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How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
19075. European Youth Football (Soccer) Academies. This paper examines the influence of youth academies on the football industry in Europe. The paper assumes that the academies are useful despite the claims that have been made against them. Considers the benefits of the academies both for the youth who attend them and the football industry overall. The paper concludes by considering the lessons that the rest of the world can learn from the European model of running football academies. Harvard Style. 8 pages, 16 footnotes. 8 bibliographic sources. 2,016 words.

TAGS: youth academies sports, football, soccer, athlete training and development, organized sports, training academies, Europe.M/b>

18704. Government Funding of Amateur Athletics in Canada and the United States. This paper compares the role of the federal government in supporting amateur athletics in Canada and the United States. In contrast to the U.S. government, the Canadian government is actively involved in promoting and supporting amateur athletics. In the U.S., support for youth athletics is found in the schools, which are indirectly supported by the federal government. It is argued that these differences are related to cultural differences between the Canadian and American people. KEYWORDS: athletics sports youth amateur athletics government funding culture Canada United States. APA Style. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 2,135 words.   $63
18559. Steroids: Problems & Harmful Effects. This paper is concerned with the potentially harmful effects of anabolic steroids. The paper provides background information on steroids, how they are ingested, the extent to which they can be considered addictive, the side-effects they cause, and their physiological and psychological impacts. The paper also addresses the problematic use of anabolic steroids by athletes as an “ergogenic aid.” KEYWORDS: medicine health steroids sports. APA Style. 6 pages, 28 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,413 words.   $42
18553. Nike’S Marketing of the Michael Jordan Brand. This paper discusses how the Michael Jordan brand has been marketed by Nike Inc. Since the introduction of the Air Jordan sneaker in 1986, Jordan’s athletic shoes have been marketed as high-price status items. Over the years, the brand has diversified to include other kinds of athletic products as well as a line of fashion apparel. An attempt has also been made to expand beyond the target market of young males to attract other kinds of consumers, such as women and fans of hip-hop music. It is argued that marketing success has come through the use of celebrity appeals, catchy ads and promotions, and “street level” campaigns. The paper concludes that Nike’s handling of the Jordan brand provides insight into the best practices for marketing athletic shoes as well as other kinds of products. KEYWORDS: marketing Nike Michael Jordan shoes fashion. APA Style. 11 pages, 26 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 2,703 words   $77
18521. Violence in Tv Wrestling Programs. In this paper, research findings and psychological theory are used to examine the influence of violent TV wresting programs on young people. It is concluded that TV wresting has a negative impact on behavior among both males and females. It is also argued that the findings in the existing research can be applied toward the development of violence prevention programs. KEYWORDS: media television violence youth sports wrestling. APA Style. 6 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,488 words.   $42
18337. Steroids and Baseball. This paper discusses the use of steroids by professional baseball players, a practice that has been banned by the Baseball Commissioner. It is argued that, although steroids increase muscle mass, strength, and endurance, they should continue to be banned because they pose health risks, they create an unfair advantage, and their use by pro athletes has a negative influence on youth. Includes Outline. KEYWORDS: sports baseball steroids health. MLA Style. 9p., 23f., 11.   $63
18320. The Concept of Higher Order Thinking. This paper describes the views and contributions of some of the key figures in the development of the “higher order thinking” concept (John Dewey, Benjamin Bloom, David Paul Ausubel, and Marilyn Eanet & Anthony Manzo). The paper concludes with a comprehensive definition of higher order thinking, with an emphasis on how teachers can apply the concept in a secondary-level social studies classroom. KEYWORDS: education teaching. APA Style. 8 pages, 17 footnotes in text, 7 bibliographic sources.   $56
17569. Security & Terrorist Threats at Mega Sporting Events. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the threat posed by terrorism at the Olympics and other mega sporting events and considers the efforts made since the 1972 Munich Olympics to protect the security and safety of athletes, fans and host-nations at such events. Following an overview of the impact of the terrorism at the 1972 Olympics, the analysis considers mega-event security in the post-Munich era through the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in Sydney. The impact of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 is considered as is mega-event security (at the World Series, Olympics, Super Bowl , etc.) during the post-9/11 period. Concludes that the threat of a terrorist attack is now and will continue to be a major concern at all mega sporting events. KEYWORDS: sporting events terrorism Olympics terrorists security sports. MLA Style. 18 pages, 54 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 4,231 words. 8d,19d   $126
17483. The International Olympic Committee (Ioc). This paper provides a profile of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), focusing on the corruption scandals and the efforts to reform the committee. Argues that corruption within the IOC did not begin with the Salt Lake City Olympic bid, but has instead steadily increased since the IOC’s founding in 1894. Traces the history and background of the IOC, discusses the Salt Lake City corruption scandal and recent failed efforts to reform the Committee, and outlines the steps that need to be taken to address the ethical problems in the IOC. KEYWORDS: Olympics management scandal ico ethics sports. MLA Style. 13 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 3,032 words.   $91
17481. Hockey Coaching. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the job of the professional hockey coach. The skills, knowledge and competencies of the successful hockey coach are identified and discussed, with particular emphasis on the need for good communication, leadership, teaching and motivational skills. The hockey coach’s responsibilities related to player discipline and skills evaluation are also considered as are responsibilities for coordinating game strategy and dealing with the media. The paper includes a major sub-focus on how advances in technology, especially video technology, have provided tools that assist the coach in managing his myriad responsibilities. KEYWORDS: athletic coaches team sports coaching hockey video technology coaching tools. MLA Style. 16 pages, 28 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 3,648 words.   $112
17395. Race and Sports. This paper presents an overview and analysis of the evidence and controversies surrounding arguments that there are racially-based differences in athletic performance which have led to the over-representation and in some cases, utter dominance, of African Americans in professional basketball, football and baseball and of persons of black African descent in international track and field. The essay argues that there is solid evidence to support these claims, while also noting the importance of environmental contributions to observed racial disparities in sports participation. KEYWORDS: race sports racial composition professional athletic teams blacks African Americans pro basketball football baseball. APA Style. 12 pages, 25 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 3,829 words.   $84
17312. Jung and Leisure Theory. This paper considers the ways that the views of Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) can be applied to the field of leisure theory. Although there is currently an absence of Jung’s ideas in the leisure theory field, this paper argues that Jung’s ideas are, in actuality, quite applicable to the study of leisure in the contemporary age. Discusses possible applications of Jung’s theories of the anima and animus, dreams, psychological types, and the collective unconscious have application to leisure theory. KEYWORDS: jungian psychology Carl Jung leisure studies. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources. 2,325 words.   $70
17262. Drugs and Sports: Athletes and Steroids. This paper provides an overview of the problem of steroid abuse in sports. The paper briefly traces the history of steroids in sports, the reasons for steroid use among athletes, and the evolution of the steroid controversy in sports. The paper then explores the extent to which steroids are used by athletes (as well as by young athletes and non-athletes) in the present day. This is followed by a presentation of the ethical and medical arguments against steroids. The paper concludes with a discussion of the proposed solutions for dealing with the problem. KEYWORDS: sports drugs doping anabolic steroids athletes baseball football ethics Mark McGwire Sammy Sosa Jose Canseco Rafael Palmeiro Barry Bonds Anti-Doping Agency. MLA Style. 10 pages; 30 footnotes; 22 bibliographic sources. 2469 words.   $70
15942. "Michael Jordan and the New Global Capitalism" by Walter Lafeber (Book Review). This paper reviews LaFeber’s book which discusses America’s global dominance and the role of Michael Jordan (as a product endorser) in bringing this about. Argues that LaFeber’s arguments are convincing, despite limitations in his methodology such as reliance on secondary sources. Keywords: sports advertising Americanization. 6 pages; 12 footnotes; 1 bibliographic source. 1,324 words.   $42
15871. Sport as a Social Space of Relative Freedom. This paper addresses the claim that sports offer opportunities for people to move beyond rigid self-definitions, by examining gender issues in the sports word. Although an increasing number of women are becoming involved in sports, oppressive gender distinctions continue to exist. Yet, women's growing involvement in sports is also a step towards positive social change. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $49
15717. Sports Participation Among Women and Minorities. It is argued that the dramatic increase in sports participation among women and minorities has not led to significant gains in social status. Although there have been some improvements in terms of social mobility and equality in media representation, there is still a great deal more that needs to be done because discrimination is deeply entrenched in American society. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
15623. Healthy Aging: The Role of Physical Activity and Nutrition. This paper provides a brief overview and analysis of the critical role of nutrition and physical activity in the health and well-being of the elderly. The analysis examines the problem of malnutrition in the elderly and the relationship between health and nutrition in this population considers specific nutrient needs and concerns of the elderly; and presents dietary recommendations. The specific benefits of physical activity (in terms of disease prevention, health improvements, disability prevention, and improved mental status) are discussed and guidelines for elderly exercise programs presented. 9 pages, 28 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $63
15026. The Impact of Ancient Greek Ideals on American Physical Education. Argues that the Greeks had a stronger influence than any other ancient culture, especially with their humanistic ideal of including P.E. as part of a well-rounded education. Also refers to the gymnastics movement of the 19th century, and the fact that American P.E. provides training for girls as well as boys. 10 pages, 29 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

13473. Women in Sports Journalism. Topics covered include the difficulties women have faced in being accepted, the controversy over locker room interviews, and the contributions of individual women to the field. Also argues that there is a current trend toward increased equality for women writers and sportscasters. 8 pages, 18 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $56
13374. Vince Lombardi. Discusses his commitment to his coaching career, his ability to motivate players by winning their respect, and the role of discipline in his coaching technique. 7 pages, 23 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $49
13231. Sports in the Media. Discusses how sports are portrayed in movies, TV, and music, and argues that sports provide an effective analogy for the struggles of life that all people must experience. 10 pages, 18 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $70
13069. Ancient Greek Olympic Games. A thorough survey, including such topics as the origin and location of the games, temples and rituals, spectators, prestige of winners, other Panhellenic festivals, and the decline during the Roman occupation. Also describes various events (some of which were quite violent), as well as some of the stories associated with the games, such as those of the great athlete Milo. 17 pages, 92 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $119
13015. Sport Fishing in Louisiana. Describes the popularity of this activity in the state, as well as the many varieties of saltwater and freshwater fish that are available there. Includes a discussion of catfish, and notes recent controversies between recreational and commercial fishing interests. 11 pages, 48 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
12447. Evaluation and Critique of Three Exercise Classes. This paper evaluates and critiques three different exercise classes (one high-impact aerobics, one low-impact water aerobics, one special population dance aerobics). Each class is analyzed in terms of class organization, safety, music, instructor, and facility. Includes a summary analysis of feedback to instructors. 17 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $119
12446. Maximizing Your Body Potential. Presents the results of a project aimed at maximizing body potential. The project entailed assessing current physical fitness, developing a personalized exercise program, assessing eating behavior, identifying problems in diet, and developing tactics for behavior modification for two people, one middle-aged female and one middle-aged male. 14 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $98
11859. Review of Three Articles: Physical Education/Sports and Self-Esteem. Examines three studies that concluded physical education improves self-esteem. Competition, physical exercise, and teamwork with peers and coaches are cited as factors for the increase in self-esteem. 7 pages, 11 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
10529. Collective Bargaining in Professional Sports. A legal perspective on the unionizing of professional athletes. Discusses the history and formation of collective bargaining procedures, including major court cases involved, focusing on labor and antitrust issues. 11 pages, 29 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
10433. Sensation Seeking and Risk-Taking in "Thrill" Sports. This paper investigates the psychological concept of sensation (or thrill)-seeking and its relation to risk-taking behaviors, particularly the so-called "thrill" sports. The sensation-seeking trait is defined and its components are analyzed. The analysis explores the links between sensation seeking and personality types and investigates the biological basis of the trait. "Thrill" sports are compared with other, often more destructive, manifestations of thrill-seeking. 15 pages, 38 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $105
10329. Sports Franchise Marketing. A critical study of the modern expansion of sports franchise marketing through the media, novelty sales, and product endorsements. Differences between various sports in marketing methods are pointed out. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
10261. Assessment and Evaluation in Adapted Physical Education. Considers current issues in the assessment and evaluation of handicapped students for the purpose of placement and development within an adapted physical education program. Discusses current practices and describes widely used assessment tools. Reviews important revisions to standard testing procedures and considers their implications. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $84
10206. Physical Exercise: A Useful Stress Intervention. Investigates the use of physical exercise as a stress management technique. Provides the theoretical basis for its use and presents a model for an exercise-based stress intervention program. 11p. 36f 20b.   $77
09856. Black College Athletes. The controversy over athletic scholarships for black athletes is discussed; arguments for (Harry Edwards and Arthur Asche) and against the NCAA's propositions 42 and 48 on grades and eligibility are examined, and a freshman year waiting period is recommended. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
09818. Physical Education Curriculum: An Annotated Bibliography. Provides bibliographic data and abstracts of six books, ten articles, and four speeches and professional papers on physical education curriculum at the elementary, secondary, and higher education levels. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $35
09753. The Crisis in Higher Education. Summary and analysis of two books dealing with the current situation in higher education: Allan Bloom's The Closing of the American Mind and Mortimer J. Adler's Reforming Education: The Opening of the American Mind. 16 pages, 2 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $112
09640. Athletes and Steroids. An investigation of athletes' use of anabolic steroids to enhance athletic performance. Traces the history of steroids in sports, examines the prevalence of usage, and presents the ethical and medical arguments against steroid use in sports. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $70
09630. Black Managers and Coaches in Professional Sports. A well considered analysis of the documented lack of Black coaches and managers in professional sports. Presents the evidence on Blacks in these positions in baseball, football and basketball. Considers the various reasons/rationales for the absence of Black managers and coaches. 10 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
09324. Salary and Gender Differences in Intercollegiate Coaching. A research design for a study investigating the incidence of sex discrimination in intercollegiate coaching. Outlines statement of the problem, purpose of the study, review of applicable literature, and study methodology. Includes proposed survey questionnaire. 28 pages, 53 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.   $133
09323. Jesse Feiring Williams, Md: The Lingering Legacy of Education Through the Physical. Profiles Williams and his contributions to modern physical education. Analyzes Williams' personal philosophy of PE and gives special attention to his concept of "education through the physical". Compares and contrasts Williams with other leaders such as Hetherington, Wood, Nash and McCloy. 12 pages, 37 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $84
09322. Athletes as Role Models. Argues that considering modern society's glorification of the anti-hero, the violence inherent in sports, and links between sports figures and drug abuse, athletes are not suitable role models. The analysis draws heavily from Brian Bosworth's own experience as an anti-hero. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
09132. Politics and the Olympics. The origins of the "Olympic" ideal of nonpolitical sportsmanship are contrasted with the political propaganda in the recent (1980 and 1984) games. U.S.-Soviet relations are emphasized. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
09132A. Team Cohesion: Is It Necessary for Success. An analysis and investigation of team cohesion in sports teams. Defines the concept and its components, suggests ways to maximize the cohesive factor, and delineates the ways in which the importance of cohesion differs in different types of sports. 11 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
09131. Violence in Contemporary Sports. Explores the reemergence of violence as an accepted behavior in modern sports through a look at violence in four different dimensions: Physical, participatory, psychological and political. 10 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
09070. The Use of Visualization and Other Motivation Enhancing Techniques in Athletics. Explores the use of "mental practice" such as visualization to motivate and improve performance athletes. Theory, components, and specific examples are presented. 8 pages, 17 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $56
09049. Discrimination Against Blacks in the Managerial Ranks of Professional Sports. Provides an overview of the evidence which shows that Blacks have been systematically ostracized from the managerial ranks of professional sports by such factors as overt prejudice, the white "old boy" network, and spurious qualifications criteria. 10 pages, 20 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $70
08919. Special Circumstances of Drug Use Among College Athletes. Investigates attitudes towards and drug use patterns of athletes, with particular attention to anabolic steroids and smokeless tobacco. Following a review of literature, the investigation presents the results of a 10-item survey questionnaire and its summary distributed to 60 college athletes. 15 pages, 16 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $105
08918. Chasing the Golden Carrot: Sports, Fame and Social Mobility. An investigation into whether or not sports provide a reliable route for upward social mobility, and if so, in what way. Also considers the implications and ramifications of a general belief within society that sports promote upward social mobility. 10 pages, 13 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
08860. Keidel's Game Plans and the Environments of Business. Analyzes the ways in which the concepts presented in Robert Keidel's Game Plans relate to the ethical, social and political environments of business. Compares and contrasts basketball, football, and baseball type organizations. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, l bibliographic source.   $35
08456. Proposal for a Community Recreation Center. Grant proposal for the funding, construction and operation of a small community recreation center. Rationale for, objectives and goals, and budget are included. 10 pages, 8 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
08443. Drug Abuse in Sports. Examines the use of drugs in both professional and amateur sports, considering the issue in light of the effects of drug use on health and performance, and of the social and legal implications of their use. Considers the issue of whether or not drug testing should be mandatory. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
07169. College Athletics -- Good or Bad? The corrupting influences of professionalism and sports as business are considered in this essay, which calls for a return to strict amateur status in college sports. 6 pages, 4 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
06648. The Baseball Strike of 1981. The conflicts and controversies that led to the baseball players strike of 1981 are examined in this report; issues of costs, salaries and the compensation formula for contracts are detailed. 10 pages, 5 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
06217. A Review of the Literature Concerning the Role of Visual Perception in the Learning of a Specific Motor Skill. Good basic summary of theories and experiments with visual aids -- movies, slides, videotapes -- by physical education instructors. Seeing how to do it does help one learn how to do it. 9 pages, 18 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $63
05846. Boycotting the 1980 Olympics. This term paper argues that the U.S. should not boycott the 1980 Olympic games in Moscow. The paper is written from the perspective of an American in the months leading up to the 1980 Games. 5 pages. TAGS: Argumentative essay, 1980 Moscow Olympics, US-Soviet relations, Cold War, boycott   $35
05831. The Physiology of Scuba Diving: Effects and Prevention of Barotrauma. Some of the dangers inherent in deep sea diving below 10 feet leading to the collapse of the bodily cavities are examined -- dangers to the lungs, sinuses and ears are the most acute. Embolism, air compression in the arteries, is also explained. 7 pages, 5 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $49
05482. Abnormal Behavior and Exercise Therapy. The complexity of the human brain and the variations of mental deviations are the subject of this paper. Organic brain disorders are differentiated from the problems of low IQ and social dysfunction. 13 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $91
05102. Skiing. The sport of skiing is examined and analyzed, with attention to beginning, intermediate and advanced techniques. SWing as a way of life is discussed, with the lifestyles of professional Jean Claude Killy, a typical ski instructor and a ski bum compared. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
05088. History of Tennis. A brief look at the game, examining its history, rules and development, and noting its spread as an international sport after World War II. 6 pages, 5 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
05082. Techniques of Swimming. The problems of learning to swim and the various techniques common to modern swimming are examined. The health aspects of swimming and the social values of the sport are considered. 8 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
04903. Bowling. The history of bowling, from its European origins down to its present-day popularity in America, is looked at in this study. The physical and psychological benefits of the game are stressed, and the equality of different sex and age groups are noted. lOp., 6f., 2b.   $70
04810. The History of Baseball. A history of America's pastime from its earliest beginnings in the l9th century down to the present-day form of the game. The development of the leagues, professional teams, and methods of pitching and defense of the modern type are related, and the nationwide spread and desegregation of the game are noted. 15 pages, 17 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $105
04482. The National Collegiate Athletic Association. The history of the founding and development of the NCAA is related in this report. The organization and expansion of the Association, and the crisis of the amateur status, are all explained in detail. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
04301. Ancient and Modern Olympic Games. Basic overview of the similarities and differences of the Greek and modern games, noting the sometimes savagery of the ancients and the growing publicity and political aspects of the modern. 3 pages, 3 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $21
04268. The New Work Week and Leisure Services. Interesting discussion of the four-day work week, and the need for increased leisure services; discusses the possible role that community colleges might play in providing recreation services. Sp., 3f., 3b.   $35
04242. A History of Tennis. Good basic overview of tennis, from origins in Near Eastern fertility rites to medieval court tennis, other forerunners, formal invention of modern tennis, spread and organizations, rules and heroes, professional and popular tennis. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
04130. The Origins of the National Basketball Association. Basic history of the development of professional basketball, focusing on organization of the league; needs update to account for ABA merger. lOp., 7f., 7b.   $70
04076. The Effects of Little League Baseball on Participants. Basic overview of the arguments that Little League baseball is harmful because of physical strain, and over-competitiveness fostered by anxious parents. Actually very well-balanced and much less hostile to Little League than many knock pieces in the sports pages. 9 pages, 4 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources   $63
03568. The Sport of Curling. Interesting history of the sport of curling, with emphasis on its development in Canada. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
03567. Ice Hockey: Canada's National Sport. Good brief overview of hockey as both participant and spectator sport, from the perspective of a sports fan and Canadian booster. 6p., 13f., sb.   $42
03518. Adolescent Attitudes Towards Physical Fitness. Very good report of a questionnaire administered to high school students of both sexes and females interested in athletics in particular, on attitudes to physical fitness for women. Includes comments from relevant literature, covers topics such as influence of childhood play, physical education in school, self-image regarding fitness, family activities, feminine role perception and sports, competition, recommendations for girls physical education. 29p., 32f., 41.   $133
03501. Kinesiology Analysis of Pitching (Baseball). Thorough, technical-minded analysis of limb movement in underarm, sidearm, and overarm pitching, including purpose, anatomy, common mistakes and training. 11 pages, 24 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $77
01876. Adaptive Physical Education for Allergy and Asthma Victims. Good summary of exercises for kids who can't breathe. Discusses medical basis of allergies and asthma, problems of sufferers, yoga techniques and breathing exercises to increase confidence and self control. 9 pages, 0 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $63
01824. Research Proposal: The Effects of Differential Motive-Incentive Conditions on the Motor Performance of a Simple Task. Very good thesis proposal studying relationship between motivation and physical performance. The vast bulk of the paper is taken up with a very thorough review of previous studies in the field; finds that motivation and encouragement do help performance. Also gives design for a new experiment. KEYWORDS: psychology thesis proposal research design motivation physical performance. 36 pages, 36 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources. 8,317 words.   $133
53900. A Movement Analysis of the Serve in Tennis. A personal study of the body motion in the tennis serve, citing the literature on the subject and diagrams of forward swing, forearm movement and joint positions are supplied. Includes chart + illustrations. 8 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
53892. What Is a Professional. Original essay, argues that we should become Renaissance Man enjoying all aspects of leisure and work. 6p., Of., Ob.   $42
53779. A Survey of Practices of Swimming Coaches Concerning Weight Training Programs. Excellent report of a research project in which swimming coaches across the country answered questionnaires on the use of weightlifting in swimming training. Very good survey of relevant literature, good cautious analysis of survey results (which suggest weightlifting brings results, but no conclusive proof.) 61p., Of., 57b. ( notes in text.)   $133
53686. The History of Soccer. Good basic overview of the history of this sport, concentrating on Britain; rules, techniques, spread, organizations. 9p., 12f. Ob.   $63
53436. u.s. And European Middle Distance Training Methods. A good comparison of the programs for training and developing middle-distance runners, setting forth an ideal schedule for daily training and calisthenics and remarking on British and American methods. 11p., Of., 4b.   $77
53207. A Recreation Proposal at a Halfway House, and the Problem of Power. Very interesting report of personal Black social work student in mental health halfway house: how clients pressed for new recreation equipment, only to find that the staff reacted negatively because of the implied threat to their performance. Includes study of poli. sci. literature on hierarchy and power, comments on society's treatment of women. 16 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $112
53175. Discrimination Against Minorities in Recreation. Good study of how recreation opportunities are limited by dominant attitudes, covering physically handicapped, aged, gays, children and women in addition to Blacks. 11p., 22f., sb.   $77
53072. Recreation and Cerebral Palsy. Clinical, precise examination of the types and effects of cerebral palsy, with list of therapies and techniques the recreation instructor can use to provide experience and help build muscular skills. 15 pages, 25 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $105
53038. Mental Illness and Its Implications for Recreation. Good study of the basic symptoms and types of mental illness, so that the recreation instructor can recognize when somebody really has a problem. Includes cognitive and perceptive disorders, affective disorders, behavior problems, and psychosomatic illness. 19 pages, 28 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $133
53027. Soccer Injuries. The nature of soccer injuries and the methods of preventing them are discussed in this paper. Muscle, joint a bone and concussive injuries are described, and coaching techniques of conditioning and preparation are outlined as well. 8 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
52953. Physical Education in Inner-City Schools. Good summary of the special problems of P.E. in the inner city, discussion of the benefits that P.E. can bring to education and society. 11 pages, 4 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $77
52941. The Ohio State Running Attack. An analysis of the possible defenses against the basic running game of Woody Hayes' Ohio teams. The technical side of football strategy, including quarterback options, blocking methods, and power plays, is looked at in some detail. 9p., 10f., lb.   $63
52541. Effects of Marijuana Use on Physical Activity and Sports Performance. 8 pages, 6 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. See Medicine and Health Care, Section 16.   $56
52421. A History of Volleyball. The invention and development of the sport are outlined briefly, and the current status of the game is assessed. 3p., Of., Ob.   $21
52320. The Historical Development of Gymnastics. Good survey of the development of gymnastics, from Greeks jumping on wine-filled skins to the modern sport. Concentrated on the last two centuries. 8p., Sf., Sb.   $56
52299. Two Physical Education Teaching Units: Relays and Movements. Two brief lesson plans for teaching the principles of relay-type games, dance-type movement exercises. 6p., Of., Ob.   $42
51612. A Review of the Literature on Visual Perception in Learning Motor Skills. The question here is, can watching a movie of an exercise help P. E. student perform it themselves? Summary and discussion of relevant literature, with finding that in most cases the movies will help. lOp., 20f., 19b.   $70
51565. Establishing and Funding a Yoga Course in the p.e. Deft. Of a High School. Good basic review of why such a course should be set up ( good alternative physical exercise for bored & noncompetitive students), and considerations to remember in seeking funding from school board or grants. 11p., 4f., Sb.   $77
16150. Chronic Disease and Handicapping Conditions in Children. A good annotated bibliography of the materials available to workers and planners of services for handicapped children. References for parents, home care, teachers and therapists are list by groups. Pediatrics, post-natal care, and mental retardation rehabilitation are all discussed. 16 pages, 0 footnotes, 46 bibliographic sources.   $112
16100. The Necessity of Exercise. The need for modern Americans to take exercise, and the various forms of activity required for good physical conditioning, are given a general treatment. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35

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