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19371. Karl Marx and Frederick Douglass: Two Views on Race, Class, Oppression, and Resistance This essay explains, compares and contrasts Douglass’s and Marx’s views on race, class, oppression and resistance through an examination of each author’s understanding and expression of two critical keywords related to their texts: slavery and race as expressed by Douglass in his Narrative and labor and class as expressed by Marx in his Communist Manifesto. MLA Style. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources, 1,289 words.
TAGS: race, class, oppression, Karl Marx, Frederick Douglass, African Americans, resistance.
19013. Crossing the Line: Don Imus and the Rutgers Womens Basketball Team Harvard Kennedy School Case Study hks120 Solution. This paper provides a Berkeley Research analysis and case solution to a Harvard Kennedy School of Management case study by Esther Scott and Alex Jones on talk show host Don Imus’ controversial comments on the Rutgers women’s basketball team, referring to them as nappy-headed hos. The case is used as a starting point for discussions on race, racism, freedom of speech, sports and race, and the power of the press and media in the Internet era. The case analysis includes problem identification, problem analysis, and recommendations. 12 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.


Does the government have the right to limit free speech? Argumentative Essay

The N-Word Essay

Race and Sports Research Paper

TAGS: Harvard case solution, Don Imus, racism and media, racist language, sports and race, talk-show hosts, freedom of speech, media power, advertisers, radio marketing, strategy.

18887. Slavery in Uncle Tom’S Cabin (Harriet Beecher Stowe). This term paper analyzes the strategies used in Uncle Tom’s Cabin to confront the problem of slavery as it existed in the 1850s. The research paper also assesses the suggested solutions to the problem as expressed by the novel’s characters. It is concluded that the novel raised debate on the issue of slavery and thus played a role in its eventual elimination. TAGS: book review, essay, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, slavery, slaves, African American history. MLA Style. 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,790 words.   $49
18886. Africans in the Old Testament Bible. This term paper reviews a chapter by Randall C. Bailey entitled “Beyond Identification: The Use of Africans in Old Testament Poetry and Narratives” (from the anthology Stony the Road We Trod). Bailey argues that the Old Testament writers had positive views about the people and nations of Africa. Although certain aspects of Bailey’s argument are criticized, it is concluded that he succeeds in providing fresh insights into the meaning of the Old Testament texts. TAGS: religion, book review, Old Testament, Africans, Africa, essay, Bible. MLA Style. 4 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 989 words.   $28
18853. Academic Achievement in African American Children. This term paper discusses the evidence showing that African American children, particularly from poor families, tend to score lower on cognitive tests and experience more difficulties in academic achievement. It is argued that certain elements of culture and parenting may contribute to the problem. However, it is also argued that the problem of lower achievement levels among African American children can be alleviated through interventions that encourage increased participation of the parents in their children’s schooling. TAGS: education policy, academic achievement, African Americans, black culture, parenting style, intervention parental involvement, argumentative essay. APA Style. 10 pages, 20 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 2,393 words.   $70
18753. The Kkk as Terrorist Organization. This paper defines the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) as a terrorist organization and examines the U.S. policies that can be used to counter the threat posed by it. The paper discusses the roles of the Civil Rights Act of 1871, the FBI, the U.S. Government Interagency Domestic Terrorism Concept of Operations Plan (CONPLAN), the Department of Homeland Security, and the USA PATRIOT Act. It is argued that more needs to be done to counter the threat of the KKK and organizations like it that are involved in terroristic race-based hate crimes. KEYWORDS: United States civil rights hate crimes government racism terrorism Ku Klux Klan. APA Style. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,560 words.   $42
18752. The Bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church. This paper analyzes the key issues in an event that is regarded as a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement. In 1963, members of the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, thereby causing the deaths of four young African American girls. The paper argues that the incident shows a link between racism and terrorism; it may have been prevented if not for the fear of the community and the racist attitudes of law enforcement. KEYWORDS: history United States African American Civil Rights racism terrorism Ku Klux Klan. APA Style. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,447 words.   $42
18696. Hypertension in African American Adults. This paper uses a nursing perspective to discuss the disproportionate occurrence of hypertension among African American clients. Researchers have found that the risk factors may be related not only to physiological factors but also to environmental stress, including the stress caused by being a victim of racism. The evidence pertaining to hypertension among African Americans results in various implications for nurses. KEYWORDS: medicine nursing hypertension stress racism African Americans high blood pressure race ethnicity. APA Style. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 1,317 words.   $35
18500. The Transatlantic Slave Trade. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the transatlantic slave trade and its impact on both Africa and the Americas. Following an overview of the purpose, scope and character of the slave trade in the 16th to 19th centuries, the consequences of the slave trade are discussed. It is argued that the slave trade had important economic, social and cultural consequences in the New World. KEYWORDS: slave trade America transatlantic African-Americans slavery. Turabian Style with Endnotes. 12 pages, 34 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 2801 words.   $84
18228. Apartheid in South Africa and Segregation in the United States. This paper discusses how Jim Crow laws oppressed African Americans in the Southern U.S. despite their emancipation in the 1860s. Similarly, race-related problems have persisted in South Africa despite the end of the apartheid policy with the election of the African National Congress in 1994. Based on these examples, it is argued that various factors contribute to the persistence of problems in countries with a legacy of racial oppression, even after laws have been passed to prevent such problems. KEYWORDS: race relations apartheid South Africa segregation Jim Crow America. MLA Style. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
18226. "Forging Freedom" by Gary B. Nash. This paper reviews "Forging Freedom", a book on the development of the African American community in Philadelphia in the late 18th and early 19th Centuries. The author discusses the reasons why this period saw a change from an atmosphere of racial harmony to one of race-related hostility and repression. The book receives a favorable review and is recommended for its informative discussion of an important aspect of American history. KEYWORDS: book review America history race Philadelphia. MLA Style. 6 pages, 13 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
18068. Christian Counseling and Hypertension Among African Americans. This paper discusses the role of the Christian counselor in helping African Americans deal with the problems associated with hypertension (high blood pressure). The first part of the paper discusses the causes of the problem (such as stress, unhealthy diets, lack of exercise and lifestyle choices), as well as the personality traits that enable some individuals to cope with stress better than others. Then the paper describes various ways that pastoral counselors can help African American clients overcome the negative consequences of hypertension, with an emphasis on the importance of having a strong sense of spirituality in this effort. KEYWORDS: christian counseling african americans hypertension stress. APA Style. 13 pages, 29 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 3,206 words.   $91
18062. “the Wretched of the Earth” by Frantz Fanon. This paper critically reviews the first chapter of Fanon's book ("Concerning Violence"), as well as the preface by the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. These authors seek to justify the use of violence in decolonization efforts. The paper criticizes Fanon and Sartre for their argument that violence is always necessary in national liberation, and for their glorification of violence as a "virtue." In addition, flaws are found in the arguments of both authors. For example, their claims are not convincing because they rely on emotional appeals and neo-Marxist views, and because they fail to address possible alternative ways of overcoming colonial oppression. KEYWORDS: book review violence decolonization frantz fanon jean-paul sartre. MLA Style. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,665 words.   $49
18051. “Essays on African History” by Jean Suret-Canale. This paper critically assesses two of the arguments made by Suret-Canale in this book: (1) the transatlantic slave trade disrupted the evolution of African societies and resulted in long-term economic, political, and social problems, and (2) the slave trade was a product of alliances between African rulers and European slave traders. It is argued that, even though these viewpoints may be true, Suret-Canale is not successful in building a convincing case. He makes unsubstantiated assumptions, fails to provide solid evidence to support his claims, and relies too much on a Marxist perspective and Marxist methods of analysis. KEYWORDS: book review historical africa history slavery marxism slave trade. MLA Style. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,701 words.   $49
18031. The Fire Next Time by James Baldwin. This paper agrees with the argument in Baldwin's 1963 book that the salvation of American society requires white people to become more like African Americans. According to Baldwin, white people are not a good model for racial tolerance because they are motivated by race-based feelings of fear. By contrast, African Americans have learned to endure hardships while maintaining a sense of dignity. Baldwin claims that African Americans must avoid the temptation to resort to violence and hatred. Rather, they have a responsibility to serve as a model for love and tolerance within society. KEYWORDS: african americans racism race relations blacks whites argumentative essay. APA Style. 6 pages, 16 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 1,664 words.   $42
18000. Hiv/Aids & African American Women. This termpaper discusses the disproportionate impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on African American women. The paper focuses on statistical data (obtained mainly from the Centers for Disease Control) regarding the scope of the problem and the most likely factors causing it. The appendix includes 5 tables and 1 chart showing the statistical data discussed in the paper. KEYWORDS: HIV AIDS african american women blacks race disease CDC. APA Style. 8 pages plus 5 page appendix, 15 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $56
17766. “All God's Dangers” by Theodore Rosengarten. This termpaper provides a review Rosengarten’s book on the life of Nate Shaw, a black sharecropper in the Old South. The paper focuses on the economic and psychological causes for the disunity of the oppressed black peoples of the Old South. The limits of rebellion and the fear of change are discussed. KEYWORDS: book review all gods dangers term paper nate shaw rosengarten black sharecroppers old south racial oppression. Turabian Style with Endnotes. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
17717. The Naacp and the Cold War. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People’s (NAACP) positions on Cold War issues and its responses to the challenges and controversies emerging from Cold War politics and policies. The analysis includes a discussion of the NAACP’s links to and position on Communism, its stance on the major Cold War initiatives, and its position on decolonization and the emerging African nations within the context of the US-Soviet struggle for international dominance. It is argued that the Cold War and charges of Communist influence within the organization put the NAACP on the defensive and ultimately limited its effectiveness as an organ for civil rights. It will be seen that in its struggle to define itself as unequivocally pro-American and anti-communist, the NAACP retreated from efforts to advance human rights abroad and economic and social rights at home, instead focusing on more narrowly proscribed civil rights for African-Americans in the US. KEYWORDS: cold war civil rights naacp communism colonialism red-baiting mccarthyism. Turabian Style with Bottom of Page Footnotes & Bibliography. 18 pages, 41 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources. 4,535 words.   $126
17638. Even the Rat Was White by Robert v. Guthrie. This paper presents a review and analysis of Gurthrie’s book about racial assumptions in the history of American psychology and regarding Black Americans’ participation in the discipline of psychology. The reviewer finds that Guthrie’s book is well-written and covers a subject that is usually neglected in psychology textbooks and histories of the discipline; thus, Guthrie has made a valuable contribution to the literature with this text on racism and racist assumptions in psychology. KEYWORDS: psychology racism racist assumptions psychological theories black psychologists. MLA Style. 5 pages, 1 bibliographic source. 1,238 words.   $35
17637. The ‘N-Word’. This paper explores the history of the use and meaning of the “n-word” (referring to “nigger” and its variants) from its long association with white racism through more contemporary uses of the term by young Black and African Americans. Argues that the term has an ingrained negativity and that Black and African Americans should avoid using this word to define themselves, and, furthermore, they should only use it when quoting historical texts or when referring to racism in its historical context. KEYWORDS: racism racist terms racist language n-word nigger nigga. MLA Style. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 2,151 words.   $63
17395. Race and Sports. This paper presents an overview and analysis of the evidence and controversies surrounding arguments that there are racially-based differences in athletic performance which have led to the over-representation and in some cases, utter dominance, of African Americans in professional basketball, football and baseball and of persons of black African descent in international track and field. The essay argues that there is solid evidence to support these claims, while also noting the importance of environmental contributions to observed racial disparities in sports participation. KEYWORDS: race sports racial composition professional athletic teams blacks African Americans pro basketball football baseball. APA Style. 12 pages, 25 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 3,829 words.   $84
17378. A Comparison of Ethnologic Theories Based on Anthropologist Elliot Liebow's 1967 Study, Tally's Corner: A Study of Negro Streetcorner Men. This paper draws on anthropologist Elliot Liebow's 1967 study, Tally's Corner: a Study of Negro Streetcorner Men, as a basis to compare and contrast some ethnographic and sociological theories about poverty and about how the poor feel about themselves and their situation, including how the social conditions might affect their socioeconomic status. Liebow’s work is considered in light of the views of contemporary theorists such as Wilson, Wolfgang, Ferracutti and Murray. KEYWORDS: elliot liebow tallys corner streetcorner men ethnologic theory. 8 pages, 12 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
17350. “the Underclass” by Ken Auletta (A Book Review). This paper provides a review and critique of this book about the underclass in American society which the author, an investigative journalist, defines as the approximately one-third of the nation’s poor who are unable “to climb out of poverty after a generation or two.” Although Auletta uses numerous facts and statistics in his research, the most notable feature of the book is its inclusion of the personal viewpoints of people that he observed and interviewed during the years 1979-1980. While Auletta’s analysis of the underlying factors involved in poverty is perhaps weakened by the fact that he a journalist, not a sociologist or economist, Auletta nonethless presents a thorough, well-researched overview of the underclass problem, with useful insights for both the professional reader and the general reader alike. KEYWORDS: poverty causes lower class underclass race poor book review. 6 pages, 6 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
17343. The Slavery Debate and the Civil War. This paper examines some of the major documents and speeches pertaining to the slavery debate in the period immediately preceding the Civil War. It is found that, even when the debate was cast in terms of states’ rights or the balance of power, the central concern prior to the onset of the war was always the issue of whether slavery (or its expansion) should be permitted. KEYWORDS: US civil war slaves slavery debate states’ rights. 7 pages, 8 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,760 words.   $49
17329. Radio One Harvard Case Study. A Harvard Business School case study on Radio One Inc., the country’s biggest radio group targeting a Black audience, is analyzed in this paper. The case analysis considers the strategic and financial advantages and disadvantages of Radio One’s proposed acquisition of 17 more radio stations, including a dozen from radio giant Clear Channel Communications. The paper includes a problem summary, an analysis of important external and internal factors, a SWOT analysis, identification and evaluation of alternatives, and recommendations with specific suggestions for implementation. TAGS: Harvard business school case study radio one African American media audiences financial analysis strategic management acquisitions. APA Style. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 2,340 words.
About Berkeley Research Case Solutions: Berkeley Research has offered authoritative case solutions to Harvard Business School case studies since 1984. We also feature solutions to case studies from other leading graduate business schools including Stanford, Darden, Wharton and Ivey. Our case solutions feature in-depth analysis drawing on appropriate analytical tools including S.W.O.T., P.E.S.T. and Five Forces analyses, and include secondary references from scholarly journals and leading business periodicals. We do not offer student-written essays; all of our case solutions are professionally written by MBA and DBA –degreed writers with proven aptitude and long experience in writing insightful case solutions. Unlike other case solutions made available on the Internet without competent evaluation of their merits, Berkeley Research case solutions are peer reviewed by a panel of case analysts prior to being offered on our website. The strongest and most gratifying endorsement of the quality of our case solutions comes from our customers: over two-thirds of our case study sales are made to repeat customers, graduate students and executives enrolled in some of the most distinguished and selective graduate business programs, and who necessarily set a high bar for analytical rigor and expository clarity. The Berkeley Research case study solution is a premium product intended for a discerning audience.
17324. Images of Motherhood. This paper compares Julian of Norwich’s image of God as mother (as contained in chapters 59-61 of A Book of Showings) with Frances W. Harper’s image of mother in her poem “The Slave Mother.” Julian of Norwich, a fourteenth century Englishwoman and religious writer, claims that God is mother as well as father. Frances W. Harper, a nineteenth century African American woman, was an advocate for both civil rights and women’s rights. In her poem “The Slave Mother,” Harper, like Julian of Norwich, indicates that the primary quality of motherhood is all-encompassing love. KEYWORDS: motherhood maternal images. Written 2005 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 1,467 words.   $42
17313. The Poetry of Langston Hughes. This paper provides an overview of the poems of Langston Hughes. (1902-1967). In general, the subject matter and themes of Hughes’s poems are concerned with the life of African Americans during the period from the 1920s through the 1960s. Providing examples from many of Hughes’ best-known poems (e.g., “Harlem”, “Song for a Dark Girl,” “Uncle Tom,” etc.), the paper discusses the poet’s use of the black vernacular and other techniques and considers some of the recurring themes in his work. KEYWORDS: black poetry African American poems Langston Hughes. 7 pages, 11 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,816 words.   $49
17287. Dismantling Desegregation. Using the text Dismantling Desegregation as a guideline, this paper argues that the recent “re-segregation” trend is an aspect of a larger trend involving the promotion of a conservative agenda. Outlines desegregation policy as it emerged following the Brown v. Board of Education case and then traces the progressive dismantling of desegregation under successive Republican Administrations beginning with Nixon and extending through George W. Bush. Summarizes the major Supreme Court cases relevant to the issue, focusing on Renquist court in the 1990s and cases such as Board of Education of Oklahoma City v. Dowell, Freeman v. Pitts and Missouri v. Jenkins. KEYWORDS: school segregation desegregation Supreme Court decisions race education conservative agenda. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,238 words.   $35
17273. Profile of the Life & Work of Poet Audre Lourde. This paper provides a profile of the life and work of black lesbian poet Audre Lourde. Argues that Lorde’s treatment of the theme of difference shows that being “different” is a condition that is shared by all human beings. In her poems, prose writings, and speeches, Lorde expressed the view that we are all unique in our individuality. Lorde’s message is that identities of difference should be accepted and celebrated, and that they should not be regarded as problematic or as a cause for separatism. KEYWORDS: black feminist lesbian poet. 6 pages, 16 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,611 words.   $42
17143. Poverty and Children's Education. This paper analyzes the impact of poverty on a child’s capacity to benefit from schooling. Following a brief review of the literature demonstrating the link between lower income and lower levels of educational achievement, the analysis looks at how poverty influences the child’s initial readiness for learning, parent-child relations, parental school involvement, child nutrition, access to educational resources outside of school, and school environment in ways that negatively impact the child’s ability to benefit from education. 8 pages; 24 footnotes; 10 bibliographic sources.   $56
17140. The Great Migration and Race Relations in America. This paper considers the history, scope and impact of the Great Migration of blacks from the rural south to the urban north beginning in 1915. Following an overview of the forces driving the Great Migration and a discussion of the status of race relations prior to the migration, the analysis draws on examples from various northern and western cities and the South in general to examine how the Great Migration changed race relations in both the North and the South. Demonstrates how the Great Migration turned race into a national, versus just a southern issue. The argument is made that the migration, and more specifically, the pattern of settlement in the migration (with blacks clustered in geographically segregated areas of the cities) set the stage for increased racial conflict. KEYWORDS: black migration southern us northern cities racial conflict us american migratory patterns african americans. APA Style. 21 pages; 39 footnotes; 17 bibliographic sources. 4,908 words.   $133
17012. "Race" and Racism. Viewing the topic from a British perspective, this paper argues that it is important to have a theoretical and historical understanding of race and racism. Although “race” is a social construct rather than a fixed biological category, “racism” nonetheless has a real social impact, both because of prejudice and because people identify themselves with their “race”. Keywords: racism racial identity race theory. 15 pages; 49 footnotes; 12 bibliographic sources. 3,775 words.   $105
15949. "The Declining Significance of Race" by William Julius Wilson (Book Review). This paper provides a summary and review of Wilson’s book. According to Wilson, although racial discrimination still exists in the U.S., the opportunities for African Americans in the modern industrial era are limited more by class status than by racial status. Keywords: race relations blacks economics. 5 pages; 19 footnotes;1 bibliographic source. 1,300 words.   $35
15912. Minorities and Women in the Advertising Industry. This paper discusses the under-representation of women, African Americans, and other minorities in media and advertising careers. The reasons for the situation are addressed, and the past, present and future of minorities in the industry are discussed. 14 pages, 46 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $98
15896. "Uncle Tom's Cabin" by Harriet Beecher Stowe (Book Review). This paper provides an overview and analysis of Stowe’s novel which illustrates the cruelty and inhumanity of slavery. Some of the characters in the novel provide justifications for slavery and others express their reasons for opposing it. Stowe’s novel also demonstrates how slaves were kept disunited and powerless, and how some slaves acted to resist authority. Stowe’s personal views on the issue are also revealed in the novel, as well as the role of lawmakers and the church in allowing slavery to persist. 13 pages; 24 footnotes; 1 bibliographic sources.   $91
15831. "Black Power: The Politics of Liberation" by Stokely Carmichael and Charles v. Hamilton (Book Review). This paper reviews this seminal book on the need to empower African Americans through the development of a type of consciousness known as Black Power. Although the book was written in 1967, many of the ideas found in the book are still applicable in the present day. 6 pages; 18 footnotes; 1 bibliographic source.   $42
15796. Sacred Hunger by Barry Unsworth. A highly favorable review of Unsworth 1992 epic novel about a slave ship and its journey to the New World beginning in 1752. Traces parallels in the plot to Shakespeare's The Tempest and focuses on the book's themes surrounding the ethics of slave trading. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
15770. Visual Arts in the Harlem Renaissance. In the 1920's Harlem Renaissance, there was a controversy over how the "New Negro" (with growing demands for equality and civil rights) should be represented in contrast to the stereotype of the "Old Negro." In the arts, this controversy was reflected in an effort to show the non-idealized "truth" of the African-American urban experience. This paper includes a discussion of the works of various visual artists such as Archibald Motley, Aaron Douglas, and Palmer Hayden, among others. 6 pages, 19 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
15766. Discourse Analysis: The Cultural Context. This paper focuses on a particular aspect of the cultural context of discourse: discourses of the Self (e.g., self-identity) and discourses of Other (which label or describe the out-group, discourses representing resistance against or oppression of the other, etc.) among cultural minorities and dominant groups. Through a review of the current literature on the cultural context of discourse analysis, this investigation explores how ethnic/cultural/linguistic minorities define self-identity through discourse; how minorities employ discourse as a strategy of cultural resistance; how dominant groups use discourse to define their own identities and to re-define those of minorities; and how discourses are used as tools of oppression and reinforcers of stereotypes. Five appendices provide detailed examples of linguistic/culturally-specific assessments.KEYWORDS: language culture discourse analysis linquistics communications stereotypes. 15 pages, 41 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources. 5,345 words.   $105
15751. Minority Women and Eating Disorders. This paper presents a review of literature which shows that contrary to earlier assumptions, minority women are prone to various types of eating disorders. In addition, some studies have raised interesting questions regarding the role of acculturation in causing eating disorders (or of resistance to acculturation in contributing to obesity). Inconsistencies can be found in the relatively few studies that have been conducted so far on this topic. There is a need for further study and the development of better measurement tools. 23 pages; 52 footnotes; 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
15735. Accents, Dialects and Discrimination. This paper discusses the evidence from studies that one's accent or dialect often results in discrimination in housing, employment and education. The problem is discussed in general terms, although emphasis is also placed on how the situation affects Puerto Rican and African-American speakers. 12 pages, 18 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $84
15719. American Intellectuals and African Nationalists, 1955-1970 (Martin Staniland). Staniland's book concerns the role of American intellectuals in the African nationalist movements, and he discusses such things as the assumptions and misconceptions of the intellectuals and the growing radicalism of the 1960's. Although the book has weaknesses as well as strengths, it is argued that overall it is useful for the study of this particular aspect of history. 6 pages, 16 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
15717. Sports Participation Among Women and Minorities. It is argued that the dramatic increase in sports participation among women and minorities has not led to significant gains in social status. Although there have been some improvements in terms of social mobility and equality in media representation, there is still a great deal more that needs to be done because discrimination is deeply entrenched in American society. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
15687. Women & Minorities' Attitudes Towards Unions. Explores historical and current attitudes of women and minorities towards unions and unionization versus that shown by white males. Traces the history of the growth of minority/female union membership in the U.S., profiles the current demographic composition of union membership, and considers the reasons behind minorities' and women's more favorable attitudes towards unions and greater inclination (versus white males) to join unions in an era when union membership overall has fallen to an all-time low. KEYWORDS: labor unions united states unionization minorities women blacks hispanics asians. APA Style. 11 pages, 35 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources. 3,730 words.   $77
15655. Ethnicity and Attitude Towards Psychological Intervention: Cultural and Personality Factors in Differences. This research paper reviews the current psychological literature on the personality and cultural factors influencing attitudes and receptivity towards psychological/psychiatric intervention/treatment among various ethnic minority groups found in the U.S (including various Latino groups, Asian groups, Africa-Americans, and Native Americans). The analysis begins with an overview of the current thinking on culture and personality and the possible implications for this inquiry. Following this, the current psychological literature on ethnic/cultural differences in attitudes toward psychiatry/psychology and manifestations of mental health problems are reviewed and analyzed. KEYWORDS: mental health attitudes ethnic differences psychiatric treatment acceptance ethnicity culture term paper. APA Style. 15 pages; 45 footnotes; 28 bibliographic sources. 5,251 words.   $105
15642. Foreign Affairs and Domestic Civil Rights: Civil Rights Leaders of the 1960'S and the Vietnam War. This paper explores how foreign affairs and U.S. foreign policy affected the civil rights movement during the Cold War period of the 1960's. Following a background summary of the civil rights movement in the 1950's and 1960's, and a discussion of the bi-directional link between foreign affairs and the seemingly purely domestic affair of civil rights, the analysis looks more closely at the impact of the Vietnam War on the civil rights movement in the 1960's, focusing on the responses of two of the major African-American leaders of the era - Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr., -- but also considering the general impact of foreign affairs of the civil rights movement and its major leaders and organizations during the 1960's. It will be argued that the escalation of the Vietnam War in the mid-1960's was a fateful turning point in the history of the civil rights movements. KEYWORDS: naacp civil rights foreign policy martin luther king racial discrimination foreign affairs. 22 pages, 43 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources. 6,160 words.   $133
15590. Blueprint for Black Power (Amos N. Wilson). Wilson's book argues that solving the problems of African-Americans requires the adoption of an "Afrikan-centered consciousness." In addition, the African-American community needs to become economically empowered by keeping cash flow within the community as much as possible. References are made to various less "radical" writers in order to show that there is a great deal of agreement and support for Wilson's views. 8 pages, 11 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $56
15589. The Souls of Black Folk (w.e.b. Dubois) and Race Matters (Cornel West). DuBois' 1903 and West's 1993 works are concerned with race relations in the U.S.; however, there are many differences between them because of the different timeframes in which they were written. On the other hand, both writers agree that psychological damage is caused by racism and that African-Americans themselves need to take action in order to improve the situation. 6 pages, 22 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
15586. Go Tell It on the Mountain (James Baldwin) and Black Boy (Richard Wright). This paper examines the themes of identity, family and religion, as seen in these two novels concerned with African-American boys growing into manhood. Baldwin's book is about a preacher's son, for whom religion and family remain important despite the conflicts. Wright's main character is more rebellious and comes from a broken home; he seeks his salvation not through religion and family, but rather through the craft of writing. 13 pages, 48 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $91
15559. Black Odyssey (Nathan Irvin Huggins). A chapter-by-chapter summary and discussion of Huggins' book on American slavery. The topics covered include: the culture and lives of the slaves, treatment by masters, the slave community, free Blacks, the value of slavery to the Southern economy, and how some slaves adapted while others resisted. 9 pages, 25 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $63
15555. Dr. Martin Luther King's Views as Seen in His Final Speech ("I See the Promised Land"). How the basic themes of King's 1968 speech reflected the major concerns of his career, particularly his dream to attain unity of all people and his belief in using non-violent methods to protest discrimination and injustice. References to some of King's other speeches and writings are also made. 6 pages, 21 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
15509. Affirmative Action Policies. Using a managerial perspective, this paper describes both and pros and cons of affirmative action, and argues that the disadvantages outweigh the advantages. The various flaws of the policies are discussed and it is concluded that the only real solution to discrimination and inequality is for society in general to become more "color-blind" in the assessment of individual merit. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
15507. A Historiography of American Slavery. Eight books regarding the topic of slavery are compared and discussed; in this way the reader is shown how the views and methodologies of historians have changed over time. The eight authors discussed in the paper are: Phillips, Aptheker, Stampp, Genovese, Starobin, Blassingame, Gutman, and Levine. 18 pages, 45 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $126
15505. Misdiagnosis and Mislabeling of African-American Children. Discusses the evidence that African-American children are more likely to be labeled "mentally retarded" or "emotionally disabled" and thus placed in special education classes; yet they still do not receive the help or support they need. The negative impacts of this problem are discussed, as well as views on the reasons for its occurrence and some proposed solutions. 17 pages, 55 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $119
15490. Minority Women & the Glass Ceiling Syndrome. A review of the literature on this subject including an examination of studies conducted by the Glass Ceiling Commission, the Catalyst organization, and others. Topics covered include the syndrome's dimensions, its causes and its existence in such places as the military and medical schools. Although many of the existing studies deal with women in general, this review pays particular attention to studies that have examined the problem as it pertains to minority women. 30 pages, 70 footnotes, 15 bibliographic references.   $133
15429. Race Relations in Cuba. This paper draws on recent scholarship to provide a portrait of historical and current race relations in Cuba. The history of Cuban race relations is traced from the pre-independence period, through the Wars of Independence, the American Occupation, the post-colonial Republican period, the Cuban Revolution of 1959 and through the Castro regime up to the present time. In examining the history of Cuban race relations, the analysis also considers how U.S. race relations influenced the Cuban situation. The U.S.-Cuban intersection of racial perspectives is also considered in terms of how American attitudes and norms on race relations have informed the attitudes and perspectives of Cuban-Americans. KEYWORDS: Cuba race relations cuban history cuban-americans black white. 12 pages, 17 bibliographic references. 4,392 words.   $84
15304. Affirmative Action in Higher Education. This term paper presents an overview and analysis of the history and current state of affirmative action in higher education within the context of the history of racial discrimination in the United States. Following a brief overview of the Supreme Court’s changing views on racial discrimination and race classification and towards the interpretation of a “color blind” Constitution in the 20th century, the paper examines the history and current status of affirmative action in higher education. The essay includes a close focus on some of the key Supreme Court rulings – notably Brown v. Board of Education, Bakke, Adarand, and Hopwood – which have shaped the character of affirmative action in higher education. The concluding section considers the recent move away from affirmative action by some universities and the future prospects for affirmative action in higher education. KEYWORDS: affirmative action higher education term paper race based university college admissions african americans discrimination. APA Style. 13 pages, 76 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources. 4,784 words.   $91
15303. History of Racial Discrimination in America. This term paper provides an overview and analysis of the history of racial discrimination and the slow development of federal policy responses such as anti-discrimination laws and affirmative action programs to the problem. Following an overview of definitions of racial discrimination and a brief discussion of the cultural and historical roots of racial discrimination in the United States, the paper traces the history of racial discrimination in American from Colonial times through the 1950s. The essay also discusses some of the seminal Supreme Court cases – including Dred Scott, Plessy, and Korematsu – shaping formal policy responses to the problem of racial discrimination in America. KEYWORDS: racial discrimination blacks jim crow segregation race relations anti-discrimination laws supreme court rulings dred scott plessy korematsu brown v board education research paper. APA Style. 15 pages, 52 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources. 5,302 words.   $105
15213. Critique of Three Books of African-American Ethnicity. According to Stephen Steinberg in The Ethnic Myth, ethnicity should be studied from an historical-structural perspective rather than a cultural perspective. America Black and White (Thernstrom and Thernstrom), Black Movements in America (Robinson) and Stylin' (Shane and White) are critiqued in terms of whether or not they meet the criteria established by Steinberg. 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibliographic references.   $49
15148. Home to Harlem (Claude Mckay). Focuses on how African American manhood is expressed in the 1928 novel. Includes the issue of whether the characters are stereotyped or realistic, and how the men relate to women. Also contrasts the main character, Jake, who copes with his problems by following his instincts, with Ray, whose intellectualism causes him to be isolated and unhappy. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.   $42
15076. Portugal in the Slave & Spice Trades. Why did Portugal, pioneering founder and unequivocal European leader of the spice and slave trades through the sixteenth century, drop to the margins of these trades in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? That is the central question under investigation in this comparative study of the European-Asian spice trade and Atlantic slave trade of the 15th-18th Centuries. The analysis looks at the major reasons for the decline and eventual diminution of the Portuguese role in these two major trades, considering political, organizational, cultural, economic, competitive and other factors. KEYWORDS: portugal history economic decline spice trade slave trade. APA Style. 14 pages, 40 footnotes, 17 bibliographic references. 5,421 words.   $98
15073. The Significance of the African Slave Trade to Economic Development in the European Maritime Nations, 1440-1860. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the economic impact of the transatlantic slave trade on the major European slave-trading nations. Argues that despite huge losses and inefficiencies, the major European slave traders of the 17th and 18th Centuries (Dutch, British, French) benefited economically from the trade in terms of increased exports, improvements in the shipping industry, the slave labor efficiencies of the plantation economies in the colonies, and the stimulation of development and innovation within certain industries. The effect is most dramatic for Great Britain. KEYWORDS: colonial powers slave trade history economic development commerce slaves britain france netherlands portugal. APA Style. 15 pages, 45 footnotes, 15 bibliographic references. 5,216 words.   $105
15055. Culture & Ethnicity in British Broadcasting & Film. This research paper examines representations of cultural and ethnic differences in British broadcasting and film during the second half of the 20th century. The paper argues recent decades (particularly since the 1980s) have seen positive changes in the representation of cultural and ethnic differences in British broadcasting and film. The specific changes are illustrated through a discussion of representative films and British TV shows. Notwithstanding the positive changes, the paper concludes that both British society and the British media have a way to go before a truly complete sense of equality and diversity is attained. KEYWORDS: british film television broadcasting race ethnicity cultural differences racial strife blacks asians. MLA Style. 16 pages, 64 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $112
15020. The Health Problems of African Americans of the Lower Middle Class. Examines the evidence from various studies regarding the reasons for the increased risk of certain chronic ailments among this group; topics include the lack of facilities and resources, discrimination, and environmental factors causing stress. 10 pages, 18 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references.   $70
14818. Slavery as the Peculiar Institution: Uncle Tom’S Cabin. This paper examines “the peculiar institution” of slavery as the context of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s 1952 novel, to support Stowe’s argument that this was not a “benevolent form of paternalism” toward an “inferior race,” but a moral contagion and a blight upon the conscience of Christian American that should and would be abolished in time. Argues that Stowe did believe that blacks and whites could some day live together in harmony, if only whites would adopt the true faith and godliness of Protestantism, and “raise up” blacks into the education, religion and industry of the white European civilization. KEYWORDS: book review fiction race black whites southern uncle toms cabin harriet beecher stowe. 11 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 2,584 words.   $77
14817. Denial of African American Rights: The “Battle Royal” Scene From Ellison’S Invisible Man. This paper identifies and analyzes racial themes in a pivotal scene (“The Battle Royal”) from Ralph Ellison’s 1952 book, Invisible Man. Argues that the actions in this scene symbolically depict the status of the Black man in America in the mid-twentieth century. Considers both the “invisibility” of the Black man in larger society, and the need for the Black man to conceal his true identity, to compromise and to make himself invisible in order to get along and get ahead in life. KEYWORDS: book review racial themes blacks Ellison invisible man battle royal. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,128 words.   $35
14808. Kindred by Octavia Butler. . This paper provides a favorable summary review of Butler’s 1988 novel that created a new genre by combining science fiction, historical drama and contemporary social comment within a single framework. Summarizes the plot (involving a 20th century black woman summoned back in time to the 19th century to save the life of her white ancestor Rufus), analyzes the various plot devices and discusses character development in the novel. Argues that Butler’s story rises above the commonplaces of science fiction, historical melodrama or dull contemporary social comment, because the author gave the novel a structure which suggested a much deeper Biblical or even Cosmic Dimension. KEYWORDS: book review fiction historical novel African American woman. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,148 words.   $35
14806. Economic and Media Influences on Race Relations in America. This paper addresses two separate questions related to economic and media influences on racial discrimination, race relations and opportunities available to racial minorities: 1) How does the structure of the US economy influence the opportunities and life chances of minorities; and 2) How do controlling images in the media objectify Asian-, African,- and Latino-Americans? Separate references are provided for each section. KEYWORDS: media minorities media race economy media race discrimination. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 1,547 words.   $42
14803. . Coming of Age in Mississippi by Anne Moody. . This paper provides a review and analysis of the author’s best-selling autobiography describing her experiences growing up in the white dominated Deep South in the 1940s and 1950s. The analysis explores the major themes and high points of Anne Moody’s story and discusses how Moody’s book can be used in the teaching of several important dimensions of American history – as a biographic account of southern poverty, a personal history of the civil rights years, and as an example of the lifelong development of an activist. KEYWORDS: book review autobiography southern life 1950s civil rights. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,204 words.   $35
14097. Life on the Color Line (Gregory Howard Williams) Review and critique of this autobiography about an interracial child facing racial tensions in America during the 1950s-1960s. Argues that the book is good because of its moving story, unique perspective, and its theme of not giving up in the face of hardships. 6 pages, 19 footnotes, 1 bibliographical reference.   $42
14068. Race and Poverty in Cities. This paper considers the current state of the political economy of urban America, with a close focus on the central city and the issues related to race and poverty. The first section provides a general overview of poverty and race in the central city. The next section considers some of the major theoretical approaches to explaining urban poverty. The concluding section examines the parameters (including some of their weaknesses and/or problems) of current and past approaches to attempting to 'fix' the urban poverty problem. KEYWORDS: urban poverty political economy cities racism term paper. APA Style. 13 pages, 54 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 3,847 words.   $91
13984. Masculinity and Stereotypes in the Mass Media Based on Race and Class. This paper uses two studies on African American males (Slim’s Table by Duneier and There Are No Children Here by Kotlowitz), and one study on Asian American males (“Vanishing Son” by Kashiwabara). Using these sources, it is argued that the mainstream media perpetuates stereotypes about men of different races and classes and that these stereotypes do not reflect reality. 11 pages, 24 footnotes, 3 bibliographic references.   $77
13973. The Political Participation of Ethnic Groups in the u.s. Analyzes the behaviors of African Americans, Hispanics and Asian Americans, and finds that voting and participation have increased for all three groups, yet they are all still under-represented in terms of the size of their populations. The paper concludes by noting the importance of ethnic political organizations in getting people to participate. 10 pages, 34 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references.   $70
13968. Slavery in Haiti and the United States. Compares the conditions of slavery in the two locations and argues that the different conditions help to explain why a successful slave revolt occurred in Haiti but not in the U. S. In particular, the Haitian slaves were treated more harshly, they were more likely to have been born in Africa, and they represented a larger percentage of the Haitian population than the colonists did. 15 pages, 47 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.   $105
13962. Tuskegee Airmen. This termpaper traces the history, performance, and significance of America’s first African-American air force. Describes the social, political and military factors leading to the establishment of a segregated military fighter pilot training facility at Tuskegee; traces the development and evolution of the 450 Tuskegee Airmen serving in WWII; and argues that the black fighters’ greatest significance was in demonstrating the superiority of racially integrated military combat units and hence paving the way for the desegregation of the US armed forces in 1948. 13 pages text plus annotated bibliography, 24 footnotes, 16 annotated bibliographic sources.   $91
13937. Cornel West's Identity as an African-American Philosopher. Although Cornel West rejects “academic philosophy,” the roots of his ideas can be found in such philosophical traditions as pragmatism and fideism. The paper also discusses other influences on West’s philosophy, such as the Blues and the Black Church, and supports his eclectic position for its open-mindedness and flexibility. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 3 bibliographic references.   $77
13876. Sickle Cell Anemia. Profiles this inherited disorder which mainly affects persons of Black African ancestry. Describes the etiology, pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment protocols and patient prognosis in the disease. The analysis focuses on the chronic nature of the disease and the multiple medical complications associated with its course. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $49
13846. Rap Music: Origins and Influences. Analysis of the history and development of American Black rap music. Traces historical influences from Africa, Latin American culture, the Beat Generation, and Black jazz artists and describes the development of rap as a 'new" form of African-American musical expression and social comment in the late 1980s. Discusses the controversies surrounding rap and the threat it poses to the White status quo establishment. 14 pages, 20 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $98
13844. Race and Intelligence. Traces the history and current controversies surrounding the purported racially-based differences in intelligence and aptitude. Describes the historical development of the concept of race and the evolution of Social Darwinism and its dogma on racially-based differences. Considers current theories about race and intelligence as developed by Jensen and others. Concludes that race cannot be linked to intelligence tests because race is not a valid scientific, genetic or biological concept. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
13752. The Negative Impact of Race- and Gender-Centric Education. Investigates the negative psychological impact (particularly in terms of women's and minorities' self-esteem) of a school curriculum grounded solely in white, European cultural traditions and largely bereft of any consideration of female contributions to history or society. Argues that the achievement of cultural diversity as an underlying value will be impossible unless race and gender-based curricula are modified. 9 pages, 12 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $63
13729. "Restoring Hope" (West) and "Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?" (Tatum). A comparison of how these two books treat racial issues in the U.S. Both books cover similar topics; however, whereas West’s conversations with prominent African Americans are inspiring, Tatum’s book is more useful in explaining race issues because it is more comprehensive in scope and it makes better use of scholarly evidence. 8 pages, 18 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.   $56
13674. The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955. An analysis of the Montgomery bus boycott from the perspective of Jo Ann Robinson, an early civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in organizing and directing the boycott. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
13669. African-American Men: Curbing the Crisis. Examines the social, economic, and health crisis among African-American males. Looks at the crisis from three major standpoints: the harsh realities of lowered life expectancy due to increasing mortality from AIDS, drug use and urban violence; the creation of a new black underclass; and the growing movement towards independent initiative and self-development among African American males. 9 pages, 25 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $63
13518. The History of Rap Music. This paper discusses the elements of the style, its influence on pop culture, and its development from its origins in the 1970s. Covers various artists and songs, as well as such sub-genres as 'gangsta', Latino, female and white rap. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
13436. Paul Robeson. Covers the life and career of African American actor, singer, and civil rights activist Paul Robeson. Also discusses his controversial views on communism as a means to attain equality in the world. 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
13417. The Rise of Black Nationalism in the United States. This paper reviews two books which trace the rise of Black nationalism in the United States. Horne’s (1995) Fire This Time examines Black nationalism through the lens of the 1965 Watts uprising. Allen’s (1970) now-classic Black Awakening in Capitalist America provides an “analytic history” of Black revolt in 1960s America with the analysis informed by both political and sociological theory. Following a summary and analysis of the central theses and major themes in each work, the concluding section considers which book best explains the rise of Black nationalism in America during the 1960s. 10 pages, 21 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
13282. Sexuality, Sexual Behavior and Race/Ethnicity. This report provides a survey and overview of recent literature on racial differences in sexuality. The first section examines what has historically been the major focus of attention among sexuality researchers who have investigated racial issues: comparisons of sexuality between Caucasian and African-Americans. The next section reviews the literature on Asian and Hispanic sexuality, particularly as it compares to sexual behaviors among White and Black Americans. A concluding section discusses explanations for racial differences in sexuality. 24 pages, 134 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $133
13095. Black Feminist Movements in the u.s. And Brazil. Compares the two movements and the status of Black women in terms of personal rights, education, socio-economic position, roles in politics, and recognition as a group. Concludes that positive changes are taking place in both nations, but there is still a long way to go before Black women attain full and equal rights. 12 pages, 54 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
12613. Cause and Consequence in the Atlantic Slave Trade. Excellent summary of the political and economic social changes which made possible the Atlantic slave trade of 1450 to the late 1800's. Includes origins of slave trade in early voyages, distinction between "household" and "chattel/plantation" slavery, role of Portuguese renegade regime on Sao Tome, role of sugar industry, relative strengths of European and African regimes at various times, evolution and statistics, focusing on how the slave system was a true intercontinental political/economic/ system which both drew on existing cultures and provoked social/political/economic changes which maintained and developed the system. Conclusion highlights role of slave trade as origin of modern industrial capitalism. 11p., 26f, 8b.   $77
12612. The Influence of Islam on Malcom X. This paper covers the life of Malcom X and his work with the Nation of Islam. Includes a discussion of how his views became more racially tolerant after his 1964 pilgrimage to Mecca. Concludes by examining Malcolm's inspiring influence on both the civil rights movement and the spread of "true Islam" in the U.S. 18 pages, 78 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $126
12611. Tocqueville and Beaumont on Slavery and Racial Inequality in America. This paper provides a critical analysis of Tocqueville and Beaumont's observations, comments, and conclusions regarding racial inequality in America. The focus of the analysis is on the Frenchmen's commentary on Black-White racial inequality and slavery. The main part of the analysis compares and contrasts Beaumont's and Tocqueville's perspective and opinion on racial inequality and slavery. In particular, the analysis examines the two travelers' perceptions of the condition of Blacks in America, the geographical (North-South) differences in American race relations, the factors supporting slavery in the U.S., and the prospects (and potential problems therein) in abolishing slavery and achieving equality between blacks and whites in America. A concluding section considers the validity of their assessments. 20 pages, 48 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
12610. Harriet Beecher Stowe and Frederick Douglass. Compares and contrasts the emotional, melodramatic style of Uncle Tom's Cabin with the calm realism of Douglass' autobiographical writings. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
12363. African American Suicide. This paper profiles and examines suicidal behavior among African Americans. Following a summary profile of suicide rates among African Americans in general and specific age and gender related categories, the investigation examines some of the reasons behind Blacks' lower rate of suicide (versus whites), considers forces spurring increasing rates of suicide among specific age and gender related categories, and looks at strategies for prevention. 16 pages, 41 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $112
12361. The Struggle for Black Equality, 1954-1992 by Harvard Sitkoff. Critical review and analysis of the revised edition of this important book which provides a succinct interpretation and analysis of the civil rights movement from the 1954 Supreme Court ruing in Brown v. Board of Education to the LA riots following the Rodney King verdict. Reviews the scope and subject of the book, considers the author's perspective, summarizes the major findings and conclusions, and assesses the contributions made to an understanding of U.S. history. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
12360. In the Castle of My Skin (George Lamming). Review of book about a young boy in Barbados and his growth into adulthood. Argues that a central theme in the book is the inevitability of change inhuman life. Also discusses how the boy becomes increasingly aware of the struggle of his race for equality as he approaches manhood. 8 pages, 26 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
12359. The Souls of Black Folk (w.e.b. Dubois) and the Black Bourgeois (W. Franklin Frazier. Discusses how these two authors used two different psychological metaphors to describe the conditions of African-Americans: "double-consciousness" (DuBois) and "inferiority complex" (Frazier). Both books contribute much to understanding; however, despite DuBois's eloquence as a writer, it is claimed that Frazier presents a more persuasive argument. 8 pages, 13 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $56
12358. Race and the Justice System in America. This paper provides a survey and overview of the issues and evidence concerning racial bias and disparate impact in the U.S. criminal justice system. Focusing closely on black-white issues and the question of disparate impact on African Americans, the analysis looks at racial effects in policing, the pre-trial process, the jury trial, sentencing, appeals, and post-trial disposition and corrections. 18 pages, 39 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $126
12357. Analysis of Three Poems by Langston Hughes. A discussion of how "Negro," "Island," and "Dream Deferred" reflect the poet's vision of African-American pride and the dream of racial equality. Also notes how the poet's attitude changed over time, showing an increased sense of urgency in his later works. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $42
12158. Interracial Marriage. This paper examines the status and history of interracial marriage in the U.S., profiling the statistical composition of mixed-race marriages, considering some of the factors spurring the increase, and examining the structure of interracial marriage in terms of gender, age, socioeconomic considerations, previous marriages, decision to have children, and other factors. The principal focus is on black-white intermarriage, although comparative data on other forms of interracial marriage are included as well. 13 pages, 29 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $91
12157. Discrimination and Gender/Race Bias in the Legal Profession. Focusing particularly on gender bias and discrimination against women (although also considering the general status and treatment of minorities in the profession) this investigation looks at the extent to which the legal profession in the late 1990s promotes the value of diversity. The investigation focuses on a general survey of the "state of the profession" in terms of discriminatory treatment toward women and minorities, looking first at the situation among U.S. law schools and then exploring diversity within the legal profession. The analysis looks both at general trends and at the specific permutations of discriminatory treatment, from law school and the process of legal education through the attorney career track. 12 pages, 30 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $84
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