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19214 PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AT VITALITY HEALTH ENTERPRISES INC HARVARD BUSINESS BRIEF CASE 913501 SOLUTION. This paper provides a Berkeley Research analysis and case solution to a Harvard Business School human resource management case study (from HBS’ Brief Cases collection) by John B. Bingham and Michael Beer on health and personal care products manufacturer Vitality Health. The case focuses on problems of increased turnover among the company’s top performing employees and related difficulties with the performance management system. New Senior Vice President of HR, James Hoffman must work quickly to address the problem. The case solution includes problem definition, problem analysis, identification and discussion of alternatives, and recommendations. APA Style. 12 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: Performance Management at Vitality Health case solution, employee turnover, talent management, performance management, performance appraisal, employee motivation, Harvard Business case solution


About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $84
19204 SOUTHFIELD PACKAGING HARVARD BUSINESS BRIEF CASE 913562 SOLUTION. This paper provides a Berkeley Research analysis and case solution to a Harvard Business School human resource management case study (from HBS’ Brief Cases collection) by Michael Beer and Alisa Zalosh on Southfield Packaging, a company providing packaging materials and service to medical device manufacturers. The case focuses on the relationship between corporate vice president Mark Sanders and regional manager Frank Belby and issues surrounding performance appraisal. The case solution includes problem definition, problem analysis, discussion of alternatives, and recommendations. APA Style. 11 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: Southfield Packaging case solution, performance management, employee motivation, interpersonal skills, management, developmental appraisal, teams, sales management, Harvard case study solution


About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $77
19202 ARISE: A DESTINATION-FOR-A-DAY SPA HARVARD BUSINESS BRIEF CASE 913521 SOLUTION. This paper provides a Berkeley Research analysis and case solution to a Harvard Business School human resource management case study (from HBS’ Brief Cases collection) by Michael Beer and Lynda St. Clair on Dallas-based health and beauty spa ARISE. The case focuses on the day spa’s difficulties (high employee turnover, scheduling problems, departing employees poaching customers) in implementing a competitive strategy which positions employees to act as “personal wellness coaches” for customers. The case solution includes problem definition, problem analysis, discussion of alternatives, recommendations, and brief implementation plan. APA Style. 12 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: ARISE spa case solution, employee motivation, talent management, strategic human resource management, competitive strategy, team management, customer relations management.


About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $84
19151 SARA TSIEN IVEY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS CASE STUDY SOLUTION. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and alternative case solution to an Ivey human resource management case study on manager Sara Tsien. The case focuses on Tsien’s dilemma concerning a performance assessment of one of her employees who has uncharacteristically failed to meet performance goals and expectations. The case analysis includes problem identification, problem analysis, discussion of alternatives, and recommendations. APA Style. 12 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.

About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.

TAGS: case study solution, human resources management, performance management, employee motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, rewards, performance appraisal.

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5A1 $84
19038 RALEIGH & ROSSE: MEASURES TO MOTIVATE EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE HARVARD BUSINESS BRIEF CASE 4355. This paper provides a Berkeley Research analysis and case solution to a Harvard Business human resource management case study by Robert L. Simons and Michael Mahoney on luxury goods retailer Raleigh & Rosse. The case focuses on the company’s famous performance measurement system which is a primary motivating factor behind an employee lawsuit charges that Raleigh & Rosse encourage employees to work off the clock. The case analysis includes problem identification, problem analysis, identification and assessment of alternatives, and recommendations. APA Style. 12 pages, 6 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 3,566 words.

TAGS: case solution, Raleigh & Rosse case study, compensation, performance measurement, employee disputes, employee lawsuits, motivation, organizational culture, sales compensation


About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $84
19033 WRAPITUP: DEVELOPING A NEW COMPENSATION PLAN HARVARD BUSINESS PUBLISHING BRIEF CASE 4362. This paper provides a Berkeley Research analysis and case solution to a Harvard Business service management case study by W. Earl Sasser and Rachel Shelton on a California-based restaurant chain offering made-to-order sandwich wraps using fresh, healthy ingredients. The case focuses on problems of high employee turnover and flat sales and the plans by a new human resources leader to implement a new compensation program linking performance to profits. The case analysis includes problem identification, problem analysis, identification and assessment of alternatives, and recommendations with brief implementation plan. APA Style. 12 pages, 16 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 3,520 words.

TAGS: case solution, WrapitUp case study, compensation management, employee empowerment, turnover, incentives, motivation, hrm


About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $84
19011 NORDSTROM: DISSENSION IN THE RANKS? (A) HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL CASE STUDY 191002 SOLUTION. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and alternative case solution to a Harvard Business School human resources management case study (#191002) by Simons and Weston on leading specialty clothing retailer, Nordstrom. The time setting for the case is late 1989 and early 1990. The case focuses on union, employee, and state and federal labor regulator claims of Nordstrom’s unfair and/or illegal labor practices related to its sales per hour compensation management/commission system for its retail sales associates. The paper includes background situation analysis, problem identification, detailed problem analysis, identification and discussion of alternatives, and recommendations with an outline of an implementation plan. APA Style. 12 pages, 12 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.

About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.

TAGS: Nordstrom term paper, essay research paper on Nordstrom employee dispute, compensation management, commission sales, pay-for-performance, retail sales clerks, Nordstrom.

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18975 MASLOW’S HUMANISTIC THEORY OF PERSONALITY. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the humanistic theory of personality as developed by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. The analysis considers concepts related to motivation, self-actualization, and hierarchy of needs. Concludes with a personal perspective that favorably apprises the theory, considering its application for self-improvement and self-actualization. TAGS: Maslow, Rogers, personality theory, humanistic theory, self-actualization, hierarchy of needs, ideal self, organismic experiencing. APA Style. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,701 words. 20B $49
18913 CHARLES SCHWAB TALK TO CHUCK ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN HARVARD BUSINESS CASE 9507005 ANSWER: TTC BUDGET REQUEST. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case study analysis and case answer to a question concerning a Harvard Business School marketing case study by John A. Quelch and Laura Winig on Schwab’s 2005-2006 Talk to Chuck advertising campaign. The focus of the case study is on management’s evaluation of the campaign. This paper provides an answer to the question: Would you support Becky’s TTC budget request for 2006? APA Style. 3 pages, 2 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 910 words.

TAGS: case study solution, case study answer, marketing strategy, advertising campaign, stock brokerage, Chuck Schwab, campaign motivation, branding, positioning, customer relations, test market, ad strategy, ad budget.

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18912 CHARLES SCHWAB TALK TO CHUCK ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN HARVARD BUSINESS CASE 9507005 ANSWER: EFFECTIVENESS OF TEST MARKET. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case study analysis and case answer to a question concerning a Harvard Business School marketing case study by John A. Quelch and Laura Winig on Schwab’s 2005-2006 Talk to Chuck advertising campaign. The focus of the case study is on management’s evaluation of the campaign. This paper provides an answer to the question, How effective was the TTC test market? Evaluate the results. APA Style. 3 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 930 words.

TAGS: case study solution, case study answer, marketing strategy, advertising campaign, stock brokerage, Chuck Schwab, campaign motivation, branding, positioning, customer relations, test market, ad strategy.

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5B $21
18911 CHARLES SCHWAB TALK TO CHUCK ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN HARVARD BUSINESS CASE 9507005 ANSWER: CAMPAIGN STRATEGY. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case study analysis and case answer to a question concerning a Harvard Business School marketing case study by John A. Quelch and Laura Winig on Schwab’s 2005-2006 Talk to Chuck advertising campaign. The focus of the case study is on management’s evaluation of the campaign. This paper provides an answer to the question, How would you evaluate the strategy behind the Talk to Chuck (TTC) campaign? APA Style. 3 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 851 words.

TAGS: case study solution, case study answer, marketing strategy, advertising campaign, stock brokerage, Chuck Schwab, campaign motivation, branding, positioning, customer relations, ad strategy.

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18910 CHARLES SCHWAB “TALK TO CHUCK” ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN HARVARD BUSINESS CASE 9507005 ANSWER: CAMPAIGN MOTIVATION. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case study analysis and case answer to a question concerning a Harvard Business School marketing case study by John A. Quelch and Laura Winig on Schwab’s 2005-2006 “Talk to Chuck” advertising campaign. The focus of the case study is on management’s evaluation of the campaign. This paper provides an answer to the question, What circumstances motivated the development of the “Talk to Chuck” (TTC) campaign? APA Style. 3 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 848 words.

TAGS: case study solution, case study answer, marketing strategy, advertising campaign, online trading, discount broker, stock brokerage, Chuck Schwab, campaign motivation, branding, positioning, customer relations.

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5B $21
18688 HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION. This paper discusses the importance of employee motivation in healthcare management in terms of productivity, work quality and staff retention. As seen in the literature, money is not necessarily the best motivator. Rather, healthcare managers should: provide opportunities for professional development, empower employees, hire the right people in the first place, make effective use of communications, and utilize an individualized approach. Healthcare managers should also seek to combine the elements of transformational leadership and transactional leadership. KEYWORDS: leadership healthcare management employee motivation healthcare organizations intrinsic extrinsic motivators monetary non-monetary. APA Style. 11 pages, 38 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 2,318 words. 5A1 $77
18578 RL WOLFE: IMPLEMENTING SELF-DIRECTED TEAMS HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL CASE STUDY 4063. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and case solution to an organizational behavior and leadership Harvard Business School case study by David A. Garvin and Elizabeth Collins on implementing self-directed teams at plastic pipe manufacturer RL Wolfe. The case examines the implementation and results of implementing self-directed teams at one plant of this otherwise rigidly hierarchical and unionized manufacturer. The paper includes problem statement, problem analysis, discussion and assessment of alternatives, recommendations, and implementation plan. TAGS: berkeley research harvard business school case solution case study self-directed teams SDT implementing change managing teams high performance workforce employee empowerment motivation designing teams productivity manufacturing. APA Style. 12 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 3,870 words.
About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $84
18563 EMPLOYEE INCENTIVES IN OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the controversy over the use of incentives in operations management, exploring the arguments for and against the use of incentives. Incentives are defined and their basis in organizational theory discussed. The literature on incentives to encourage performance, incentives to promote team building, and incentives to improve the firm’s operations is reviewed. Concludes although some writers have argued against the use of incentives, a carefully designed and implemented incentive program can be effective in meeting the objectives of organizations and employees alike. The use of an evaluation plan is recommended. KEYWORDS: employee incentives work incentive motivation team building operational performance. Turabian with endnotes. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 3,120 words. 5A1 $84
18548 REWARDS IN THE WORKPLACE. This paper examines the research evidence on the variables that influence employee behavior, performance and motivation. It is found that a flexible approach is needed in motivating employees because individuals are driven by different needs and ambitions. For example, one theory holds that employees focus on priorities that are related to “eight career anchors.” The paper also argues in favor of the use of an informal approach to rewards, as a supplement to traditional monetary incentives. KEYWORDS: employees motivation incentives rewards career management. APA Style. 9 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,952 words. 5A1 $63
18499 ENGSTROM AUTO MIRROR PLANT: MOTIVATING IN GOOD TIMES AND BAD HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL CASE STUDY 2175. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and case solution to a human resources management (HRM) and strategic management Harvard case study by Michael Beer and Elizabeth L. Collins concerning productivity problems and the potential merits of re-implementing a Scanlon Plan (company-wide employee incentive program) at a small automotive supplier. The paper includes problem identification, problem analysis, identification and assessment of alternative solutions, recommendations, and implementation plan. KEYWORDS: case study case solution engstrom human resources management hrm productivity management employee incentives work motivation Scanlon plan quality control employee morale organizational behavior assembly lines leadership. APA Style. 11 pages, 7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 3,049 words.
About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $77
18476 SAXONVILLE SAUSAGE HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL CASE STUDY 2085. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and case solution to a marketing Harvard Business School case study by Kate Moore concerning financially troubled pork sausage manufacturer Saxonville Sausage. The case focuses on the efforts by recently hired marketing director Ann Banks to expand a popular Italian sausage brand (Vivio). The case analysis includes problem definition/statement, problem analysis, discussion and evaluation of alternatives, recommendations and implementation plan. KEYWOREDS marketing case study harvard case study solution Berkeley Research consumer behavior product positioning product differentiation focus groups consumer motivations. APA Style. 12 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 5B $84
18461 STONE FINCH INC: YOUNG DIVISION OLD DIVISION HARVARD BUSINESS CASE STUDY 3214. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and case study solution to a recent popular organizational behavior and leadership Harvard Business School case study by Richard G. Hamermesh and Elizabeth Collins concerning innovation strategy, organizational behavior and human resources management at manufacturer Stone Finch. The case study focuses on the problems in introducing innovation strategies into an older manufacturing organization, looking at cultural differences between the older “cash cow” divisions and the newer innovative divisions, and closely examining the differential impact of resource allocations and inequitable rewards systems on employee motivation, turnover, and culture. The paper includes background analysis, problem statement/definition, problem analysis, assessment of alternatives, and recommendations. KEYWORDS: stone finch case studies manufacturing employee motivation pay for performance organizational behavior leadership Berkeley Research. APA Style. 12 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 3,205 words.
About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
5A1 $84
18400 ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION: LEADERSHIP, CULTURE & CLIMATE. This paper consider some of the key factors influencing organizational communication. Following a discussion of the influence of organizational culture and organizational climate on organizational communications, the analysis consider the critical role of the organizational leader in shaping organizational communications. Concludes that leaders have the capacity to use communications in a way which improves organizational effectiveness by increasing worker satisfaction, productivity, motivation, and even innovation. KEYWORDS: organizational communications motivating language theory leadership organizational culture organizational climate. APA Style. 6 pages, 16 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,485 words. 5A $42
18317 INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODELS. This paper describes and compares three instructional design models: the constructivist model, the elaboration model, and the ARCS model (“ARCS” refers to strategies for increasing Attention, Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction). It is argued that all three models have advantages, but the paper’s author (using a first-person point of view) chooses the ARCS model as the most suitable one for designing classroom instruction because it is easy to use, emphasizes motivation, and is concerned with encouraging lifelong learning. KEYWORDS: education teaching strategies instruction models. APA Style. 6 pages, 10 footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources. 8A $42
18292 LEADING CHANGE AT SIMMONS (A) HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL CASE STUDY 406046. This paper provides a Berkeley Research case analysis and case solution to a Harvard Business School case study by Casciaro, Edmonsdson, McManus and Roloff on organizational change at mattress maker Simmons. The case focuses on CEO Charlie Eitel’s efforts to lead the change program and to motivate employees. The paper includes problem statement, problem analysis with SWOT, identification and assessment of alternatives, recommendations and implementation plan. KEYWORDS: case studies case solution simmons mattress case organizational change management employee empowerment training motivation team building team leadership ceo leadership change management. APA Style. 12 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 3,301 words. 5A1 $84
18269 CIRQUE DU SOLEIL HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL CASE STUDY 9-403-006. This paper provides a case analysis and case solution to a popular Harvard business human resource management (HRM) case study by Thomas J. Delong and Vineeta Vijayaraghavan concerning employee relations and HRM at Cirque du Soleil. Includes problem identification, problem analysis, identification and assessment of alternative solutions, and recommendations. APA Style. 11 pages, 10 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 2,853 words.

TAGS: cirque du soleil, case study case solution human resources management hrm personnel management service management employees customer satisfaction employee motivation job satisfaction recreation entertainment, circus tours

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18203 SUICIDE TERRORISM. This paper provides an overview and analysis of suicide terrorism. Following a discussion of the definition of suicide terrorism, the paper traces the history of suicide terrorism from ancient times through the development of modern suicide terrorism in the latter 20th century. Focusing primarily on modern suicide terrorism, the paper then discusses the main features and characteristics of suicide terrorism and suicide terrorists (individuals and organizations). Another section examines some of the major theories or explanations of suicide terrorism, considering the influence of individual, social, and organizational motives and factors. The concluding section briefly considers steps that might be taken to slow or stop the continued expansion of suicide terrorism. TAGS: suicide terrorism suicide bombers terrorist motivations theories terrorism middle east islamic terrorist organizations. APA Style. 20 pages, 165 footnotes, 50 bibliographic sources. 6,650 words.
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19A $133
18119 BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM. This paper uses classroom observations in order to discuss the use of reinforcements in early education, with an emphasis on the approaches known as Applied Behavior Management and Cognitive Behavior Modification. The paper also discusses the criticisms of the behavioral approach, as well as some of the existing alternatives (cognitive learning, the social-cognitive approach, and the humanistic approach). It is concluded that the humanistic approach is the best alternative, because it increases self-concept and intrinsic motivation, and it is focused on the needs of individual students. KEYWORDS: education teaching behaviorism cognitive humanistic. APA Style. 7 pages, 17 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,603 words. 8A $49
18101 PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN SCHOOLS. This paper discusses the importance of parental involvement in the motivation of students and the role of the principal in maximizing this involvement. The effort includes outreach programs, school/home communications, and the provision of guidelines for parents to help their children improve academically. Some tips are also provided for how principals can effectively handle meetings with angry or frustrated parents. KEYWORDS: education principals parents home school communications. MLA Style. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 1,314 words. 8A $35
18001 EXTRINSIC EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION. This paper addresses the use of extrinsic rewards (bonus pay, benefits, etc.) for the purpose of motivating employees to improve the quality of their performance. The controversy over the impact of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation is also addressed. It is argued that extrinsic rewards can be used effectively, without undermining intrinsic sources of motivation. Turabian Style With Endnotes. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1794 words.

TAGS: rewards, employee motivation intrinsic extrinsic, pay for performance, compensation management.

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5A1 $49
17716 THE BENEFITS OF HOMEWORK. This paper provides a brief review of the literature on the benefits of homework for K-12 students. The historical attitudes toward homework are reviewed and the arguments for and against homework are discussed. The literature indicates that homework completion is positively associated with academic performance and student achievement motivation. Parental involvement is found to be an important factor in increasing the beneficial impact of homework on students, especially at the lower grade levels. KEYWORDS: homework academic achievement learning motivation parental involvement. APA Style. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 1714 words. 8A $49
17472 U.S.-RUSSIAN RELATIONS IN THE POST COLD WAR ERA. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the United States’ relations with Russia in the post-Cold War era. U.S.-Russian relations are traced from the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union and the final years of the George H.W. Bush administration through the present-day and the administration of George W. Bush. The analysis considers both the motivations for cooperation and the potential for confrontation in the relationship, as well as the impact of Russia’s overall economic and social deterioration on relations between the two countries. KEYWORDS: foreign policy Russia post cold war us Russian relations bush putin gorbachev yeltsin Clinton. APA Style. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources. 3,642 words. 19A $84
17435 A NEW COMPENSATION PLAN FOR BEST BUY CO., INC. This paper presents a proposal and outline for a new compensation plan at Best Buy Company, Inc., America’s leading consumer electronics retailer. Best Buy has recently revised its overall strategic plan and the proposed new compensation plan is intended to better align compensation strategy with business strategy at the company. The paper begins with a description and overview of Best Buy, including a discussion of its current business strategy. The next section draws on publically available information to provide an overview of Best Buy’s current compensation plan and comparable plans at other consumer electronics retailers. The remaining sections present the outline of a new compensation plan for the company. The compensation design plan addresses the rationale for the new plan, the compensation philosophy, the program components (including base pay systems, rewards/benefits systems, system administration), and potential obstacles to plan implementation. KEYWORDS: compensation systems specialty electronics retailer sales representatives commissions. 3 pages, 35 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources. 3,124 words.

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17418 LEARNED HELPLESSNESS: PROBLEM, THEORY & INTERVENTION. This paper examines the phenomenon of learned helplessness, an orientation in the learner leading to both motivational and cognitive disturbances (and related deficits in performance). The academic literature on learned helplessness in both children and adults is reviewed. Drawing primarily on Seligman’s reformulated theory of learned helplessness, but also considering Dweck’s self-theories, the paper describes the problem of learned helplessness and examines its underlying mechanisms. Cognitive intervention strategies to address the problem consistent with Seligman’s and Dweck’s models are presented and discussed. A plan to evaluate the impact of these strategies, and a discussion of why learning may have failed to occur is also presented. KEYWORDS: learning theory motivation failure identity attributional retraining social cognitive theory. 20 pages, 134 footnotes, 46 bibliographic references. 4,698 words. 20F $133
17409 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the impact and role of information technology on contemporary organizational communications. The focus of the analysis is on the role and impact of various integrated information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as email, video conferencing, groupware, instant messaging, and others on organizational communications and broader organizational relations. The investigation considers both the positive (e.g., productivity, efficiency, quality, and innovative-enhancing) and negative (e.g., liability issues, impact on motivation and creativity, time-wasting, etc.) impact of ICTs on organizations and organizational communications. The managerial communications implications of organizations’ adoption of ICTs are considered and discussed with recommendations for future practice. KEYWORDS: information technology organizational communications email groupware awareness monitoring instant messaging employee privacy employer liability. 18 pages, 47 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources. 4,289 words. 5A $126
17408 NORTHERN DISSENT IN THE CIVIL WAR: THE CASE OF THE “COPPERHEADS”. Drawing on both primary and secondary sources, this paper provides an overview and an analysis of the Copperhead movement during the Civil War era. The emergence of the movement is traced and the principal socioeconomic groups involved in the movement identified. The major leaders in the movement are identified and discussed, although the focus of the analysis is on the Copperhead movement in general rather than individuals. The analysis considers the reasons behind the emergence of the movement and looks into the motivations of the Copperheads as the Civil War progressed. The analysis profiles the main objectives, positions and activities of the Copperheads and evaluates the Republican response to the Copperheads. The concluding section looks at the fate of the Copperheads in the aftermath of the war and assesses the legacy of the Copperheads as traitors or dissenters. The starting point for the analysis is the revisionist historian’s rejection of the traditional view of Copperhead as southern sympathizer and traitor and the redefinition of Copperhead as northern Democratic dissenter. KEYWORDS: US civil war dissent copperheads peace democrats northern dissenters. 25 pages, 69 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources (including 8 primary sources). 7,553 words. 10A $133
17406 THE TEXAS RANGERS IN THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the role of the Texas Rangers in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Drawing on a wide range of primary (memoirs, letters, journalistic reports) and secondary sources, the motivations and activities of the Texas Rangers during the war are described and explained. The relations between the Rangers and the regular Army, state volunteers, and the Mexican enemy are explored. The Rangers’ contributions to the war effort are described and assessed. The analysis also takes a critical look at the widely accepted image of the Rangers as honorable citizen soldiers and unbiased dispensers of even-handed justice. Related to this is an exploration of the Rangers’ role in committing atrocities. The concluding section makes an appraisal of the Rangers’ overall role in the war and considers the merits of the legend of the Texas Rangers. KEYWORDS: Texans rangers Mexicans Texas Rangers war. 24 pages, 46 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources. 10A $133
17371 CASE STUDY: A PROBLEM OF MOTIVATION. This paper provides an analysis and a solution to a case study concerning the declining productivity and level of work motivation in a worker hired to work at the Child Welfare Department through the federal government’s Work Incentive (WIN) program. The analysis includes problem diagnosis, identification and evaluation of four potential alternative solutions, and recommendations with plans for implementation. KEYWORDS: worker motivation welfare to work win program work incentives job training case solution. APA Style. 7 pages, 5 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 1,713 words. 5A1 $49
17325 AN INTERVIEW ON MOTIVATION. This paper discusses the findings from a 50 minute interview regarding a particular person’s motivation. The subject for the interview was a forty-three-year old man named Danny. The questions for the interview were designed to uncover (without being too intrusive) the physiological and psychological factors that influence Danny’s sense of motivation. The analysis includes a summary of the subject’s current motivational state and recommendations on life changes. The interview questions and an edited summary of the subject’s responses are included. KEYWORDS: individual motivation motivational theory interview. 10 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 2,674 words. 20G $70
17319 MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY. This paper provides an overview and analysis of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and its applicability to business organizations. The paper first introduces the components and assumptions of Maslow’s theory, and briefly refers to some of the general research findings pertaining to its applicability. Then, five specific journal articles relating to the theory are described and analyzed. Emphasis is placed on how each article contributes to an understanding of the theory’s applicability in terms of motivating customers and/or employees. The final section of the paper offers practical suggestions for implementing the theory in organizational settings. KEYWORDS: motivation needs theory Maslow human resources management. 17 pages, 44 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 3,911 words. 5A1 $119
17266 LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK. This brief essay addresses three different topics: 1) Compares charismatic and participative leadership, focusing on the significant differences between these two leadership styles. Notes that while participative leadership by definition involves power sharing and team work, the charismatic leader inspires and attracts subordinate followers. 2) Considers how an instructor might use negative reinforcement to motivate a student’s behavior; and 3) Addresses the question of “If people really live by the WIIFM (what’s in it for me?) principle, how can a leader still achieve teamwork?” KEYWORDS: leadership motivation teamwork organizational psychology 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 1,618 words. 5A $49
17217 NORTHERN DISSENT IN THE CIVIL WAR: THE CASE OF THE COPPERHEADS. Drawing on both primary and secondary sources, this paper provides an overview and analysis of the Copperhead (Northerners who opposed Lincoln and the war) movement during the Civil War era. The Copperhead term is defined and changes made to the definition by revisionist historians discussed. The emergence of the movement is traced and the principal socioeconomic groups involved in the movement identified. Although the major leaders in the movement are identified and discussed, the focus of the analysis is on the Copperhead movement in general rather than the Copperheads in particular. The paper identifies the reasons behind the emergence of the movement and looks into the motivations of the Copperheads as the Civil War progressed. Profiles the main objectives, positions and activities of the Copperheads and evaluates the Republican (Lincoln Administration) response to the Copperheads. The concluding section looks at the fate of the Copperheads in the aftermath of the war and assesses the legacy of the Copperheads as traitors or dissenters. Keywords: Civil War traitors Northern dissent Lincoln Union Confederacy secessionist Copperheads. 34 pages; 69 footnotes; 29 bibliographic sources. 7,553 words. 10B $133
17129 COMPARING TWO CRIMINOLOGY THEORIES: SOCIAL BOND THEORY VERSUS SELF-CONTROL THEORY. This paper compares and contrasts two different theories of criminality: Hirschi’s Social Bond theory and Gottfredson & Hirschi’s subsequently developed Self Control theory. Each theory falls generally with the category of criminological control theories, but they differ on where they place the bulk of the responsibility for criminal motivation (social bond focuses on society and social relations, while self-control theory places the causes of crime within the individual criminal). TAGS: criminological theory crime causation tavis hirschi social bond social control theories juvenile delinquency theory delinquents criminals. APA Style. 8 pages; 13 footnotes; 4 bibliographic sources. 1,864 words.
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6B $63
17101 GENDER AND ACHIEVEMENT IN THE ELEMENTARY CLASSROOM. This paper reviews the current academic literature on the relationship between gender and achievement in the elementary classroom. The gender/achievement relationship is considered within the framework of the debate on gender equity in education and the broader perspective of gender disparities in academic achievement across the educational continuum. Focusing on girls and boys at the elementary (K-6) grade level, the analysis examines the literature investigating the varying impact of society, parents, teachers, peers and individual motivation on boys' and girls' academic achievement. KEYWORDS: gender differences education elementary gender academic achievement girls boys. Written in 2002. APA Style. 37 pages; 193 footnotes; 65 bibliographic sources. 10,572 words. 8A $133
17002 THE SOURCES OF LEADERSHIP POWER. This paper examines the sources of power among organizational leaders and considers how that power can be used to motivate employees, and the different styles that leaders can adopt. Keywords: leaders power employee motivation. 6 pages; 28 footnotes; 4 bibliographic sources. 5A1 $42
15975 HOW STUDENTS ARE MOTIVATED TO STUDY. This paper compares the behavioral and cognitive viewpoints on student motivation. Argues that while both perspectives have value, the cognitive approach provides a better explanation of student motivation. 8 pages; 24 footnotes; 8 bibliographic sources. 1,952 words. 8A $56
15940 MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS & EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION. This paper describes Maslow’s theory and the ways that it can be used to motivate workers in different circumstances. Although the theory has its limitations, it is a useful tool for managers. Some suggestions (make by other theorists) for making efficient use of Maslow’s hierarchy are included. 10 pages; 33 footnotes; 9 bibliographic sources. 2,746 words. 5A1 $70
15808 THE NORDSTROM COMPANY. Using the book, THE NORDSTROM WAY (Spector & McCarthy), this paper compares the company's marketing strategies with the veiws on retailing continued in Walker, Etzel & Stanton's MARKETING text. Nordstrom's strategies are similar to those described in the MARKETING book, but there are certain important variations as well. Nordstrom empowers individual salespersons as a means for attaining a higher level of customer satisfaction. KEYWORDS: company profiles nordstrom marketing strategy employee empowerment, employee motivation, compensation sales. 9 pages; 26 footnotes; 2 bibliographic sources. 2,026 words.

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15748 THE HUDDLED MASSES (ALAN M. KRAUT). Kraut's book provides a great deal of information on immigration to America in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. This paper examines what Kraut says in regard to the motivations and experiences of European, Asian and Hispanic immigrants during the period. 8 pages, 29 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 10B $56
15703 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (HRM) AND INTERNAL MARKETING. This paper considers how companies can use HRM to best effect in an innovative way to maximize internal marketing to their employees. The analysis begins with a definition and overview of the internal marketing concept, including a discussion and analysis of the major approaches used in internal marketing. The functions, strategies, and tactics of internal marketing are considered from both a marketing and an HRM perspective. Following this, the literature on the HRM/marketing interface is reviewed and analyzed in an effort to identify the appropriate role for HRM. It will be argued that HRM strategies and activities focused on employee knowledge building and organizational learning, along with employee empowerment, will be most effective in maximizing organizational internal marketing efforts. KEYWORDS: internal marketing employee motivation organizational commitment hrm techniques. APA Style. 21 pages, 56 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources. 5,413 words. 5A1 $133
15695 EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION & ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT IN TODAY'S ORGANIZATIONS. This paper reviews the current business theory literature on employee motivation, employee job satisfaction empowerment/ participation, and organizational commitment from the perspective of the revolution in the employment relations compact and consider the implications for organizational effectiveness. The analysis begins with an overview of the recent transformation in the employer/employee relationship and the character of work motivation in the context of a globalizing economy and highly competitive environment. The investigation then reviews the current literature on employee motivation, job satisfaction, job involvement, organizational commitment, and employee empowerment in an effort to determine the major personal and situational factors most important to motivating workers in the current environment. A concluding section considers the implications of these findings for organizations and their leaders. KEYWORDS: organizational development employee motivation commitment job satisfaction empowerment. 31 pages, 140 footnotes, 48 bibliographic sources. 8,209 words. 5A1 $133
15690 CHINA AND INDIA FACE THE CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION. Focusing on the past seven years (1993-2001), this paper compares and contrasts China's and India's main economic strengths and weaknesses, progress in economic reform, and problems and challenges of globalization each country faces in their drive to become modern, high performing members of the global economy. Compares the two countries in the context of the history of their economic reform programs, motivation for embarking on reform, ideology of reform, structure of reform, and overall results of reform. Concludes that China has thus far been more successful at reform and at integrating with the global economy, but cautions that China still faces the most difficult phase of its reform. TAGS: China India economic reform globalization chinese indian economy global integration international political economy. 17 pages, 41 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.
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15680 ITALIAN COLONIALISM IN ALBANIA. This paper provides an overview and analysis of Italian colonial interests and activities in Albania. The analysis traces the history of Italian interests in Albania and examines the motivations behind Italy's interests, focusing in particular on strategic motivations and the impact of Italian-Albanian relations on Italy's relations with its European neighbors and on Italy's overall position in the world community. KEYWORDS: albanian history italian colonialism albania italy. 19 pages, 37 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 5,145 words. 10F $133
15670 CROSS CULTURAL HRM: EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT IN THE U.S., MEXICO AND JAPAN. This paper looks at implementing one particular category of HRM practice and policy (employee empowerment) across three different national cultures: American, Japanese, and Mexican. The analysis examines how the American conception of empowerment as an HRM practice for competitive advantage "translates" across two other national cultures (Japanese, Mexican) and work environments. The analysis begins with a brief outline of measures of cultural differences used in this assessment and an identification of how each country fits along each dimension. Following this, empowerment is defined within its American conceptualization and practice. The next two sections examine empowerment in the context of Japanese and Mexican work settings. KEYWORDS: employee motivation empowerment employees culture motivation japanese mexican american workers. 12 pages, 24 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources. 2,981 words. 5A1 $84
15600 THE ROLE OF HRM IN DOWNSIZING. It is important for managers to deal with the problems faced by both those who are laid off and those who are retained as a result of corporate downsizing. This paper argues that managers need to take proactive steps in order to insure continued motivation and productivity during such times. 13 pages, 37 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 5A $91
15575 THE ROLE OF HUMAN MOTIVATION IN ECONOMICS. This paper examines the views of three economic theorists, as well as the plausibility of their respective views. Adam Smith saw self-interest as a positive force; Karl Marx claimed that the selfish motives of capitalists result in the exploitation of workers; and the feminist Charlotte Perkins Gillman emphasized the idea that women are exploited by marriage relationships. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 7D $49
15574 THE ROLE OF HUMAN MOTIVATION IN ECONOMICS. This paper examines the views of three economic theorists, as well as the plausibility of their respective views. Adam Smith saw self-interest as a positive force; Karl Marx claimed that the selfish motives of capitalists result in the exploitation of workers; and the feminist Charlotte Perkins Gillman emphasized the idea that women are exploited by marriage relationships. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 7D $70
15531 SCHINDLER'S LIST (THOMAS KENEALLY). Discussion of the book about the German businessman whose actions helped rescue Jews from the Nazi Holocaust of World War II. Examines how the book covers Schindler's role and motivations, and argues that the book is made more readable by its combining of fictional elements with historical facts. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 10F $42
15496 BIN LADEN AND THE AL QAEDA TERRORIST NETWORK. A profile of the terrorist group believed to be responsible for the September 11th attacks. The analysis includes a review of the history of Al Qaeda and its leader, including an exploration of the group's origins, general motivations, organization/strength and previous actions against the U.S. and U.S. interests abroad. The analysis considers the evidence linking Al Qaeda to the September 11th attacks and examines the organization's purposes in making the attack. Finally, the analysis examines how the U.S. has responded to-date by the threat posed by Al Qaeda. The concluding section makes suggestions about strategies that might be useful in fighting this organization. KEYWORDS: osama bin laden terrorists al qaeda al qaida terrorism terrorist cells networks. 14 pages, 42 footnotes, 31 bibliographic references. 4,114 words. 19A $98
15464 JACK RUBY: CONSPIRATOR IN THE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION. This term paper provides an overview and analysis of Jack Ruby's personal and criminal background, and considers his associations with mobsters and law enforcement officials. The essay considers Ruby's motivations for killing Oswald and examines theorists' view of Ruby's potential role as a co-conspirator. The term paper concludes that Ruby was not part of a larger conspiracy and finds that Ruby's motivations for killing Oswald were linked with his emotional instability. KEYWORDS: jfk president kennedy assassination jack ruby conspiracy lee harvey oswald term paper. APA Style. 16 pages, 35 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 6B $112
15442 BILINGUAL CODE SWITCHING. This paper provides an overview and analysis of bilingual code switching. Following a brief definition of code switching and a discussion of its major variants, the analysis considers the phenomenon of bilingual code switching from both a grammatical/syntactic perspective and a discourse/pragmatic perspective. In terms of the grammatical/syntactic perspective, the analysis will examine where in a discourse code switching is most likely to occur and look at the theoretical literature which examines how bilinguals are able to code switch. In terms of the discourse/pragmatic perspective, the analysis focuses on social and linguistic motivations for code-switching and i.e. why does code-switching occur under what context does it occur? KEYWORDS: linguistics term paper bilingualism bilinguals code-switching dual language use. APA Style. 10 pages, 36 footnotes, 11 bibiliographic references. 11 $70
15225 THE WRITING PROCESS MOVEMENT. In contrast to the "product" approach to teaching composition, with its emphasis on the correct use of grammar and standard English, the "process" approach emphasizes learning the steps in the writing process, and encouraging students to express their own stories in their own voice. It is argued that this approach increases student motivation, thereby making it easier for the rules of grammar to be learned over the course of time. 11 pages, 35 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references. 8A $77
15224 MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS IN ADVERTISING. This paper describes Maslow's theory and discusses how advertisers apply it to the motivation of consumers. In addition, the use of the theory in market segmentation is discussed, as well as the view that "fun" (not explicitly addressed by Maslow) is also an important consumer motivator. 13 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references. 5B $91
15067 FRENCH FOREIGN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST. Presents an overview an analysis of French foreign policy in the Middle East, focusing on policy since World War II. Traces the changes in the French position on the Arab/Israeli conflict, noting the shift in policy under de Gaulle, moderation among his predecessors, and then the re-emergence of a strong pro-Arab, anti-Israeli policy under Chirac. Considers French motivations behind the policy shifts. KEYWORDS: France Middle East French policy arab-israeli conflict term papers. APA Style. 13 pages, 41 footnotes, 19 bibliographic references. 4,637 words. 10F $91
14802 . “A CIVIL ACTION”: TOXIC WASTE TORTS AND THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM. This paper considers various aspects of the American legal system – and in particular, the tort system – in the context of director Steven Zaillan’s film adaptation of Jonathan Harr’s (1996) book, A Civil Action. Among the issues considered and discussed are the purpose of the adversary system, the process of discovery, the courtroom behavior of lawyers, the character and motivations of attorney Jan Schlichtmann, the terms of the settlement, and whether only the government can take on big business in court. KEYWORDS: civil action film toxic waste torts adversary system. 8 pages, 2 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 1,886 words. 6A $56
14234 PEOPLE’S TRUST COMPANY CASE STUDY. This paper presents an analysis and case solution to an organizational change and human resources management case study of a trust company (People's Trust) in the 1980s. After a shift in organizational strategy and a change in CEO, there is now a growing schism between the new employees and the older, more established employees in terms of job goals, education, motivation, supervisory capacity and general usefulness to the company. Includes a problem analysis, discussion of alternatives, and recommendations. KEYWORDS: case studies HRM strategy organizational conflict case study personnel management corporate culture case solution. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. 964 words. 5A1, 5D, 5A 5A1 $28
14040 A ROSE FOR EMILY (FAULKNER). Analyzes the short story and argues that Emily kills her lover and sleeps with his corpse because she wanted to “stop time.” Various “clues” in the text to support this thesis are considered, as well as other theories regarding Emily’s motivations. Includes an annotated bibliography. 7 pages, 24 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references. 14B $49
14019 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. This paper is concerned with the importance of recruiting and retaining quality people in a successful construction business. Various concepts are covered, including empowerment, motivation, recognition, rewards, and teamwork. In addition, specific examples are given to show how successful construction companies have made use of the principles of HR management. KEYWORDS: construction business hrm recruitment training employee motivation rewards teamwork. 11 pages, 40 footnotes, 11 bibliographic references. 5A1 $77
14004 WHY AMERICANS VOTE AND HOW PARTICIPATION CAN BE INCREASED. Various factors that cause people to either vote or not vote are discussed, including individual motivations and institutional structures. Recommendations for increasing participation include making voting less complicated and more accessible, and rallying voters through organizational activities, education and the media. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references. 19B $49
13995 THE MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS. The pros and cons of the traditional approach based on reinforcement theory are discussed. In addition, various modern approaches are described, including the use of attention-getting techniques, modeling enthusiasm, cooperative learning, challenging students with high expectations, and using computers to increase motivation. KEYWORDS: motivation education motivating students theory. 18 pages, 58 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references. 8A $126
13840 THE PSYCHOLOGY OF WORK AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE. Examines the psychology of workplace performance in terms of the basic behavioral needs for motivation, performance, ingenuity and initiative within the organization. Takes the perspective of an Occupational Safety and Health Consultant, adapting principles of industrial psychology to making the organization a safer, more satisfying place in which to work. Considers the relationship between organizational structure, managerial style and employee motivation, drawing on the ideas of theorists such as Herzberg, Ouchi, and Drucker. 12 pages, 12 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources. 5A1 $84
13809 NURSING LEADERSHIP. An analysis of leadership and management in nursing from the perspective of a charge nurse at the Center for Pediatric Medicine and Rehabilitation of the New York Foundling Hospital. Describes the role and duties of the pediatric intensive care unit charge nurse and discusses the charge nurses' expected leadership style and leadership responsibilities related to decision-making, motivation and discipline. 9 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 16 $63
13356 THE BENEFITS AND RISKS OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCES. This essay considers the argument that a strategic alliance can strengthen both firms against outsiders even as it weakens one partner vis-a-vis the other. Drawing on recent case examples of alliances in different industries, as well as the strategic management literature looking at theoretical issues in alliance formation, the analysis considers the factors spurring alliances, firms’ motivations for alliance formation, common types of strategic alliances, and the benefits and risks that the strategic alliance brings to the firms involved. 10 pages, 20 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
13348 GLOBALIZATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AT FORD. Considers the importance of employee involvement and motivation in company's "Ford 2000"plan. Also traces Ford's emphasis on employee development from the 1980s, and looks at recent efforts to diversify the company's workplace. 10 pages, 33 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A1 $70
13235 MOTIVATION IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY. Topics covered include the importance of motivation, theories of motivation, and the role of managerial leadership. Also discusses specific motivators, such as rewards, recognition and training. 11 pages, 41 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 5A1 $77
13115 HOFSTEDE ON BUSINESS CULTURE IN ASIA. This report provides an overview and introduction to Hofstede's theories on national culture and organization. The analysis begins with an overview and critique of Hofstede's methodology. While Hofstede's framework for cultural analysis has been widely cited and applied, a number of researchers have pointed to certain shortcomings and methodological weaknesses. This brief section addresses one common criticism. The next section of the report looks more closely at Hofstede's theories on how national culture affects motivation - a critical area of interest for Hofstede. A final section examines Hofstede's concept of Confucian Dynamism and his theories on Asian business culture. 19 pages, 32 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
13100 MERIT PAY. Discusses the use of pay for performance as a tool for motivation and job satisfaction, with emphasis on its usefulness in the public sector. Describes both the advantages and disadvantages, and argues that the system can work if it is properly implemented and includes effective appraisal methods. 6 pages, 34 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 5A1 $42
13052 THE CROWD IN THE FRENCH REVOLUTION BY GEORGE RUDE. Brief, favorable review of Rude's study of the role of the lower classes in the French Revolution. Describes the author's methodology, summarizes Rude's conclusions about the underlying economic motivations of the crowd in various insurrections, and presents Rude's appraisal of the overall importance of the crowd in the Revolution. 6p., 1b., 2f. 10E $42
13034 VIETNAM: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS IN ECONOMIC REFORM. This paper considers prospects for and problems within Vietnam's program of economic reform from the perspective of mid-1998. Following a background analysis of the motivations for reform and an overview of Vietnam's current economic conditions, structure, and trends, the analysis examines some of the major stumbling blocks in Vietnam's road to economic reform. Concludes that the future prospects for economic growth and development in Vietnam are dismal barring dramatic hastening of reform in financial services, agriculture, and the state-owned sector as well as a comprehensive program aimed at trimming bureaucracy and eradicating widespread corruption. 18 pages, 43 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources. 7B $126
13025 WORK TEAM INNOVATION AT 3M. This report presents a case analysis of best practices in innovation at 3M. Following a brief profile of the company and its track record of innovation, the analysis focuses on the role of 3M work teams in fostering and maintaining 3M's reputation for innovative excellence. The investigation examines the underlying processes and systems supporting 3M teams, looking at specific factors such as team leadership, team organization, management support, organizational culture, and team motivation. 13 pages, 43 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources. 5A1 $91
12537 ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR: VIEW FROM THE KENNAN AND NOVIKOV 'LONG TELEGRAMS.' Compares and contrasts the two telegrams as documents illuminating the origins of the Cold War. Considers the role played by ideological paradigms in shaping each author's analysis; the accuracy of each document's portrayal of the rival power's capabilities, vulnerabilities, motivations and intentions; the extent to which each author's sense of audience shaped the style and content of his message; and the policy implications and/or recommendations of each document. 10 pages, 31 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 19A $70
12469 GITTA SERENY'S INTO THAT DARKNESS. This paper provides a critical review and analysis of journalist Gitta Sereny's 1974 book, Into That Darkness, based on the author's interviews with Franz Stangl, commandant of treblinka, the largest of the five nazi death camps. Following a brief analytical summary of the book, this review presents a critique of the author's efforts to penetrate Stangl's personality and understand the motivations behind his actions. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 10F $63
12444 MENTAL RETARDATION: STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS AND INSTRUCTIONAL APPROACHES. The first part of the paper considers the current definition of mental retardation and profiles some of the basic factors and characteristics in mental retardation, with special attention to memory, attention, motivation, cognition, and behavior. The second part examines specific instructional approaches and procedures for the education of the mentally retarded student, with a focus on teaching social skills, mathematics, and reading. 17 pages, 41 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources. 8B $119
12414 IMMIGRANT SMUGGLING. Discusses the factors motivation illegal immigration into the U.S., as well as the differences between Mexican "coyotes" and Chinese "snakeheads." Also covers efforts by U.S. authorities to stop immigrant smuggling. Includes outline. 11 pages, 42 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 6B $77
12412 INFANTICIDE. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the problem of infanticide in modern developed societies (particularly the US), with a close focus on the systems of classification and widely held theories of motivation behind this crime. The paper begins with a background overview of the definitions, history and epidemiology of infanticide. Drawing upon current psychological and sociological literature, the remainder of the investigation examines some of the factors that motivate adults to kill children and infants. 13 pages, 39 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources. 6B $91
12406 JURY REFORM. This paper presents a profile and analyze of current jury reform efforts. Following a brief review of the central motivations and objectives behind jury reform and a discussion of the differences between civil versus criminal jury reform, the analysis profiles the major focus of current reform efforts as they are being considered and implemented. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources. 6A $84
12385 PUBLIC PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AND THE SUPERVISOR. This paper, which is structured as a draft letter from the Chief of Personnel in a public organization to newly selected supervisors, emphasizes the new and critical role each supervisor plays in human resource management. Drawing upon public administration texts and recent literature, the report addresses the key human resources management responsibilities of the new supervisors. The analysis and recommendations consider EEO, employee motivation and job satisfaction, employee training and development, performance appraisal, employee discipline and grievance procedures, and the management of diversity. 11 pages, 24 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources. 5A $77
12372 ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR & CORPORATE CHANGE. The analysis applies three theories of organizational behavior/employee motivation theories (Herzberg's Motivation-hygiene theory, equity theory, and goal-setting theory) to the process of organizational change (downsizing, restructuring, re-engineering, corporate culture change) at General Electric Company as it has occurred from 1981 to present. The link between changing employees' behavior and attitudes and successful organizational transformation is emphasized. 12 pages, 27 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 5A $84
12251 CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS: LEGACIES AND LESSONS FOR THE POST COLD WAR ERA. Through an examination of its legacies and lessons, this paper considers the continued relevance and policy-making implications of the Cuban Missile Crisis in the post Cold War era. While the analysis taken into account recently released information (on both the American and the Soviet side) and discusses many of the particulars and motivations behind the crisis, the objective is to draw lessons from the crisis for today's world, rather than to assign blame or bestow praise on the historical participants. The paper begins with a brief summary overview of the Cold War setting under which the crisis occurred and an outline of the central events (as best as they can be determined) of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Following this, the paper presents a detailed analysis of the major legacies (with a particular focus on U.S. policymaking and lessons of the crisis. 16 pages, 45 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 19A $112
12241 ETHICAL ISSUES IN PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED DYING. This essay argues that while it is possible to justifiably make moral judgments about the moral rightness or wrongness of the acts performed by physicians who illegally engage in either voluntary active euthanasia or assisted suicide, such judgments must be made on a case-by-case basis and are fundamentally influenced both by the autonomy, physical health and wishes of the patient as well as by the underlying motivations and specific actions of the physicians. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 16 $35
12227 THE WOOING SCENES IN RICHARD III AND ROMEO AND JULIET. Compares the wooing scenes and speeches in Shakespeare's two plays for use of language, motivation, and effect. Romeo's sincerity is contrasted with Richard's false flattery. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. 14I $35
12182 MERCOSUR: BUILDING ON REGIONAL TRADE IN THE SOUTHERN CONE. Traces the history, development, strengths and weaknesses, and future prospects for the Common Market of South America (MERCOSUR). Profiles Mercosur's objectives, central components, and implementation strategy from 1991 to October 1996. Notes that while Mercosur achievements and benefits have exceeded expectations, future potential is limited by the relatively small size (versus NAFTA or the EU) of the group; asymmetries in market size, motivations, and macroeconomic policies of members, and weaknesses in the region's physical infrastructure. 14 pages, 46 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources. 7C $98
12106 ROMANESQUE SCULPTURE IN FRANCE. Analyzes the iconography of Romanesque tympanum sculpture in France. Traces the development of the art form and looks at possible motivations for its symbolism. Considers and discusses themes found in the sculpture, including violence, bestiality, salvation and redemption. Argues that the iconography reflected important changes in social and religious values of the period. Includes 14 illustrations. 24 pages, 36 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 3 $133
11955 SHADOW FIGURES IN SHAKESPEARE'S OTHELLO AND MACBETH. Considers how Iago and Lady Macbeth serve as shadow figures for Othello and Macbeth. Discusses how these "shadows" reflect the inner thoughts of the main characters and also how they manipulate them. Also discusses the differences in motivation between Iago and Lady Macbeth. 11 pages, 26 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 14I $77
11843 SERIAL KILLERS. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the phenomenon of serial murder and a profile of serial killers. In examining the motivations, methodologies, personal histories and personality traits of serial killers, the initial focus is on the male serial killer. A separate section considers the special case of the female serial killer and how she differs from the male serial killer. Includes a statistical profile of serial killing in the U.S., a discussion of the "phases" of the serial kill, and a typology of serial killers. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources. 6B $84
11750 NIGERIA: FROM PRECOLONIAL TIMES TO THE BRITISH COLONY. Traces Nigerian history from the pre-Colonial period through its time as a British colony. Provides an overview of Nigeria's land and people and examines the early European influences and the effect of the African slave trade. Considers the British motivations for colonization -- focusing especially on the palm oil trade -- and traces the development and implementation of the British system of indirect rule. Looks at the costs and benefits of the colonialism in Nigeria. 14 pages, 47 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources. 11750 19E $98
11706 WHEN FAMILY BUSINESSES GO PUBLIC. Examines the contemporary American family business in terms of one of its key transitions -- the decision to go public. Defines family business and presents an overview of its scope and position in American enterprise. Looks in detail at the family business approaching the IPO. The reasons or motivations for going public, the possibility of maintaining control after going public, and the consequences of going public are considered. 20 pages, 62 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
11686 TWO PERSPECTIVES ON CROWDS IN HISTORY (LEBON AND RUDÉ. Examines the characteristics, motivations, behaviors and outcomes of crowds or popular dissent in pre-industrial Europe. Compares and contrasts the viewpoints of Gustave LeBon (so-called "father of crowd psychology") and those of historian George Rude. 7 pages, 16 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 10E $49
11639 PRIVATIZATION IN ARGENTINA. Presents a brief overview of privatization in Argentina, including its scope and history, its motivation, and its fiscal impact. 3 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 7C $21
11611 GAY BASHING. Investigates gay bashing in contemporary American society. Following a review of trends (incidence, settings) and victim demographics, the analysis focuses on the perpetrators: their demographic composition, their modis operandi, and their motivations. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 6B $77
11589 ALDRICH AMES: PORTRAIT OF AN AMERICAN TRAITOR. Profile of the career and personality of the famous CIA mole convicted to life in prison for selling secrets to the Soviets. Considers Ames' motivations in treason. 6 pages, 19 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 10C $42
11522 CHILDREN'S EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY. This term paper examines the empirical evidence in recent psychological literature concerning the variables and factors of accuracy in children's eyewitness testimony. The research paper considers the issues of suggestibility, interview settings and techniques, and the mitigating role of social support and stress-reducing procedural modifications related to eyewitness identification and testimony in general, and children's eyewitness identification and testimony in particular. APA Style. 12 pages, 21 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 3,144 words.

TAGS: eyewitness identification, child eyewitness, eyewitness testimony, social motivation, environmental effects identification, memory and facial recognition, defendant rights, police manipulation, maryland v craig.

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6A $84
11513 CORPORATE DOWNSIZING. Investigates the phenomenon of corporate downsizing, tracing its history and progress from the late 1980s to the present. The process of downsizing and its impact on particular industries are considered. Looks at the causes (motivations) and consequences of downsizing, with particular attention to the impact on employer-employee relations and the structure of the organization in the 1990s. 20 pages, 44 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
11500 WHAT IS SOCIOBOLOGY? Provocative review of an article by Sociobiology founder E.O. Wilson. Criticizes Wilson's ability to explain his theory, contrasts his basic thrust that human behavior is genetically determined with his many apologies that the details of culture cannot be genetically determined. Attempts to apply his abstract pronouncements to concrete examples of animal and human behavior show that Wilson cannot say anything meaningful to add to the existing discussions on human ethics, meanings and motivations. 8p. Notes in Text, 1b. 1 $56
11351 RESTORATION OF THE SISTINE CHAPEL. Discusses the controversies surrounding the recent restoration of Michelangelo's frescoed ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Profiles major issues in the controversy: threat of over-cleaning, motivations behind the project, difficulty of interpretation based on limited contemporary records. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 3 $42
11264 MOTIVATIONAL THEORY: HERZBERG'S MOTIVATION-MAINTENANCE THEORY. Following a discussion of the range of worker motivational theories, argues that Herzberg's hygiene-motivation theory provides the most comprehensive and utilitarian view of employee motivation. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $35
11137 THE PROCESS MODEL OF MOTIVATION IN THE WORKPLACE. Taking an organizational behavior approach to motivation, this paper reviews and discusses the process model of human motivation within the organizational setting. Following a brief discussion and analysis of the process model, the investigation examines various methods of increasing employee motivation, drawing upon both empirical studies of goal setting, team-building, and organizational behavior management and anecdotal reports of change efforts found in recent business literature. KEYWORDS: employee motivation process model. 14 pages, 34 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources. 5A $98
11003 "AMBIVALENT CONQUEST: MAYA AND SPANIARD IN YUCATAN 1517-1570" BY INGA CLENDINNEN. This termpaper provides a review and analysis of Clendinnen's book which criticizes traditional accounts of Spanish motivations. The essay discusses the author's views on cultural differences and interactions after the Conquest. KEYWORDS: book review spanish conquest maya yucatan peninsula term paper ambivalent conquest. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1 $35
10683 MOTIVATION, EMPOWERMENT, AND PARTICIPATION: THEORY AND ACTION PLAN. Discusses employee empowerment, decision-making participation, goal-setting, and extrinsic rewards. Provides an action plan to implement these policies. KEYWORDS: employee motivation strategies participation extriinsic rewards. 12 pages, 20 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 5A $84
10216 EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION PLANS (ESOPS). This term paper explores the types and uses of ESOPs as well as analyzing their advantages and disadvantages to both the employee owner and the corporate employer who establishes the program. The effect of ESOPs on employee security, the influence of such programs over employee motivation and productivity, and the tax and finance ramifications for corporate sponsors are considered and discussed. In addition to considering the pros and cons of ESOPs in general, the analysis will look at their application in specific companies. KEYWORDS: esops employee stock options employee ownership employee motivation. 17 pages, 31 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources. 5A $119
10055 EXXON CORP.: MANAGEMENT, SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND HUMAN RELATIONS. Examines some of the key indicators of Exxon's internal operations: management ethics and social responsibility, motivation, leadership, communication, group interaction, entrepreneurship, and quality of work life. Uses the company's response to the Valdez oil disaster as a primary indicator of Exxon's strengths and weaknesses in these areas. Concludes that Exxon's stated policies on social responsibility do not square with its actual performance. A new communications program -- encompassing both internal and external areas -- is strongly recommended. 10 pages, 31 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources. 5D $70
09976 PLANS FOR UNIFICATION UNDER NAPOLEON AND HITLER. An analysis of Napoleon's and Hitler's plans for European unification. Compares and contrasts the two leaders' political and personal motivations and considers the extent to which each succeeded in meeting their objectives. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 10E $56
09922 DO INFORMED CONSUMERS MAKE BETTER DECISIONS? Looks at literature in consumer research to determine how (and if) consumers benefit from product and/or service information. Describes some of the major barriers to consumers' use of information, including consumer motivations, point of reference, availability and quality of information, quantity of information, and consumer information processing limitations. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 5B $49
09803 INDONESIAN-AMERICAN ECONOMIC RELATIONS. Comprehensive overview of economic relations between the U.S. and Indonesia. Considers objectives and motivations of each partner, effects of politics and culture, and conflicts in the relationship. Profiles trade patterns, trade policies, foreign investment, and exchange controls. Considers the future of the relationship. 15 pages, 41 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources. 7C $105
09693 EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION: MATERIAL REWARDS VERSUS EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT. An evaluation of the theoretical basis, advantages and disadvantages of two contrasting approaches to employee motivation: 1) Material rewards and the threat of their removal; and 2) opportunities to engage in activities promising self-development and growth. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
09675 THE DALKON SHIELD SCANDAL: A CASE STUDY IN CORPORATE IRRESPONSIBILITY. Reviews and analyzes the facts of the Dalkon Shield product liability case against A.H. Robins. Considers Robins' motivation in marketing the product, and its tactics in defending against the liability charges. 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 6A $70
09582 MANAGEMENT'S ROLE IN EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION FOR THE 1990S. An overview of contemporary motivational theories and techniques, with a focus on participative management strategies, goal setting/expectancy theory, and new perspectives on external (e.g., wages, benefits) rewards. 10 pages, 30 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
09268 HIGH TURNOVER AND THE PART-TIME EMPLOYEE. An investigation which explores evidence for the hypothesis that the main variable in high turnover of part-time employees is management's failure to provide adequate motivation and incentive. Profiles the part-time worker, discusses costs of turnover, and argues that a lack of job attachment and organizational commitment among part-timers leads to high turnover. 11 pages, 20 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources. 5A $77
09072 PROFIT SHARING AS A VEHICLE FOR EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND CORPORATE TURNAROUND. Explores the potential of profit sharing programs to motivate employees and generate greater profits for the company as a whole. History, rationale, and theoretical basis for profit sharing are taken into consideration and specific types of programs and the companies in which they have been implemented are also analyzed. Concludes with a set of summary recommendations covering the implementation of a profit sharing program aimed specifically at improving employee motivation. 22 pages, 34 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
09070 THE USE OF VISUALIZATION AND OTHER MOTIVATION ENHANCING TECHNIQUES IN ATHLETICS. Explores the use of "mental practice" such as visualization to motivate and improve performance athletes. Theory, components, and specific examples are presented. 8 pages, 17 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $56
09009 DAYDREAMING. Explores the phnomenon of daydreaming, including its motivations and manifestations. Agrees with the cognitive-affective model of daydreaming which argues that daydreams are a crucial component of the human information processing system. Considers the benefits and possible negative side effects of daydreaming. 12 pages, 18 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 20A $84
08983 TERRORISM. Considers the denotative and connotative meanings of terrorism in the context of the modern world. Analyzes, the history, motivations, and applications of terrorism. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 19C $35
08866 NON-MONETARY INCENTIVES FOR EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION. An overview of the techniques and tactics beyond straight salary that employers currently use to ensure employee job satisfaction and promote employee motivation. Outlines motivational theory. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 5A $49
08590 ELEANOR ROOSEVELT: GROWTH INTO LEADERSHIP. A psychohistorical examination of Eleanor Roosevelt's growth into a position of leadership at both the national and international levels. Employs Erikson's life stages theory and Maslow's motivation theory in the analysis and discussion. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 10B $70
08525 FLIRTATION. Considers flirtation as a non-verbal means of communication. Analyzes cultural differences in the motivations behind (attention-getting, as a prelude to a sexual encounter, etc.), manifestations of, and reactions to flirtation. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 20D $70
08463 THE EFFECT OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE ON EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION. Explores how differences in management style, with their implicit differences in organizational structure, contribute to or inhibit employee motivation. 5 pages, 6 footnotes in text, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $35
08003 "LOBBYING FOR THE PEOPLE: THE POLITICAL BEHAVIOR OF PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS" BY JEFFREY M. BERRY. A detailed analysis and review of Jeffrey Berry's work. Discusses the types of public interest groups, their methods and motivations, and what effect they have in influencing public policy. Also compares and contrasts public and private interest groups. 19 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 19B $133
07660 ANALYZING PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS: A BOOK REVIEW. Summary and review of this 1970 "how-to" book by Mager and Pipe. Problems are either a lack of skill or not; if lack of skill, train the workers or simplify the job; if not, management must provide the motivations for and remove obstacles to the desired performance. The book represents a simplified form of behavioral psychology, yet is effective and worthwhile as a guide for managers. 5p. 1b. notes in text. 5A $35
07313 THREE RESEARCH CRITIQUES. Three brief critiques of research studies in organizational psychology and theory, based on the strict research model offered in Stone, Resrch Methods in Org Behavior, (1978). Each of the three studies is examined for research design hypothesis, measurements used and their internal validity, procedures, results and external validity of conclusions. research studies critiqued are: Arvey, Dewhirst & Brown, "Goal Setting and Employee Satisfaction (1978). Kaufman, "Relations of Ability and Interest to Currency of Professional Knowledge" (1972) and Kopelman, "Organization Control systems, expectancy Theory and Work Motivation" (1976) (titles abbreviated). Kaufman's study the weakest, Kopelman's the tightest. Each critique has 6 pages, 1 footnote, 2 bibliographic sources. Notes in text. Total of 18p. 5A $42
07118 MAN VERSUS BRUTE: WILL APE BECOME MAN? Full concise overview of animal (chimp and ape) language experiments and theories, including the sich-language chimps and criticisms. Concludes that animals often mimic man, which is experimenter effect (spoiling the data), and chimps and apes have neither understanding, motivation or jaw structures for human language. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 1 $70
07021 MANAGEMENT BY MOTIVATION. Comprehensive overview of motivation theories of management. Includes the theories of: Taylor, Maslow, Herzberg, McGregor, Vroom, Lawler & Porter. Good theoretical discussion of differences between behavioralist theorists and motivation theorists (and why behavioralists are wrong); the modern synthesis of motivation techniques as revealed in recent books by Rosenbaum, Ford, and Ouchi. 17 pages, 33 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 5A $119
07019 LEADERSHIP IN MANAGEMENT. Overview of the theory and practice of leadership in business: includes discussions of the need for leadership; role of organization structure; decentralization and span of control; leadership style and organization climate; stimulating the motivation of others; leadership as a learned skill. 13 pages, 11 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $91
06701 THE THIRD WAVE BY ALVIN TOFFLER. A review of the futurist's optimistic study of the political and economic integration of developing nations, focusing on the author's motivations in writing the book. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 22F $42
06662 "THE RIGHT STUFF" BY TOM WOLFE (A REVIEW). The motivation of the test pilots and astronauts of America's Apollo program is discussed in this essay; loyalty and courage are seen as goals they set for themselves. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text. 14B $35
06354 MOTIVATION OF BLUE COLLAR WORKERS. This paper provides a study of the problems of productivity and motivation in the American blue collar workers, looking at changing attitudes, unions and motivation, flextime and other related aspects of the blue collar lifestyle. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
06062 MY MANAGERIAL TYPE. A subjective account of management functions in a large organization giving a self assessment of his capabilities in various fields such as motivation, communications and control. 10 pages, 6 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
06040 THE EFFECTIVE MANAGER. Qualities for effective management are discussed in this paper: marshalling of skills, leadership and the improtance of motivation and communication are stressed. 15p. 11b. 9f. 5A $105
05797 APPLYING HUMAN RELATIONS TO IMPROVE MORALE AND MOTIVATION. Various methods for improving worker morale and motivation are considered after the definition of those terms; participation in decision-making is offered as an advantageous option. 7 pages, 7 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $49
05394 THE MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION. A paper documenting the growth of the multinationai corporation over the last 20 years and an expose of the primary motivations as the maximization of profit - often to the detriment of consumers and of workers. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 5D2 $35
05337 SOME PERSPECTIVES ON ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR. Psychological and sociological aspects of organizational behavior are highlighted. The study uses 6 organizations and its purpose is to determine the motivation of government employees and the results generally contradicted gnerally held assumptions. Some of the literature on the subject is reviewed. 11p. 7b. 9f. 5A $77
05290 AN M. B. O. PROGRAM FOR THE BANK OF AMERICA. A general discussion of the advantages of management by objectives, such as improved motivation and efficiency, better communications, greater flexibility in responding to customer needs and new situations. Some of the disadvantage are also discussed. lOp., Of., Ob. (footnotes in text) 5A $70
05282 MOTIVATION AND BUDGETS. The importance of budgetary communication and motivation is considered in this study of organizational accounting systems. A good overview of management and informal procedures in the imposition and implementation of budgets. The budget itself is seen as a motivator for better performance. 15 pages, 0 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 5A $105
05116 INDIVIDUAL MOTIVATION. Traces early developments in motivational theory: Taylor, Hull Mcgregor and Atkinson. Discusses in depth Maslow's need hierarchy, herzberg's two-tier motivational theory, and Vroom's expectancy/ valence theory. Relates all three theories to how an individual motivates himself. 12 pages, 9 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 20D $84
04979 QUALITIES OF THE EFFECTIVE EXECUTIVE. A good discussion of the important qualities needed for the executive to function effectively. The study covers long-range planning, leadership and motivation, and anticipates possible problems in decision making: rationality, uncertainty, and perceptual errors, as well as general communication problems. 15 pages, 14 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 5A $105
04969 A HANDBOOK FOR SUPERVISORS. An outline for a proposed handbook for supervisors, including sections on leadership, motivation, communication and organizational change. The results of successful management are seen as the product of sound decision making and effective control of employee performance. 12p., Of., 3b. 5A $84
04797 A PRESCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM. This paper is a carefully presented proposal for a preschool health curriculum, with the emphasis on learning behavior patterns to last a lifetime. The preschool child is seen as forming chronic habits which develop into motivation factors in the adult. The problems of health services and preschool child disease are illustrated with statistical graphs and problems of health care delivery are analyzed in terms of funding, parental roles and other factors. The curriculun is presented in tabular form. 37 pages, 27 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources. 8A $133
04742 WORK MOTIVATION IN THE ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT. Very good summary of motivation and group relations theory in business. Definition o.f work, Hawthorne studies and the work group, morale and leadership, human factors engineering, and other elements of creating the best possible fork environment are intelligently discussed. 14p., l4f., 6b. 5A $98
04739 LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONS. Good thorough study of leadership and motivation theories: organizational structure and the leader, the span of control, inducements and motivation, leadership style and the situation. 13 pages, 12 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 5A $91
04718 CREATIVITY AS A CORRECTING STRATEGY FOR MOTIVATIONAL COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS. Good study (making excellent use of ostentatious vocabulary) of how creative thinking can be used to help overcome learning and motivation problems in students. 9 pages, 6 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 8A $63
04624 BEETHOVEN: THE 7TH AND 8TH SYMPHONIES. This paper examines the psychological and musical motivations behind the two different symphonies. The turbulence of the 7th is attributed to emotional crises, and the peacefulness of the 8th a return to classical values. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 1,923 words. 17 $56
04600 MOTIVATION AND FRUSTRATION. Basic overview of the important role of motivation and frustration in overall self-image; reports on some studies of motivation and anxiety, lists the ways (aggression, apathy, regression, projection, etc.) that frustration is expressed in neurosis. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 20B $42
04597 ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND THE INDIVIDUAL. Very good, complete study of the question of environmental effects on worker productivity in organizations. Excellent review of the literature on organizational environments, including motivation and leadership (as generally treated in bus. ad. literature), also discusses Marxist thought on organizations; Part II discusses the New York Police Dept. as an,organizational environment, stressing the pressures that make it almost impossible to fulfill varying expectations. 31 pages, 36 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
04524 WORK AND SOCIETY. Good discussion of motivation theories and research; social values related to work, work and emotional needs. 11 pages, 9 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 5A $77
04519 WHY PEOPLE WORK. Original discussion of the basic elements of motivation theory, including a brief history of work in human society, summary of the work of A. Tannebaum, D. Bell, F. Herzberg and critical discussion of their theories based on the idea that people need the satis faction of "higher needs." 10 pages, 5 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
04513 WHY DO PEOPLE WORK?. Good introduction to theories of motivation in work situations, which covers material incentives (money), the importance of feelings of satisfaction and achievement, self-esteem and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, the importance of belonging to a group. l0 pages, 12 footnotes, l0 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
04512 MOTIVATION THEORIES. Good basic study of academic thinking on why people want to do a good job. Covers the evolution of motivation theories through the work of Herzberg ('motivation factors' vs. 'maintenance factors'), Maslow (Hierarchy of Needs), Vroom (relation of individual goals to work situation and alternative), and McGregor (importance of democratic management). Solid grasp of the complexities and subtleties of the subject. 13 pages, 9 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 5A $91
04492 MOTIVATION IN THEORY AND PRACTICE IN THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN: A COMPARATIVE STUDY. Good discussion of the different ways that people are impelled to action through the social framework; includes management theories in the U. S., how these work in practice (concentrating on Management by Objectives), Japanese society and Japanese business practices, good discussion of how U.S. might come to need the example of Japanese management practices as society becomes more complex and organized. 21 pages, 19 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
04460 GREEK COLONIZATION OF THE MEDITERRANEAN. Solid explanation of the motivations for ancient Greek expansion in the 8th and 7th Centuries B.C. emphasizing economic influences. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 10D $42
04434 QUALITIES OF THE EFFECTIVE MANAGER. Communications skills, leadership and motivation, decision-making and awareness of situations are the major topics covered in this solid, basic study. 17 pages, 10 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources. 5A $119
04334 SHOW BUSINESS BLACKLISTING AND THE HOUSE UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES COMMITTEE. A comprehensive study of the phenomenon of show business blacklisting, beginning with the foundation of the HUAC and probing the political motivations of the investigations which followed. The Hollywood personalitites who suffered under the blacklist and the men who organized the blacklisting organizations are described. 16 pages, 7 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 10C $112
04197 CAPITALIST MOTIVATION AND SOCIAL SCIENCE. Carefully argued examination of the influence of capitalism on social science, focusing on Social Darwinism and the work of Max Weber. Finds that early capitalists confused explanations of society with reasons for acting capitalistically, warns against easy explanations of the interaction between men, ideas and society. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 7D $49
03842 MOTIVATION. Good basic discussion; starts with motivation theory ( following Maslow), then discusses how business can meet basic and higher needs of employees in innovative ways. 11p., Of., 3b. 5A $77
03745 TRAITS AND PROBLEMS OF THE EFFICACIOUS MANAGER. Very clever study (with large vocabulary) of what makes a good manager. Includes the relevance of technical skills vs. organizational skills, approaches to management, Machiavellianism, 11 specific areas of knowledge the manager should have with special attention to computers in decision making, problems of motivation and self-actualization; emphasizes "multi-determinate" aspects of management and decisions. 36 pages, 52 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources. 5A $133
03640 HOW A BUSINESS SUPERVISOR SHOULD MOTIVATE HIS EMPLOYEES. Basic discussion of management theories in practical terns; how a supervisor gives his employees motivation to perform better through stimulating their self-esteem, developing team spirit, making use of social distance and personal relationships;, also gives pitfalls to avoid. 13 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 5A $91
03240 ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION IN HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT. Summary and discussion of D. McClelland's theory that achievement motivation can be correlated with Weber's "Protestant work ethic contributes to the rise of capitalism" thesis. Basic overview of the pros and cons of McClelland's throry and evidence used to support it. 11 pages, 0 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. (notes in text.) 20D $77
02429 EGO PSYCHOLOGY AND MOTIVATION. Good overview of motivation and basic responses in Freudian thought; begins with Freud's major ideas, includes motivation, ego development, anxiety and defense mechanisms. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 20A $70
02239 BENEDICT ARNOLD. An intriguing analysis of the motivations and life history of the man whose name has become synonymous with 'traitor.' Lively, with much factual information. 11 pages, 40 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources. 10A $77
02170 DICKENS AND DOSTOEVSKY. The two nineteenth century novelists are comapred for their treatment of suffering and salvation; their techniques of illusion, coincidence, symbolism and dreams in their story lines are compared in the characters of Bill Sikes in Oliver Twist and Raskolnikov in Crime and Punishment. The different motivations for murder are seen as reflecting Dickens' social criticism and Dostoevsky's religious urge. 11 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. 14E $77
02142 MOTIVATION TO LEARN AND SCHOOLING. Good study of the need for motivation on the part of the student and how to get it; excellent treatment of motivation in "traditional" and "modern-progressive" educational theories; basic psychological motives (reward, punishment); a utopian proposal for better education. 25p., Of., 15b. 8A $133
02009 SOCIAL ASPECTS OF ADVERTISING. Good basic discussion of three aspects of advertising: what the consumer gains, how motivation research pinpoints likely strategies, how advertising uses persuasion techniques to sell. 13p., text 7f., Sb. 5 pictures. 5B $91
01824 RESEARCH PROPOSAL: THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENTIAL MOTIVE-INCENTIVE CONDITIONS ON THE MOTOR PERFORMANCE OF A SIMPLE TASK. Very good thesis proposal studying relationship between motivation and physical performance. The vast bulk of the paper is taken up with a very thorough review of previous studies in the field; finds that motivation and encouragement do help performance. Also gives design for a new experiment. KEYWORDS: psychology thesis proposal research design motivation physical performance. 36 pages, 36 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources. 8,317 words. 8D $133
01105 TRUFFAUT FILM: "JULES AND JIM". Francois Truffaut's film about an amoral and emotional love triangle is reviewed, and the three principle characters are examined for their motivations and erotic polarities. An interesting view of the bohemian carefree existence of pre-war France and its end. 6 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 15A $42
01103 THEORIES OF MOTIVATION. Good basic overview of the major ideas on what motivates humans to keep going. Includes Freud and the sexual drives; John Dewey, Allport, and Piaget as representatives of a more "luralistic" view of motivations; comparison of Freud and Piaget. 6p., 15b, footnotes imbedded in paper. 5A $42
00599 A SKINNERIAN VIEW OF MOTIVATION. Good restatement of Skinner's views on why we get up and go: primary and secondary drives, primary and secondary reinforcers, conditioning schedules and how these come together in the process of socialization are the major topics covered. 10 pages, 1 footnote, 3 bibliographic sources. 20C $70
00480 TEACHING READING TO SLOW LEARNERS IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. Very good, thorough study of the problems,of the slow learner; includes definition and identification, physical and psychological problems, elements of a remedial reading program, suggestions for improving motivation, appropriate reading material, mechanical teaching aids; stresses the need for close individual attention to students throughout the paper. 26 pages, 41 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources. 8A $133
00098 THE PURGE OF TROTSKY: POLITICAL AND PERSONAL ASPECTS. Summarizes the major issues of the struggle between Stalin and Trotsky for leadership of the Soviet Union with some commentary on the differing personal motivations of the two leaders. Reflects a mildly Trotskyist viewpoint. 8 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 10F $56
00084 SKINNER AND BEHAVIORISM. A brief look at B. F. Skinner's ideas on reinforcement and the learning of behavior, emphasizing the role of motivation in education. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 20B $28
12,162 MASLOW'S THEORY OF NEEDS AND ITS APPLICATION IN BUSINESS. This paper reviews and analyzes the basic tenets of psychologist Abraham Maslow’s theory of the hierarchy of human needs and its application in human resources management and employee motivation. Considers the argument that Maslow’s theories may be less relevant in today’s increasingly insecure business environment. Keywords: employee motivation theory needs hierarchy. 6 pages; 14 footnotes; 7 bibliographic sources. 1,526 words. 5A1 $42
53913 SOCIAL THEORY. This essay deals with the search for universal laws of social behavior in the field of social psychology. Theories of intentions, dispositions, and reasons in motivation are looked at, with the conclusion that social behavior is an interaction of multiple behavioral and environmental variables. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. 22A $56
53857 THE EFFECT OF THE GODS ON THE RULERS IN HERODOTUS' THE PERSIAN WARS. The role of the divine forces in the history of the Persian Wars by the Greek historian--A cogent analysis of myth and divine motivation in the thought of the Greek warrior. 13 pages, 24 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 14J $91
53782 "RABBIT, RUN" BY JOHN UPDIKE. The motivations of the protagonist Rabbit (Harry Angstrom) are examined for elements of fantasy and escapism from his life. Tragedy finally brings to light his irresponsibility. 3 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 14B $21
53767 CHANGES IN BUSINESS MOTIVATION SINCE THE TURN OF THE CENTURY. Original discussion of changes in values since 1900. Argues that trend has been from desire for, control & monopoly to desire for social service and maintaining lifestyles. lOp., Of., sb. 5D2 $70
53479 POPE'S MORAL ESSAYS. A psychological analysis of the motivations and judgments behind Pope's observations in the Moral Essays. Insight into human nature and its inconsistencies is looked at from a behavioral viewpoint. 7p., Of., Ob. 14E $49
53152 ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST INDIVIDUAL INCENTIVE PLANS FOR COMPENSATING SALESMEN. Good, detailed study of the effects of various types of pay for salesmen, in terms of motivation, equity, and resuIts for the company. Favors incentive payments in most situations. 10 pages, 21 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 5A $70
52465 BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP. Original ideas on the topic of Maslow's and McGregor's theories of leadership and motivation. Favors new approaches to leadership. 6p., Sf., 4b. 5A $42
51755 INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS AND MOTIVATION IN THE JOB SITUATION. Good basic study, argues for better understanding of human relations and "higher motivations"' by business managers to improve performance. 8p., 14f.. 14b. 5A $56