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14O. WORLD LITERATURE

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
 
18014. “God's Bits of Wood” by Sembene Ousmane. This paper discusses Ousmane's novel, which is based on a historic event (a strike by West African workers on the Dakar-Niger Railroad in 1947-1948). Through characterization, action and dialogue, Ousmane shows the clash between traditional and French cultures, the impact of industrial capitalism on the lives of African men and women, and the ways that industrial capitalism liberated and empowered the people yet subjugated them at the same time. KEYWORDS: africa history post-colonialism book review fiction essay. MLA Style. 6 pages, 16 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,415 words.   $42
 
17615. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe. . This paper provides a review and analysis of Achebe’s novel about Igboland (in present-day Nigeria) during the late 19th century. The book is favorably assessed and it is noted that the book provides many insights into the way of life of the Igbo during the time of growing colonial influence in Nigeria. KEYWORDS: book review fiction Nigeria igbo tribal life colonial. MLA Style. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 1,372 words.   $42
 
17348. Okonkwo in Chinua Achebe’S “Things Fall Apart”. This paper presents an analysis of the character Okonkwo in the novel “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe. Specifically, the paper addresses the question of whether Okonkwo, in his reactions to the advent of colonial rule in Igbo (Nigerian) society, is a victim of tradition or a victim of his own individualistic ambition. Although Okonkwo’s downfall is clearly related to his efforts to preserve the traditions of his society, it is argued that, ultimately, he is a victim of his own anger, pride, and ambition. KEYWORDS: African literature Nigeria character Okonkwo Achebe colonial Nigerian fiction society. 7 pages, 16 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,653 words.   $49
 
15041. Depiction of Women in the Arabian Nights. A study of the role and status of women, as seen in the narrator Shahrazad, and various female characters in her tales. Argues that the overall purpose of the tales is to teach the men of the society that "women are people too"; as in the case of men, some women are unfaithful or evil, but others are good and heroic. 17 pages, 45 footnotes, 10 bibliographic reference.   $119
 
15035. In the Castle of My Skin (George Lamming) and Solibo Magnificent (Patrick Chamoiseau). Examines these two works of post-colonial Caribbean literature and how their characters represent different elements of society. Both works deal with class conflicts, the loss of traditions and the use of language, with Solibo being especially notable in its use of wordplay. 9 pages, 25 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.   $63
 
14800. Antoinette and Rochester in Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea. This paper compares and contrasts the religious and spiritual views of Antoinette and Rochester. Contrasts the Anglican, realistic Rochester with the Jamaican, Catholic, superstitious heroine of the novel whose beliefs and perceptions are shaped by native religion (Obeah), childhood tragedy and trauma, and an inherited insanity. KEYWORDS: book review religion characters jean rhys wide Sargasso sea obeah book review. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,270 words.   $35
 
12598. Kokoro (Soseki Natsume). An examination of the theme of isolation in the novel. Discusses how feelings of mistrust and guilt lead to the isolation of the old man and his young student, but also notes that loneliness is common to all people. Also discusses how the theme relates to the concept of death and the entry of Japan into modern times. 11 pages, 28 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12494. "Crick Crack, Monkey" by Merle Hodge. Review of novel about a young girl torn between the worlds of her two aunts. One aunt belongs to a fun-loving lower-class world and the other belongs to a more formal but pretentious upper-class world. The girl remains confused and ambivalent at the end, but it is apparent that she is starting to leave her lower-class roots behind. 6 pages, 24 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
12233. The Shahnamah of Ferdowsi (Book of Kings). Looks at the Persian "Book of Kings" as a source of moral instruction, general education, and historical record. The author's unique combination of myth, epic and history in a national epic poem is noted. 11 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $77
 
11888. Book Review of No Longer at Ease by Chinua Achebe. Examines the novel's themes of cultural conflict in British colonial Nigeria and the different positions of women in modern and traditional society. Considers the novel's themes of religious and political struggle. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
11887. "The Dream of the Red Chamber" by Tsao Hsueh Chin. Summarizes the book and looks at the history behind its publication. Argues that the book was written as a response to earlier Chinese literary and philosophical traditions. 9 pages, 11 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
11886. The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka. A study of Soyinka's aesthetic structure and poetics in The Lion and the Jewel . Considers the play's themes of progress, gender, and redefining values. 5p, 8f. 1b.   $35
 
11487. National and Ethnic Identity in Central Asia as Expressed Through Literature. A discussion and analysis of nationalism and ethnic identity in Central Asia in terms of its expression in indigenous literature. Traces the movement toward self-identification along ethnic, national, linguistic, and religious lines in the region throughout the period of Soviet dominion, from the Bolshevik Revolution through Stalinism and up to the 1980s. As background considers the influence of 18th century poets and 19th century novelists of the region on the work of their 20th century contemporaries. Cites a broad spectrum of work, with a strong focus on Uzbek writers. 27 pages, 51 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
11439. ‘Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe. This paper provides a review of Achebe’s novel about life in a small African village. The analysis focuses on gender relations and more particularly, on women’s roles as mothers, wives, caretakers, food producers, and breadwinners. KEYWORDS: villagers tribal peoples fiction Achebe Africa gender relations women’s roles. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,408 words.   $35
 
09180. "Master Harold" ... And the Boys by Athol Fugard. A critical evaluation of Fugard's treatment of the consequences of apartheid. Contends that Fugard's analysis of the apartheid system parallels the cynical analysis of the individual and the state found in Machiavelli's The Prince. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09178. "The Arrow of God" by Chinua Achebe. Considers the treatment of the father and son characters in Achebe's novel which deals with the coming of the white man and Christianity into the heartland of the ibo in Eastern Nigeria. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
08953. Maria Vargas Llosa's the Time of the Hero. Compares the author's theme of personal morality versus public honor in his 1962 novel with his recent public stand against bank nationalization in Peru. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
08816. "July's People" by Nadine Gordimer. Considers the social implications of Gordimer's novel which presents a reversal of the white power structure in present-day South Africa. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08654. Kiss of the Spider Woman by Manuel Puig. An analysis of the contrast between the intellectual culture of Valentin and the popular culture of Molina in Puig's novel of two prisoner's. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
08386. The Discourse of the Third World. After a brief review of the forms and structure of Third World discourse, the essay analyzes and compares two Third World novels, Earl Lovelace's "The Wine of Astonishment" and R. K. Narayan's "The Man-Eater of Malgudi". 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08385. The Novelist's Perception of the Third World as a Product of Divided Royalties. Examines two novels, Naipaul's Bend in the River and Desai's Clear Light of Day, and analyzes how these writers bring important sociopolitical insights to their depictions of Third World countries through their own divided cultural loyalties. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08286. "The Tale of Genji" by Lady Murasaki. Discusses and analyzes the depiction of women in Murasaki's epic novel of court life in 11th Century Japan. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08285. Zeami Motokiyo and Japanese Drama. A brief biography of the life and work of Zeami Motokiyo, a principal theoretician and playwright of the Noh theater. Included is a discussion of many of the formal artistic techniques Motokiyo developed as well as a brief review of some of his 90 plays. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06789. Tears for a Tailor by e.g. Chiapulina. A critique of a Spanish short story about a tailor who manages to outsmart a gang of smugglers he has become involved with. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
06736. Tears for a Tailor by e.g. Chiapulina. A short story about a Spanish tailor who outwits a ring of smugglers trying to kill him is analyzed as a folk parable and morality tale. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
06735. Three Stories by Latin American Authors. A comparison of short stories by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Octavio Paz and Jorge Amade; the stories are seen as poetic transformations of the realities of love and death. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,341 words.   $35
 
04996. The Poetry of Omary Khayyam. The various styles of poetry and the many themes explored by Omar Khayyam are looked at in this essay. The question of Omar's mysticism and the accuracy of Fitzgerald's translations are examined as well. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
04781. The Brothers Karamzaov by Doestoevsky. The exigencies of faith and religiosity in the characters of Mihail and the Mysterious Visitor, Agrafena Svyetlov, and Ivan Karamazov are examined. The polarity of the Devil and the Christ figures in the book are looked at for relevance to these characters. 13 pages, 20 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $91
 
04161. The Literary Heroes of Aleksander Solzhenitsyn. An examination of the roles of positive and negative heroes in the Russian dissident's novels of life in the Soviet prison system. The individual heroes are studied in such works as Cancer Ward, The First Circle, One Day In The Life of Ivan Denisovich, and some of the short stories, with the view that the Solzhenitisyn hero is really a collective human figure. 23 pages, 28 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
03733. Solitude as a Theme in Latin American Literature. 7 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. See Latin America, Section 25F.   $49
 
03508. Light in August by William Faulkner. The is sue of racial environment is considered through it s reflection in the character of Joe Christmas; Faulkner's theories of racial "differences" is reviewed in terms of the tragedy of the black man. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
03156. The Lasting Contributions of Rifa's Rafi' Al-Tahtawi to Arabic Literature. The view of the Egyptian novelist, the impact of European thought on his work, and his lasting contribution to Egyptian nationalism and modernism are given a thorough treatment. 11 pages, 22 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. Outline of the paper included.   $77
 
02456. East of Mount Kawi, the Pararaton. A review of a popular Southeast Asian novel, looking at the story of a revolutionary in Java in terms of the author's treatment of space, time, and identity. 3 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $21
 
01856. Current African and West Indian Writing. A look at two contemporary works, Can Themba's "The Urchin" and Roger Mais' "Black Lightening"; themes of social and political import and considered for their effect. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
01774. Korean Poetry of the Three Kingdoms and Koryo Periods. An incisive history of the development of Korean poetry in the periods from the lst century B. C. to the tenth century A. D.; movements and traditions are examined in detail. 9 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
01574. "The Immortal" by Jorge Luis Borges. The theme of the labyrinth in the short story by Borges is examined, and themes of illusion vs. reality, time and history and mortality and experience are discussed. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic sources. 1,311 words   $35
 
01318. Umarite Ghazal Poetry. Arabic poetry is looked at through the writings of Umar b. Abi Rabi'a; elements of chivalry, beauty and sensuality are detected in this love poetry. 3 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $21
 
01272. The Theme of Death in Achebe's Things Fall Apart. Analysis of this novel of the destruction of African tribal life with the coming of colonialism; death appears as a theme at several levels of significance, ultimately reflecting the death of the primitive beauty of the tribe. 6p., footnotes imbedded in paper, 1b.   $42
 
01161. Lu Hsun's Narrative Technique in "The True Story of Ah Q". A Chinese short story is examined for narrative, technique, humor and symbol and hyperbole in the tale of village life during the Revolution. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
00995. Women in African Literature. An in-depth study of the role of women in native black African literature in the 20th Century. The growing emancipation of women is seen as developing from the concept of the "faithful companion" of the early literature to the fullfleged individuality of the current day. A good examination of the literature from a feminist perspective. 17 pages, 9 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $119
 


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