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23E. MATH AND COMPUTER SCIENCE

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
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14086. New Technology Development & Firm Size. This term paper provides an overview and critical analysis of the role of firm size in the development of new technology. Focusing on the U.S., but also drawing on comparative data from Europe and Japan, the report evaluates the opportunities for large versus small firms in developing new technology. Drawing on specific examples from biotechnology and the computer industry, the analysis considers possible explanations for the seeming dominance of small versus large firms in U.S. technology development, looking at regulatory factors, financing, business-government relations, culture, and organizational structure. Also considered are some possible reasons why the U.S. evidences a higher level of technological entrepreneurship than other developed countries and the role of this apparent 'country advantage' in small firm success in U.S. technological ventures. KEYWORDS: research development r&d technology firm size entrepreneurs. 18 pages, 36 footnotes, 28 bibliographic references. 4,806 words.   $126
 
14034. New Media & Youth Culture. Focusing especially on the Internet, both in terms of its emergence as a new communications medium (e.g. email, chat rooms, news and information source) in its own right and on the blurring of boundaries between the Internet and more traditional mass media, this paper investigates how technology-driven communications and entertainment media are influencing popular youth culture. The investigation focuses in particular on the interrelationships between new media and youth culture in the United States and the United Kingdom. An important theme explored will be the extent to which the new media has arguably both “globalized” and “Americanized” youth culture. KEYWORDS: internet youth new media forms adolescent culture. 45 pages, 165 footnotes, 54 bibliographic sources. 12,575 words.   $133
 
14002. Internet Taxation. This termpaper provides an overview and analysis of the challenges, opportunities, and complexities surrounding local, state and international taxation of Internet-based activities. The analysis begins with a brief overview of Internet commerce and the challenges it presents for tax authorities and businesses. The next section of the research paper provides a description and overview of current U.S. law and practices as they are applied to Internet commerce transactions. Following this, the paper examines the international perspective on Internet taxation. The next two sections examine the arguments for and against the implementation of Internet taxes—focusing closely on the debate in the United States. A final section of the essay reviews some of the current proposals for implementing an e-commerce based taxation scheme. KEYWORDS: internet sales tax taxation web ecommerce term paper. APA Style. 26 pages, 67 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources. 6,883 words.   $133
 
13980. Small Business & the Internet. What use is the Web to the small business sector in reality? That question is the focus of this investigation, which examines the promises versus the reality of the Internet for the small business sector and considers steps that small businesses can take to best capitalize on the business opportunities presented by the Internet. KEYWORDS: small business web strategy term paper. 12 pages, 28 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources. 3,329 words.   $84
 
13974. The Use of Computers and the Internet in Music Education. A paper on the use of interactive programs to teach such things as music history and theory, or to practice performance. These programs are motivating, and the use of the Internet provides access to people who might not otherwise be able to receive musical training. The paper covers online classes, CD-ROM programs, research databases, and it also makes reference to specific web sites that pertain to the subject. 14 pages, 19 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.   $98
 
13967. Business Transformation and the Internet. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the Internet’s transformation of business. Following an overview of the history of the Internet and a summary profile of its growth and user-base, the analysis focuses on the relationship between the Internet and business. The investigation includes a definition and overview of e-commerce (including both business-to-business and business-to-consumer), an overview of the companies and industries which have pioneered e-commerce, a close profile of three companies (Amazon.com, Etrade and Cisco Systems) which have been at the forefront of the Internet revolution, and an analysis of the ways in which the Internet has changed business, looking specifically at factors such as customer relations and management. A concluding section speculates on how e-commerce will evolve in the near future. KEYWORDS: internet business online business strategy ecomerce intranets strategic management term paper. 33 pages, 116 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources. 8,976 words.   $133
 
13961. The Internet and Retailing. This paper looks at the rise of online shopping and the ways retailers are using interesting programs to attract customers. The paper discusses how the Internet provides useful information to both shoppers and retailers, and it also covers the use of computers in retail administration, as well as issues pertaining to privacy. 11 pages, 36 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references.   $77
 
13955. Nanotechnology: Impact on Modern Warfare. Examines the revolutionary aspects of nanotechnologies and extreme miniaturization and the possibility of transformation they represent for military science (also considering the general impact on economics, politics, and popular culture). Advances the hypothesis that while these new technologies will lead to new weapons and delivery systems, and concomitant changes in military training and command/control systems, they will not by themselves fundamentally alter the major tenets of military science. Describes the current state of development of these technologies, considers current and potential future applications in warfare, examines their limitations as truly transforming technologies. 26 pages, 28 footnotes, 19 bibliographic references.   $133
 
13936. Argument Against the Development of Artificial Intelligence (Ai). This paper warns that AI devices will soon vastly “outsmart” humans and argues that this could lead to the decline of the human race. The various social problems posed by AI are discussed, and it is claimed that the technology will become uncontrollable once it reaches a certain point. 11 pages, 45 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references.   $77
 
13935. The Future of Radio. This paper describes innovations such as digital sound, satellite transmissions, and Internet “webcasting.” Various benefits of the new technology are discussed, including improved sound quality, increased program choices, increased portability, the opening of new markets, and the ability of people to make their own “webcasts.” 11 pages, 41 footnotes, 13 bibliographic references.   $77
 
13920. The Perception of Computer-Based Images. Looks at the phenomenon of computer-based images as they are perceived by people in an effort to understand why such images continue to be viewed as a deficient form of optical vision rather than as a separate visual medium. 9 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
13903. Intel Versus Red Hat Comparative Strategies. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the strategies of two very different players in the red-hot, high tech industry: Intel, the leading chipmaker, and Red Hat, Inc., the leading vendor of Linux software. Defines and describes the two firms’ product portfolio, corporate culture, market focus, and short- and long-term strategic vision. Recommends adjustments in each company’s strategy to meet the future challenges in the industry operating environment. KEYWORDS: corporate strategy comparative analysis term paper. 16 pages, 51 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
13850. Etrade & Online Trading. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the online stock trading industry with a close focus on E*Trade, the number two online stock broker and pioneer in the field of online stock trading and online financial services. In addition to examining E*trade's history, financial performance, product portfolio, and strategy, the investigation profiles the main industry competitors, considers the advantages and disadvantage of online trading from the investors' perspectives, and deliberates the future of the online trading industry. KEYWORDS: online trading internet stock market. 15 pages, 41 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
13841. Marketing and Distributing Film on the Internet. This research paper provides an overview and analysis of the current conditions and future potential in exhibiting, distributing and marketing films and TV series via the Internet. Following an initial section which considers the technical issues involved in distributing and exhibiting films over the Internet, the paper considers the other major issues in marketing, distributing and exhibiting films and TV series via the Internet. The analysis includes a special focus on the use of the Internet to tap into the elusive 16-to-24 year old group and the special synergy between the horror film genre, youth, and the Internet. The analysis is drawn from a review of literature and an examination of the strategies of companies and web sites now engaged in the industry. KEYWORDS: web television movies internet film marketing distribution termpaper. 32 pages, 69 footnotes, 41 bibliographic sources. sources + directory of film related websites.   $133
 
13830. Yahoo Company Profile. This termpaper profiles one of the Web's leading portals and one of the few profitable Internet companies. Traces Yahoo's history and first years of operation and analyzes current operations including product/service portfolio, brand image, financial position, acquisitions, and alliances. Closely examines Yahoo's long-term strategy. KEYWORDS: internet companies search engines yahoo termpaper. 15 pages, 34 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
13807. Numerology. An overview and explication of the "science" of numerology. Traces the history and development of numerology and its popularity into the modern era. Explains the central tenets of the numerology belief system, citing some of its principal architects and adherents. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
13787. Early Math Failure and the Troubled School System. Using the findings from the 1983 Nation at Risk study indicting the nation's school system as a starting point, this paper argues that failures in the elementary level math education leads to later failure at the high school and college levels. Reviews the literature on improving elementary math education and argues for basic changes in the curriculum content as well as increased support in terms of textbooks, computer technology, teacher training, and teacher compensation. 9 pages, 20 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
13777. Lotus Development and Software as Intellectual Property. A case analysis of Lotus and the spreadsheet computer software industry from the perspective of the seminal 1990 copyright infringement case, Lotus Development Corporation v. Paperback Software. Profiles the spreadsheet segment of the computer software industry in the 1980's and early 1990's, considers Lotus' dominance with its 1-2-3 product and profiles competitive challengers. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
13712. Expert Systems Applications. An examination of the development of expert systems into a commercially viable technology with thousands of applications across a broad spectrum of modern business industry. Considers specific applications in aviation (flight simulators, maintenance troubleshooting), financial services (financial analysis, credit reporting), computer science (networking), and manufacturing (production-line problem solving, quality control, inventory). 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
13680. History of Computers. Traces the history of modern computing machinery from William Babbage's efforts to build an "analytical engine" in the early 19th Century, through the development of analog computers in the early 20th Century and the silicon revolution and the evolution of digital computing. Explores public attitudes and concerns regarding computers, examines new computer applications, and looks at the implications for the future. 14 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
13639. Telecommunications Industry. This term paper provides an overview and analysis of the telecommunications industry. Although the investigation takes into account the importance of the fast-growing telecommunications equipment sector, the primary focus of this analysis is on the telecommunications services industry. Examining both wireline and wireless, the analysis profiles competitive structure and the industry operating environment in terms of current conditions and the outlook for the future. Included is an assessment of recent trends and important issues in the industry including consolidation, deregulation, market liberalization, and technological change (including convergence). KEYWORDS: telecommunications industry profile competitive analysis. 17 pages, 34 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
13636. Cisco Systems. This paper presents a profile of Cisco Systems, Inc., currently the hands-down leader in computer network systems and well-positioned to take a leadership position in the new world of convergence technology. Following an overview of the industry operating environment and Cisco's competition, the analysis considers Cisco's history, financial position, organizational structure and culture, and strategy. 14 pages, 44 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
13634. Online (Internet) Banking History. This paper provides an overview and analysis of Internet banking. The history of online banking is traced and the reasons for the relatively slow growth in internet banking examined. the analysis profiles the current online banking market and makes projections of likely future growth scenarios. the discussion considers the advantages and disadvantages (from both the banks' and the customers' viewpoint) to online banking and looks at some of the major factors (e.g., security issues, regulatory issues,etc.) affecting future growth patterns. KEYWORDS: online banking internet banks consumer banking marketing. 17 pages, 39 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
13617. Information Inequality (Herbert Schiller) and Neuromancer (William Gibson). Compares the views of the two authors on how the media and technology will affect society in the near future. Argues that both have a pessimistic view on the subject, and compares their attitudes with the attitudes of other authors. 11 pages, 34 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13585. Information Technology as a Competitive Tool. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the "Information Revolution" in contemporary business. Focusing on the explosive growth of the Internet and the concomitant develop of business intranets, the analysis considers how information technology serves as a crucial competitive tool and is rapidly evolving as the central basis of competition in today's business environment. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13578. The y2k Problem. Discusses the cause of this problem and the extent to which it may disrupt computerized services. Finds that most developed nations are fairly well prepared for Y2K; however, some less developed nations are vulnerable to potential disruptions. 13 pages, 40 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
13533. Internet Advertising. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the current state of Internet advertising. The first section provides an overview of the scope and trends in Internet advertising, including a discussion of growth projections, big advertisers, top categories, rates, and types of advertising. The second section focuses on the issues of advertising effectiveness. Included is an analysis of the banner debate, issues of consumer privacy, technical standards and specifications, technical limitations, and the development of new forms of Internet advertising. 13 pages, 62 footnotes, 46 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
13490. Theory of Number in Plato. Examines the discussions of geometry, mathematics and class definitions in the dialogue of Plato; theory of number, irrational numbers, geometric solids as constituents of the world, and principles of unity, division and equality are analyzed, and Plato's work placed in the context of Greek mathematics from Pythagoras to Euclid. 15 pages, 23 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
13466. Voice Recognition. Discusses the feasibility of using the technology, with emphasis on business applications. Describes the benefits, as well as problems that currently exist, and argues that voice recognition will soon replace the keyboard and mouse as a way for humans to interface with computers. 11 pages, 40 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13355. Virtual Teams. Argues that computer-based, geographically-separated teams are an organizational trend for the future. Also discusses the pro's and con's of such teams, and suggests ways to overcome the problems (such as using videoconferencing to improve relations between team members). 11p., 39f., 12.   $77
 
13300. Information Technology and Organizational Communications. This term paper considers the proposition that "mastery of information technology is critical to effective organizational communication." This statement is discussed and analyzed with regard to practical examples including the role and importance of email, the Internet, corporate intranets, database technologies, telecommuting, groupware, and decision-making technologies. The essay begins with an overview of the function and importance of communications within the organization and a look at how information technology has transformed the structure and scope of organizational communications. KEYWORDS: information technology organizations organizational communications intranets. 14 pages, 37 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
13257. The Future of Cable Tv. Discusses the merging of cable TV with the Internet, and the development of interactive TV. Considers challenges and strengths of the cable industry, and speculates on the impact that future developments will have on culture and society. 10 pages, 33 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
13203. Virtual Reality in Health Care. This paper examines the history, current application, and potential use of one exciting new technological tool for health care - virtual reality. Following a definition of key terms background discussion on the uses of virtual reality and related technologies in health care, the analysis describes and analyzes the current applications of virtual reality in the health care sector, considering the rationale for and advantages of its use. The next sections examine some of the barriers to and problems in advancing the use of VR in health care, and considers possible steps to overcome these barriers. A concluding section summarizes the future trends of virtual reality in health care. 17 pages, 45 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
13180. The Microsoft Antitrust Case. This paper presents an overview and analysis of the U.S. Department of Justice's antitrust case against Microsoft. The analysis begins with an overview of U.S. antitrust law and the current debate over how the doctrine of antitrust can or should be applied to rapidly-changing high-tech fields such as computing and the Internet. The next section presents a history and background of the DOJ vs. Microsoft case, followed by a discussion of the central issues in the case, both in terms of the DOJ's central charges and in terms of Microsoft's responses. The concluding section discusses the win/lose implications of the case. 13 pages, 44 footnotes, 38 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
13150. Lucent Technologies, Inc. This paper provides an overview and analysis of Lucent Technologies, Inc., assessing its history and background, current position, and future outlook. Includes an examination of major business segments and market position within each area of operation, organizational structure and corporate culture, and financial position. Presents a strategic analysis of Lucent, looking at its marketing, international, and growth strategies; examining the company's key strengths and weaknesses; and appraising the key challenges and opportunities in Lucent's operating environment. Concludes with a summary assessment of Lucent and considers its outlook for the future. 17 pages, 54 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
13144. "America's Information Edge" (Nye and Owens). Discussion of Foreign Affairs article on the importance of knowledge as power and the role of the U.S. in the current information revolution. Covers military uses of information, the concept of "soft power," knowledge as deterrence, and selective sharing of knowledge with allies. Also refers to the views of other authors on the topic. 11 pages, 56 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13142. The Virtual Office. This paper provides an overview an analysis of the virtual office, outlining its major features and parameters as it is applied in business today, considering some of its advantages and disadvantages, examining what companies are best suited for the adoption of the virtual office, and speculating on its future. Specific elements of the virtual office which are reviewed include telecommuting, virtual teams, hot desking, hotelling, groupware, and networked organizations. 15 pages, 43 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
13136. Hewlett-Packard Company. Following an overview of Hewlett-Packard current situation (with a focus on its current financial situation) and a review of the company's history, this analysis profiles HP's strategy and looks at its future prospects for continued strong growth and profitably as one of the world's leading high-technology companies. KEYWORDS: hewlett packard computer manufacturer. 10 pages, 41 footnotes, 28 bibiographic sources.   $70
 
13135. Software Piracy. Examines the problem of software policy in international business. Defines the problems and its scope, looking at why software piracy has become such a problem and considering its impact on the global software industry, corporations, end users, and developing countries. Identifies and assesses options to solve the problem (considering technological, legislative, educational, management and tort approaches), selects an option, and presents a defense for this selection. Argues that solving the problem of software piracy requires a holistic approach combining technological (encryption strategies), legislative (amendments to copyright laws), and educational (awareness campaigns aimed at companies, end users, and developing countries) strategies. 20p. 134f. 51f.   $133
 
13111. Expert Systems Technology in Business. This paper provides a summary review and analysis of the scope, benefits, and risks of ES implementation in the business setting. The first part of the analysis examines the three major sub-types of ES commonly used in the business setting, with attention to their principal benefits and drawbacks. The second part of the analysis looks closer at the specific benefits derived and problems encountered during the course of ES implementation in the business setting. KEYWORDS: artificial intelligence business applications expert systems. 21 pages, 143 footnotes, 45 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13110. Expert Systems Applications for Management Decision Making. This paper provides a review and analysis of the empirical and survey literature on current expert systems applications within the business setting. Following a brief introduction of terms, ES applications in human resources management, manufacturing/production, distribution, quality control, marketing, finance, and strategic management are discussed and analyzed with attention to both their effectiveness and the problems found in implementation and usage. KEYWORDS: artificial intelligence management information systems decision making computers. 22 pages, 42 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources..   $133
 
13109. Introduction to Expert Systems. This paper provides an introduction to expert systems (ES) technology, with particular attention to its use in the business setting. The first part of the analysis provides a definition and discussion of the major characteristics of expert systems. The process of developing and/or "building" expert systems is also discussed. The second part of the analysis provides a brief history of expert systems, with special attention to their application in the business setting. A concluding section describes the main types of expert systems currently deployed by business and discusses the likely future of ES in the business setting. KEYWORDS: artificial intelligence business expert systems management decision software. 11 pages, 37 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13030. Internet Commerce: Finally, a New Emerging Market? This report provides a survey and analysis of Internet commerce, with a close focus on consumer-based Internet commerce (i.e., retail or 'e-tail' in Cyberspeak). Following an overview of growth trends and projections, the analysis profiles the current (and projected composition) of Internet commerce, profiles major trends, closely examines the risks and opportunities for companies doing business on the Internet, and considers the primary barriers to Internet market expansion. 20 pages, 107 footnotes, 46 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
12739. Global Positioning Systems and Their Use in the Military. The paper provides an overview of global positioning system and their use in the military, beginning with a summary of what GPS systems are and how they work (focusing on the existing American Navstar system), typical military uses including the experiences of the Desert Storm campaign of 1991, factors affecting the usefulness of GPS, and possible countermeasures and counter-countermeasures. 11 pages, 24 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12738. Uses of Global Positioning Systems in the Fishing Industries. In addition to a summary of what GPS systems are and how they work, the paper explores how success in the fishing industries is highly linked to effective use of GPS technology in improving basic safety and navigation, saving fuel and labor costs in more efficient voyages, administering the national regulations governing fishing, and in developing new research techniques to identify and locate fishing targets in real time. 11 pages, 20 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12645. Computer Crime and Business. This report provides an analysis and overview of the problem of business-based (i.e., that emanating from and targeted at businesses) computer crime in the United States. The analysis begins with an overview of the current scope of the problem, examining the frequency of occurrence, the number of businesses involved, the estimated costs of the crime, and the types of people committing these crimes. Also considered are some of the reasons behind the growth in business-based computer crime during the past few years. The next section explores the types of computer crimes, including industrial espionage, theft, fraud, piracy, and sabotage. The final section examines the scope of current efforts to protect businesses from computer crime. 12 pages, 63 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12637. Microsoft: Its History and Its Future. This report provides an overview and analysis of the history and future outlook for software giant Microsoft Corporation. The main part of the paper focuses on the history of Microsoft and the role that founder Bill Gates has played in building one of the most successful businesses in the world. The concluding section looks at Microsoft's future, examining the corporation's overall strategy (focusing on the key areas of networking, the Internet, and Web TV) and looking at some of the key factors which may impede future growth and success at Microsoft. 13 pages, 51 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
12628. Security and Electronic Commerce. A thorough and concise overview and analysis of security issues related to electronic commerce. Reviews some of the common security concerns voiced by both Internet merchants (e.g., threats to proprietary information, corporate network, data transmission, network resources, and company reputation) and Internet users/customers (e.g., threats to privacy, financial security, etc.). Presents business security plans encompassing techniques such as encryption, firewalls, passwords, and proper configuration of systems as well as reviewing proprietary systems (e.g., SET, EFT, etc.). Argues that the lack of a coordinated institutional control over the Internet represents one of the biggest challenges to maintaining security. Predicts that as daily transactions become more secure, the risk of large-scale criminal attack will loom as the biggest concern. 14p., 38b., 8b.   $98
 
12625. Online Stock Trading and the Online Investor in South Korea. This paper provides a detailed examination of the potential for, barriers against, and mechanics of building an online stock trading business in South Korea. The paper begins with a profile of the Korean Stock Exchange (KSE) and the securities market in South Korea. Included in this section is a close examination of the Korean individual investor - his role in the KSE, his propensity to invest, and his general characteristics - and of the general characteristics of the Korean consumer. Also considered are factors in the Korean economic and political structure which impact the KSE and the individual's propensity to invest. The next section then provides a profile of the individual Internet investor based on the U.S. market. The investigation then examines the current and potential Internet user in Korea, looking closely at both the individual and infrastructure factors which are key to Internet growth. The concluding section draws all of these elements together to present a Market Plan for establishing an online stock trading business in Korea. 35 pages, 187 footnotes, 121 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
12620. Marketing Profile of Web Tv. A marketing profile and analysis of the generic Web TV product category (primarily focusing on set-top boxes). Assesses current market situation (factors leading to the development of the product category, estimated market size, target market assessment, competitor assessment), evaluates strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT analysis) for the product category and specific competitors, and develops a marketing plan (objective, strategies, promotional campaign). 26 pages, 94 footnotes, 50 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
12597. Computers in the Classroom: Is the Investment Really Worth It. This paper takes a critical look at the current enthusiasm among politicians, business leaders and educational leaders for computer technology as a solution to the problems in public education quality and efficiency. The investigation begins with an overview of the politics of computers in education and the major arguments on both sides of the debate. The analysis then profiles the current status of computer technology in public education (at the K-12 level), examining issues of access, use and equity and considering the evidence on the effectiveness of educational technology. Concludes that the promises of educational technology have yet to be met and that computer have been vastly over-sold as a magic bullet to correct the problems and limitations of the existing system of public education. 12 pages, 41 footnotes in text, 25 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12589. Data Quality Issues of Data Entry. A detailed, technical assessment of data entry as a component of data quality in the business setting. Considers quality issues in manual entry, editing software, scanning, and electronic transfer of data. Analyzes some of the consequences of data entry errors, examines ways to measure data entry quality, and considers strategies for preventing and correcting data entry errors. 11 pages, 29 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12502. Data Quality: Business and Scientific Issues. An examination of how business and science-based users of data stored in large databases take steps to ensure data quality and the minimization of errors. Defines data quality, considers the uses and applications of statistical quality control, and discusses methods for assessing accuracy, consistency and currency in data. Considers similarities and differences in data quality control within the business versus the scientific setting. 11 pages, 41 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12501. The Many Uses of the Internet. This paper provides an overview and summary of the many ways that the Internet can be helpful to people, focusing first on how it can be useful to students, and then looking at the uses of the Internet in business and in personal lives. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12442. The Montessori Method of Mathematics. Reviews and analyzes the Montessori approach to mathematics education for young (ages 3 to 6) children. Summarizes theoretical approach, comparing and contrasting with traditional curriculum and the beliefs of current theorists; discusses the use of the Sensory Exercises as important preparatory work; reviews and describes the didactic materials; and considers the strengths and weaknesses of the Montessori approach. 11 pages, 26 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12400. Commercial Online Services: American Online (Aol) Versus the Microsoft Network (Msn). A marketing analysis of the number one and number three commercial online service/Internet service providers. Provides a comparative assessment and analysis of each firms' marketing objectives, goals, pricing strategy, advertising and promotional strategy, and unique selling points. Considers the major strengths and weaknesses of each service and makes recommendations for improvement. Includes AOL vs. MSN summary comparison chart. 21 pages, 49 footnotes, 38 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
12384. Introducing New Technology Into the Workplace. This paper considers and critiques the proposition that the introduction of new technology into the workplace is a straightforward management task. The essay argues that the implementation of new technology into the workplace is a complex and often daunting challenge for management. The analysis begins with a review of some of the major problems and/or barriers involved in implementing new technologies and then concludes with a discussion of the implications for managers. 8 pages, 25 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
12376. Decision Support Systems and Small Business. Overview and analysis of the use of decision support systems (DSS -- computer tools designed to provide a human decision-maker support within a semi-structured decision environment) in small business. Considers the central criteria for DSS success in small business, profiles common DSS applications in small business, and provides examples of specific products. A concluding section considers the outcome of DSS use in small business. 13 pages, 22 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
12371. The Impact of the Internet on Business. A survey and overview of how the Internet is impacting U.S. business. Looks at the Internet's impact on business strategies, hiring, organizational structure, organizational communications, relations with suppliers, and relations with customers. The analysis considers both the opportunities and the obstacles in achieving the potential cost savings, revenue growth and increased efficiencies presented to business by the Internet. 16 pages, 51 footnotes, 33 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
12293. Analysis of "The Art of Teaching Science" (Lewis Thomas). In this essay, Thomas claims that students should not be taught about boring facts but rather about the "mysteries" of science which make it exciting and accessible. The paper also discusses how Thomas' own writing style reflects his concepts. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
12273. Future Trends: The Impact of Information Technology. An essay considering the current and likely future of information technology on commercial and government organizations, focusing most closely on the impact of the Internet and other networked technologies on the day to day operations and organizations and their interactions with customers/citizens. Considers general trends in the information technology industry (consolidation, rapid change, convergence) as well as specific trends in commercial (Internet marketing, the growth of intranets, the transformation of the structure of work) and government organizations (new regulatory agendas, the government as an information-provider and assistant to business; the government as a promoter of computer literacy and education). 11 pages, 41 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources. ,   $77
 
12272. Data Mining. Description and overview of the data mining approach to discerning critical patterns and trends found in large databases as an effort to improve organizational performance. Defines and describes the data mining process and its central analytical tools (clustering, classifications, sequences, associations), provides examples of organizations' use of data mining, and profiles major trends in data mining. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
12160. Artificial Intelligence and Decision Support Systems. This paper presents an overview of artificial intelligence (AI) applications to various types of computer systems designed to assist decision makers in organizations – applications called decision support systems (DSS). Defines AI, DSS and expert systems (ES); describes the architecture of a DSS; defines the components of an expert system; examines the role and function of artificial intelligence in DSS; describes the evolution of group-based decision support (groupware); and considers trends in DSS and expert systems. Keywords: management decisions computer programs models. 14 pages, 44 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
12126. Client/Server Computing. An overview and analysis of client/server computing. Defines client/server computing and its system and application parameters, discusses its main advantages and principal weaknesses, provides an overview of implementation strategies and looks at future developments in the field. A concluding section outlines the business conditions under which client/server computing is most appropriate. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12125. Cd-Rom Storage. This paper provides a concise, comprehensive overview of CD-ROM storage technology for the computer user. Defines the technology, discusses its main features, and describes its main applications, focusing on the business user. Evaluates business use of CD-ROM storage in terms of its benefits, drawbacks and ease of use. Concludes that the technology can provide businesses with a competitive edge in data management and distribution. KEYWORDS: cd rom technology. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12097. Virtual Reality. The use of three-dimensional interactive computer systems for creating simulated environments. Discusses the history of the technology as well as the concepts of immersion, navigation and telepresence. Also discusses the use of the technology for training, design, communication, shopping and entertainment. Argues that, despite criticisms by some, there are advantages for the development of the technology. 13 pages, 43 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
12095. Buying a Personal Computer. Makes specific detailed recommendations (brand, hardware, software, memory, peripherals, etc.) on the purchase of a $2,000 PC for use by a college student. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
12094. The Internet. An overview and analysis of the Internet and World Wide Web. Traces the history and development of the Internet from its beginnings as a Department of Defense project to its current status as a major academic and commercial communications medium. Provides a good introduction to Internet uses, terminology and applications implementation for the novice. The concluding section examines current trends and likely future developments in Internet and Web communications. 20 pages, 21 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
12093. Ex-Prodigy: My Childhood and Youth by Norbert Wiener. Review of autobiography by mathematician and computer theorist who entered Tufts University at the age of eleven. Includes Wiener's views on the difficulties of being a child prodigy and his gradual adjustment to a life of scholarship. Also discusses Wiener's struggle for independence from his domineering father. 5 pages, 21 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
12067. The Communications Decency Act of 1996: Censorship on the Internet. Taking the perspective of a Supreme Court Justice, this paper evaluates the constitutionality of the Communications Decency Act of 1995. Following a background discussion on the internet and some of the events which led to the passage of the Exon amendment, the analysis draws on appropriate legal precedents and rationales to arrive at a hypothetical Supreme Court ruling finding the new law unconstitutional. 12 pages, 43 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. + Table of Authorities.   $84
 
12012. Marketing on the Internet. An overview and analysis of marketing on the Internet, with a focus on consumer product marketing and consumer behavior. Provides a brief history of electronic commerce, companies and industries most active on the Net, problems and benefits from both the marketers' and the consumers' perception, and ethical issues in cyber-marketing. 12 pages, 56 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12009. Business Use of the Internet. Factual survey of business use of private Internet networks, known as intranets. Defines intranets, considers their principal advantages for business, and provides specific examples of business intranets. Includes an overview of the technical issues involved in intranet implementation and use. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
12004. Research on the Internet. An informative introduction to the possibilities and limitations of conducting research on the Internet, with a focus on business-oriented searches. Discusses the type of which can be found, techniques (including directories and search engines) for locating information, and the limitations of these search techniques. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11985. Silicon Valley: America's High-Tech Heartland. Provides a history and analysis of the geographical concentration of technology-based firms in California's Silicon Valley. Identifies the major factors (inventions of specific technologies, proximity to Stanford University, venture capital funds, unique organizational characteristics, etc.) behind the long-term success of Silicon Valley industry. Assesses the region's current condition and future prospects. 14 pages, 29 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
11973. Business Use of the Internet. Discusses the use of "intranets" within businesses. Examines the pros and cons exploring questions of security, efficiency, and ease of use. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11967. Museums and Computers: A New Relationship. Examines the history of computer oriented museum exhibitions. Notes the usefulness of computers in creating graphics as well as the positive response to their "hands on" use. Refers to a variety of art and museum scholars. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11962. Sex, Pornography, and the Internet. Discusses the various forms of pornography on the Internet and various opinions on the constitutionality of censoring the Internet. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11892. The Technology Behind Virtual Reality. An intensive discussion of the tracking devices, sensors, and computer languages used to create virtual reality. Covers the compatibility of this software with personal computers and the future of virtual reality. 15 pages, 15 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11840. Microsoft Corporation and the Department of Justice. Examines the controversy surrounding Microsoft's bid to buy the Intuit Corporation, the Department of Justice's intervention against the Microsoft Network, and the limits to Microsoft's influence upon the Internet. KEYWORDS: microsoft antitrust doj intuit microsoft network. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11833. Computer Applications in Job Interviews and Employee Selection. This paper considers the use of computers in the job interview and employee selection process, looking in particular at computer-assisted and computer-adapted job interviewing/testing. Provides examples of programs which interview applicants and make hire recommendations, as well as a range of programs which assist in testing, applicant tracking, and other functions. 6 pages, 29 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
11831. The Personal Computer Software Industry. This paper covers the history of the software industry, the rise of consumer-based sales, CD-ROM, the Internet, and the role of government regulation. The dominant role of the Microsoft Corporation is emphasized. 15 pages, 27 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11829. Internet Service Providers - an Introduction to the Internet. This paper traces the Internet's history, the role of service providers like the World Wide Web, marketing strategies, consumer services, government regulation, and anticipates the future of the Internet. 15 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11650. Fuzzy Logic. Rigorous examination of the precepts of "fuzzy logic" in terms of classical logic and set theory, using mathematical notation of set theory heavily in final pages. Follows text by Terano, Kiyoji, and Sugeno. Three diagrams. 8p. Notes in Text. 6b.   $56
 
11641. Computer Industry in the u.s. And Three European Countries. Assesses government regulations on the computer industry in the U.S., Poland, the U.K., Germany and France. Examines and compares environmental regulations, general business regulations, trade regulations, and copyright laws/protection. 15 pages, 40 footnotes, 44 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11632. Unix for the Rest of Us. A step-by-step discussion of the mechanics of the UNIX computer operating system. Profiles the history of UNIX and its goals, discusses basic UNIX construction and function, and profiles companies involved in its implementation. 15 pages, 23 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11530. Microsoft, Inc.: International Operations and Strategy. An overview and analysis of the computer software giant's international operations (Europe, Asia) and its global strategy of expansion and market dominance. 12 pages, 48 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11491. Microsoft in Japan. Examines Microsoft's strategy in Japan for the 1990s. The analysis considers the company's strengths and weaknesses, its main competitors and the barriers to its success in the Japanese market during the 1990s. 12 pages, 31 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11479. Japanese Portable Pc Makers Search for a Global Strategy. Examines the global strategies of Japan's NEC and Toshiba in the portable PC (laptop) market and considers the responses/strategies of their chief U.S. competitors, including IBM, HP, Compaq and Apple. Faults the Japanese competitors for their focus on high tech/high price in the face of market trends demanding lower prices and greater functionability. 12 pages, 31 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11472. Military Applications of Computers. Overview of personnel and management military applications, rather than hardware. Provides a brief study of learning systems, security systems, AI research and other IT problems in military management in the multi-billion dollar mode. 10 pages, 23 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11465. Eastern European Telecom: Reaching to the West and to Mobile. Examines Eastern Europe's poor and inefficient telecom service and analyzes current trends (privatization, investment from the West, growth of mobile telecom). 5 pages, 19 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11453. A Computer Security Model. Review of some of the general problems in trying to run a secure computer network, and a model of a very secure system designed for use at MIT. Considers passwords, encryptation, algorithms, and generally focuses on smart software design to eliminate opportunities for hackers or abusers. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11452. The World Wide Web. Brief coverage of information space, Gopher, World Wide Web, Universal Resource Identifiers, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Hypertext Markup Language, Mosaic and other aspects of the information superhighway. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
11448. Beyond Numeracy: Ruminations of a Numbers Man by John Allen Paulos. Review, analysis and critique of a mathematician's dictionary/survey of mathematics aimed at the general interest reader. Provides background on the author, discusses author's bias and perspective, identifies the purpose of the book, summarizes its content, and critiques the book in terms of achievement of objectives, readability, and applicability to various audiences. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11441. Long Term Information Storage: Ms-Dos and Unix. Discusses how different operating systems -- MS-DOS and UNIX -- handle a variety of issues (e.g., user access to files, protection systems, simultaneous users) related to long-term information storage. Concludes that MS-DOS is limited by its machine specific orientation and that UNIX is generally a more versatile system. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11393. Census Database Information as a Tool for Marketing. Overview and analysis of the use of the new U.S. Census Database (Tiger) as a marketing tool among firms which rely on direct mail marketing and advertising. Details the development and capacities of the Tiger system, provides specific examples of companies which have utilized it as a marketing tool. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11372. An Mis Budget for a Restaurant. Analyzes and recommends a hardware and software system for a fictitious 45-seat neighborhood restaurant. The system is configured within a $5,000 budget. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
11371. A Service Bureau's Mis Budget. Analyzes and recommends a hardware and software system for a fictitious temporary employment service within the scope of a $5,000 budget. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
11292. Acer Computers and Pacific Rim Trade. An in-depth profile of Acer Corporation, the Taiwan-based PC maker, for its role in the Pacific Rim trade. Acer's origins and growth, and changing business strategy toward bigger networking and mainframe computers, are described in detail. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11177. Fcc Regulations and Communications Mega-Mergers. Proposes that the difficulties of getting started on the information superhighway are being made clear by the failure of these mergers and that the companies see this as a means of alerting the FCC to the need for sweeping change in regulations. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
11129. The Information Superhighway and Mis. A detailed examination of the proposed 500-channel fiber optic cable network of the future. The core technology of interactive television and online information services is described; hardware and software requirements are summarized. The implications of the system for management information systems of business and industry are reviewed, and the problems and prospects for integration of MIS into the new network are analyzed. 30 pages, 44 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
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