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13627. Hospitality Purchasing. This paper discusses the importance of purchasing for hotels and restaurants, as well as the techniques and standards used by purchasing agents. It also covers such topics as perceived value, relations with suppliers, ethical issues, and recent innovations in hospitality purchasing. KEYWORDS: purchasing techniques standards hospitality industry hotels restaurants. 11 pages, 34 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
13623. Banking Industry Futures. The paper first gives two scenarios up to the year 2005 -one in which a bank succeeds and other in which a bank fails. Then, the paper provides strategic recommendations to bank managers so they may follow the path to success. Emphasizes the importance of adapting to such new realities as computerized banking and diversification of products, while at the same time maintaining a "personal touch" in customer relations. KEYWORDS: banking industry strategies customer service computerization. 16 pages, 32 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $112
13585. Information Technology as a Competitive Tool. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the "Information Revolution" in contemporary business. Focusing on the explosive growth of the Internet and the concomitant develop of business intranets, the analysis considers how information technology serves as a crucial competitive tool and is rapidly evolving as the central basis of competition in today's business environment. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $84
13535. Financial Sector in the Arab Gulf. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the financial sector in the Arab Gulf States. It includes a unified discussion and analysis of the financial systems (banking system, stock market, investment climate); financial strategies; intra- and extra- GCC economic relations; and threats, opportunities, and plans within the GCC system. KEYWORDS: financial sector kuwait bahrain uae qatar saudi arabia gulf cooperative council. 12 pages, 53 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $84
13453. The Asian Economic Crisis: Responses and Responsibility. This paper presents an analytical discussion of the causes and consequences of the Asian economic crisis with a focus on the following two questions: 1) what have been the domestic and international responses to the crisis; and 2) who (or what) deserves the blame for the crisis? The first section provides a summary overview of the domestic and international responses to the crisis. The next section briefly summarizes the main arguments on who is to blame for the crisis. The third and final section argues that there are may villains; that blame should rightly be apportioned among a fairly broad contingent of governments, private sector businessmen, bankers, currency speculators, international lenders, and members of the international financial community. 12 pages, 21 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $84
13410. Regulating Financial Services. An overview and analysis of the need for regulation of financial services (banking, insurance, securities). Considers the arguments for and against government regulation in the sector, identifies the appropriate scope of regulation, and discusses current regulatory strategies and needs with regard to developed economies, emerging markets, and the international financial community. KEYWORDS: financial services industry banking securities insurance regulation. 10 pages, 29 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
13408. Causes and Consequences of the Asian Financial Crisis. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the causes and consequences of the Asian financial crisis. The substantive issues, theories and findings related to both the hypothesized causes and apparent consequences are presented. A concluding section considers some of the practical lessons for managers to be drawn from the crisis. KEYWORDS: financial crisis asia 1990s asian economic crisis term paper. 12 pages, 28 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $84
13387. The Asian Financial Crisis. This term paper considers the causes and consequences of the 1990s Asian financial crisis. The main issues, theories and findings related to both the hypothesized causes and the apparent consequences are presented. The essay also looks at what lessons the Asian Financial Crisis has for managers. KEYWORDS: financial crisis asia 1990s asian economic crisis term paper. 13 pages, 28 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources. 3,458 words.   $91
13386. Just in Time (Jit) Philosophy and System From Japan. A comprehensive overview and analysis of the JIT production system. Defines JIT and its major components; traces the historical development of JIT; discusses its potential and proven benefits; details the central elements of JIT related to flow, quality, and employee involvement; considers problems in JIT implementation; and profiles recent trends and development in JIT. 17 pages, 26 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $119
13369. History of the New York Stock Exchange. Covers the NYSE's origins, growth during the 19th Century, boom periods and crises, and the development of rules and regulations over the years. Also discusses competition to the NYSE, with emphasis on the growing trend toward the use of computerized trading systems. 13 pages, 39 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $91
13359. Evaluating Quality in Services. This paper considers the problems and prospects for evaluating quality and implementing quality control procedures in service organizations as contrast to manufacturing organizations. Argues that both the definition of quality, and the implementation of quality control processes must be significantly modified from their manufacturing paradigm to achieve effectiveness in the service organization. KEYWORDS: quality control service business term paper. APA Style. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $70
13307. The Euro: The Eu Currency. This paper presents an analysis of one of the world's most ambitious political-economic-financial experiments. The paper includes a brief history of the European Union and its attempts to link and stabilize currencies; a history of the new transnational currency "the euro" since conception in 1987 through its initial implementation in January 1999, the pre-birth traumas and successes, the long-term hopes, the short-term fears of possible breakup over various issues including possible shortcomings of the new European Central Bank, problems facing final implementation by July 2002, hopes and fears of the euro's role in international finance and possible competition with the dollar as world's leading currency. KEYWORDS: eu euro currency. 19 pages, 32 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $133
13293. External Reporting and Internal Analysis of Financial Information. Examines the forms and uses of MIS financial information, focusing on two main areas: external publication of annual and quarterly reports and other public relations statements, and internal analysis of financial performance (key ratios, valuation, dividend analysis, problems of insider trading, etc.) 16 pages, 12 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $112
13248. The Chase-Chemical Bank Merger. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the Chemical-Chase merger, illustrating the components of the merger in detail and examining the rationale behind the union; analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the unified bank; looking at the regulatory/legal stumbling blocks to the merger; and examining its impact on the banking industry, the economy, and consumers. KEYWORDS: banking industry mergers acquisitions chase manhattan chemical bank term paper. 15 pages, 48 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources.   $105
13147. Korea and the Imf Bailout. This paper provides a review and analysis of the commentary and opinion of the IMF's response to the Asian financial crisis, looking specifically at the case of the Korean bailout. Following a brief overview of the events which led to Korea's request for IMF assistance and a summary of the central elements and conditions of the IMF bailout package for Korea, the analysis reviews both criticism and praise for the institution's program in Korea. 20 pages, 86 footnotes, 42 bibliographic sources.   $133
13141. Financing Small Business. This report presents an overview and analysis of small business financing and the opportunities that the funding needs of small businesses and entrepreneurial firms presents for venture capitalists. The report begins with an overview of the key factors in small business success and failure, with particular attention to financing needs. The next section presents an analysis of the current range of financial resources (and trends within these resources) for small businesses and entrepreneurial firms. The next section looks first at the criteria used by banks, venture capital firms and other financial institutions when extending financing to small businesses and then at some of the common problems and mistakes that firms and entrepreneurs make when making their pitch to venture capital firms and other potential financiers. The concluding section seeks to better define the identified marketing niche - discussing what type of entrepreneurs are particularly in need of funding and outlining the opportunities for venture capital firms to market services to them. KEYWORDS: entrepreneurs small business capital requirements financing term paper. 30 pages, 129 footnotes, 73 bibliographic sources.   $133
13136. Hewlett-Packard Company. Following an overview of Hewlett-Packard current situation (with a focus on its current financial situation) and a review of the company's history, this analysis profiles HP's strategy and looks at its future prospects for continued strong growth and profitably as one of the world's leading high-technology companies. KEYWORDS: hewlett packard computer manufacturer. 10 pages, 41 footnotes, 28 bibiographic sources.   $70
13127. Investment Theory and Stock Market Valuation. A comprehensive overview of the current state of investment theory and stock market valuation, focusing on the issue of excess valuation in the 1992-1998 bull market, and the role of risk premiums and alternative investment modes in investor decisions. Contrasts fundamental theory (value and information based) with the technical theory of investment (based on past market movements and cyclical theories). The study concludes that while stock prices always return to the fundamental value of their underlying assets and returns, the market as a whole may be driven to ever-higher levels by a paradigm change in investor confidence, and by the lack of viable alternatives for placing surplus investment capital. 31 pages, 34 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $133
13118. South Korea and the Asian Financial Crisis. This paper examines the nature, causes, and consequences of the Asian financial crisis with respect to South Korea. Considers in detail the role (in both provoking and ameliorating) of "outside" forces (e.g., international lenders and investors) in the crisis. Bad lending policies, too-cozy business-banking-corporate relations, an irrational and inefficient chaebol structure, and a pervasive distrust of foreign investment are cited as among the principal causes of the financial crisis in South Korea. Concludes that South Korea's prospects for recovery hinge on its willingness to allow foreign investment and foreign participation in domestic business. 31 pages, 96 footnotes, 41 bibliographic sources.   $133
13111. Expert Systems Technology in Business. This paper provides a summary review and analysis of the scope, benefits, and risks of ES implementation in the business setting. The first part of the analysis examines the three major sub-types of ES commonly used in the business setting, with attention to their principal benefits and drawbacks. The second part of the analysis looks closer at the specific benefits derived and problems encountered during the course of ES implementation in the business setting. KEYWORDS: artificial intelligence business applications expert systems. 21 pages, 143 footnotes, 45 bibliographic sources.   $133
13110. Expert Systems Applications for Management Decision Making. This paper provides a review and analysis of the empirical and survey literature on current expert systems applications within the business setting. Following a brief introduction of terms, ES applications in human resources management, manufacturing/production, distribution, quality control, marketing, finance, and strategic management are discussed and analyzed with attention to both their effectiveness and the problems found in implementation and usage. KEYWORDS: artificial intelligence management information systems decision making computers. 22 pages, 42 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources..   $133
13109. Introduction to Expert Systems. This paper provides an introduction to expert systems (ES) technology, with particular attention to its use in the business setting. The first part of the analysis provides a definition and discussion of the major characteristics of expert systems. The process of developing and/or "building" expert systems is also discussed. The second part of the analysis provides a brief history of expert systems, with special attention to their application in the business setting. A concluding section describes the main types of expert systems currently deployed by business and discusses the likely future of ES in the business setting. KEYWORDS: artificial intelligence business expert systems management decision software. 11 pages, 37 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $77
13107. Securitization: Spreading Disaster Risk in the Insurance Industry. Explains the why and how insurance companies engage in "securitization " - using catastrophe bonds, options, and futures, to transfer a portion of the disaster risk assumed by insurance companies to investors. Discusses all three types of instruments and their risks and applications. Provides historical background on the dramatic rise in the cost of property catastrophes. 11 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $77
13104. Asset & Liability Management in Financial Institutions. The paper compares and contrasts the conservative approach to asset management which prefers safety and liquidity over profitability to the "economic" approach, which calls for financial institutions to make calculations estimating the expected gains or losses from keeping funds in reserve or loaning them. The paper also explores how financial institutions in liability management realized that by varying the daily interest rates they offered on certificates of deposit, Federal funds, commercial paper, and other liabilities, they could gain some control over incoming funds and experience similar results to asset management. 10 pages, 30 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
13103. Derivatives: The Role of New Financial Instruments. Examines the secondary-market financial instruments whose value is based on another, primary instrument or market price. The history, risk-hedging and profit-seeking functions of derivatives are reviewed, and exotic new types of instruments are compared. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
13102. Currencies and Money Market Instruments in Risk Management. Examines the uses of foreign currencies, long and short positions, and money market instruments for risk management by corporations. Basic theory and purpose of hedges are described, and the process of arbitrage for profit is contrasted with simple risk management. 9 pages, 10 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $63
13081. The Insurance Industry in Great Britain. Looks at the position of the industry in the U.K. in the nineties, reviewing the major companies, mergers and acquisitions, and new sources of capital and competition. Predicts the disappearance of insurance companies as they merge into the financial sector. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $70
13022. Internet Stock Trading in South Korea. Following a market assessment summary and summary risks and opportunities analysis, this report makes recommendations on the establishment of an Internet stock trading business in South Korea. Offers specific recommendations on the form of business organization, target market groups, and marketing plan/promotional strategies. 27 pages, 47 footnotes, 58 bibliographic sources.   $133
12626. A History of Auditors' Liability. Traces the history of auditors' liability from 1896 to the early 1990s, noting how the professionalization of the industry and the increasing complexity of business worked to expand the auditors' scope of liability. Explains auditors' liability under theories of fraud and negligence. Discusses the three main approaches to assessing auditors' liability for negligence: 1) Privity; 2) Restatement (Second) of Torts; and 3) foreseeability. Provides an extensive discussion of the major case law supporting these approaches. Concludes with an overview of auditors' liability under federal and state securities and RICO statutes. 22 pages, 107 footnotes in text, 41 bibliographic sources.   $133
12625. Online Stock Trading and the Online Investor in South Korea. This paper provides a detailed examination of the potential for, barriers against, and mechanics of building an online stock trading business in South Korea. The paper begins with a profile of the Korean Stock Exchange (KSE) and the securities market in South Korea. Included in this section is a close examination of the Korean individual investor - his role in the KSE, his propensity to invest, and his general characteristics - and of the general characteristics of the Korean consumer. Also considered are factors in the Korean economic and political structure which impact the KSE and the individual's propensity to invest. The next section then provides a profile of the individual Internet investor based on the U.S. market. The investigation then examines the current and potential Internet user in Korea, looking closely at both the individual and infrastructure factors which are key to Internet growth. The concluding section draws all of these elements together to present a Market Plan for establishing an online stock trading business in Korea. 35 pages, 187 footnotes, 121 bibliographic sources.   $133
12623. Hedging to Manage Exchange Rate Risk in Portfolio Management. The use of currency hedges to limit risk inportfolio management are reviewed. Factors affecting the decision to use a currency hedge are listed, and examples of foreign exchange transactions are presented. 9 pages, 2 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources..   $63
12622. Recent Changes in the Structure of Financial Markets. Clear summary of reasons for financial markets, and the various revolutions that have swept them in recent decades. Begins with good statement of the basic function of intermediation "between individuals and groups with varying financial needs and desires," studies recent changes under four headings: deregulation of domestic and international financial markets, internationalization of markets, introduction of new products and techniques, and the emergence of new "players," particularly fund managers. Includes the effects of abolition of fixed stockbroking commissions in America and Britain, growth of world stock-markets, growth of foreign currency market, growth of new instruments and securitization, innovation by financial firms, and role of new institutional investors in mid-1990's. Cautious conclusion doesn't count on permanence or stability in financial markets, but the culture of innovation and change through competition is likely to remain. 10 pages, 18 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
12621. Relationship Between the Financial Structure & Economic Activity. This survey summarizes what we know about the relationship of financial structures to the physical economy of goods and services at end-1997. Starting with a brilliant summary of the historical development of markets, as well as the development of market theory from Smith to Keynes, the study also covers the monetarist and rational expectations theories, and several specific theories trying to find microeconomic bases for the actual business conditions of the 1990's. Also includes evidence for existence of wealth effects, demonstrates the role of asymmetrical information in Asian collapse of late 1997, and gives evidence of markets not reaching most efficient distributions of resources. 11 pages, 20 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
12398. Federal Taxation of Individuals. A discussion of various components involved in filling out an income tax return. Includes such topics as filing status, exemptions, gross income, computation, credits, payments, filing requirement, and penalties. 28 pages, 113 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $133
12397. Korean Stock Market. A profile and analysis of the Korean Stock Market, also known as the Seoul Bourse. Includes history, analysis of market capitalization, number of listed firms, government involvement, regulatory structure, and treatment of foreign investors. Focuses on recent performance (1996-97) and some of the economic, social and political factors affecting performance. Includes a discussion of the presidential slush fund scandal and the SEC bribery scandal. 11p. + charts, 51f., 27b.   $77
12382. American Management Style in the Context of Global Business. This paper examines the dominant forms and cultural influences on management style and practice in the United States with comparisons to other cultural values underpinning American management style and business practices. A concluding section considers the extent to which recent changes in the structure and style of U.S. businesses can be related to American culture. KEYWORDS: globalization culture management american management style international business management. 18 pages, 43 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $126
12376. Decision Support Systems and Small Business. Overview and analysis of the use of decision support systems (DSS -- computer tools designed to provide a human decision-maker support within a semi-structured decision environment) in small business. Considers the central criteria for DSS success in small business, profiles common DSS applications in small business, and provides examples of specific products. A concluding section considers the outcome of DSS use in small business. 13 pages, 22 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $91
12292. Mergers and Acquisitions. The focus of this paper is to analyze the topic of mergers and acquisitions from multiple perspectives: first by exploring the concept of operational synergy as an economic incentive for mergers and acquisitions, then by examining conglomerate mergers as an alternative form of merger. Lastly, the theme of leveraged buyouts and recapitalizations is reviewed in terms of its efficacy in explaining the efficiency gains (or lack thereof) in the area of acquisitions. 28 pages, 34 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
12286. Growing Importance of Eurocurrency Markets. Describes the international financial market in bank claims denominated in foreign currencies. The origins, development and rapid recent expansion of the Eurocurrency market are detailed, and effects of globalizaton and the E.U. single currency concept are noted. 11 pages, 12 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
12272. Data Mining. Description and overview of the data mining approach to discerning critical patterns and trends found in large databases as an effort to improve organizational performance. Defines and describes the data mining process and its central analytical tools (clustering, classifications, sequences, associations), provides examples of organizations' use of data mining, and profiles major trends in data mining. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $56
12170. Copper-World Market & Uses. Describes the physical and chemical properties, the processes of production, world distribution & ownership, and the mechanisms by which copper metal is traded on the two major commodities exchanges - the LME and COMEX. In the concluding section reference is made to two high profile copper scandals involving the Sumitomo and Coldelco corporations in Chile. 20 pages, 21 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $133
12170. Copper-World Market & Uses. Describes the physical and chemical properties, the processes of production, world distribution & ownership, and the mechanisms by which copper metal is traded on the two major commodities exchanges - the LME and COMEX. In the concluding section reference is made to two high profile copper scandals involving the Sumitomo and Coldelco corporations in Chile. 20 pages, 21 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $133
12169. Options Trading. This paper outlines the basics of options trading on both stock and commodity exchanges. The discussion focuses on the types of options that are bought and sold on these exchanges, the 'logic' behind the pricing of options, the advantages and strategies used in options trading, and concludes with a brief explanation of how options differ from other financial instruments such as futures and forward contracts. 15P., 24f., 16b.   $105
12018. An Overview of Country Risk Assessment and Its Potential Relevance to the Brady Bond Market. Part 1 defines country risk analysis, distinguishing between transfer and political risk; outlines quantitative and qualitative methods of country risk analysis; and assesses the utility of existing quantitative models. Part 2 assesses country risk in secondary markets for LDC debt (focusing on Mexican debt crisis), presenting a history and evaluation of debt reduction measures and Brady bonds. 18 pages, 50 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $126
12017. Mergers and Acquisitions in the u.s. Financial Services Industry. Examines current and likely future trends in M&A within the financial services industry. Begins with an overview of the scope of recent (1994-1996) M&A activity, focusing on banking. Considers factors spurring the surge in activity, including revenue/profit considerations, globalization, increased competition, changing technology and deregulation. Examines the likely impact of industry consolidation, drawing upon recent case examples, including the Chase-Chemical Bank merger. The concluding section looks towards the future, considering the potential impact of upcoming deregulation and probable industry scenarios given increasing consolidation. 31 pages, 132 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $133
12016. The Stock Market Crash of 1987. Describes the history of the crash and seeks to determine why it didn't turn into another "Great Depression," as in the years following the 1929 crash. Discusses such factors as runaway speculation, panic selling, the split in the Chicago and New York markets, computerized trading, and the role of the Federal Reserve System. 20 pages, 64 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
12015. Role of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Sec) in the Accounting Profession. Discusses how the SEC sets standards to insure accurate financial information in disclosures by companies trading in securities. Also discusses the role of related agencies such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
11973. Business Use of the Internet. Discusses the use of "intranets" within businesses. Examines the pros and cons exploring questions of security, efficiency, and ease of use. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
11937. An Economic Outlook for the u.s. This paper assesses the debatable state of the U.S. Economy gauging a number of economic indicators. A short and long term stock market outlook is made as well as predictions for the retail industry. 12 pages, 17 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $84
11822. The Financial System of Spain. Explores the rapid growth of the Spanish economy with its inclusion in the EC and NATO and compares it to the U.S. model. Criticizes the Bank of Spain's poor organization and its need for deregulation. Considers Spain's need for increased investment banking, and a reduction in inflation and budget deficit. Main paper: 15 pages, 28 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources. Also includes Appendix on Spanish Bank: Recent History. 6f., 3b.   $105
11820. The Psychology of Bank Runs. Analyzes bank runs in terms of sensation, attention, and perception. Considers the self-fulfilling prophecy of bank runs. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
11820. The Psychology of Bank Runs. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. See Section 20D -- Social Psychology.   $35
11819. The Future of the u.s. Banking Industry. Takes a critical look at the future of the U.S. banking industry, based on the industry's history, current status, future prospects and challenges, and the likely industry responses to those challenges. Focuses on key trends in regulation, competition, technology and consumer demands as they affect the industry's future. 18 pages, 51 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $126
11818. Institutional Investors and Corporate Governance. Sophisticated investigation of the increasing future of institutional investment. Beginning with a background sociology of the history of institutional investment, this paper focuses upon the opinions expressed in the Regan-Hanson debate in describing methods of relationship investment, risks and rewards for investors and corporations, alternative models, and the changing role of boards and corporate governance. 25 pages, 30 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
11817. Logistics in Modern Business Management. The history of logistics and the pertinence of logistics to service distribution is explored. Examples regarding the role of logistics in the computer age and the trend toward the hiring of logistics firms as subcontractors are given. The importance of "insourcing" and "outsourcing" to logistics as well as versatile advertising are also explored by example. 11 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
11816. Just in Time Manufacturing. Just in Time" is a recent Japanese philosophy of manufacturing which emphasizes low inventory levels, a careful management of time, and a flexibility toward changing technologies. The compatibility of "Just in Time" with the Kanban system, the Zero Inventory system, and the MRP and MRPII systems are discussed. The future of "Just in Time" in American manufacturing is also explored. 16 pages, 22 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $112
11809. The Anti-Takeover Conundrum and the Role of the States. This paper examines the history, development and current status of state anti-takeover statutes with the objective of addressing the following questions: 1) should there be federal regulations that supersede the state anti-takeover regulations? And 2) what existing state regulations (if any) might reasonably be proposed as models for national regulation? Concludes that most state statutes serve mainly to deplete shareholder wealth and entrench management. Recommends amendments to the Williams act to nullify long-term state business combination/freeze out laws and to mandate that states shift from "opt-out" to "opt-in" provisions in takeover regulations. 22 pages, 73 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.   $133
11514. Selecting a Bank. Extremely solid summary of all the little traps that can be found in the fine print of things that you're asked to sign at the bank. Covers checking accounts, saving accounts, CD and money market accounts, mortgage loans and credit cards. Uses neutral, restrained language. 20 pages, 25 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $133
11509. Principles of Real Property Appraisal. Well-done professional summary of the elements of appraisal: definitions of R.E. appraisal, concepts of value, elements of typical appraisals including relationships with other R.E. professionals, principles of valuation, complete run-through of appraisals using cost-less-depreciation, sales comparison, and income-capitalization methods, which methods to use in various cases, professional organizations and more. 25 pages, 32 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $133
11508. Decision Theory. Thorough summary of the history and elements of decision theory, a combination of tools to offer the business manager the best possibility of making a good decision. Covers risk and risk reduction as business basics, good decision versus right decision, risk reduction practices, movement to quantify/objectivity business decisions, multi-factor analysis, linear versus systems thinking, non-programmed decisions, decision trees, other mathematical techniques, psychological factors, and the current and future evolution of decision theory. 17 pages, 31 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $119
11390. Auditor's Legal Liability. Following an overview of the concept auditor's legal liability, including a review of liability exposure under both federal securities laws and common law theories, the analysis looks at the steps which can be taken to reduce auditor's liability. A concluding section briefly discusses what the individual auditor (CPA) can do to limit his or her liability. 10 pages, 32 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $70
11381. Successes and Failures of the International Monetary Fund. Examines the literature on the success and failures of the IMF, from its inception at Bretton Woods in 1944 up to the present. Following a brief overview of the IMF's central mandate and purpose, and a look at the institution's evolving role following the reliance on flexible exchange rates in the early 1970s, the paper examines the literature on the IMF's failures and successes both generally and from the perspective of specific country programs. A concluding section offers a synthesis of the findings and makes recommendations on IMF reforms for the future. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $84
11379. Strategies for International Trading by Peter Mioini. Summary review of an article on international investment strategies written by a Morgan Stanley VP. Discusses foreign investment trends and options in terms of both potential returns and risks and analyzes the basic parameters and strategies for international trading implementation. 6 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
11372. An Mis Budget for a Restaurant. Analyzes and recommends a hardware and software system for a fictitious 45-seat neighborhood restaurant. The system is configured within a $5,000 budget. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
11371. A Service Bureau's Mis Budget. Analyzes and recommends a hardware and software system for a fictitious temporary employment service within the scope of a $5,000 budget. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $28
11362. The Dollar and the Yen. See Section 7C. 10 pages, 37 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $70
11362. The Dollar and the Yen. An analysis of the dollar-yen relationship; why their values have moved up and down. Historical analysis followed by a review of some of the leading theories that seek to explain currency and trade flow movements; the purchasing power parity (PPP) theory, as well as monetary and portfolio theories. Concludes with a prediction of the dollar-yen figure 30 days hence. 10 pages, 37 footnotes, 29 bibliographic sources.   $70
11358. Stock Market Crashes and Financial Crises. Argues that even though the 1987 crash did not provoke a financial crisis, such crashes could easily do so. Looks at the globalization of markets and considers the probable repercussions of a major crash. 6 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $42
11353. Financial Sector Transformation in Former Soviet Satellites: The Czech Republic, Hungary & Poland. Examines the problems and prospects for financial sector reform in the market transition economies of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. Reviews the financial sector reforms to date in each country and considers some of the key financial sector transformation problems. Discusses some of the basic approaches proposed to resolve these problems. 14p. + appendix, 60f., 46b.   $98
11194. The Stock Market Crashes of 1929 and 1987 Compared. Compares why these stock market crashed and argues that the economic fundamentals that caused 1929 did not cause 1987, which was rather the result of changes in corporate capital structures, program trading, and electronic transfers. Analyzes the economic and political scenes of these eras; the role of institutions (banks, mutual funds, pension funds, etc.); various economic theories, how the crashes proceeded; their aftermaths; why 1929 led to the Depression; why 1987 did not. 25 pages, 107 footnotes, 64 bibliographic sources.   $133
11180. Financial Intermediaries: Now and in the Future. How banks, S&L's, and other financial institutions have changed, and what the industry will be like in the future. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $49
11131. Budgeting and Forecasting in Maintenance Management. Compares the approaches of two standard texts on maintenance management to problems in maintenance budgeting and manhour projections. Mann's Maintenance Management is seen as highly theoretical and abstract in comparison to Miles and Syagga's Building Maintenance Management. 9 pages, 12 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $63
11129. The Information Superhighway and Mis. A detailed examination of the proposed 500-channel fiber optic cable network of the future. The core technology of interactive television and online information services is described; hardware and software requirements are summarized. The implications of the system for management information systems of business and industry are reviewed, and the problems and prospects for integration of MIS into the new network are analyzed. 30 pages, 44 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $133
10684. The Development and Prospects of European Monetary Unification. Discusses the background of the interdependence of the European economies and the ongoing struggle to eliminate constantly shifting exchange rates. 30 pages, 28 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $133
10667. Eurodollars. Discusses the origin of Eurodollars, their desirability, their impact on inflation, the load market, and Eurobonds. 5 pages, 21 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. (+1 chart)   $35
10650. Eec Financial Unification. Its development and prospects. Role of the White Paper, the SEA (Single European Act), the Delors Report; how the economically stronger and weaker members differ and disagree; how they are expected to fare from unification; effects of unemployment, inflation, exchange rates and Eurodollars; role of central banks; the 2-Tier approach; how the EuroFed may operate; problems to overcome. 16 pages, 58 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $112
10634. Decision Tree Analysis of a Career Decision. A m.b.A. 's search for a career path demonstrates gathering and categorizing information for a decision tree analysis. 5p. ,0f., 0b. (+1 chart)   $35
10586. Nigeria's External Debt Problem. Analysis of Nigeria's debt problem in relation to its oil exports, government spending, and currency devaluation. The solution is seen in political reform which will end official corruption and incompetence in guiding the economy. 15 pages, 30 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $105
10569. The Japanese Stock Market as an Investment Vehicle. Examines the market's history and traces its meteoric rise in the mid-to-late 1980s, analyzing the causes involved. Also focuses on the 1990 economy, government efforts to halt the slide, and the 1992 recovery. Concludes with the recommendation that with the slump behind it, the Tokyo stock market is again a worthwhile investment for financial managers. 15 pages, 51 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.   $105
10546. A Review of "Capital Ideas". Summary of all main points of this book (by the founder of the Journal of Portfolio Management) on mathematical theories of investing and how they have impacted upon the investment community. Includes discussion of the Capital Asset Pricing Model, Random Walk Theory, and Efficient Market Hypothesis. The basic impact of such theories has been to demonstrate that statistical methods can outperform deliberate picking of stocks. 18 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $126
10541. Management Information Systems (Mis) at Ibm's Marketing and Services Division: A Survey. A survey of this gigantic company's MIS, discussing its current system and inadequacies, and their transition from centralized organization to linked local networks. The study concludes that the MIS shift parallels IBM's shift in overall sales strategy. 15 pages, 17 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $105
10462. The Bcci Debacle: Anatomy of a Financial Crisis. Focuses on the BCCI scandal in terms of its implications for international finance. Following a brief background of BCCI's formation and early growth years, the analysis traces its tumble towards failure and then considers the implications of the BCCI scandal in terms of international banking supervision, auditing practices, and government regulation of financial services. 16 pages, 48 footnotes, 31 bibliographic sources.   $112
10458. Leveraged Buyouts (Lbos). Examines the LBO boom of the 1980s; its extent; how LBOs are consummated; their rationale; the dangers of debt. Addresses the issues of whether the prices paid were realistic and how the firms that were bought carried their debt. Focuses on the LBOs of Federated Dep't. Stores and Beatrice, especially the RJR Nabisco LBO. Discusses how some firms managed to free themselves from their debt loads & some did not. 15 pages, 56 footnotes, 30 bibliographic sources.   $105
10333. Management Information Systems at the Fbi. This paper profiles and investigates management systems (MIS) at the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Following an overview of the FBI's primary management information system -- NCIC -- the analysis explores the Bureau's MIS subsystems and programs including automatic figerprint identification, DNA profiling, the use of electronic bulletin boards, and the use and development of expert systems and artificial intelligence programs. Current controversies in implementation and prospects for future MIS development are also noted. 12 pages, 31 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $84
10331. The Sabre Airline Reservation System. American Airlines proprietary CRS, SABRE, is analyzed as an in-house MIS for the company and as a marketable information service. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
10330. Third World Debt and International Banks. Answers the charge that international banks have encouraged excess borrowing for political and economic reasons. Economic recovery in Mexico and Chile under IMF and World Bank guidance is noted. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
10302. The Sabre Computerized Airline Reservation System. The evolution of American Airlines computerized reservation system into a broad-based corporate MIS system is described; development of specialized applications for decision support, scheduling, load planning and so on, is noted. The industry's movement toward PC-terminal LAN architecture is analyzed for its impact on SABRE in recent years. 11 pages, 22 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
10250. Penny Stocks -- Proposed New Sec Rules. This paper provides an overview, analysis and assessment of a proposed new rule made by the securities and Exchange Commission which would change existing regulations governing transactions in so-called penny stocks. Following a summary overview of the agency's proposal, this analysis considers the problems addressed by the proposed changes (i.e., the rationale for the rule-making proposal); the major effects of the proposal in terms of how well it addresses the problems, who benefits from the proposed changes, and who would pay the costs for the changes; presents possible alternative solutions and/or suggested improvements to the agency's proposal; and makes a final recommendation on the existing proposal. 15 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $105
10249. Banking in Luxembourg. Structure; kinds of lending; restrictions on lending; dividend tax; types of assets handled; sources of liability; relations with EEC countries; how 1992 will affect L's banks. 1 table. 9 pages, 33 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $63
10248. The Leveraged Buyout of Rjr Nabisco. An investigation and analysis of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.'s (KKR) 1989 $24.7 billion leveraged buyout of RJR Nabisco; the largest going-private LBO in U.S. history. The analysis attempts to put into some perspective the interests of the major stakeholders -- stockholders, bond holders, employees, consumers, the U.S. Treasury, RJR management, KKR, and the investment bankers -- and discusses some of the ethical dilemmas raised over the course of the drawn-out negotiations. 12 pages, 34 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $84
10246. Construction Project Scheduling. Examines the techniques of project scheduling used in the construction industry; problems and solutions for computerized scheduling systems are considered. 12 pages, 17 footnotes in text, 13 bibliographic sources. Includes three charts.   $84
10244. Sources of Funds for Small Business. An investigation which summarizes and assesses the principal sources of financing available to small businesses, both in terms of start-ups and in terms of on-going financing needs. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $49
10216. Employee Stock Option Plans (Esops). This term paper explores the types and uses of ESOPs as well as analyzing their advantages and disadvantages to both the employee owner and the corporate employer who establishes the program. The effect of ESOPs on employee security, the influence of such programs over employee motivation and productivity, and the tax and finance ramifications for corporate sponsors are considered and discussed. In addition to considering the pros and cons of ESOPs in general, the analysis will look at their application in specific companies. KEYWORDS: esops employee stock options employee ownership employee motivation. 17 pages, 31 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $119
10117. An American Retreat From Foreign Banking in Japan? Presents evidence of declining American firm hegemony in international banking operations in Japan and then considers some of the reasons behind this trend. Includes a profile of Citibank as an exception to the trend and makes recommendations for changes. 11 pages, 52 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $77
10116. A Brief Analysis of the Savings and Loan Crisis. Report summarizes causes of S&L financial crisis, using examples of Maryland and Ohio as indicative of industry-wide abuses resulting from excessive fiscal gambling following federal deregulation. 10 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
10115. Analyzing Bank Performance: Citicorp. Interprets the 1989 performance of Citicorp and compares it with three similar money center banks: the Bank of America, Chase Manhattan, and Manufacturers Hanover. The data came from the respective 10-K and annual reports. Discusses loans, deposits, interest rates, etc., with a view to discovering the reasons for Citi's performance. With recommendations. 9 pages, 18 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $63
10114. Financial Hedging. A case analysis of a financial hedging strategy (utilizing interest rate futures) employed by a major corporation in the wake of the Gulf War. Explains the rationale for the strategy and the specifics of its implementation. presents two scenarios and three possible strategic alternatives for each. Includes tables. 11 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $77
10061. Microcomputer for a Video Rental Store. A plan for the installation of a microcomputer system for a small independent video rental store. Details hardware, software and system configuration specs (including price). Includes rationale for purchase. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $42
10056. Purchasing Real Estate. Taking the perspective of a real estate broker, this paper presents the case for the purchase of an urban fourplex residential building. Location, fair market value, loan terms and closing costs, depreciation and taxes, appreciation, risks of purchase and cash flow analysis are included. 14p., 10f, 5b.   $98
10052. Multinational Corporations: Investor Disclosure. Discusses disclosure policies for multinationals, focusing on foreign currency transactions and the policy and legal issues involved in multinational versus domestic company disclosures. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
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