case precedence, constitutional basis and constitutional issues surrounding the Protection of Children from Sexual Predators Act. 11 pages, 63 footnotes; 31 bibliographic sources. 2590 words.   $77
 
17392. FAMILY THERAPY CASE ANALYSIS: A SYSTEMS VIEW OF THE JONES FAMILY. Taking the perspective of a family therapist adhering to systemic family therapy principles, this paper analyzes the existing problems in the Jones family. The analysis identifies three major areas of inquiry and the rationale for their selection, identifies three systemic issues with which the Jones family is struggling, and describes the relationship system between Mr. and Mrs. Jones. KEYWORDS: systemic family therapy case study marital problems psychology therapeutic techniques case analysis. 12 pages, 15 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 3,229 words.   $84
 
17231. SEX CHANGE SURGERY. This paper covers the historical background of sex change (gender reassignment) operations, and the differences between true transsexualism and “cross dressing”. It also discusses pre-surgery preparations, hormone therapy, and the surgical procedures involved in both male-to-female and female-to-male reassignments. The possible negative side effects and ethical issues are described, but it is also noted that recent improvements in techniques are leading to increased reports of patient satisfaction. Keywords: transgender transsexual sex change surgery gender reassignment. 16 pages; 54 footnotes; 10 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
17030. LESBIANISM IN THE CHINESE SILK INDUSTRY. Although Chinese lesbianism is an overlooked topic in literary and historical texts, there is some evidence to support the view that lesbianism existed among silk workers in the Kwangtung (or Quangdon) region in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This paper discusses marriage resistance, hairdressing ceremonies, sisterhood vows, and the factors that presumably contributed to lesbianism. References are made to historical document, the views of women historians, and descriptions in the novel “Women of the Silk” by Gail Tsukiyama. Keywords: lesbians silk workers Chinese history. 11 pages; 36 footnotes; 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
15903. CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. Written from the perspective of a social worker, this paper discusses the signs of child sexual abuse, the family situations that increase the likelihood of its occurrence, and the characteristics of offenders. The paper addresses the need to distinguish between real and false cases of child sexual abuse, as well as the various approaches to treatment that are available for victims. 12 pages; 27 footnotes; 6 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
15848. "FROM FRONT PORCH TO BACK SEAT" BY BETH L. BAILEY. This paper reviews Bailey's book on the evolution of American courtship and dating patterns during the course of the 20th century. 7 pages; 31 footnotes; 1 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
15809. SEXUAL ABUSE AND LOW ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN LATINAS. This paper provides a literature review as background for setting up a study on the relationship between sexual abuse in childhood or adolescence (and lack of treatment) and low academic achievement in Hispanic females. KEYWORDS: Hispanic women education academic achievement child sexual abuse. 13 pages; 43 footnotes; 26 bibliographic sources. 3,523 words.   $91
 
15771. GEORGIA'S ANTI-SODOMY LAW. Discusses the paternalistic and moralistic arguments that were used to support the law before it was overturned in 1998. The views of Patrick Devlin, H.L.A. Hart, J. S. Mill and Gerald Dworkin are included. 7 pages, 18 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
15760. RAPE: A MULTIFACETED AND VARIED CRIME. Beginning with a discussion of acquaintance rape (date and marital) and then considering homosexual rape and the major varieties of stranger rape, this research paper makes general distinctions between several different categories of rape and provides background information on the characteristics of the rapists who commit these rapes. The essay considers the major factors which differentiate types of rape and rapists and provides an overview of FBI classification schemes and pattern rapists, including the serial rapists and the sex killer. KEYWORDS: rape rapists sex offenders term paper. APA Style. 18 pages, 33 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
15759. RAPE AND RAPISTS. Following a brief definition of rape and a discussion of some of the methodological difficulties in studying rape behavior and rapists, this term paper provides a summary overview of the varieties of rape (e.g., acquaintance rape, stranger rape, male-on-male rape) and types of rapists (e.g., date rapists, serial rapists, sadistic rapists, classification schemes), and then considers the causes of rape, looking at co-factors in rape behavior, antecedents in rape, and psychological, social, and biological theories which attempt to explain rape behavior. KEYWORDS: rape rapists sex offenders term paper. APA Style. 11 pages, 63 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources. 4,081 words.   $77
 
15698. CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: ARE THE CONSEQUENCES ALWAYS CATASTROPHIC? Based on a review of the academic literature, this investigation provides an overview and analysis of the long-term consequences of child sexual abuse for the adult of survivors of that abuse. In addition to examining studies which point to particular areas of impact and studies which consider mitigating factors in the negative outcomes of CSA, the analysis reviews studies which challenge the common wisdom concerning CSA as a unilaterally harmful experience. 11 pages, 49 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
15696. GAY TEENS: SEXUAL IDENTITY FORMATION IN THE HIGH SCHOOL YEARS. This paper explores gay and lesbian sexual identity formation during the high school years, looking at how high school youth come to their gay and lesbian sexual identities - the pressures, involved, the biases they encounter, their influences, how their friends and parents react, the process of "coming out," etc. The analysis draws on a review of the academic literature on gay sexual identity formation in the high school years as well as anecdotal and first-person accounts from gay and lesbian youth. KEYWORDS: adolescent sexuality gay teens homosexuals teenage sexual identity lesbians high school. APA Style. 13 pages, 43 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources. 4,505 words.   $91
 
15632. RAPISTS: TYPES, CO-FACTORS, AND ANTECEDENTS. After briefly identifying the differences between rapists and other sexual offenders and providing a general overview of the heterogeneity of rapists, this paper discusses some of the major typologies or schemata used to categorize rapists and explores some of the psychological, environmental, and other antecedent factors which appear to be associated with rape and rapists. KEYWORDS: rape rapists sex offenders types causes criminality term paper. APA Style. 9 pages, 41 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 2,657 words.   $63
 
15631. EXPLAINING RAPE: CURRENT & EMERGING MODELS. This research paper provides an overview and analysis of the current and emerging explanations for rape. The first part of the report focuses on recent literature concerning biological/genetic theories of rape. The second part of the paper reviews a broad range of single-factor and multiple-factor theories of rape, including psychodynamic theory, personality theory, sexual preference theory, feminist theory, socio-biological theory, and integrative theories. KEYWORDS: theory rape causes explanatory models sex offenses rapists term paper. APA Style. 21 pages, 96 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources. 5,803 words.   $133
 
15568. HOMOSEXUALITY AND LESBIANISM IN PRE-MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY. There is a debate among scholars over why homosexual behaviors were condemned by both Church and society after the 14th Century. Male homosexual behavior in particular, was severely prosecuted from the 14th Century through the 19th Century. Lesbians were generally more tolerated during that time; however, it is argued that this was due mainly to women's lives in general being ignored in the male dominated European society. 12 pages, 35 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
15516. THE REPUTED SEXUAL AFFAIRS OF AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. A paper on the alleged extramarital affairs of various presidents, including (among others) Jefferson, Cleveland, Franklin Roosevelt, Eisenhower, and especially Harding, Kennedy and Clinton. In addition, the differing views of historians on these alleged affairs are discussed. 14 pages, 35 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
15432. ADOLESCENT HOMOSEXUALITY: THE ROLE FOR FAMILY THERAPISTS. This paper focuses on the much neglected topic of adolescent homosexuality from the perspective of the family therapist. The analysis examines the issues of gay adolescent sexual identity formation, "coming out" to parents and parents' reaction to the disclosure that their child is homosexual, family relations (particularly child-parent) through the gay life cycle and their impact on homosexual couples, and the appropriate role(s) for family therapists in conducting therapy with gays and their families. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 19 bibliographic references.   $84
 
15223. CHILD ABUSE IN RELIGIOUS SETTINGS. Studies have shown that there is actually more child abuse among certain mainstream Christian religions than among Satanic worshippers. This paper discusses the three major types of abuse in religious settings (physical abuse, medical neglect, and sexual abuse by religious authorities), as well as how the religious community should respond to the problem. 8 pages, 24 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.   $56
 
15193. SHAKESPEARE'S DEPICTION OF FEMALE SEXUALITY. This paper looks at how Shakespeare treated women's sexuality in six plays: Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Hamlet, Antony and Cleopatra, The Winter's Tale and The Tempest. These plays show a wide variety of ways in which women express their sexuality; in addition they show that male dominance has a negative effect on women and their ability to express themselves. 15 pages, 40 footnotes, 13 bibliographic references.   $105
 
15179. ERIK ERIKSON ON INFANTILE SEXUALITY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT. Discusses Erikson's Freudian perspective on the issue, and argues that his 8 Stages of Development is a useful model. However, also criticizes Erikson's speculations and assumptions and his use of gender stereotypes in interpreting data. 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.   $49
 
15168. THE EMERGENCE OF AIDS IN THE EARLY 1980S, AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GAY/LESBIAN COMMUNITY. At first, shock and denial, as well as economic and political concerns, caused the community to not react appropriately to the crisis. However, by the end of the decade, the gay and lesbian community was actively involved in AIDS education and caring for victims. 7 pages, 17 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.   $49
 
14235. PLAYBOY ENTERPRISES, INC., 1992 CASE STUDY. This paper presents an analysis and a solution to a case study of Playboy Enterprises, Inc. (PEI), the parent company of leading men’s magazine, Playboy. The paper provides a strategic audit of Playboy in 1992. The company’s mission, objectives and existing strategy are defined. A summary company analysis, including a financial analysis and a business segment analysis, is presented, along with an analysis of the external business environment in 1992. A summary SWOT analysis provides the background for identification of three strategic alternatives. It is recommended that Playboy embark on a strategy which will essentially rebuild the Playboy image at home, while expanding in traditional, male-dominated product lines abroad. To implement the new strategy, it is recommended that PEI launch a new subsidiary company to be called Vanguard. The basic theme underlying Vanguard's products, which should include a monthly magazine, couple-oriented videos and sexual-aid products, should be "new-age sexuality: the 21st century and beyond." KEYWORDS: strategic management marketing case studies men’s magazines sex entertainment industry case study strategy case solution. 11 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. 2,453 words. Sections 5A, 5B, 5D, 22B   $77
 
14038. ADVERTISING OR PORNOGRAPHY: PHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGES OF THE BENETTON AND CALVIN KLEIN ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. Examines the legal, social and aesthetic implications of the shock-effect ad campaigns of two fashion firms. Compares the social protest of the Colors of Benetton images with the soft-core eroticism of the Calvin Klein ads. 22 pages, 21 footnotes, 20 bibliographical references.   $133
 
13944. HINDU MARRIAGE RITUALS. This paper discusses the various rituals that occur before and during a typical Hindu wedding ceremony. Included are references to the rituals’ religious significance, and how they symbolically join the bride and groom into a “single body.” 11 pages, 54 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.   $77
 
13783. MEN DOMINATING MEN: MALE RAPE. A paper which explores the sociology and psychology of male rape, primarily as it occurs in prisons and jails. Argues that male rape, as a crime mainly committed by heterosexual men against other men, is a reflection of the broader culture of sexual aggression and hostility towards women. 6 pages, 14 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
13610. AMERICA'S ATTITUDES ON THE RIGHT OF HOMOSEXUALS TO ADOPT. Analyzes data from opinion polls, research studies and court decisions to see if attitudes have changed recently. Finds that, although Americans have become more positive about homosexuals having equal rights in family-related issues, such as adoption. 10 pages, 30 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
13326. IS HETEROSEXUALITY GENETICALLY ENGINEERED. Considers whether or not humans are 'genetically engineered' to form heterosexual bonds based on the evidence of chimpanzees. Drawing on the sociobiological and primatology literature, argues that despite genetic influences, heterosexual bonding is primarily a process of enculturation. 6 pages, 5 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
13282. SEXUALITY, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND RACE/ETHNICITY. This report provides a survey and overview of recent literature on racial differences in sexuality. The first section examines what has historically been the major focus of attention among sexuality researchers who have investigated racial issues: comparisons of sexuality between Caucasian and African-Americans. The next section reviews the literature on Asian and Hispanic sexuality, particularly as it compares to sexual behaviors among White and Black Americans. A concluding section discusses explanations for racial differences in sexuality. 24 pages, 134 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13187. CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. From the perspective of a social worker, examines the various signs of sexual abuse and the family situations that increase the potential for abuse. Also discusses the attitudes of offenders, the expected behaviors of sexually abused children, and various approaches to treatment. 11 pages, 27 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13183. SAME-SEX MARRIAGES AND DOMESTIC PARTNER BENEFITS. Analyzes the pro and con views on this issue and argues that not allowing same-sex marriages is a form of discrimination. Also argues that providing domestic partner benefits is good for business, and notes that many companies and city governments have started providing such benefits. 28 pages, 73 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13162. SAME-SEX MARRIAGES AND DOMESTIC PARTNER BENEFITS. Analyzes the pro and con views on this issue and argues that not allowing same-sex marriages is a form of discrimination. Also argues that providing domestic partner benefits is good for business, and notes that many companies and city governments have started providing such benefits. 28 pages, 73 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13137. EXPLAINING RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. Following a brief review of the significant research findings on racial differences in sexual behavior, this paper provides a review and analysis of the scholarly literature which attempts to explain these differences. Considers arguments that race explains all differences, arguments that social, environmental and/or familial factors explain the divergences, and more recent arguments of multi-factor causality. 12 pages, 54 footnotes, 33 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12731. COMPARISON OF MALE & FEMALE DEVELOPMENT IN TWO BOOKS: SEASONS OF A MAN'S LIFE & WOMEN'S WAYS OF KNOWING. A comparison of the views in The Seasons of a Man's Life (Levinson, et al.) and Women's Ways of Knowing (Belenky, et al.). It is indicated that adult development in men undergoes four distinct periods (or "seasons"). By contrast, development in adult women involves a five-step process of finding a unique sense of self (or "voice"). 11 pages, 51 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12705. NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF THE MASS MEDIA ON TEENAGE SEX. Argues that the media glorifies premarital sex and thereby encourages sexual activity and irresponsible views in young people. Also expresses concern over increased references to premarital sex in the media, and calls for more research in the area as well as programs for educating young people on the true risks involved. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources..   $84
 
12577. HOMOSEXUALITY: A COMPARISON OF WESTERN AND EASTERN VIEWPOINTS. Whereas the Christian view tends to condemn homosexuality, the Eastern (especially Buddhist) view is more tolerant and accepting. The paper also argues that Western persecution is due to social and political reasons rather than religious reasons. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12576. AN ARGUMENT AGAINST TEENAGE SEX. Discusses such threats as disease, pregnancy, and negative personal and social consequences. Urges that abstinence should be taught rather than "safe-sex." 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12531. FREUD AND FOUCAULT ON SEX AND LOVE. Discussion of how these thinkers viewed the repression of sexuality in modern times. Both agreed that repression gives rise to "perversions," even though a multiplicity of sexual orientations is actually normal. 6 pages, 25 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
12297. SEX IN AMERICA: A DEFINITIVE SURVEY BY MICHAEL, GAGNON, LAUMANN AND KOLATA. A summary and critical analysis of this 1994 book which reports the results of a 1992 national survey of adult sexuality. Praises the study for its scientific methodology and notes the significance of the findings in contributing to a more accurate (versus that found in the media and through previous studies) impression of American sexuality and for the creation of a profile of the American sexual marketplace." Concludes, however, that this survey is by no means a "definitive" study, noting numerous limitations, omissions, and missed opportunities. 11 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $77
 
11962. SEX, PORNOGRAPHY, AND THE INTERNET. Discusses the various forms of pornography on the Internet and various opinions on the constitutionality of censoring the Internet. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11866. PROSTITUTION IN THE ANCIENT WORLD. This paper examines and discusses prostitution in the ancient world with a focus on ancient Mesopotamia, classical Athens, imperial Rome and the early Christians. Considers how these societies shaped contemporary attitudes towards prostitution and examines the role of the evolution of patriarchy in the denigration of female prostitutes within western societies. 15 pages, 43 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11697. DEVELOPMENT OF GENDER IDENTITY. Examines the development of gender identity from two perspectives: 1) an anecdotal point of view provided by interviews with two sets of parents; and 2) a review of five hours of TV broadcasts analyzed by gender proclivities and themes. Considers the contribution of the programs (Rosanne, Home Improvement, Highlander, Star Trek/Next Generation, Chicago Hope) to the development of gender identity. 18 pages, 4 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
11611. GAY BASHING. Investigates gay bashing in contemporary American society. Following a review of trends (incidence, settings) and victim demographics, the analysis focuses on the perpetrators: their demographic composition, their modis operandi, and their motivations. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
11603. THE SEARCH FOR THE CAUSES OF HOMOSEXUALITY. Investigates the search for the etiology of homosexuality. Reviews the historical views on the causes and then analyzes more recent research on possible biological basis of homosexuality. The strengths and weaknesses of the scientific research which has postulated hormonal and/or neurochemical linkages, brain structure links, and genetic links are examined. 11 pages, 39 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
11413. GAY AND LESBIAN TEENS: THE HIGH SCHOOL EXPERIENCE. Describes major issues confronting gay/lesbian high school teens, including issues of acceptance, alternative school programs. Gives examples of teens who have "come out." 5 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11311. ABUSIVE FAMILIES AND CHILDREN'S SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT. Considers the impact of parental sexual abuse on their children's psychosexual development. Analyzes skepticism toward the reality of abuse in traditional psychoanalytic theory, reviews incidence of abuse, and looks at what is known about the impact of parental sexual abuse on the child's development. 5 pages, 25 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11310. TRADITIONAL MODELS OF PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT. Analysis of traditional psychological models of sexual development. Thorough discussion of Freud's theories on the subject, including the seduction hypothesis, Oedipus/Electra Complex, and stages of sexual development. Presents contrasting views of Jung and Adler and briefly discusses a more contemporary model as developed by Piaget. 14 pages, 29 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
11309. PARENTAL INFLUENCES ON CHILDREN'S PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT. Examines the literature on parental influences on children's sexuality and sexual development. Argues that traditional models of psychosexual development are not relevant to contemporary family models and suggests that Bowlby's attachment theory provides a more useful framework. Reviews areas of parental influence on children's sexual development. Concludes with a tentative model of "healthy" family sexuality. 14 pages, 49 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
11308. NON-TRADITIONAL PARENTS AND CHILDREN'S SEXUALITY. Reviews the psychological literature on children's psychosexual development in non-traditional families- 1) divorced parents and 2) gay parents. Looks at parental influence on children's gender identity, gender role and sexual orientation. Concludes that parental divorce and parental sexual orientation has little impact on children's psychosexual development. 12 pages, 51 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11307. THE IMPORTANCE OF ATTACHMENT IN PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT. Describes and analyzes child psychologist John Bowlby's theories of attachment and the role of attachment in psychosexual development. Discusses the differences between secure attachment, anxious-resistant attachment, and anxious-avoiding attachment. 7 pages, 18 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11248. ATTITUDES TOWARD SEXUALITY, LOVE, AND TRANSCENDENCE IN CLASSICAL LITERATURE (PINDAR, PLATO, PROPERTIUS) AND CHRISTIAN MYSTICS (JULIAN OF NORWICH, MARGERY KEMPE, TERESA OF AVILA). Discusses similarities between ancient ideas of sex as a step on the way to transcendence and access to the divine, and sexual nature in the raptures of the medieval mystics. 15 pages, 20 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11121. TRENDS IN MARRIAGE, DIVORCE, AND REMARRIAGE. Analyzes issues and statistics involving divorce, remarriage, and marital satisfaction. Considers impact of decline in society value of family unit as the influence of schools and other social institutions waxes. Benefits and disadvantages of remarrying are analyzed. 9 pages, 30 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
11022. PRISON RAPE. The phenomenon of rape in prison is examined as an expression of power relations, submission-domination, and as an extension of heterosexual forms of aggression. Problems with AIDS and violence in the penal system are noted. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
10695. GAYS IN THE MILITARY: A THREAT TO THE MILITARY MILITARY MISSION. Investigates the issue of lifting the ban on gays in the U.S. military. Following a brief background summary on the current status of military policy, presents the arguments against allowing gays to openly enlist in the military. The concluding section presents a summary argument against lifting the ban. 11 pages, 34 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
10692. GAYS IN THE MILITARY. This paper investigates the issue of lifting the ban on gays in the U.S. military. Following a brief background summary on the current status of military policy and the potential influence of recent events on future military policy, we will consider the arguments on both sides of the controversy. The concluding section takes the side in favor of lifting the ban on gays in the military, refuting the arguments of the opponents and providing suggestions about how to implement the new policy. 24 pages, 52 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
10691. THE ARGUMENT AGAINST ALLOWING GAYS IN THE MILITARY. Argues that the traditional ban on gays in the military should continue to be enforced. Contends that the presence of open gays in the military impairs the accomplishment of the military mission, destroys esprit de corps, violates heterosexual's privacy rights, and may spread AIDS. 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
10690. THE ARGUMENT IN FAVOR OF LIFTING THE BAN ON GAYS IN THE MILITARY. Argues that the ban on gays in the military should be lifted- based on the fact that gays are already serving, their presence is not disruptive, public opinion generally supports gay rights, and the fact that the ban is discriminatory. The conclusion includes recommendations for implementing the new policy. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
10689. GAYS IN THE MILITARY: TIME TO LIFT THE BAN. This paper investigates the issue of lifting the ban on gays in the U.S. military. Following a brief background summary on the current status of military policy and the potential influence of recent events on future military policy, we will present the arguments in favor of allowing gays to openly enlist in the military. The concluding section provides a summary argument in favor of lifting the ban, refuting the arguments of the opponents and providing suggestions about how to implement the new policy. 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
10075. A PREDICTION OF U.S. RACIAL AND ETHNIC MIX IN THE YEAR 2050: MOVING FROM RACIAL MAJORITY TO PLURALITIES. Analyzes the trend of changing ethnic population composition in an effort to arrive at a reasonable projection of U.S. ethnic diversity in the year 2050. The analysis considers current demographic trends within and among the groups in terms of the three main factors effecting population change (fertility, mortality, and net immigration) as well as trends within the sub-influences on these factors, such as the distribution of wealth, the use of contraceptives, susceptibility to disease (rates of morbidity), and political/legal restraints on immigration. 14 pages, 43 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
09756. DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. The Church's views on the sacrament of holy matrimony are reviewed in this study. The biblical origins and the social history of the Church's views on divorce and remarriage are examined in detail. Twentieth Century doctrine and the procedures for the Church's marriage courts are also described. 15 pages, 17 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
09579. BESTIALITY. Analyzes the practice of bestiality, including its definition, history, incidence, and possible causes. Cites case studies and anecdotal reports. 5 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09524. EXTRAMARITAL SEX: A SYMBOL, NOT A CAUSE, OF MARITAL INSTABILITY. Reviews the literature on the characteristics, occurrence, and outcomes of marital sexual infidelity and concludes that extramarital sex can be better viewed as an effect, not a cause, of marital instability. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09478. INCEST AND HUMAN SEXUALITY. Considers social, educational, psychological, and legal problems posed by incest. Focusing on non-consensual incest, the sexual abuse of children by family members, the essay argues that incest represents a serious and pervasive social problem which has been "in the closet" for too long. 12 pages, 16 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09477. THE COURAGE TO HEAL WOMEN SURVIVORS OF CHILD ABUSE. Review of this book which considers the special social and psychological problems of adult female survivors of incestous abuse. 4p 4f. 1b.   $28
 
09387. CHILD CUSTODY BY HOMOSEXUAL PARENTS. A position paper arguing that the sexual preference of the parent should not be an issue in determining child custody. Also presents arguments for the other side. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09386. PROBLEMS IN PATRIARCHAL DEFINITIONS OF SEXUALITY. Argues in support of the position that sexuality must be redefined to escape from the dominance/submission model that equates sexuality with conquest. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09385. ANDROGYNY. Argues the position that changes in sex roles towards a more androgynous stance are positive in the long-term, although they may create disturbances in the short-term. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09370. IS HOMOSEXUALITY NATURAL OR UNNATURAL? A survey of research into sex-role and sex-orientation in human development. Argues that homosexuality is not unnatural, but rather a variation in the spectrum of gender identities. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09356. STEREOTYPING OF WOMEN'S SEX ROLES IN CONTEMPORARY ART, MUSIC AND TV COMMERCIALS. Argues that the arts and the media as a whole project demeaning sex roles for women through the process of stereotyping. 7 pages, 11 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
09320. SEX EDUCATION AND THE FAMILY. Position paper argues that sex education belongs in the schools because of the size of the teenage pregnancy problem, the spread of disease, and the ineffectiveness of parental-based sex education. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09252. A COMPARISON OF MARRIAGE IN THE U.S. AND KOREA. Compares and contrasts the structure and practice of marriage in Korea and the United States. Considers the role of religion and ritual, the practice of divorce, the family system and male-female relationship, and the legal, political, economic and social influences on marriage in each country. 15 pages, 24 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
09251. LIFETIME MONOGAMY IS UNNATURAL. Argues that lifetime monogamy among humans is both biologically unnatural and impractical. Serial monogamy is viewed as a viable alternative to monogamy. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09228. SEXUAL MORES IN THE 1980S. The writer's personal views on sexuality, its risks and its rewards. Takes the position that sex of any kind is OK as long as the partners involved agree to the activity. Draws upon a range of popular literature. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09227. CHANGING SEX ROLES. Supports the position that changing sex roles are beneficial for both men and women, increasing the chances for satisfying lives, including satisfying relationships. Considers the ways in which both male and female sex roles have changed over the past few decades. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08974. SURROGATE MOTHERING SHOULD BE OUTLAWED. After a brief examination of the history and legal status of surrogate motherhood, this essay makes a strong moral and social argument against the practice. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
08705. CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. Examines the problem of child sexual abuse and the consequences of that abuse for the child. Considers both incest and child molestation by strangers. Impact of child abuse on the child's self-esteem is considered in depth. 11 pages, 7 footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
08669. SEX EDUCATION: NOT JUST THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE FAMILY. An essay arguing that based upon the growing threat of AIDS and the dramatic rise in teenage pregnancy, sex education should not be left to the family alone to take care of. Cooperation of school, community and family is needed. 8 pages, 21 footnotes, 18 bibiliographic sources.   $56
 
08666. MORAL ISSUES IN ALTERNATIVE BIRTH METHODS. Explores the major moral issues present in the use of alternative birth methods and the various positions of the principal groups involved in the debate. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
08519. SEXUAL HARASSMENT: IMPLICATIONS OF VINSON VERSUS TAYLOR. Explores the particulars and ramifications of this case which involved a female employee's charge that her male supervisor at a Washington, D.C. bank had sexually harassed her. Definitions of sexual harassment, historical background, and arguments from both sides are considered. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08027. WOMEN IN ISLAM: SEX ROLES IN TRANSITION. This paper studies the role Islamic law, local tradition, state action, and economic development play in the status of women in Islamic society. Also discusses the changing role of women in Islam. 14 pages, 29 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
07711. THE REVIVAL OF TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE IN AMERICA. An examination of the argument which claims that Americans are returning to a more conventional form of monogamy and child-rearing. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07710. TRENDS IN AMERICAN MARRIAGE. A statistical and societal evaluation of marital trends in the United States. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07602. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOVE AND SEX. Personal essay using the thoughts of Leo Buscaglia and Shere Hite to discuss the tangled connections between love and sex, and hoping for the new generation to find a new level of maturity which is based on love yet unafraid of sex, and able to form committed long-term relationships. 4 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
07394. NORMALITY AND SEXUAL PREFERENCE. The concept of normality and social and gender pressures related to sexual preference are discussed. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07255. LOVE AND SEX (THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SEXUALITY AND EMOTIONAL INTIMACY). The relationship between sexuality and emotional intimacy is examined in terms of romance and realism. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07253. HOMOSEXUALITY: A HISTORY OF CAUSAL THEORIES. Very detailed, well-written study of ancient and modern explanations of homosexuality, concentrating on the modern era of psychological explanations for homosexuality as a disease. Includes a review of sources used, from both medical-psychological and gay liberation literatures. Finds a full circle from ancient explanations of natural, undifferentiated eroticism through theories of sin and back to undifferentiated eroticism. 22 pages, 27 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
07250. THE SOCIAL STATUS OF HOMOSEXUALS: AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH STUDY. Very good study of attitudes of male and female homosexuals towards participation in the larger society, including original interviews with San Francisco homosexuals by female heterosexual author. Very good use of psychological vocabulary. Substantive combination of book research with interviews to establish that neither male nor female homosexuals wish to assimilate to larger culture, finding all they need in their own subculture. 12 pages, 10 bibliographic sources. Notes in text.   $84
 
07083A. EMOTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS. This paper examines and defines the nature of lust, romantic love, and an enduring relationship. Considers the limits to lust as the basis of a relationship, and a human being's desire to settle down in a steady relationship. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06583. SEX EDUCATION IN THE FAMILY. A thorough study of the history and role of sex education in the family, contrasting the Victorian attitude of silence with today's open discussion of the problem. The views of Freud, Kinsey, and more recent researchers are commented on in this pro-education paper. 14 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
06540. LOVE AND HUMAN RELATIONS. An interesting study of the significance of love in the life of the well-integrated human being. Theories of self-esteem, conditioned behavior, and other means of reconnecting with the ability to love are looked at. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibligraphic sources.   $70
 
05785. RESEARCH DESIGN: TEST PREFERENCES OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. This outlines an approach to examining the test preferences of high school students under different conditions. It suggests that students will prefer greater complexity in tests if they are older, female, have a higher IQ, have better grades, and in certain classes. 9p. and question sheet.   $63
 
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