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25C. JAPAN

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18511. AMERICAN INFLUENCE ON JAPANESE POLITICS AND SOCIETY. This paper examines America’s influence on Japan’s politics, economy, business, culture and society in the period following the Second World War. It is noted that this influence has been declining in recent years and that the Japanese government and people have been seeking to balance U.S. influences by incorporating more regional and indigenous influences. KEYWORDS: United States Japan american influence politics economy culture. APA Style. 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 2,331 words.   $70
 
18252. LINCOLN ELECTRIC HARVARD CASE STUDY 9707445. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case study analysis and case solution to a popular 2006 Harvard Business School case study (9-707-445) by Jordan Siegel concerning global strategic management and incentive systems at Lincoln Electric. The case study concerns Lincoln Electric’s global expansion strategy, looking at its successful Chinese operations and considering how the company can take apply the lessons learned in China in India and elsewhere in Asia as well as Europe. The case analysis and solution includes problem statement, analysis (including a SWOT), assessment of alternatives, recommendations and implementation plan. APA Style. 11 pages, 11 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 3,016 words.
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TAGS: lincoln electric case solution international business strategy globalization market entry china india market entry market selection labor employee incentives strategic management marketing joint venture acquisition.

  $77
 
18122. WESTERN VIEWS OF JAPANESE SOCIETY. This paper examines various anthropological and literary works, and questions the extent to which it is possible for Japanese society to be understood through a Western point of view. Works by Western anthropologists, works by Japanese writers using Western languages, and translated Japanese texts are considered. Examples are drawn from the writings of Irit Averbuch, Inazo Nitobe, Toshio Kawatake, Kin-nosuke Natsume, and Lafcaido Hearn. It is concluded that it is not possible to truly comprehend traditional Japanese society through a Western lens, because of the fact that people are socialized into their cultures from the time of early childhood. KEYWORDS: anthropology literature Japan society Western perspective. MLA Style. 16 pages, 15 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 3,794 words.   $112
 
18112. THE TALE OF GENJI (MURASAKI SHIKIBU). This paper discusses chapter 25 of this eleventh century Japanese novel, in which the title character debates with two ladies on the value of fictional tales. Genji's view is that fiction is frivolous, untruthful, and suitable only for women. He says some positive things too (e.g., fiction leads to insights about the particulars of life and a deeper understanding of universal truth), but these statements are made as part of his effort to seduce one of the ladies. It is concluded that Genji is a complex character and the author (Murasaki Shikibu) has used irony by expressing her personal view of fiction through a character who has an opposing point of view. KEYWORDS: Japanese literature Genji Murasaki Shikibu. MLA Style. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,402 words.   $42
 
17151. WHISTLE-BLOWING IN JAPAN. Using a 2002 Los Angeles Times article about a Japanese company’s revenge on an employee whistle-blower as a starting point, this paper examines whistle-blowing in Japan. Differences between the Japanese and the U.S./Western approach to whistle-blowing are considered, and the legal, cultural, and other reasons for these differences assessed. The investigation looks at some corporate and government scandals broken by whistle-blowers and considers why whistle-blowing has become more common in Japan in recent years. The conclusion speculates on the future of whistle-blowing and the prospect for whistle-blower protection in Japan. Keywords: comparative politics law whistleblowing Japan US. APA Style. 12 pages; 35 footnotes; 20 bibliographic sources. 3,210 words.   $84
 
17105. JUVENILE JUSTICE IN JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. This paper provides a comparative overview of the Japanese and U.S. juvenile justice systems, considering recent trends, basic legal framework, court systems, and sentencing practices. Contrasts the rehabilitative/protective model in Japan with the punitive trends in U.S. juvenile justice. Notes the call to reform the Japanese system in response to rising juvenile crime rates. Keywords: juvenile justice delinquency rehabilitation punishment Japan United States. 15 pages; 20 footnotes; 15 bibliographic sources. 4,177 words.   $105
 
15888. MURASAKI SHIKIBU AND JAPANESE WOMEN'S LITERATURE. This paper discusses the 11th century author of “The Tale of Genji” and her contribution to women’s literature in Japan (and to literature in general). Provides an overview and analysis of Shikibu’s life and work, her style of writing, literary innovations, what “The Tale of Genji” shows about courtly life in the Heian period, and interpretations of Murasaki’s possible views on patriarchal practices. 22 pages; 77 footnotes; 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
15817. THE DEVELOPMENT OF NICHIREN BUDDHISM. This paper discusses the rise of Nichiren Buddhism in 13th century Japan, with an emphasis on how the religion arose in response to the social, economic and political conditions of the time. 20 pages; 76 footnotes; 12 bibliographic sources. 4,850 words.   $133
 
15786. ASIA AFTER WORLD WAR II: THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF RECONSTRUCTION. This paper provides a brief history and overview of the post-World War II transition in Japan, India and China. Describes changes in the political landscape, focusing on U.S influences over Japan, China's communist revolution, and India's march to independence and partition. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
15739. POWER AND CULTURES. Using American and Japanese cultures as opposing examples, this paper discusses the role of power in cultural understanding and expression. For example, Americans tend to be more individualistic, egalitarian, low-context and confrontational than Japanese people. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
15670. CROSS CULTURAL HRM: EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT IN THE U.S., MEXICO AND JAPAN. This paper looks at implementing one particular category of HRM practice and policy (employee empowerment) across three different national cultures: American, Japanese, and Mexican. The analysis examines how the American conception of empowerment as an HRM practice for competitive advantage "translates" across two other national cultures (Japanese, Mexican) and work environments. The analysis begins with a brief outline of measures of cultural differences used in this assessment and an identification of how each country fits along each dimension. Following this, empowerment is defined within its American conceptualization and practice. The next two sections examine empowerment in the context of Japanese and Mexican work settings. KEYWORDS: employee motivation empowerment employees culture motivation japanese mexican american workers. 12 pages, 24 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources. 2,981 words.   $84
 
15444. BANK OF JAPAN. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the Bank of Japan and its monetary policy. Following a history of the BOJ, the investigation profiles the central bank's infrastructure, organization and purpose; compares the BOJ with the U.S. Federal Reserve system in terms of both its structure and its role; and traces the BOJ's monetary policies, with a special focus on recent trends and their impact on Japan and international money markets. KEYWORDS: Japanese banking bank of japan term paper. APA Style. 20 pages, 59 footnotes, 29 bibliographic references.   $133
 
13760. PRICING IN JAPAN AND THE U.S. The paper analyzes Japanese and American pricing methods, comparing and contrasting Japanese "predatory" pricing techniques which aim at obtaining dominant market share and the American system dominated by short-term planning and the quest for immediate profits. Defends the Japanese methods as legal and fair. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
13758. HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF THE JAPANESE ECONOMY, 1868-1990. Traces the history and evolution of the Japanese economy from the Meiji Restoration and the first economic opening to the outside world. Profiles the Meiji Restoration's industrialization program and the birth and development of the zaibatsu (Japanese-style business conglomerates). Considers the changes that occurred in the Japanese economy between the First and Second World Wars and chronicles the U.S.-led transformation in the aftermath of WWII. Briefly summarizes the state of the Japanese economy in the current era of globalization. 9 pages, 16 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
13664. WOMEN IN MANAGEMENT IN JAPAN. An assessment of the growing numbers of young women in management positions in Japan. A description of the educational status of these women, their present levels of college enrollment, and the social barriers that these women face. Also includes an indication of future growth trends and a comparison of women in the U.S. and Japan. 6 pages, 27 footnotes, 1 bibliographic reference.   $42
 
13660. REVIEW OF TEN ARTICLES ON JAPANESE-AMERICAN RELATIONS. Brief summary and reviews of ten articles drawn from the business and popular media. All articles were published in 1992 and focus on various aspects of Japanese-U.S. relations, including trade relations, management differences, cultural misunderstandings, and political brinkmanship. 19 pages, 22 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13496. MICHIO HOSHINO AND JAPANESE NATURE PHOTOGRAPHY. The first part of the paper discusses the Japanese photographic style with references to the nature photographers of the nation. The second part focuses on the work of Hoshino, who specialized in wildlife pictures before his untimely death in 1996. 11 pages, 37 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13482. RURAL JAPANESE REACTIONS TO THE BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA. Examines and analyzes reactions to the bombing of Hiroshima among the rural Japanese through an interpretation of survivor accounts, media reports, and demographic studies. Emphasizes the difficulty of accurate assessment of rural reactions because of extremely high levels of government (Japanese and occupation) censorship and propaganda, demographic shifts in population, and historical focus on the urban-based survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Concludes that while the rural Japanese followed the urban pattern of responding first with rage towards the aggressors, resentment towards the Japanese government, and revulsion towards the bomb survivors, it was the rural population that was most instrumental in helping to spearhead the organized peace movement as it finally emerged in the mid-1950s and early 1960s. 16 pages, 43 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
13408. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the causes and consequences of the Asian financial crisis. The substantive issues, theories and findings related to both the hypothesized causes and apparent consequences are presented. A concluding section considers some of the practical lessons for managers to be drawn from the crisis. KEYWORDS: financial crisis asia 1990s asian economic crisis term paper. 12 pages, 28 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13387. THE ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS. This term paper considers the causes and consequences of the 1990s Asian financial crisis. The main issues, theories and findings related to both the hypothesized causes and the apparent consequences are presented. The essay also looks at what lessons the Asian Financial Crisis has for managers. KEYWORDS: financial crisis asia 1990s asian economic crisis term paper. 13 pages, 28 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 3,458 words.   $91
 
13242. GENJI'S EFFECT ON WOMEN IN HIS LIFE (MURASAKI SHIKIBU). Examines the impact of Prince Genji on the women in his life in Murasaki's court romance of 11th Century imperial Japan. Genji is seen as a romantic playboy incapable of lasting devotion to any one woman. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
13121. THE GLOBAL REACH OF JAPANESE BUSINESS. This paper compares and contrasts two recent publications which provide some perspective on the issues and controversies surrounding the global spread (through both "exportation" and "adaptation") of Japanese management practices. Jeremiah Sullivan's (1992) monograph, Invasion of the Salarymen, provides a distinctly American perspective on the Japanese management presence in the United States. Tony Elger and Chris Smith's (1994) compilation, Global Japanization?, brings together a collection of articles and case studies to provide a geographically broader perspective on the issues surrounding the potential for the global "Japanization" of work practices. 12 pages, 25 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13120. JAPANESE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. Based on a comparative analysis of Ballon's (1992) Foreign Competition in Japan and White & Trevor's (1983) Under Japanese Management, this report examines Japanese human resources management (and its contrast with Western-style human resources management), focusing closely on the question of whether Japanese-style human resources management provides Japanese organizations with a "competitive advantage" over Western organizations. The scope of these two books allows for an examination of Japanese versus Western human resources strategies in both Japan and a Western setting (Britain). KEYWORDS: japan hrm comparative management. 14 pages, 21 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
13119. POLITICS AND THE NEWS MEDIA IN JAPAN BY OFER FELDEMAN. Critical review and analysis of this book which examines the interrelationships between the news media and national politics (and politicians) in Japan during the 1980s and early 1990s. Considers the implications of the close relationship between Japan's news media and its politicians in light of recent political-economic turmoil and scandal in Japan and identifies central elements in the system which serve to discourage aggressive, investigative reporting of political issues. 11 pages, 20 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
13117. A SURVEY AND COMPARISON OF NEWSPAPERS IN JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. Profiles industry structure and trends in circulation, revenues, and readership in the US and Japanese newspaper industries, with a focus on the daily newspaper. Includes a discussion of similarities and differences in newspaper history, content, format, and focus as well as a comparison of reader demographics. Concludes with a table summarizing the major points of comparison. 22 pages, 102 footnotes, 55 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
13035. THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF INDONESIA IN WORLD WAR II. A paper on how the occupation contributed to the development of the nation's independence movement. Discusses the break from Dutch colonial rule and Japanese support of nationalist leaders toward the end of the war. Also discusses how Japanese weapons and organizations established during the occupation played a role in the revolutionary war of 1945-1950. 14 pages, 56 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
12741. A GENEALOGICAL ACCOUNT OF JAPAN'S CONTEMPORARY IDEOLOGY. This paper examines contemporary representations of what it is to be Japanese and compares these with the historical conceptions of the Japanese national ideology. Discusses the persistence and history of the noble warrior's cultural ideology, the roots and contemporary manifestations of the collectivist nature of Japanese culture and the Japanese concept of "face saving". 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
12663. BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS IN JAPAN. This paper provides an overview and analysis of doing business in Japan from the perspective of the US foreign direct investor and with special consideration to the current economic conditions in Japan and the current efforts towards structural reform. The analysis begins with a profile of the basic parameters of establishing a foreign business in Japan, including an overview of Japanese accounting practices and the accounting system; an outline of the requisite steps towards organizing an investment; a description of international capital markets; and an analysis of some of the key cultural and logistical aspects of doing business in Japan. The rest of the analysis focuses on economic conditions in Japan. A concluding section provides an overview of multinational corporations and recent major foreign direct investment in Japan. 22 pages, 43 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
12598. KOKORO (SOSEKI NATSUME). An examination of the theme of isolation in the novel. Discusses how feelings of mistrust and guilt lead to the isolation of the old man and his young student, but also notes that loneliness is common to all people. Also discusses how the theme relates to the concept of death and the entry of Japan into modern times. 11 pages, 28 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12559. JAPAN'S LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY. Concise fact-filled summary of various theories for the dominance of the Liberal democratic Party from the 1950's to the 1990's. Examines and discusses history and formation of this conservative "party of government," over-representation of rural areas, the LDP-farmer connection, the LDP-big business connection, weakness of the opponents, role of factions, and the theory that the LDP was really 3 different parties at different times, finds that all these contributed to LDP dominance. 6p., 15 notes in text, 3b.   $42
 
12538. THE AMERICAN OCCUPATION OF JAPAN. Strong short summary of what may have been the most successful act of "social engineering: in world history. How Gen. MacArthur and the Occupation authorities rewrote the Japanese social contract, purging nationalists and communists, rewriting the constitution, institution land reform, not instituting big business reform, supervising labor and education. 6p., 15 notes in text, 3b.   $42
 
12397. KOREAN STOCK MARKET. A profile and analysis of the Korean Stock Market, also known as the Seoul Bourse. Includes history, analysis of market capitalization, number of listed firms, government involvement, regulatory structure, and treatment of foreign investors. Focuses on recent performance (1996-97) and some of the economic, social and political factors affecting performance. Includes a discussion of the presidential slush fund scandal and the SEC bribery scandal. 11p. + charts, 51f., 27b.   $77
 
12287. INVESTMENT, TRADE AND THE FUTURE: AMERICA AND JAPAN. A careful dissection of economic basics in modern conditions, answering questions on the effects of Japan's greater R & D investment, and investment in general, than America. Covers the ins and outs of Hecksher-Ohlin theory, problems of statistics in modern era of globalization, strength of leading Japanese companies through recession of 1990-92, Japan's lead in investment in Asia, assessments of American investment performance, similarities of Japan and USA. Includes proof that investment in basic R & D creates jobs, and never doubts that higher investment now must lead to greater rewards in the long run. 10p., 11b., 17f.   $70
 
12137. ANTITRUST IN JAPAN. Following a review of the history and development of Japan's anti-monopoly law, the analysis profiles the key components and practical applicatons of Japanese antitrust law, examines the scope of enforcement policies and procedures, and considers recent trends and controversies in Japanese antitrust law and policy. 12 pages, 58 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
12077. THE DECOLONIZATION OF CHINA, VIETNAM AND INDIA. Argues that China and Vietnam abandoned their traditional culture when they gained independence. Also argues that by accepting the Communist ideology, the two nations simply replaced foreign imperialism with a new form of imperialism. By contrast, the transition to independence in India was more successful because the nation did not sacrifice its traditions. 9 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
11982. ANTITRUST LAWS IN U.S. AND JAPAN. Profiles and compares the status and scope of competition law in two countries--the United States and Japan. Following a brief review of socio-economic events following World War II leading to the widespread international proliferation of competition law, the paper presents an overview and analysis of competitions law in each country, reviewing history, basic law and its practical application and current trends. 30 pages, 128 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11871. JAPANESE LANGUAGE AND POWER RELATIONSHIPS. This paper provides an overview of the Japanese honorific language system, examining the use of language and speaker-listener power relationships, focusing especially on the influence of vertical (hierarchical/ranking) levels and how the speaker's use polite and honorific forms reflects his/her social position in Japanese society. 11 pages, 41 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
11849. EUROPEAN UNION - JAPAN TRADE RELATIONS. An analysis of the current state of European Union (EU) - Japanese trade relations. Provides an overview of the general trends in this relationship between 1989 and 1994, looking at the total volume of imports and exports, trade balance, composition of trade, and levels and trends in foreign direct investment. Examines some of the key problems in the EU-Japan trade relationship and briefly compares and contrasts the EU-Japan trade relationship with the US-Japan trade relationship. 11 pages, 44 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
11847. U.S.-JAPANESE TRADE: A TROUBLESOME RELATIONSHIP. Examines the problems in and prospects for U.S.-Japanese trade relations. Following an overview of the scope and importance of U.S.--Japanese trade and a summary of U.S. objections to Japanese trade policies, the analysis examines some of the underlying factors which have p promoted the persistent U.S.--Japanese trade deficit. 12 pages, 52 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11518. LIFETIME EMPLOYMENT: NOT A GOOD MODEL FOR THE U.S. Looks at the merits and drawbacks of the Japanese "lifetime employment" model and considers its applicability within the U.S. business environment. Rejects the model for the U.S., but urges U.S. businesses to develop a new employee-employer contract to replace what was in reality for many firms an implied lifetime contract prior to the downsizing of the 1990s. 8 pages, 29 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
11171. CHINA, JAPAN, AND POLITICAL FACTORS IN U.S. TRADE POLICY. Examines the trade situation and charges of unfair trade practices, why UTP's differ with respect to China and Japan; types of goods involved. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11159. HISTORY OF JAPANESE TATTOOS. Origins of the tradition of tattooing in the Floating World milieu, traditional subjects, later efforts to elevate tattooing to the status of an important traditional art. 10 pages, 20 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
11156. WOMEN IN THE ART OF UTAMARO AND KIYONAGA. comparison of the presentation of women in the prints of two Japanese artists. Gives background on the evolution of the Floating world (Pleasure Quarters) prints that were popular "pin-up" depictions of courtesans and their way of life. The deepening psychology of Utamaro's style is compared with Kiyonaga's more traditional formalism. 20 pages, 41 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11069. ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN/JAPANESE CONFLICT OVER KURILE ISLANDS. This paper presents the history and current significance of this conflict and employs the COAST model of dispute resolution to ascertain obstacles. Offers solutions and speculates that nationalism has precluded rational solutions. 12 pages, 12 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11026. ASEAN AND JAPAN. This paper considers whether ASEAN should invite Japan or other newly industrialized countries into its trading bloc. The paper analyzes ASEAN's current level of success and future prospects, as well as obstacles hindering ASEAN. The likely impact of Japan is discussed on economic and political levels and is found detrimental. Includes 18 graphs. 10 pages, 18 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources. 0 pages, 18 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
10633. JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES: OPTIONS FOR THE FUTURE. Well researched and documented paper which argues that the U.S. should welcome foreign investment. 10 pages, 21 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
10569. THE JAPANESE STOCK MARKET AS AN INVESTMENT VEHICLE. Examines the market's history and traces its meteoric rise in the mid-to-late 1980s, analyzing the causes involved. Also focuses on the 1990 economy, government efforts to halt the slide, and the 1992 recovery. Concludes with the recommendation that with the slump behind it, the Tokyo stock market is again a worthwhile investment for financial managers. 15 pages, 51 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
10532. PURIFICATION IN SHINTO. The mythical and symbolic significance of purification rituals in Shinto religion are described; the legend of Iza Nagi's cleansing, and its influence on temple ablutions in modern Shinto and modern Japanese customs such as bathing are noted. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
10410. AMERICA AND JAPAN AS ECONOMIC MODELS. Compares America as a model of economic liberalism and Japan as a model of economic nationalism; problems of protectionism and national industrial policy are noted and points of resemblance in the two countries are found. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10410. AMERICA AND JAPAN AS ECONOMIC MODELS. Compares America as a model of economic liberalism and Japan as a model of economic nationalism; problems of protectionism and national industrial policy are noted and points of resemblance in the two countries are found. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10305. DISCRIMINATION, RACISM AND THE JAPANESE UNDERCLASS: A PERVASIVE SOCIAL PROBLEM. To gain an overview of the scope and magnitude of the problem of social, racial and/or ethnic-based discrimination in contemporary Japanese society, this paper looks at the history and current status of three different minority groups in contemporary Japan -- the Burakumin (eta or untouchables), ethnic Koreans, and newly-arrived Asian migrant laborers. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
10257. RAIL TRANSPORTATION POLICY IN JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. Examines the different approaches Japan and the U.S. have followed in shaping transportation policy during the past generation, emphasizing their different approaches to railroad passenger operations. Argues that the Japanese approach has succeeded by focusing comprehensive national planning on practical goals while the American approach has failed because of its emphasis on ideology above outcomes. 20 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
10227. THE JAPANESE CONSTITUTION. A history and analysis of the theories and points behind the 1947 constitution imposed on Japan by the American occupation forces under MacArthur. The reasons for failure of reform movements are noted; and questions of traditionalism and military preparedness are reviewed. 21 pages, 32 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
10117. AN AMERICAN RETREAT FROM FOREIGN BANKING IN JAPAN? Presents evidence of declining American firm hegemony in international banking operations in Japan and then considers some of the reasons behind this trend. Includes a profile of Citibank as an exception to the trend and makes recommendations for changes. 11 pages, 52 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
10058. AMERICAN PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES IN JAPAN. Examines the role of the U.S. pharmaceutical industry in Japan from the early history of the Japanese ethical drug market to present-day participation through direct sales, JVs and subsidiaries. Considers market trends and compares Japanese drug market with other world markets. Argues that American companies should take a more aggressive stance in this market. 15p. 29f. 15.   $105
 
09963. JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES. An overview of Japanese investment in the U.S. over the past decade. Considers Japanese investment by ranking and sector, precipitating factors behind the recent boom in investment, difficulties created in the U.S. market and economy by the investment, and the prospects for future Japanese investment in the U.S. 12 pages, 16 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09962. TRADE ISSUES: JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. A discussion and analysis of the major trade issues in dispute between the U.S. and Japan, including trade tariffs, restrictions on foreign investment, technology transfer, and legal and cultural difficulties encountered by Americans doing business in Japan. 5 pages, 12 foonotes in text, 8 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09937. HOW U.S. COMPANIES CAN PROFIT FROM PACIFIC RIM TRADE WITH JAPAN. Strategies for U.S. participation in the booming Pacific Rim trade market in the 1990s are outlined; branch offices and affiliates, aggressive pay scales, and specialization are suggested. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09930. AMERICAN INVESTMENT BANKING IN JAPAN. An analysis of the role of American investment banking in the Japanese financial markets. Reviews the history of foreign banking in Japan, the process of deregualtion that took place in the 1980s, and the success story of Citibank, the largest foreign bank in Japan. Citibank's growth in foreign exchange, securities, private services and branch banking is noted. 20 pages, 555 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09913. ON THE IMPOSSIBILITY OF TRANSPLANTING JAPANESE MANAGEMENT TO THE UNITED STATES. Argues that American businesses should stop trying to clone Japanese management practices. Presents evidence that such efforts are failing and explores the cultural, economic, and political reasons for the failure. The Japanese business ideology reflects beliefs and values which are antithetical to American culture and therefore unlikely to be embraced to the American worker. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09850. LEADERSHIP AND CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT: THE CONTRAST BETWEEN JAPANESE AND AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Compares and contrasts the two country's public school systems with particular atttention to the contrasting roles played by administrators, principals, teachers, parents, and even students in each system. The Japanese teacher is seen as the lynchpin in the effectiveness of the Japanese system. 16 pages, 46 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
09845. THE TOKYO STOCK EXCHANGE. A comprehensive look at the history, structure and foreign trading activities of the Tokyo Stock Exchange; recent reforms and the introduction of futures and options trading are examined in the world's largest equity market. 15 pages, 27 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
09777. MARXIST ECONOMISTS IN JAPAN. A broad outline of the development of Marxist economic theory in Japan, from the founding of the JCP to the post-war school of theoretical Marxian economics of Itoh, Uno and Okishio. 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
09674. JAPANESE AND AMERICAN MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. See Section 25C.   $70
 
09667. JAPANESE MANAGEMENT RECRUITMENT PRACTICES. Profiles management recruitment practices in Japan, considering their impact on the structure and operations of the organization, and compares such practices with recruitment procedures in the United States. Also considers how the Japanese have adapted these recruitment practices in their U.S. subsidiaries. 5 pages, 14 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09666. MARKETING MEDICAL EQUIPMENT TO JAPAN. Presents a plan for marketing and distributing U.S. manufactured medical equipment to Japan. Focus is on high technology and home monitoring equipment. Analyzes social, cultural, economic and political barriers and benefits to the proposal. Includes 14 statistical charts. 40 pages, 66 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09559. THE APPLICATION OF JAPANESE MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES IN THE US AND UK. Analyzes various attempts to implement Japanese management practices, particularly quality circles and JIT production practices in US and UK corporations. Also investigates a number of companies which have sought to implement the entire system of Japanese management, and the problems they have encountered in doing so. 14 pages, 37 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
09545. THE FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ORDER: THE SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP OF JAPAN AND U.S. Considers America's relative economic decline and rise of Japan in world economic power. Analyzes the implications of the loss of U.S. hegemony and argues that Japan will not take up the leadership role. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
09526. CAR WARS: IS AMERICA LOSING THE BATTLE? A comprehensive comparative analysis of the Japanese and U.S. auto industries, with a focus on Japanese encroachment into the American market. Cultural influences in the Japanese automakers' success are taken into consideration. The success of Honda and the recent response of Ford are presented as examples of the current situation. Concludes with a recommendation for cooperation between the two countries and an end to protectionist policies. 17 pages, 62 footnotes, 53 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
09452. ASIAN BUSINESS IN AMERICA: SUMITOMO BANK OF CALIFORNIA. Drawing upon information gained in an interview with a manager of a Sumitomo bank in San Francisco, as well as background business literature, the analysis examines differences and similarities that exist between American and Asian business cultures. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
09439. "MADE IN JAPAN" BY AKIO MORITA. Review and analysis of Morita's autobiographical book which details the history of SONY Corporation's worldwide expansion, analyzes differences in Japanese and American management practices, considers the role of technology in business development, and analyzes Japan-US trade relations. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $70
 
09237. WOMEN AND WORK IN JAPAN. n investigation of personnel policies in Japan as they apply to women. Following a discussion of the status of women in the Japanese labor force, the analysis traces the underlying factors of personnel structure, legal sanctions, social pressures, and economic forces which keep women in a position of second-class citizenship. Includes Table of Female Workforce Rates by Occupation. 10 pages, 29 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09135. JAPANESE DIRECT INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES. A comprehensive study of Japanese direct investment (over 10; equity) in the U.S. Looks at manufacturing industries, real estate and construction, banking/finance/insurance, and wholesale and retail trade sectors of that investment. The paper concludes that Japanese investment in the U.S. represents a necessary recycling of Japan's trade surplus, financing American consumer and government spending. 30 pages, 46 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09134. ENERGY CONSERVATION: JAPAN VS. THE UNITED STATES. An investigation of the contrasting energy conservation policies in these two industrial nations. Differences in focus on efficiency, alternative energy sources, and environmental awareness is discussed in detail. U.S. policies are seen as short-sighted, narrowly focused on short-term economic goals and political interests, and in conflict with current environmental mandates. 15 pages, 44 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
09061. DO QUALITY CIRCLES WORK IN THE U.S. Traces the development of QCs in the U.S. and compares their structure with those in Japan. identifies and analyzes problem areas for quality circle implementation in U.S. companies. Management style and organizational structure are viewed as major impediments. 20 pages, 41 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09033. JAPANESE LABOR UNIONS. A comparison of Japanese labor unions with their American coutnerparts; examines compnay unions, worker loyalty, and lifetime employment in the two cases. 12 pages, 18 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
09023. THE EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATES ON JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE U.S. Analyzes the reasons behind the growing Japanese investment in the U.S., beginning with the shifting dollar-yen exchange ratio. Antecedent factors within the Japanese economy and reaction within the American system are taken into account. 9 pages, 9 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
09022. JAPAN'S GLOBAL INVESTMENT POSITION. A brief consideration of Japan's investment position within the world economy, including both direct and portfolio investment. Particular attention is devoted to Japanese investment in the U.S. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09020. FUTURE TRENDS IN JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE U.S. A careful analysis of the likely trends in Japanese investment in the U.S. Considers capital movement into the U.S., future portfolio investment, non-treasury bonds, the stock market and direct investment. Concludes that all estimates of Japanese future investment in the U.S. must be regarded as tentative. 14 pages, 15 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
09003. THE SAMURAI. Provides an overview of the history of the Samurai in Japan, including some discussion of their origins and their lifestyle. Consideration is also given to the way in which the Samurai influenced popular culture up to the present times. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
09002. THE GEISHA TRADITION IN JAPAN. Considers the history, origins and functions of the Geisha in Japan from the l8th Century through World War II. 9 pages, 13 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08908. THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE OF JAPAN. An investment profile of the Japanese economy. Profiles the domestic economy the balance of payments position, the composition of international trade, and the extent of foreign investment in Japan. 11 pages, 23 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
08902. JAPAN-U.S. TRADE. A brief profile of the current Japan-U.S. trade balance. Includes a situation analysis, speculations on the causes of the current trade deficits, and a discussion of possible solutions to the trade deficit problem. 9 pages, 10 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08825. JAPAN-U.S. TRADE. Gives an overview of the current status of U.S.-Japanese trade, with particular attention to nontariff barriers and Japanese investment in the U.S. Includes charts. 5p. 14f 12b.   $35
 
08810. WILL JAPAN REARM? Reviews the current Japanese military stance and considers the question of whether or not Japan will reverse the spirit of its 1948 Peace Constitution which forbade the maintenance of military forces. 7p. 14f 8b.   $49
 
08652. INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND FOREIGN INVESTMENT OF JAPAN. A detailed study of Japan's export and import trade, and of foreign investment in and by that country. Analyzes the climate for foreign investment in terms of restrictions and cultural/political conflicts. 15 pages, 22 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
08592. LOVE AND MARRIAGE IN 17TH CENTURY EDO. The moral and social conflicts of men and women in 17th Century Tokyo are looked at in the literature of the period. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08537. THE MODERN CITY OF SEVENTEENTH CENTURY EDO. A look at the culture of 17th century Tokyo as depicted in Shasaku Endo's novel Samurai. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08507. SCENARIO: A JAPANESE MANAGER COMES TO A BRITISH SUBSIDIARY. A hypothetical case report of a Japanese manager who is transferred to his company's British subsidiary and encounters employee resistance and resentment. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08476. A CRITIQUE OF THE CHINESE AND JAPANESE SOCIAL REVOLUTIONS. A critique of Barrington Moore's work which is based on the notion that feudal systems of agriculture and a privileged landed gentry must come into conflict with the political and social needs of modern democratic capitalism. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
08458. NUMMI: THE JAPANIZATION OF AN AMERICAN AUTOMAKER. Investigates and analyzes the components of organizational changes which occurred in the GM Fremont plant with the startup of NUMMI (a Toyota-GM joint venture). Compares and contrasts the two management styles and cultural imperatives found in the company. 13 pages, 23 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
08449. THE JUST-IN-TIME INVENTORY SYSTEM. Explains the rationale behind the steps involved in implementing a Kanban system of inventory control. Considers advantageous and disadvantageous situations for the implementation of this system. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08448. THE JUST-IN-TIME INVENTORY AND PRODUCTION PROCESS. Explains the just-in-time inventory process, a derivative of the Japanese Kanban system, in terms of its implementation, its benefits, and its drawbacks. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
08430. "THROUGH HARSH WINTERS" BY AKEMI KIKUMURA. Review of this biographical study of the author's mother, transcribed from tape recordings and written notes dictated by her mother in old age. 4 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
08429. DEVELOPMENT COMPARISON OF JAPAN AND MALAYSIA. The comparison focuses on how tradition and modernity have interacted to produce two prosperous, but highly diverse example of political and economic development. Philosophical paradigms and ideological spectrums of the two countries are contrasted. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
08428. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS -- THE JAPANESE MARKET. Presents an economic analysis of the Japanese market. Population, GNP, trade balance, employment rates, standards of living, state of technology, market distribution system, and communications systems are all covered in detail. 20 pages, 52 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08427. JAPAN -- A CULTURAL ANALYSIS. A portrait of Japan's homogeneous culture. Geographical setting, relevant history, family structure, sex roles, education, legal structures, political system, religious beliefs, social structures, and leisure activities are discussed in detail. 22 pages, 53 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08426. MITI AND THE JAPANESE ECONOMIC MIRACLE BY CHALMERS JOHNSON. Review of Johnson's work which argues that the Japanese economic miracle is not the product of some peculiar combination of Japanese characteristics and behavior, but of a deliberate development program which has been actively pursued for over a half century. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
08359. EFFECT OF INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE YEN ON THE JAPANESE AND US BALANCES OF PAYMENTS. After isolating and evaluating the consequences of the dollar-yen agreement on the Japanese economy, this investigation analyzes the effects that these deregulation and liberalization measures will exert on the Japanese and the US balance of payments. 20 pages, 17 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08358. KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN -- INTERNATIONAL MARKETING OPPORTUNITY. Analysis of KFC's Japanese marketing strategy, including an analysis of the company's target market, location, product mix, distribution system, and advertising strategy. Also includes an overview of the Japanese consumer market and a market strategy prototype for U.S. companies entering Japan's consumer market. 14 pages, footnotes in text, 17 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
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