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22E. URBAN STUDIES

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
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19097. ROLE OF MENTAL ILLNESS IN HOMELESSNESS & POVERTY. Noting that the persons with serious mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, other disabling mental illness) comprise more than 25% the homeless population, this paper explores the role of mental illness in homelessness and poverty. Focusing on the United States, and taking the problem of homelessness as a starting point, the analysis considers the complex interactive relationships between mental illness and the social problems of homelessness and poverty. The analysis draws on recent scholarly sources, primarily articles from peer-reviewed scholarly journals. The paper concludes that while mental illness does not cause homelessness, it makes those who suffer from it more vulnerable to both homelessness and to the poverty which confers risk of homelessness. The mentally ill are over-represented in the homeless population, comprising about one-fourth of the homeless population. Once homeless, the mentally ill are more likely to encounter poverty-related barriers if they try to escape homelessness, APA Style. 7 pages, 27 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: homelessness, poverty, mental illness, mentally ill homeless, schizophrenia, risk of homelessness, homelessness causes, homeless people vulnerability.

  $49
 
18695. CLASS DIVISIONS AND FEAR IN AMERICAN CITIES. This paper uses historical documents and the views of modern-day writers to address the question of how class divisions created feelings of fear among the residents of urban America in the late nineteenth century. It is argued that writers of the time often exaggerated their fear-inducing claims for the purpose of attaining social and political goals. For example, fear contributed to increased funding for the police and increased support for social reform projects, among other things. TAGS: social class divisions urban United States 19th century social psychology crime labor. MLA Style. 8 pages, 18 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,829 words.   $56
 
17552. STREET CORNER SOCIETY BY WILLIAM FOOTE WHYTE. This paper critiques Whyte’s 1943 monograph and assesses its claim to be described as a “classic ethnography”. Concludes that Street Corner Society can rightly be called a classic ethnography for a number of reasons, including because it established or developed many of the methodological approaches subsequently used by sociological researchers. Whyte’s entertaining and highly readable study is especially useful to those who are interested in analyzing contemporary youth gangs or other groups of underprivileged youth. KEYWORDS: sociology youth gangs street cornerville urban studies ethnography. APA Style. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 1,781 words.   $49
 
17460. URBAN FUTURES: TRANSPORTATION IN AN ERA OF FUEL SHORTAGES. This paper addresses how alternative transportation services and use systems might be structured in cities in the future after diminished fuel reserves and soaring fuel costs render reliance on personal fossil fuel-based cars unfeasible. The analysis proposes various alternative transportation systems to respond to the situation, examining problems and opportunities in their implementation, and looking at how reducing dependence on fossil-fuel based private vehicles would impact city planning and the structures of everyday life for the city’s residents. It is argued that a variety of transportation alternatives will need to be implemented to address the situation, including increased use of people-powered transportation methods such as bicycles, tricycles/pedicabs and walking; expansion of mass-transit focused on light rail and electric vehicles; and increased use of personal and public vehicles utilizing alternative fuels (electric, hydrogen fuel cell, etc.). In addition, it is recommended that city planners pursue policies of urban densification and implement incentives and infrastructure encouraging increased reliance on high-tech substitutes (e.g., telecommuting) to physical transportation. Keywords: urban planning fuel shortage gas prices transportation mass transit bicycles. 12 pages, 36 footnotes; 22 bibliographic sources. 2,928 words.   $84
 
17289. ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING CHALLENGE: DIVERSITY IN LEISURE OPPORTUNITIES. This paper considers the challenges and opportunities environmental planners face in creating leisure opportunities for diverse communities. It is noted that diversity is an issue of importance in environmental planning and the provision of leisure opportunities because society as a whole is in the process of becoming increasingly diversified. Considers the issue from a social justice perspective, which holds that it is important to seek inclusion of all social groups in leisure opportunities as well as in other areas of social interaction. Notes the obstacles to inclusion and diversity, including stereotypes, institutional barriers, funding constraints and individual prejudice. KEYWORDS: urban planning environmental planning leisure diversity inclusion. 12 pages, 25 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 2,656 words.   $84
 
17240. THE SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY OF CRIME. This paper considers the “Chicago School” of criminology and its view that crime is caused by a breakdown of social controls in certain types of communities. Topics include urban zones, the weakening of social institutions, racial prejudice, social isolation, and the concept of collective efficacy. Keywords: crime theory Sutherland Chicago social problems delinquency. 5 pages; 8 footnotes; 5 bibliographic sources. 1,102 words.   $35
 
17204. URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF MEXICO CITY. This paper presents an overview and analysis of Mexico City’s history and urban development. The history and evolution of Mexico City’s historic center and subsequent suburbanization and sprawl in the 20th century is described and analyzed. The first section of the paper presents a summary overview of contemporary Mexico City, including information about the city’s geography, size, and major subdivisions. The second section traces the history of Mexico City’s development through the 19th century and into the first part of the 20th century, ending with the 1910 Mexican Revolution. The third section describes the city’s development in the 20th century, considering the major milestones and influences on that development. A concluding section briefly looks at Mexico City’s future. Keywords: urban development Mexico history suburbs. 18 pages, 69 footnotes in text, 26 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
17174. "MALLRATS" AND "SCENES FROM A MALL". This paper draws on a comparison of two movies featuring malls as their primary setting to discuss mall marketing and mall consumer issues. The two films are Paul Matzursky’s “Scenes from a Mall” (1991) and Kevin White’s “Mallrats” (1995). These two films present two very different impressions of mall marketing and mall lifestyles in America. Keywords: shopping malls consumer behavior teenagers. 7 pages, 7 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
17173. COMPARISON OF FOUR NORTH AMERICAN SHOPPING MALLS. This paper explores the meaning and importance of shopping malls through a comparison of four North American malls: 1) Mall of America (Bloomington, Minnesota); 2) West Edmonton Mall (Edmonton, Alberta); 3) Woodbury Commons Premium Outlets (Central Valley, New York); and 4) Westfarms Mall (West Hartford, Connecticut). Following a general discussion on the development of shopping malls and their importance, the paper compares and contrasts the four shopping malls in terms of their respective marketing strategies, consumer behavior, social class, and psychographics. Keywords: shopping malls consumerism marketing consumer behavior. 15 pages; 59 footnotes; 23 bibliographic sources. 4,340 words.   $105
 
17143. POVERTY AND CHILDREN'S EDUCATION. This paper analyzes the impact of poverty on a child’s capacity to benefit from schooling. Following a brief review of the literature demonstrating the link between lower income and lower levels of educational achievement, the analysis looks at how poverty influences the child’s initial readiness for learning, parent-child relations, parental school involvement, child nutrition, access to educational resources outside of school, and school environment in ways that negatively impact the child’s ability to benefit from education. 8 pages; 24 footnotes; 10 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
15883. URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE IN FOUR EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. This paper focuses on architecture and urbanization in Italy, England, France and Germany, with a special emphasis on the urban communities of Rome, London, Paris and Munich. Includes a discussion of how each city has dealt with the problems of urbanization, and how each city has retained its own unique architectural traditions while at the same time incorporating modern and post-modern architectural trends. 32 pages; 97 footnotes; 26 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
15846. ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM IN CHICAGO AND VERSAILLES. This paper provides an historical overview of Chicago and Versailles, with a comparison of each city's architectural features and elements of urban design. Of the two cities, it is argued that Chicago displays much more diversity in terms of architectural style. 16 pages; 53 footnotes; 19 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
15839. SEISMIC SAFETY: HOSPITAL REBUILDING PROGRAM IN CALIFORNIA. This paper is concerned with the California state requirement for hospital buildings to meet seismic safety standards following the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Despite the high costs of rebuilding, the state failed to provide funding, and there are uncertainties regarding the availability of federal funding. The paper includes various recommendations for making the program run more smoothly. Written 2003. 23 pages; 56 footnotes; 18 bibliographic sources. 5,309 words.   $133
 
15668. IMMIGRATION, GLOBALIZATION, AND THE CITY: THE CASE OF BUENOS AIRES. This paper explores and compares the impact of the two major waves of immigration (the first European, the second Latin American) on the city of Buenos Aires, looking at the forces underpinning each movement, the characteristics of the two immigrant waves, the role played by each group in the local economy and society, and the overall impact of each wave on the status of Buenos Aires as a world city and perhaps, evolving global city. In looking at the impact of the more recent wave of immigration, the analysis will focus closely on the relation between the second-wave type of immigration and the concept of the global city as articulated by Sassen (1991) and others. KEYWORDS: immigration urbanization buenos aires north south migration global cities globalization. 29 pages, 59 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources. 7,545 words.   $133
 
15434. BAY AREA TRAFFIC CONGESTION: THE PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS. This investigation looks at the problem of traffic congestion in the San Francisco Bay Area and then considers possible solutions to address the gridlock problem. The first section provides an overview of the scope, magnitude, and causes of the Bay Area gridlock problem. The second section focuses on "solutions" to the problem, first reviewing the more "traditional" solutions encompassed within the current Bay Area transportation plan, and then looking closely at two non-traditional solutions and congestion pricing and telecommuting. It is recommended that congestion pricing be implemented on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and that telecommuting programs focus on high-tech industries in Silicon Valley and Southern Alameda counties. The parameters of the recommended programs along with their potential risks and barriers to implementation are discussed. 20 pages, 91 footnotes, 34 bibliographic references.   $133
 
15140. BAY AREA TRAFFIC CONGESTION: THE PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS. This investigation looks at the problem of traffic congestion in the San Francisco Bay Area and then considers possible solutions to address the gridlock problem. The first section provides an overview of the scope, magnitude, and causes of the Bay Area gridlock problem. The second section focuses on "solutions" to the problem, first reviewing the more "traditional" solutions encompassed within the current Bay Area transportation plan, and the looking closely at two non-traditional solutions – congestion pricing and telecommuting. It is recommended that congestion pricing be implemented on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and that telecommuting programs focus on high-tech industries in Silicon Valley and Southern Alameda counties. The parameters of the recommended programs along with their potential risks and barriers to implementation are discussed. 17 pages, 91 footnotes, 34 bibliographic references.   $119
 
15051. THE ROLE OF RAILROADS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ILLINOIS. Historical overview of the use of railroads in the state, showing how they contributed to economic development, population growth, and the creation of new towns. In particular, the city of Chicago benefited by becoming a meeting point for the rail lines of the region. 14 pages, 42 footnotes, 11 bibliographic reference.   $98
 
15033. IRISH IMMIGRANTS IN NEW YORK CITY, CIRCA 1837. Describes the various experiences that an Irishman would probably have in the city at the time. Covers such topics as Irish neighborhoods, economic problems, types of employment, communal bonds and support, alcohol use, role of charity organizations, and conflicts with other ethnic groups. 18 pages, 48 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.   $126
 
14075. PRIVATOPIA: HOMEOWNER ASSOCIATIONS & THE RISE OF RESIDENTIAL PRIVATE GOVERNMENT BY EVAN MCKENZIE. This book review provides a summary analysis of McKenzie’s study of the CID or “common interest development”, a classification which encompasses planned unit developments (PUDs) of single family homes, condominiums, and housing cooperatives. McKenzie (1994) argues that the rapid growth and – particularly in suburban regions of the sunbelt states – increasing dominance of CIDs constitutes a threat to traditional urban government and has profound implications for local society and politics. KEYWORDS: suburban growth urban development local government privatization book review. APA Style. 4 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
14074. "EQUALITY AND URBAN POLICY" BY ROBERT L. LINEBERRY. This book review provides a summary and analysis of Lineberry’s (1977) empirical investigation of discrimination and inequality in the allocation and distribution of municipal services. The paper describes the scope of Lineberry’s investigation (which uses the city of San Antonio as a case example), outlining his five hypotheses (three of which are variants of the underclass hypothesis), and discussion the results and conclusions of his investigation. KEYWORDS: book review nonfiction urban studies underclass municipal services inequality discrimination. APA Style. 5 pages, 16 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
14067. NEW YORK CITY'S WORKFARE EXPERIENCE PROGRAM. A paper on how the program has impacted public sector labor laws. Various laws and court cases are discussed, regarding such issues as health and safety, fair wages, the right to join unions, and the displacement of regular workers. 17 pages, 50 footnotes, 10 bibliographic reference.   $119
 
14066. GLOBAL CITIES. This paper presents an overview and analysis of the impact and implications of globalization for cities (focusing on American cities). The analysis considers the relationship between globalization and urban economic change, the importance of cities in the global economy, the emergence of 'global' cities and their characteristics, and the relationship between globalization and urban social, racial and spatial configurations. KEYWORDS: globalization urban global cities term paper. APA Style. 14 pages, 31 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources. 3,974 words.   $98
 
14064. URBAN GOVERNMENT SERVICES. This paper provides an overview and analysis of current issues and concerns in urban governments' provision of services. It includes a focus on equity issues in service distribution and a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of recent trends in alternative urban services delivery. KEYWORDS: city services urban government service delivery term paper. APA Style. 15 pages, 20 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 3,763 words.   $105
 
14063. METROPOLITAN GROWTH POLITICS. This paper examines the challenges and issues of contemporary suburban and metropolitan regional growth politics and governance. The first section traces the rise of the suburbs, noting some of the forces behind their growth, and outlines the current composition of American metropolitan areas. The second section considers the consequences of suburbanization and its impact on local government and quality of life. The third and final section considers strategies for addressing the problems wrought by suburbanization, focusing most closely on policies and programs aiming at controlling growth. KEYWORDS: city suburbs metropolitan growth strategies politics term paper. APA Style. 15 pages, 24 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 4,033 words.   $105
 
14062. URBAN REGIMES. Adopting Banfield & Wilson's (1963) perspective of city government as a political process, this paper provides an overview and analysis of the power structures--commonly referred to as "urban regimes" within the political science literature--in American city governments. Traces the evolution of urban regimes throughout American history, considering the pre-1840 period of elitism, the 19th and early 20th century era of "machine" politics and ethnic affiliations; the progressive reform movement of the early 20th century, and the contemporary era of pluralist elitism and interest group politics. Notes the influence of immigration, economic changes, and suburbanization on the urban regime. KEYWORDS: city political structure urban government term paper. APA Style. 14 pages, 15 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 3,462 words.   $98
 
13954. ZERO EMISSIONS VEHICLES. With a focus on Southern California transportation planning, this termpaper provides an analysis of zero emissions vehicles (ZEV). The research paper focuses on the existing ZEV technology—the battery-powered electric vehicle—and then examines existing and potential alternatives to the battery-powered EV, specifically considering hybrid (gas/electric) and fuel cell (hydrogen) technologies. The essay concludes that current battery-operated EV technology is best suited for niche markets while the best promise for the widespread application of ZEV technology will come from the development of fuel cell based electric vehicles. KEYWORDS: air pollution control automobiles zero emissions vehicles hybrid electric cars hydrogen fuel cells term paper. APA Style. 20 pages, 70 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13862. THE COLLAPSE OF THE USSR AND ITS IMPACT ON FOUR RUSSIAN CITIES. Examines the macroeconomic implications of the Soviet breakup for four Russian cities: the capital Moscow, the European port of St. Petersburg, the eastern outpost of Vladivostok, and nearby Nakhodka. Reviews each city's people, history, customs, infrastructure, natural resources and position with regard to foreign investment. Considers the economic strengths and weaknesses of each city in terms of foreign trade and investment, technology transfer, and the development of a market economy. 11 pages, 20 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13788. MAYORAL POWER IN AMERICAN CITIES. A broad discussion of mayoral elections and mayoral power in American cities. The first part of the paper focuses on the politics and major influences in mayoral elections, considering in particular the role of the local media, political parties, interest groups and the candidates. The second part of the paper compares and contrasts mayoral power in strong and weak city council systems. Cites specific examples from New York City, Baltimore, Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Antonio, and other cities. 11 pages, 14 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13611. COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT VERSUS ELITIST POLITICS: THE CASE OF URBAN EMPOWERMENT ZONES. This paper examines the issue of community power and urban poverty reduction from the perspective of the urban Empowerment Zone program. The analysis begins with a review of the literature on urban poverty, theories of community empowerment and the theoretical impact of empowerment on poverty. The second part of the paper presents a research design for the study of empowerment zone impact in the six initial urban empowerment zones. The proposed study aims at elucidating the local political forces underlying the relative success or failure of the empowerment zone projects in the designated urban areas. Based on a review of media reports, evaluative studies, and empirical investigations of empowerment zone operations to date, preliminary data are presented and tentative findings/conclusions discussed. 31 pages, 141 footnotes, 50 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13477. POLICE IN URBAN AMERICA, 1860-1920 (E. H. MONKKONEN). Review of book and its argument that the shift in police role from class control to crime control was linked to the bureaucratization of cities. Although the author's conclusions are intriguing, the paper criticizes his use of labeling theory and his view that the changes were "unfortunate." 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
13260. URBANIZATION OF CHICAGO. problems of urbanization contrasted with improvement efforts of city planners, from the founding of the city to the present day. covers such topics as the great fire, the "city beautiful" movement, expansion into the suburbs, and the building of skyscrapers. 12 pages, 34 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12742. A SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE CITY OF SAIGON. Overview of this large topic, trying to emphasize Vietnamese point of view and years before America's intrusion in the '60s. Early history shows a borderland backwater, under imperial pressures from Asia and Europe, transformed by French colonialism into a metropolis; colonial period marked by extreme resistance of Vietnamese to French rule, yet their ready acceptance of modern economic & social cultures. Wide-ranging view of the post-1954 period, from the attempt to ban padded bras to the culture of violent assaults on lone Americans; emphasizes the vast cultural changes of the American era, which essentially came and went in a dozen years, and ended with the disappearance of Saigon (into Ho Chi Minh City). 12p. 10b. 31 f.   $84
 
12736. THE NEW TOWN OF COLUMBIA, MARYLAND. Focusing on the "model" new town of Columbia, Maryland, this paper seeks to assess and evaluate the now mature new town concept. With some reference comparisons to the other model new towns (e.g., Reston Virginia), the analysis considers the history of Columbia's development, describes its physical structures and amenities, provides a population profile, discusses its form of governance and political structure, and analyzes the relative success or failure of Columbia as a model new town. 16 pages, 45 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
12585. THE NEW TOWN CONCEPT: HISTORY & FUTURE. This paper provides a retrospective assessment and analysis of the new town movement of the 1960's. The analysis provides an overview of the new town concept, including a discussion of the factors spurring new town development, a history of the new town movement, and a profile of the American new towns (both publicly and privately funded) as they developed during the post-World War II period. A concluding analysis examines the failures and successes of the movement, and discusses the future of new towns in America. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12189. THE CONTROVERSY OF RENT CONTROL. Examines the claim that rent control policies reduce the quality and quantity of available housing. Also discusses how the current housing market is based on a model of monopolistic competition and argues that "soft controls" can be effective as long as they are flexible enough to keep rents from going either too high or too low. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11594. THE IMPACT OF LEGISLATION ON PLASTIC RECYCLING. This paper provides an analysis of the problem of municipal waste and plastic recycling, focusing on California bottle-recycling and wastestream reduction laws of the 1980s and 1990s; includes reasons why plastics are so little recycled and proposals for future action. 15 pages, 31 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11284. LONDON'S UNDERGROUND RAILWAYS. A history of the London sub-surface and tube systems, from their origins through the development of the various lines (Bakerloo, Central, Piccadilly, Victoria). With comments on various points of historical interest that can be seen today. 9 pages, 32 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
10405. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE NATIONAL HEAD START ASSOCIATION PROJECT. Discusses the problems of poverty which Project Head Start was designed to address, core values of the program, evaluation procedures, geographic variance, future possibilities for the program. 11 pages, 27 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
10201. PROBLEMS IN URBAN HOUSING. This paper provides an analysis of factors involved in the systematic decline of inner city housing and a consideration of appropriate government policy responses. Also considers the need for cooperation from landlords, tenants and the community at large. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10125. FAIR HOUSING STANDARDS. This paper considers the ways in which communities can facilitate the implementation of federally-mandated fair housing standards. Focuses on the reconciliation of conflicts of interests between landlords, tenants and the community at large. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10031. HOMELESSNESS IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA. An analysis of the problem of homelessness in the 9-county Bay Area, examining the extent of the problem and the kinds of programs available to help the homeless. Assesses the impact of area economics as well as the impact of the October 1989 earthquake. 10 pages, 23 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09993. CRACK BABIES: A SOCIAL SERVICES CATASTROPHE. Analyzes, from a social planning perspective, the impact that crack babies will have on straining the social services of the nation's cities. Considers the antecedents to the problem, the scope of the problem (with a focus on New York, Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles), the major ramifications on public hospitals, child welfare services, and public schools, and possible solutions to the problem. Argues that there must be major changes in Medicaid funding, drug treatment program focus, and our current concept of parental rights. 23 pages, 74 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09939. COMMUNITY HOUSING STANDARDS. An analysis community housing standards and how they affect landlord-tenant relations. Zoning ordinances, building codes, VA requirements, and community action groups are noted. 7 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
09938. LANDLORD, TENANT AND COMMUNITY IN URBAN HOUSING. Examines the "quasi-public" status of landlords in urban housing markets, and looks at self-management of public housing and other innovations in community involvement in solving the housing crisis. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
09769. REVITALIZING AMERICA'S INNER CITY NEIGHBORHOODS. Considers whether poor urban neighborhoods can be revitalized without undergoing gentrification: privatization of public housing stocks, tenant management schemes, and low-income housing subsidy programs are reviewed. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09755. SAN FRANCISCO: CHANGES IN POWER AND DECISION-MAKING. Argues that changing demographics (and in particular the influx of gay males and immigrants from the Pacific Rim countries) significantly shifted the base of power and decision-making in San Francisco during 1960-1990. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09705. INVESTMENT RISKS IN THE SAN FRANCISCO HOUSING MARKET. Using a combination macro/micro approach, this investigation explores investment potential in the SF apartment building market. The macro analysis provides background information on the pros and cons of real estate investment in general and profiled the San Francisco real estate market within the framework of the national housing market. The micro analysis consists of a comparative investment analysis of two apartment building in two distinct SF neighborhoods. 32 pages, 19 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09570. THE PROBLEM OF HOMELESSNESS IN AMERICA. An examination of the history, causes, and components of homelessness. Views underlying structural problems such as unemployment, poverty and overpriced housing as a major factor. 9 pages, 16 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
09468. LEGAL AND FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN TIMESHARE, CONDOMINIUM AND COOPERATIVE OWNERSHIP. Defines the legal structure of each and considers the relative advantages and disadvantages of each form of real property ownership from both a legal and a financial perspective. 13 pages, 31 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
09433. RENT CONTROL IN AMERICA. An analysis of restrictive rent control programs in the U.S., using New York City and the California examples of Berkeley and Santa Monica as prototypes. Distinguishes between moderate and restrictive rent control. Concludes that restrictive rent control programs artificially constrict housing markets and ultimately harm those they seek to help -- the lower income renter. 12 pages, 20 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09388. SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA TRANSPORTATION. A history and diagnosis of the Bay Area's transportation systems since the city's beginnings. Railroads, ferries, cable cars and trolleys are reviewed, and modern light rail systems (BART) and freeway and airport networks are examined. 20 pages, 31 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09313. HOUSING AND LAND USE IN SWEDEN AND AMERICA. 10 pages, 22 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. See Section 7C.   $70
 
09313. HOUSING AND LAND USE IN SWEDEN AND AMERICA. Analyzes and contrasts models of housing and land-use planning in these two countries. Notices particular differences in the way the two countries deal with housing for the elderly, the disabled and single-parent families. 10 pages, 22 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09235. A SCENARIO FOR THE NEXT SUBURBIA. Presents a scenario for a possible new form of community. Supposes a unique form of social specialization of the suburban community, around the clustering of certain professions, community styles, and ethnic groupings. 8 pages, 5 footnotes, l bibliographic sources.   $56
 
09071. HOW COMPUTERS ALTER WORK RELATIONSHIPS. Explores the social dimensions of the computer-worker relationship. Considers how computers in the workplace effect changes in worker self-perceptions, alter social hierarchies, and change communication patterns in the work environment. Possible solutions to the problems presented are also considered. 12 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
08715. FARM LAND CONVERSION IN THE BAY AREA. The problem of farm land conversion to industrial and residential use is studied in the nine county Bay Area. Preservationist, development, and controlled growth viewpoints are analyzed, and a stronger regional planning policy is advocated. 15 pages, 20 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
08603. MODULAR HOUSING. A survey of modular construction techniques in residential building. The history of modular housing is briefly reviewed, and techniques used in Japan, Scandinavia, and America are reviewed. 24 pages, 26 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08597. EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA. Constructs a disaster planning scenario for an 8.3 magnitude earthquake in the Bay Area. Transportation, communication and building structures are reviewed. Socioeconomic impact on the area is examined. 15 pages, 16 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
08586. FACTORS AFFECTING URBAN DEVELOPMENT. Reviews the major factors affecting the development of urban systems, include the traditional historical development of large cities from towns as well as more contemporary urban network systems. The study seeks to determine the best methods of planning for an orderly and purposive growth process. 32 pages, 30 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08530. TOWARD AN ARCHITECTURE OF THE FUTURE. Examines the role of information technology as a driving force in modern architectural design. Argues that the influence of electronic technology is likely to cause a reversal of previous trends toward skyscraper and highrises. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
08529. THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT. A general study of the relationship of man to his urban environment. Utopian thinking and complex realities are contrasted, and the conflict between creativity and crowding is discussed. 9 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08528. ZONING PROBLEMS AND HOW TO SOLVE THEM. A good look at the history and issues involved in the zoning process; various problems with litigation costs, conflicts of interest, and urban growth are looked at in depth. 14 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
08415. SITE PLANNING FOR A NEW COMMUNITY. Presents a site plan for a proposed community of approximately 4,000 inhabitants. Includes site selection, housing design and development, housing distribution plans, and transportation development. 3 maps. 18 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
08414. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE: ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS TO TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN THE URBAN CENTER. Examines the relationship between transportation and urban land use, in order to compare alternative solutions to the problems of traffic congestion. 12 pages, 9 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
08245. EFFECTS OF TRANSPORTATION ON HOUSING. Investigates the effects of transportation, both public and private, on housing densities and quality of life associated with housing. Historical, social, economic, and environmental issues are considered. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
07326. AN ANALYSIS OF ETHNIC GROUPS IN AMERICA: DISTRIBUTION AND CHARACTERISTICS IN 1980. Clear analysis of basic Census data for ethnic groups (whites, blacks, Asians, Spanish) in 1980. Distribution of ethnic groups by state (absolute and in percent); complete chart of unemployment rates by state and ethnic groups, and calculation of unique job discrimination index showing job discrimination still strong even where Blacks are a large percent of population; median family income by groups; income distribution by groups, and analysis of competition for income between Blacks and Spanish in NY, LA, Houston, and Miami. 13 pages, 13 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 12 tables.   $91
 
07269. THE URBANIZATION OF SAUDI ARABIA. Very detailed study in urbanization and development policy; includes aspects of theory of urbanization throughout. Covers ancient history of Arabian cities, 20th Century nation building, how oil development induced urbanization, development of cities in three major regions, government planning efforts and detailed study of regionalization and centralization under 1980-85 development plan, i.e., how Saudi Arabia is trying to spread the wealth to create a modern society for all its citizens. 20 pages, 39 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
07254. SAN FRANCISCO: THE MOST BEAUTIFUL CITY IN AMERICA. Affectionate description of the appearance of San Francisco from various views: entering by Oakland or Golden Gate bridges, from the beach, from Twin Peaks. Also discusses the variety of neighborhoods and architectures. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07167. RAIL TRANSIT AND THE DEMAND FOR URBAN TRANSPORTATION. Substantive, concise overview of the urban rail transit situation, with many statistics. Includes: long-term decline of rail compared to automobile transport; current statistics on urban rail transit; economic and political factors preventing new investment in rail systems. However, the return of a favorable investment climate and political climate favoring public works could bring a large, sudden increase in rail systems. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources, 5 tables, abstract of paper.   $70
 
07084. "A THEORY OF GOOD CITY FORM" BY KEVIN LYNCH (A REVIEW). Very good review and summary of this book which attempts to provide a normative, humane scale for judging urban design. Lynch is very concerned with flexibility, human scale, allowing humans to decide on their own values, how the design actually performs. Good exercise in the problems of deriving objective criteria from what remains, at bottom, a matter of subjective taste. 8 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $56
 
07080. SENIOR CITIZENS DISCOUNT FARES ON THE SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL RAILWAY. Detailed study of a classic problem in public administration: S.F.'s public transit is going bankrupt fast, but very low senior citizens fares cannot be raised because of their political clout. History and alternatives are discussed; proposed solution: new taxes on downtown business. 14 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
07000. THE VACANT LOT. Report of a beginning archeologist who excavates (the surface only) of a local vacant lot, and makes surmises about the inhabitants. Includes classification of items, analysis of the culture as a late form of European Metal Age, diagram and list of items discovered. 12 pages, 3 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
06338. PROPERTY TAX REDUCTIONS. The relationship between propertv tax reductions and urban spending is examined in this study; the tax revolt, the problems of urban economies and city budgets in specific, and new taxes on business are all discussed. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06119. GOLDEN GATE PARK. Traces the history and development of the park from 1868 to 1970. Considerable attention is devoted to the park's decay in modern times and to conflicts over what the park should be used for. 5 pages, 19 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06070. SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE: YESTERDAY AND TODAY. Basic overview of the 1906 earthquake; weak on geology. Better on the potential problems of the next big one, and the preparation of emergency services. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06069. MUSEUMS IN NEW YORK AND SAN FRANCISCO. Journalistic overview comes to the conclusion that San Francisco's art museums, while pleasant and interesting, do not approach "world class" level of New York's. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
06068. HOUSING IN SAN FRANCISCO DURING THE 1970'S. Good narrative discussion of the reasons for San Francisco's housing shortage: inflation, downzoning, rent controls, and more. More on the problems than solutions. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06065. URBAN TRANSPORTATION: DIFFERENT APPROACHES. Strong basic criticism of conventional high-cost transportation planning; anti-automobile approach stresses getting the commuters out of single-passenger cars. 1 graph, 1 table. 14 pages, 19 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
06038. SAN FRANCISCO HISTORY: THE GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE AND THE EXPOSITION OF 1915. Proposals going back as far as 1919 for the construction of a bridge linking the city to the mainland to the north are discussed as are some of the objections, notable from the military and the Navy. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06002. AN ANALYSIS OF THE FISCAL CRISIS IN NEW YORK CITY. The major focus on the role of the banks in creating the problem. There is also an attempt made to link the fiscal crisis of the cities to the fiscal crisis of the state. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
05899. THE SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL RAILWAY. An analysis of the structural problems of MUNI and an appraisal of how they might be remedied by creating a new management structure. 12p. 6b.   $84
 
05811. INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERICAL LAND USAGE IN THE BAY AREA. A paper dealing with the relative decline of the industrial base of San Francisco in relation to the white collar sector -- attributable very largely to the expansion of firms already based in the city. 11p. 14f. 7 annotated bibliographic references.   $77
 
05807. THE NORTHERN OUTER SUNSET DISTRICT. A profile of supervisorial district 11 in San Francisco -- a description of some of its most notable features and a sociological breakdown of its inhabitants, transport, crime et. cetera. 9 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
05508. THE CONSTRUCTION OF VARIOUS SAN FRANCISCO FACILITIES. The contribution of the Sutro and Whitney families to the municipal improvement of S.F. is noted. The development of "Playland" is documented. 8p. 5b.   $56
 
05498. THE PORT OF SAN FRANCISCO. A paper discussing the decline of San Francisco as a major port and its replacement by Oakland, looking at a problem which was indentified as far back as 1921. 11 pages, 15 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 2 p. of tables and map.   $77
 
05473. A PROFILE OF THE MARINA DISTRICT OF SAN FRANCISCO. A history of the Marina area, its development as an Italian community. A population survey and a detailed sociological breakdown conclude. 10 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05364. ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT IN THREE FOOD PROCESSING COMPANIES. Beatrice Foods, Kraft, and General Foods which have sales of $5 billion per year are compared. Many differences are noted the most important being that General and Kraft are heavily dependent on one line and that Beatrice is more diversified. Management structures are compared, l8 pages, 21 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05314. THE ULTIMATE VISION. A developmen plan for a university town of 100,000 based on pattern language theory. Berkeley is used as a foundation. 14p. 6b. 9f   $98
 
05130. GROWTH PROBLEMS OF MEXICO CITY. Deals with the economic, geographic, and political factors which favor industrial growth in Mexico City. Shows how Mexico City is growing and how this growth rate, coupled with industrial growth in the city, and factors elsewhere in the country are creating severe urban problems. 29 pages, 16 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05113. THE CITY IS THE FRONTIER BY CHARLES ABRAMS. A critique of Abram's study of the economics of urban renewal in Anerica. The book is seen as a thorough analysis of urban ills which presents no new proposals or solutions. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
05039. RATIONALIZATION OF STREET SYSTEMS FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO URBAN AMERICA. The historical trend toward gridiron patterns and automotive traffic dominance is reviewed, from the first Renaissance perspectival designs to contemporary layouts in such cities as New York, Denver and San Francisco. Mumford's views on modernism in urban design are considered. 11 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
05033. TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA IN THE 1980'S. Explains some of the basic concepts us ed in transit planning, such as corridors. Discusses some of the current alternative plans and the effect of these alternatives on Bay area trsnsportation. Includes financial aspects of transportation. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05009. HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN SAUDI ARABIA. A survey of the remarkable progress made in the rapidly urbanizing and economically-developing Kingdom. The chief problems cited are lack of skilled labor and weakness of infrastructure. 12 pages, 21 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
05005. THE IMPACT OF URBAN RELOCATION: A FOLLOW-UP STUDY. A description and analysis of the effects of relocation in Pittsburg, California. Suggestions are presented as to how urban relocation programs might be made less socially and individually traumatic. 20p., 10f., citing 3 sources plus survey results.   $133
 
04950. THE CITY OF THE FUTURE: A COMPLEX CHALLENGE. This study examines the question of whether the city of the future will be a humane environment or a city of pigs; the need for cooperation among scientists, engineers and social planners is emphasized. 13 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
04876. MEGALOPOLIS: A SUITABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR MAN. A discussion of the growth of several urban areas into one compound urban complex a discussion of the advantages of urban living; a discussion of such problems as racism, pollution, and stress. Conclusion on overall suitability. 7 pages, 6 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
04806. URBAN TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS IN LOS ANGELES. A well detailed analysis of the development of urban transportation systems in Los Angeles, concentrating on problem areas of energy supplies and the geographic layout of the city. Attempted solutions of car-pooling, bus-lanes, mini-buses and dial-a-ride service are compared to the rail transit system failures experienced there. Future considerations of labor costs, fixed-rail systems and political factors are noted. 13 pages, 23 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
04392. THE EAST BAY SKILLS CENTER: ITS EFFECTIVENESS. Very good study of the effectiveness of a community college vocational training center for minorities; not statistical or technical, but good discussion of the problem of developing a curriculum to help prevent adjustment problems on the job. 27p., Of., 12b.   $133
 
04366. ARCHITECTURAL CONTRACTING AND OVERALL DESIGN IN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES: A COMPARISON. An in-depth criticism of the American Failure in city planning, contrasted with European tradition of unified town planning and the entrepreneurial method of urban building. A history of the European tradition from Roman times is included, as well as a discussion of the emergence of urban renewal and city planning in America. 27p.; Of.; 3b.   $133
 
04330. ZONING AND GROWTH CONTROL. Good overview of legal cases involving the use of zoning laws for limiting urban growth or other non-zoning functions; can a community put limits on urban sprawl? Fast-moving field, might need updating. 9 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. (Iegal citations in text.)   $63
 
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