Catalog Sections:
  African American studies
  Employee Relations
  Environmental Science
  Foreign Governments
  Foreign Policy (U.S.)
  Gender & Sexuality
  HR Management
  International Relations
  International Trade
  Juvenile Delinquency
  Latin America
  Managerial Science
  Marx and Marxism
  Medicine and Health Care
  Middle East
  Minorities (other than Blacks)
  Personality Theory
  Personnel Management
  Physical Education
  Police Science
  Political Science (non-US)
  Political Science (U.S.)
  Political Theory
  Public Administration
  Religion (Judeo-Christian)
  Religion (non-Judeo Christian)
  Social Problems
  Television and Radio
  Third World Asia
  Urban Studies
  Women's Studies
  Search by topic:  

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
prev  1  2  3  4  5  6  next  
13941. Patient-Provider Communications. This report investigates communication aspects of the provider-patient relationship. In particular, the analysis considers the extent to which individual patient and provider (physician and other ) characteristics influence communication in the medical consultation. In addition to looking at specific characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, patient knowledge, and physician specialty, the analysis discusses the extent to which the new managed care environment shapes the context and content of patient-provider communications. 14 pages, 35 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $98
13921. Vitamins: Myths and Realities. A brief overview of the importance of vitamins in maintaining human health and nutrition. Discusses the role of specific vitamins (A, Bs, C, D, E, K) differentiates between fat- and water-soluble vitamins, and discusses the pros and cons of using supplements. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
13912. The Strategic Importance of the Medical Transplant Industry. A brief overview of the medical (organ) transplant industry, looking at its strategic importance and its control in the global market. Notes that while the U.S. now dominates the global market, EU countries are key rivals who have the technology and market savvy to upstage the U.S. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
13911. The Organ Transplant and Prosthetic Device Industry. An overview and analysis of the fast-growing organ transplants and prosthetic devices sector of the larger medical equipment and supplies industry. Defines the central products in the sector; describes the size of the market in the U.S. and the world; discusses issues of technology transfer; describes related industries; examines new products; and profiles major country competitors in the sector. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
13887. Cultural Differences in Attitudes Towards Alcoholism: The u.s. And the Former Soviet Union. Compares and contrasts the public perception and social policies towards alcoholism in the United States and the former Soviet Union. Argues that the Soviets' traditional approach to alcoholism was that it was a "social problem" amenable to treatment with social/political policies such as taxes, restrictions in production, and education. Attempts in the 1980's to limit production proved fruitless because of the Soviet public's attitude towards drinking as a "right." Notes that the Soviets began moving towards a U.S.-style medical model of alcoholism in the late 1980's. 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
13885. Pneumonia. This paper provides an overview and analysis of pneumonia. Following a brief definition of the respiratory disorder, the analysis discusses the etiology, pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic techniques, treatment protocols and prognosis for the disease. Recent rends concerning the emergence of multidrug resistant strains and the low rate of immunization among high-risk groups are discussed. Keywords: respiratory disorder infectious disease lung prevention causes treatment. 16 pages; 47 footnotes; 15 bibliographic sources.   $112
13884. Asthma. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the chronic obstructive airway disorder of asthma. Following an overview of the epidemiology of the disorder and a brief definition of the disease, the analysis considers etiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. 18 pages, 47 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $126
13876. Sickle Cell Anemia. Profiles this inherited disorder which mainly affects persons of Black African ancestry. Describes the etiology, pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment protocols and patient prognosis in the disease. The analysis focuses on the chronic nature of the disease and the multiple medical complications associated with its course. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $49
13869. The Biological Basis of Schizophrenia. Examines the genetic theory of the origins of schizophrenia. The analysis focuses on the genetic linkage of inherited phenotype to the onset of the disease, rather than on the symptoms or treatments of schizophrenia. Evidence for alternative causes of schizophrenia are assessed and the problems in determining a biological/genetic basis considered. Concludes that a genetic cause of some but not all forms of schizophrenia has been demonstrated. 20 pages, 29 footnotes, 31 bibliographic sources.   $133
13849. The Ethics of Human Cloning. Focusing on the recent developments in genetic engineering and cloning, this paper considers the ethics of cloning human beings. Following a brief background discussion of human cloning and genetic engineering, the essay considers the arguments for and against human cloning. The paper concludes that human cloning is ethically unacceptable. KEYWORDS: human cloning ethics term paper genetic engineering argumentative essay. MLA Style. 9 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources. 2,609 words.   $63
13831. Biomedical and Clinical Profile of Pneumococcal Pneumonia. Profiles the medical diagnosis and treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia. Begins with an overview of the pathogenesis of the disease and a description of its major forms and then provides a profile of the epidemiology, etiology, clinical course, symptoms and prognosis; and diagnosis and treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
13809. Nursing Leadership. An analysis of leadership and management in nursing from the perspective of a charge nurse at the Center for Pediatric Medicine and Rehabilitation of the New York Foundling Hospital. Describes the role and duties of the pediatric intensive care unit charge nurse and discusses the charge nurses' expected leadership style and leadership responsibilities related to decision-making, motivation and discipline. 9 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $63
13801. Drugs Should Be Legalized. Argues in favor of the legalization of all currently illegal drugs as controlled substances. Offers three main arguments for legalization: 1) the supply of illegal drugs and the demand for them can never be stopped; 2) law enforcement and social service systems cannot cope with the problems of underground drug use; and 3) the social and medical costs of continuing the 'war on drugs' far outweighs the potential risks of legalizing and controlling drugs. 7 pages, 3 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
13756. Nursing Perspectives on the Health Insurance Crisis. Following an overview of the historical development of health insurance in the U.S. (including government-subsidized Medicare and Medicaid as well as private, voluntary plans), this investigation looks at contemporary changes/crises in the health insurance industry (the evolution of managed care, the financial crisis in health care funding) and its particular impact on the nursing profession. 9 pages, 19 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $63
13738. Health Care in the United States: Pros and Cons of Socialized Medicine. An analysis of the potential advantages and disadvantages to implementing a national system of universal health care in the U.S. Provides an overview of the existing U.S. system, as contrasted with socialized medicine models in the U.K., Europe and Japan. Makes the case that the U.S. should adopt a universal system of its own to ensure fairness and full access. 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 11 bibliographic reference.   $49
13718. Pregnant Women and Drug Use: Impact on the Fetus. This study investigates the potential relationship between drug use by expectant mothers and the appearance of developmental disabilities in their offspring. Through an analytical review of the empirical literature on fetal drug exposure, the investigation tests the hypothesis that there is a positive correlation between expectant mothers' drug/alcohol abuse and the occurrence of a wide range of development disabilities in their offspring. Concludes that there is significant support for the hypothesis in terms of alcohol, heroin, cocaine, and tobacco use by pregnant women. 14 pages, 14 footnotes in text, 26 bibliographic sources.   $98
13701. Alcohol and Drug Abuse: A Comparison of Treatment Approaches. Following a review of the because potential and dangers of alcohol and drug use and the diagnosis of alcoholism and/or addiction, this paper presents an overview of contemporary treatment philosophies and strategies. Describes various approaches including medically-supervised detoxification, counseling and psychotherapy, family therapy, 12-step program (e.g., AA), and inpatient rehab centers such as the Betty Ford Center. 14 pages, 21 footnotes, 21 bibliographic references.   $98
13699. Anorexia and Bulimia: Symptoms and Diagnosis. This paper describes the symptoms and diagnosis of these two major eating disorders, along with the problem of compulsive overeating and dieting. Identifies the principal causes of the major eating disorders found in American society and looks at the psychological and physiological impact of these disorders. 12 pages, 17 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
13695. Diabetes: An Overview. This research paper presents an overview of this endocrine disease, looking at both Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent) and Type 2 diabetes (non insulin-dependent) varieties. This diabetes term paper considers the major causes of the disorder, describes the symptoms and diagnostic procedures, describes the effects and complications of diabetes, and discusses treatment and prognosis. 7 pages, 7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
TAGS: diabetes cause, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, diabetes etiology, diabetes clinical symptoms, diabetes diagnosis, diabetes complications, diabetes treatment, diabetes prognosis, prevention strategies, nursing management.


Chronic Illness Management of an Elderly Patient with Diabetes, Renal Failure and Heart Failure

Preventing Diabetes Through Lifestyle Intervention

Mexican-Americans and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes: Causes, Prevention & Treatment

Emotional Burden in Diabetes and Other Chronic Illnesses

Treatment and Mediation Therapy for Diabetic Retinopathy

The Nursing Observation Process: Diabetic Patients

A Diabetic Pregnancy
13693. Death and Dying. A personalized discussion of death and dying by a writer who discusses the links between Kubler-Ross's "stages of dying" and the grief process experienced by a teenage survivor coping with the terminal illness of a parent. Outlines contemporary theories of death and dying and considers the role and importance of funeral and other post-death rituals for survivors. 10 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic references.   $70
13672. Breast-Feeding: Third World vs. First World Practices. Examines the practice of breast-feeding in underdeveloped countries compared to practices in the U.S. and the rest of the developed world. Contrasts the recent reversal of the bottle feeding trend and return to breast-feeding in the U.S. with the continuing efforts to stifle breast-feeding in the Third World through the aggressive promotional efforts of Nestle, Carnation and other global leaders in the formula business. 9 pages, 19 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $63
13652. Alcoholism and Marriage. An investigation and review of literature on the impact of alcoholism on marriage, viewing the disease in its social context as a part of the marriage relationship and as a significant factor in the dynamics of the "alcoholic family." Argues that the alcoholic marriage is impacted by alcoholism in three main ways: 1) through its role as a dysfunctional element; 2) as a source of co-dependency or mutual addiction; and 3) as a disease process. 19 pages, 29 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $133
13651. Mandatory Aids Education in the Public Schools. An investigation of the legal (mainly Constitutional) issues surrounding AIDS education in the public schools. Written from the perspective of the early 1990's, the analysis considers legal precedents and then-current court cases surrounding AIDS education, and focuses on questions concerning the timing and content of AIDS curricula. In considering Constitutional issues, argues that while a necessary and valuable part of public education, AIDS education has not been shown to legally supersede parents' rights to protect their children from educational material they deem "offensive" and/or in conflict with their religious beliefs. 20 pages, 27 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $133
13631. Aids and the Demographic Disaster in Africa. This paper examines the demographic effects of AIDS in Africa. Focusing on the hardest-hit countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, the analysis considers the present and future impact of the AIDS epidemic on major demographic measures such as fertility, mortality, life expectancy, gender, age, and family structure. KEYWORDS: aids africa term paper aids epidemic demographic change sub-sahara africa. APA Style. 20 pages, 61 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources.   $133
13587. Withholding and/or Withdrawing Treatment: Patient Self Determination vs. Medical Goals. This report provides an overview and analysis of the ethical, legal, and practical issues surrounding the debate over providing, withholding and/or withdrawing treatment and its intersection with patients' rights to self-determination within the context of the medical futility dilemma. The analysis begins with a background discussion of the Patient Self Determination Act (PSDA) of 1990 and an identification of the major stakeholders in the decision to withhold, withdraw or provide treatment which may be deemed 'medically futile.' The next sections consider the legal and ethical issues surrounding the decision to withhold/withdraw treatment. Following this, the analysis looks at the evidence concerning the outcomes of the Patient Self Determination Act and considers some of the major problems and barriers in implementing the patient's right to act as the chief decision-maker in these decisions. 22 pages, 42 footnotes, 25 bibliographic sources.   $133
13581. The Human Genome Project. A paper on the international effort to map and sequence the entire structure of human DNA. Both the potential benefits of the project, and its ethical, legal and social implications, are discussed. 11 pages, 31 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
13576. Heroin Dependency. A review and analysis of the problem of heroin dependency. Defines Heroin addiction, describes its signs and symptoms, discusses its consequences for the individual and society; analyzes the physiological, psychological, and sociological factors underlying its causation; and profiles traditional (methadone maintenance) and alternative treatment approaches. Concludes that political factors and discriminatory attitudes towards addicts have precluded the widespread implementation of effective treatment programs. 17 pages, 38 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $119
13557. Hepatitis C. This paper provides an overview and analysis of hepatitis C. Although the information provided is drawn from the professional health care literature, the intent of this paper is to provide an overview of hepatitis in a language and format understandable to the nonprofessional, "lay" audience. The first section profiles the anatomy and patho-physiology of hepatitis C, including virus transmission, the structure of the virus, ad the disease process. The sections discuss diagnostic measures and procedures and usual treatment (s) for HCV infection. A section on "recent developments" looks at new treatment modalities, research trends, and provides directions on how clients can locate new information about the disease process. The last two sections discuss complications of the disease process and psychosocial aspects of HCV infection, looking at how the disease affects the quality of life for clients and their families. The appendix includes a list of community resources and organizations and a nursing care plan. 15p. + appendix; 65f. 34b.   $105
13550. Climate Change and Health Effects. This research paper provides an overview and analysis of the potential effects on human health occurring as a result of climate change. The first section of the paper offers a brief discussion of climate change models and the various inter-related factors which must be considered when predicting the effects of climate change on human health. Following this, the analysis looks at the potential direct and indirect consequences of climate change for human health. In taking into consideration the potential health consequences of global climate change, this investigation looks at the likely impact not only in the tropical and sub-tropical regions (areas where the population is expected to be especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change) but also in the developed temperate regions (areas where the actual magnitude of climate change is likely to be the greatest). KEYWORDS: climate change global warming health impact disease term paper. APA Style. 20 pages, 42 footnotes, 25 bibliographic sources.   $133
13546. Global Warming: Effects on Health and Health Care in the Tropics. This paper provides an overview and assessment of how global warming and climate change will impact the health of people in the tropics and the delivery of health care services in the tropics. The paper begins with a brief review of the traditional and contemporary focus of health care delivery in the tropics. The next section considers some of the likely impacts of climate change on the health of people in the tropics. Concludes with an examination of the impact of these changes on health needs and health care delivery in the region. Keywords: climate change human health medicine disease global warming. 17 pages; 45 footnotes; 31 bibliographic sources.   $119
13531. Sex Differences in Neuroanatomy. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the contemporary scientific literature on sex differences in neuroanatomy. Following a discussion of some of the central methodological problems and issues which have made the resolution of this controversy more difficult, the analysis surveys recent research on sexual dimorphism in neuroanatomy, considering the evidence from studies on structural differences in parts of the brain; gender and cognition; hormonal influences; sexual differences in brain development and brain aging; and sexual differences in brain-based psychopathologies. KEYWORDS: male female brain biological psychological differences. APA Style. 13 pages, 41 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $91
13523. MEDICARE REIMBURSEMENT: FFS VERSUS HMOs. This paper reviews historical and current Medicare reimbursement systems in its fee-for-service and HMO plans. Describes historical approaches to reimbursement, discusses the implementation of the Prospective Payment System (PPS) and the impact of Diagnostic-Related-Groups (DRGs) as well as the RBRVS for reimbursing physicians. Analyzes Medicare's capitated method for HMO reimbursement and identifies weaknesses. A concluding section discusses the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) and its impact on Medicare reimbursement. 12 pages, 53 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $84
13522. The EVOLUTION of MANAGED CARE in MEDICARE HMOs. This paper traces the history and development of managed care with the Medicare system, focusing on Medicare's experience with HMOs. Following a background discussion on the development and history of HMOs in general, the analysis traces the early history of HMOs in Medicare, analyzes the growth and development of Medicare HMOs, and examines recent trends in Medicare managed care. 15 pages, 32 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $105
13521. MEDICARE HMOs: The TRACK RECORD SO FAR. Presents an assessment and evaluation of Medicare HMOs versus traditional Medicare fee-for-service programs. Assesses Medicare HMOs in terms of quality of care and outcome studies, cost effectiveness, scope of service, patient access, and patient satisfaction. Discusses major areas of concern and/or gaps in service including HMO selection bias in enrollment and the exclusion of vulnerable groups, prescription drug coverage, coverage for long-term care, and coverage for mental health and Alzheimer's disease. 19 pages, 132 footnotes, 56 bibliographic sources.   $133
13520. History of Medicare. This paper presents a history and analysis of the Medicare program. The first section traces the early fight over and formation of Medicare. Section two profiles the structure and organization of Medicare and includes a discussion of Medicaid. Section three focuses on how Medicare has evolved and changed over the years and on its current condition. A concluding section discusses the impetus for Medicare reform and provides an overview of current reform proposals. 15 pages, 52 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $105
13507. The Nurse Practitioner. Examines the role of the nurse practitioner in the contemporary health care setting, considering how the development of the NP role has affected the nursing profession overall and how nurse practitioners serve the social and medical needs of their communities. Traces the history of NP development and discusses opposition from Medical Doctors (MD). 7 pages, 20 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
13503. The Social Definitions of Death in America. Moving from the assumption that life and death are socially defined, this report considers how death is organized and debated within American culture and in the context of the U.S. healthcare system. Argues that U.S. society presents an ambiguous view of death which tends to discourage individual's direct confrontations with death’s inevitability. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $49
13502. The Actors in the Health Care System. This report discusses and analyzes the major actors in the health care system: the people who provide health care (physicians, nurses) and the institutional frameworks (hospitals, managed care systems, third party payers, and government programs and policies) within which they carry out their professional duties. The analysis places particular emphasis on how the systems and its major actors relate to power and social change. 7 pages, 18 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
13501. The Health Care System as a Social Control System. This essay considers how the contemporary health care system and its primary actors – notably physicians and other health care providers as well as the managed care and insurance administrators – functions as a social control system. It is argued that in its capacity to function as a social control system, the health care system also has the ability to shape people’s view of health and illness and to define or redefine socially appropriate roles of health-related behaviors. 7 pages, 24 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
13500. Sociology Versus the Medical and Political Models of Health. The sociological model of health and illness differs from both the political and the medical model. Following an overview of how these three models differ in terms of their definitions of health and illness, and how these three models are distinguished in terms of their approach towards improving health and reducing illness, this essay illustrates the differences in these models through an analysis of a few specific examples of the different approach each model takes in considering the role of social factors in health and illness and healthcare delivery. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
13498. American Social Policy and Polio. How the government and private organizations dealt with the ailment from the first major epidemics of the 1890s to the development of the Salk and Sabin vaccines. Includes the role of President Roosevelt, the fund-raising of the March of Dimes, and the problems of the 1955 field trials. 25 pages, 86 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $133
13475. Listening to Prozac (Kramer). Discusses the implications of the book regarding the use of drugs to alter personality, and how this relates to the issue of what it means to be human. Argues that the book's research lacks scientific methodology and some of the author's claims are exaggerated, yet the work is important for its contribution to the public debate on drug therapies. 9 pages, 33 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
13461. Mood Disorders: A Focus on Bipolar Disorder From the Perspective of the Treating Clinical Psychologist. Following an overview of the prevalence, etiology, and symptomatology of the principal mood disorders (i.e., major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder), this paper focuses on the diagnosis and treatment (medication and psychotherapeutic) of bipolar disorder (focusing on bipolar I and bipolar II). The intended audience for this review is the clinical psychologist. Although medication treatment under the primary direction of a psychiatrist is the generally accepted first-line treatment for both major depression and bipolar disorder, “talk therapies” (particularly cognitive-behavioral therapies) under the direction of a skilled and trained clinical psychologist are a vital adjunctive treatment modality in mood disorders. 27 pages, 42 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $133
13460. Hiv & Aids. This paper provides an overview and analysis of current knowledge of HIV infection and AIDS, with a focus on the dynamics of the virus and its behavior within the human host, the natural history and clinical course of HIV infection and AIDS, and the current state-of-the art in treating HIV infection and AIDS. The discussion of treatment, while concentrating on contemporary combination antiretroviral therapy, also considers the existing and emerging role of immune therapies and alternative therapies in HIV and AIDS disease management. 18 pages, 79 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $126
13459. Prostate Cancer. This paper provides an overview and analysis of prostate cancer, with a focus on current and emerging treatment strategies. Following a definition/description of prostate cancer, an overview of its biology and clinical course, and a discussion of its epidemiology and etiology, the analysis examines current and emerging preventive, palliative, and “curative” strategies in the treatment of prostate cancer. 20 pages, 76 footnotes, 34 bibliographic sources.   $133
13457. Preventing E Coli Outbreaks: An Organizational Behavioral Management Intervention. Based on an analysis of a recent article in the Journal of Infectious Disease focused on the sources and risk factors for E coli infection, this paper presents a planned organizational behavioral management intervention. The intervention consists of a safe food handling and hand washing training and education program for food handlers in fast food restaurants. 11 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $77
13456. Health Promotion and Social Marketing: Teen Smoking. This paper presents a proposed smoking cessation program aimed at teen smokers. Reviews the literature on teen smoking, the rationale for providing teen smoking cessation programs, and the special factors which must be considered in developing a smoking cessation program for teens versus adults. Describes the main components of the program, which includes behavioral therapy, relapse-prevention therapy, and monetary incentives. Presents a media strategy for marketing the program and recruiting teen subjects. Concludes with an outline of an evaluation of the intervention. 13 pages, 23 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $91
13455. Personal Change Project: A Stop-Smoking Program. Presents a stop-smoking program designed for a middle-aged woman who has smoked approximately two packs per day for 25 years and who has hesitated to attempt quitting again because of concerns over weight gain. Discusses scientific findings on weight gain and smoking cessation. Designs a behavioral program based on the specific needs/risks of the target smoker, outlines a recording system, graphs results for first 20 days. 7 pages plus appendices, 18f. 7b.   $49
13454. Community Health Promotion: Preventing Hiv. Drawing upon an article in the journal AIDS Education and Prevention (Wong, Chng, & Lo, 1998), this paper analyzes a community level health promotion program which seeks to prevent HIV transmission and infection among urban-dwelling Asian- and Pacific Islander Americans. Although the focus article describes six different such programs (in Honolulu, San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, and Boston), the subsequent analysis draws on additional literature to focus most closely on the merits/shortcomings of the community intervention program in New York City and the special needs/priorities of the Asian population in that area. 9 pages, 13 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $63
13428. The Role of Nurses in Travel Medicine. Argues that nursing professionals can assume a primary role in the rapidly growing field of travel medicine. Following a history and overview of the development of travel medicine, the analysis traces the major roles and activities of the travel medicine provider and the vital role to be played by nurses. 14 pages, 39 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $98
13421. Alternative Medicine and the Nih. This paper provides an overview and analysis of NIH-mediated activities in the area of alternative and complementary medicine. The first section traces the history of CAM at the NIH and describes the current and historical mission of the Office of Alternative Medicine (now the National Center). Following this, the analysis looks at NIH-funded studies of alternative medicine, focusing on the general direction of these studies and highlighting consensus statements on various CAM modalities. The next section addresses issues of methodology in the scientific study of CAM, with particular reference to NIH position statements on this issue. The remaining sections examine how alternative medicine “fits” within conventional medicine and the existing healthcare reimbursement system and how it is viewed by healthcare practitioners from both the “alternative” and “conventional” ends of the spectrum. KEYWORDS: alternative medicine term paper national health policy nutrition herbal vitamin chiropractic acupuncture complementary medicine research paper. APA Style. 26 pages, 72 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.   $133
13400. Prescription Privileges for Psychologists? This paper provides an overview and analysis of the controversy surrounding the provision of prescription privileges for psychologists. Following a brief overview of some of the forces driving the push for prescription privileges, the major points of contention, and an outline of the principal parties supporting each side, the analysis reviews the arguments both for and against prescription privileges for psychologists. A concluding section presents recommendations based on the merits of each side of the controversy and argues that prescription privileges should not be granted to psychologists. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $84
13398. A Review of 10 Cases in Classic Cases in Medical Ethics by Gregory Pence. Ten 1-page summary overview and comments on ten different chapters of Pence’s book dealing with significant issues of medical ethics. Considers abortion, transplant organ allocation, animal experimentation, human experimentation, involuntary psychiatric commitment, control of teen pregnancy, surrogacy, physician-assisted dying, and mandatory testing for HIV. 12 pages, 14 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $84
13395. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. A comprehensive overview of this parasitic tropical disease with a focus on disease management and laboratory findings. Considers etiology, epidemiology, cell biology, pathology, immunology, diagnostic procedures, treatment (pharmacologic, physical) strategies, and prevention and control strategies. 34 pages, 191 footnotes, 52 bibliographic sources.   $133
13392. Viruses as a Cause of Cancer. This paper provides an overview of analysis of the viral etiology of human cancer. Following a brief introduction to cancer, the analysis profiles the known and suspected links between specific viruses and cancer, considers the biological mechanisms of viral action in cancer, and discusses recent research on the links between viruses and cancer. KEYWORDS: cancer etiology viruses research paper. APA Style. 11 pages, 52 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.   $77
13385. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. This paper provides an overview and analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a global health emergency. The analysis considers factors related to the resurgence of TB and the emergence of treatment-resistant strains, transmission of the bacillus, and strategies to prevent transmission and control the progress of the disease in infected individuals. Because of its probable vital role in the development of effective vaccine and treatment strategies, information about the genome of this organism – which has recently been mapped in its entirety by Cole, et al. (1998) – is also presented. 11 pages, 44 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $77
13370. The Ethics of Involuntary Psychiatric Commitment. Considers the controversial biomedical ethics issues related to involuntary commitment of the mentally ill, weighing the patients’ rights and patient autonomy arguments against and the utilitarian and parens patriae arguments in favor of involuntary commitment. Examines the extent to which the “purity” of these opposing moral arguments have been confounded and diluted by the politics of deinstitutionalization, the problem of homelessness and the public’s fear of the mentally ill. KEYWORDS: psychiatry ethics mentally ill confinement involuntary psychiatric commitment. APA Style. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
13366. Gender Discrimination and Women’S Health. This essay takes the position that discrimination against women, in both developed and developing societies, has had a profoundly negative impact on women’s health in particular and the state of world health in general. Examines the role of culture and ethnicity, describes particular aspects of gender-biased health care and outcomes, considers whether or not such discrimination can be ended and looks at the appropriate role for the health educator. 5 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $35
13365. Proposal for a School Health Education Program. This paper presents a sample health education program for a local school. The school targeted for intervention is a New York City metro area urban middle school with a multi-ethnic student body population of 356. Based on a survey of students’ health behaviors, specific health threats (tobacco use and risky sexual behaviors) were identified for the community and a program aimed at addressing these threats developed. The analysis considers the prerequisites for plan implementation (e.g., establishing a need for the program, securing funding, etc.); describes the components of the school health program; considers the major barriers to program implementation; takes into account the impact of racism on the school on program success; plans for increasing public awareness of the need for the program; develops a strategy for engaging the participation of local senior citizens; and formulates responses to potential parental objections to the program. 16 pages, 18 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $112
13364. Profile of a Leader in Community Mental Health. Current problems and issues in community mental health are discussed in this report which presents a summary review and analysis of a confidential interview with a leader in community mental health in a major metropolitan area. Subjects covered in the interview include duties, responsibilities and qualifications for the position, the role of local government agencies, issues related to funding, and cultural/ethnic issues. A brief concluding section presents summary research on how community mental health issues are addressed in other countries, with a look at both the developed and the developing world. An organizational chart of the community mental health center profiled in this report is included as an appendix. KEYWORDS: community mental health organizations leaders. APA Style. 10 pages + appendix, 12 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
13323. Managed Care: Impact on Social Services/Mental Health Care. This paper examines the impact of the managed care paradigm on the delivery of mental health (or, as it is now called, behavioral health) care services, with special focus on the effects of managed care on social workers (MSWs, LCSWs, BSWs) and the range/scope of services these health care workers provide. Includes an overview and description of managed care as it has evolved within and impacted mental health care service delivery. Changes in reimbursement, controls on providers, and the changing role of various providers (e.g., psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, counselors) within the evolving system are examined. Assesses the impact of the new system on social workers and their patients/clients. 24 pages, 45 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $133
13320. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. This paper presents an overview and analysis of post traumatic stress disorder with an emphasis on its association with comorbid alcohol and substance abuse disorders. The phenomenology of PTSD is described, including its symptomology, diagnostic classification, course of illness, and prevalence. Biological as well as psychological components of the disorder are considered. To further understand how to treat this disorder, the analysis considers its etiology and the role of comorbid psychiatric disorders, particularly substance/alcohol abuse. The concluding section examines treatment protocols, considering pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, and preventive interventions with special attention to treatment of dually diagnosed PTSD and substance abuse. 34 pages, 142 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $133
13319. Marketing Prescription Drugs Directly to Consumers. Discusses the ethical issues involved in this practice, and argues in favor of a patient's right to information and self-determination. On this basis, also argues for a "code of ethics" to ensure truthfulness and full disclosure in drug ads. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
13229. (Un)coordination in International Health Policies & Programs. This research paper addresses an issue which is widely perceived to be at the crux of the "crisis" in international health - the lack of coordination between external agencies and the policy conflict over the priorities and purposes of international health cooperation. It is argued that as the World Bank has increasingly taken the leadership role in international health policy, the defacto mandate for global cooperation in health has shifted from the World Health Organization's mandate of "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible levels of health" to the economic development agenda of the World Bank. At the same time, the forces of globalization and their impact on the health of developing and newly industrializing countries has led a number of analysts to advocate a re-focusing of the mandate on the principles of social justice. KEYWORDS: health economic development international agencies world health organization argumentative essay term paper. 8 pages, 15 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $56
13219. Stopping the Spread of Aids in the Philippines: Health Program Proposal. This paper presents a proposal for controlling the spread of AIDS in the Philippines. The proposed intervention is aimed at a category of the population deemed to be at especially high risk for contracting the disease - commercial sex workers (registered and freelance). Following a description of the nature and scope of the problem and a brief justification for why intervention is necessary for this problem, the analysis presents a program to reduce the problem. The proposal calls for a three-pronged intervention of: 1) AIDS education for commercial sex workers; 2) Distribution of free condoms; and 3) a PR campaign aimed at encouraging Filipino men to use condoms. KEYWORDS: aids prevention asia term paper. 18 pages, 35 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $126
13214. Talk Therapy: How Effective Is It? This report provides a review and analysis of the use and effectiveness of talk therapy as a treatment modality in a variety of psychological and psychiatric disorders. Following a brief definition of talk therapy and a discussion of its objectives and various approaches, the analysis reviews current literature on the evidence for the effectiveness of talk therapy, both in general and in specific disorders and examines some of the factors (e.g., length of treatment, stage of illness, quality of therapy/therapist, type of psychotherapy, etc.) which may mitigate its effectiveness. A concluding section considers some of the current challenges to the successful implementation of talk therapy modalities, with special reference to the role of managed care. 12 pages, 48 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $84
13205. Artificial Heart. Discusses the importance of this device and describes how it works. Also describes recent developments (such as a simplified device for left ventricle failures) that have made it more portable and permanent, as well as safer. 5 pages, 25 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $35
13203. Virtual Reality in Health Care. This paper examines the history, current application, and potential use of one exciting new technological tool for health care - virtual reality. Following a definition of key terms background discussion on the uses of virtual reality and related technologies in health care, the analysis describes and analyzes the current applications of virtual reality in the health care sector, considering the rationale for and advantages of its use. The next sections examine some of the barriers to and problems in advancing the use of VR in health care, and considers possible steps to overcome these barriers. A concluding section summarizes the future trends of virtual reality in health care. 17 pages, 45 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $119
13181. What the Us Can Learn From Other Healthcare Systems. This essay considers what the U.S. can learn from the experiences of other countries in the establishment and maintenance of an affordable system of healthcare which equitably distributes high-quality services to the entire population. Prior to elaborating some of the specific things that U.S. healthcare policymakers might learn from other systems, the analysis considers both the limitations and the opportunities for learning from other countries. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $42
13161. Genital Herpes: A Public Health Problem. Provides a public health profile and analysis of this common sexually-transmitted disease. Considers disease incidence and prevalence, clinical features, risk factors, and public health measures to address the problem. 7 pages, 25 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $49
13148. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Sids). Discusses possible causes of the problem, including genetic heart disorder and health habits of the mother. Focuses especially on the importance of the supine sleep position. Also discusses studies on the effectiveness of a recent campaign to educate mothers on the issue and concludes that there is a need for more work in this area. 13 pages, 37 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $91
13126. Managed Care: Impact on the Poor. This report investigates the question of whether poor people - a group which has historically faced many disadvantages in the health care system - will be better off under managed care. Considers the growing dominance of managed care in both the private and public sectors, examines the poor's access to health care, and considers quality of care issues. Concludes that the growing dominance of managed care will reduce the poor's access to care and will increasingly pigeon-hole them within a second-class system of health care. 15 pages, 28 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $105
13108. Oligopoly in the Pharmaceuticals Industry. Looks at the drug industry as an example of a structural oligopoly; domination of the market by a few players is attributed to high R & D costs, patent protections, brand name recognition, and mergers and acquisitions that keep out new competitors. Eli Lilly is cited as a case example of a major industry player with a position protected by famous trade names and growth into biotechnology and non-drug businesses. 11 pages, 14 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $77
13090. Cultural Diversity in Health Care: The Native American. To illustrate the importance of cultural sensitivity in health care interactions, this paper provides an overview of Native American approaches and beliefs about health and illness. Some of the major questions considered in this investigation include the following: How do Native Americans view health and illness? How do Native American healing practices differ from those of the dominant culture? Do Native Americans have any special health care concerns relating to their culture or lifestyle? The starting point for this overview was an interview with a Native American man. The interview material is supplemented by and supported with information drawn from a review of scholarly literature on Native American health systems. 12 pages, 22 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $84
13047. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. This report provides an overview and analysis of the current medical/psychiatric literature on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Defines CFS, discusses its prevalence, traces its history, outlines diagnostic criteria and differential diagnosis, profiles symptoms, examines etiology and risk factors, and discusses treatment strategies. Concludes that CFS is a multi-faceted disorder with a multi-system etiology and heterogenEous course of illness. 18 pages, 43 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $126
13045. Disease Management. The report provides an overview and analysis of "disease management" a form of managed care aimed at controlling costs and improving patient outcomes for common chronic diseases such as asthma, diabetes, hypertension, low-back pain, headache, and depression. Following an overview of the crisis of chronic care, the report defines disease management, outlines its central objectives and components, discusses its advantages and disadvantages, and defines the factors which differentiate effective from ineffective disease management programs. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
13044. Alternative Medicine: Naturopathy. This report draws on a scholarly review of literature and an interview with a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) to present an overview and analysis of naturopathy, an established formal system of alternative medicine indigenous to the United States. Defines naturopathy, traces its history, profiles underlying principles, discusses major treatment modalities, profiles training and licensing procedures, and considers the accomplishments and limitations of this system of alternative/complementary medicine. 11 pages, 26 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
13040. Healthy Aging. This report focuses on the issue of "healthy aging" through an interview with an elderly person who represents a role model of a senior who has mastered the challenge of "healthy aging" and through an analysis of scholarly literature on the subject of healthy aging. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
13028. A Family Stress Management Program. This report presents a personal assessment and a stress management program design for a hypothetical young married couple experiencing family dysfunction and stress in their lives. The second part of the paper summarizes and reviews community resources which offer professional help to people experiencing depression, anxiety, family dysfunction, or other stress-related problems. In addition to discussing general resources which can be located within most US communities, the analysis identifies specific resources in the New York metro area. 11 pages, 8 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
13024. Tqm Implementation in Hospitals: Success or Failure? This report examines the implementation of total quality management (TQM, often used interchangeably with the term continuous quality improvement or CQI within the hospital setting) in hospitals. Following an overview of the origin and principles behind total quality management (with a focus on the Deming model) as it evolved within industries outside of the healthcare setting and a brief history of TQM's evolution within the hospital setting, the report presents a review and analysis of the literature on the successes and failures of TQM implementation in the hospital setting. Another section of the report presents a comparative assessment of TQM in other industries and a discussion of its general "goodness of fit" with hospitals and the current health care environment. A concluding section summarizes the major findings of the review, draws conclusions about the future of TQM in hospitals, and makes recommendations for further investigation. 37 pages, 115 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $133
12729. The Cycle of Addiction. This paper identifies and discusses the key elements that perpetuate the cycle of addiction. These elements can be broken down into four broad categories: the social environment (friends, family, community), genetics, biological or physical aspects, and psychological aspects. Argues that psychological aspects may be the most important in both perpetuating and finally breaking the ties of addiction. KEYWORDS: addiction causes contributing factors psychological factors drug alcohol abuse treatment. APA Style. 6 pages, 21 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references. 1,979 words.   $42
12713. Eastern and Western Philosophies of Health and Wellness. A historical survey which contrasts Eastern holistic methods with those of Western medicine. The Eastern method tries to bring the body into harmony with nature, while the Western method is concerned with healing individual parts of the body. The paper concludes by noting the current trend in the West of merging these two medical philosophies. 7 pages, 25 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $49
12712. Relationship Between Eating Disorders and Addictive Behaviors. Discusses the addictive potential of food and the link between eating disorders and substance abuse. Studies have shown bulimia to be more strongly related than anorexia nervosa, but it is still not known why some bulimics become substance abusers and others do not. 7 pages, 25 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $49
12711. Euthanasia as a Social Policy. This report makes the case for the legalization of euthanasia (mercy-killings) within a strictly controlled and monitored system. Traces the history of euthanasia and changing social attitudes towards mercy killing with the advancement in life-sustaining medical technologies. Recommends a framework of standards and guidelines similar to that adopted in the Netherlands and cautions that the decision to invoke the euthanasia option must always be individualized. 15 pages, 23 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $105
12710. The Concept of Caring in Nursing. The paper explores the relevance of caring to nursing theory through a comparative analysis of Sister Callista Roy's Adaptation Model of Nursing and Betty Neuman's Neuman Systems Model. The paper shows how such related nursing practices as nursing assessment, nursing care planning, and psychological intervention can be connected to a larger model of nursing as a caring profession. 16 pages, 28 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $112
12709. Consumer Expectations and the Changing Us Healthcare System. This paper which examines consumer expectations of health care within the context of transformations in the U.S. health care industry. The paper begins with an overview of the central ethical debate in health care delivery and the stance of the US consumer on the debate between healthcare as a right and health care as a consumer good. The rest of the paper focuses on the transformation of the US health care industry and consumer responses to this transformation. Includes discussions of the effect of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 and the 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. A concluding section examines the extent to which private market, "managed competition" in health care can realistically meet (or approach) consumer expectations of health care. KEYWORDS: us health care industry health insurance insured heatlhcare market reform universal healthcare managed care. APA Style. 38 pages, 56 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.   $133
12707. Diet Pills. A paper on the heart problems caused by the uses of fen-phen and Redux. Discusses case studies and controversies, as well as the response of the medical community and the FDA. Concludes by arguing that people with mild weight problems should seek healthier alternatives (diet and exercise). 11 pages, 53 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $77
12514. Attention: Aging Men. Analysis of 1996 Newsweek article concerned with the use of hormone replacement therapy to reverse the effects of aging. Discusses the social, economic, educational and public health implications of the article, and concludes with the view that the therapy is risky and that exercise and diet are better ways to counter aging. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
12513. "What's the Window for Making Babies?" by Rita Rubin. Analysis of 1996 article from U.S. News On-Line by Rita Rubin on the determination of when women are most fertile. The discovery of more precise information is called a "break-through," and the implications for natural family planning and the use of home test kits are discussed. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
12512. What's Wrong With Our Sperm? Analysis of 1996 Time magazine article reporting on recent declining sperm counts in men. Discusses the implications of this finding, and the search for its cause and possible solutions. Also criticizes a logical fallacy in the article and suggests that a decline in fertility may actually be good for reducing overpopulation. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
12511. A High-Tech Debate Over Women's Bones. Analysis of 1996 U.S. News On-Line article by Susan Brink concerning osteoporosis and its risk factors. Emphasizes the implications of two findings: that the drug Fosamex may relieve some of the symptoms of the disorder, and early detection requires a need for more access to X-ray machines. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
12510. The Financial Impact of Preventive Health Care. This paper seeks to provide a general summary and analysis of the financial impact of preventive care. The analysis begins with an overview of the intuitive arguments suggesting the clinical and cost effectiveness of preventive health care. The next section examines the methodology (and problems therein) of assessing the financial impact of preventive care. A concluding section reviews the recent literature on the problems and promises of preventive health care. 16 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $112
12509. Death and the Elderly. Analyzes and profiles the death-related encounters, attitudes, and reflections of elderly people through an examination of the literature on death and dying and the elderly and interviews with two elderly widows and one registered nurse who works with the elderly. Specific issues examined within the analysis include dealing with the death of a spouse, bereavement and coping, personal illness and citing vitality, relations with family and friends, and attitude towards death. 13 pages, 29 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.   $84
12506. Discussion of a Central Experiment: Electromagnetic Fields and Childhood Cancer. Considers the possible dangers of EMFs on human health through a review and analysis of Feychting and Ahlbom's (1993) seminal empirical epidemiological study of EMF-cancer links in a group of Swedish children. Defines the EMF-human health problem, discusses the epidemiological approach, and comprehensively reviews the study and the critical response to it. 13 pages, 33 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $91
12505. Weight Management and Eating Disorders. This paper provides an overview and investigation of weight management and eating disorders. As an introduction to the topic, the analysis begins with a brief summary of a visit to a counselor specializing in the treatment of eating disorders. This is followed by the analysis of three separate cases, each involving a patient manifesting a different type of eating disorder of weight management problem. Each analysis begins with a brief summary of the case and the client's presenting symptoms. Drawing on recent psychological, dietary, and medical literature, the eating disorder presented is identified and discusses. The second part of each analysis presents a suggested treatment plan and rationale for the patient. 25 pages, 29 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $133
12504. The Ethics of Health Care Distribution. Presents an analysis and assessment of the moral issues surrounding the distribution of health care in the United States from the perspective of the early 21st century. The analysis is structured as hypothetical testimony from an expert in health policy ethics presented at public hearings which aim to reach a broad consensus on the issue of universal health care. The paper argues that access to health care is a right, not a privilege, and as such, ethics imperatives require the development of a viable national health care system which provides equal access to health care for all Americans. 14 pages, 43 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $98
12503. Social Responsibility and the 'Right' to Health Care. Takes a case analysis approach to considering the ethical and legal implications of the 'right' to health care in contemporary America. The implications (for individuals, health care providers, the society) are considered within the framework of a hypothetical new national health insurance system and the situation facing two hypothetical patients who are being denied treatment based either on their presumed 'responsibility' for their illness and/or their inability to pay for care. 7 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $49
12447. Evaluation and Critique of Three Exercise Classes. This paper evaluates and critiques three different exercise classes (one high-impact aerobics, one low-impact water aerobics, one special population dance aerobics). Each class is analyzed in terms of class organization, safety, music, instructor, and facility. Includes a summary analysis of feedback to instructors. 17 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $119
12446. Maximizing Your Body Potential. Presents the results of a project aimed at maximizing body potential. The project entailed assessing current physical fitness, developing a personalized exercise program, assessing eating behavior, identifying problems in diet, and developing tactics for behavior modification for two people, one middle-aged female and one middle-aged male. 14 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $98
12285. The Physiological Basis of Amnesia. Reviews research (experimental and case investigations) on the physiological basis, anatomical correlates, and behaviors associated with non-psychogenic amnesia. Defines anterograde versus retrograde amnesia, discussing their relationship and their differences. Traces recent trends and significant findings in 24 neuropsychological research studies. 15 pages, 42 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $105
prev  1  2  3  4  5  6  next  

Copyright 1998-2018 Berkeley Research