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18B. MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
 
15982. Maimonides on the Commandments. This paper concerns the views of the Jewish philosopher Maimonides (1135-1204) regarding the biblical commandments. His Aristotelian perspective is contrasted with that of other Jewish thinkers, including the mystics known as the Kabbalists. 5 pages; 23 footnotes; 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
13918. Thomas More's Utopia and the End of the Middle Ages. This paper analyzes how the political and social structures of More's ideal society reflect the tensions at the end of the Middle Ages when Europe was changing politically from a feudal, agricultural society made up of smaller states, to large modern nation states with power concentrated in the central government. KEYWORD: medieval philosophy thomas more britian utopia. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
13075. Utopia (Thomas More). How More's Utopia deals with nine specific issues (self-identity and self development; equality; individual vs. group rights; stability of the society; utility vs. pleasure; moral truth vs. practicality; warfare; transmission of the system; and the goals of progress). Overall, More's Utopia is a communist society in which emphasis is placed on the attainment of happiness and the importance of scholarship and the culture of the mind. 12 pages, 66 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
13042. Boethius. A look at the classical influences on the philosophy, rhetoric and theology of the sixth century Roman philosopher. Boethius' work as a translator and commentator on Aristotle, and the new literary style of Consolation of Philosophy, are noted. 11 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
12080. The Consolation of Philsophy by Boethius and Feminism. Analysis of early medieval text from a feminist perspective. Emphasizes Simone de Beauvoir's views on the ambivalence of women being regarded as "Other." Examples in the text of male dominance, stereotypes, and the sexist use of language are also considered. KEYWORDS: feminist historical literary critcism boethius middle ages. MLA Style. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
11253. Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius. Literary and philosophical functions of the dream/vision of Boethius and the implications of its combination of pagan and Christian imagery. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
 
11248. Attitudes Toward Sexuality, Love, and Transcendence in Classical Literature (Pindar, Plato, Propertius) and Christian Mystics (Julian of Norwich, Margery Kempe, Teresa of Avila). Discusses similarities between ancient ideas of sex as a step on the way to transcendence and access to the divine, and sexual nature in the raptures of the medieval mystics. 15 pages, 20 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
11139. Science and Religion: A Critical Survey by Holmes Rolston Review of book which attempts to establish an interface between scientific and religious inquiry based n the similarities between scientific and religious method. KEYWORDS: science religion book review. 5 pages, 18 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
10623. The Depiction of Women in the Divine Comedy. Dante's depiction of women in the three books of his epic poem is described and analyzed. The combination of rheumatic and spiritualization inspiration in the person of Beatrice is noted. 11 pages, 13 footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09810. Lucretius and Galen on Atomic Theory. A comparison of the Roman poet Lucretius "On the Nature of Things" with the early physician Galen's "On the Natural Faculties" with regard to the atomic theory of the natural world. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09799. Body and Soul in Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas. A comparative analysis of the treatment of the body-soul relation in the philosophy of Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas; elements of Plato's idealism and Aristotle's natural science are found in St. Thomas' hierarchy of created corporeal forms. 10 pages, 18 footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
07249. Faith and Reason. Investigates the basis of faith, and whether theologian St. Thomas Aquinas represents a rational middle point between faith and reason. Emphasizes Aquinas on faith as an aspect of human will; finds that this complements reason rather than opposing it. Hopes for a faith based on reason. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
07234. On Kingship by Aquinas. Thoughtful, well-written review of this example of Aquinas' political thought, finding him surprisingly democratic for his age. His thoughts on submission to/removal of a tyrant were conditioned by his liberal belief that the tyrant is an aberration that cannot last, or be half so successful as an understanding king. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $35
 
07229. Dante Alghieri's La Vita Nuova. Thorough dissection and discussion of Dante's spiritual and self-revealing series of poems for his beloved Beatrice. Like the poems themselves, the study concentrates on the development of Dante's character and emotions as he spends his youth in an idealistic passion for a woman he talked to only once. 25 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $133
 
07228. Dante on World Government. Very thorough summary and review of Dante's analysis of world government. Making use of typical Medieval scholastic type arguments, Dante proves three contentions: that a universal world government is the best possible form of human government; that the Roman Empire existed by right and was guided by Providence; and that the authority of the Holy Roman Emperor was superior to that of the Pope. 20 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $133
 
07224. St. Thomas Aquinas on Natural and Human Law. The distinction made by the scholastic philosopher between natural and man-made law is examined; the former is seen as a universal principle, and the latter as a particular application of that principle. 8 pages, 9 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
 
07047. "The Prince" by Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli's life and philosophy are fully described, with comparisons to The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius. Includes favorable personal reaction to Machiavelli's realistic description of the facts of political life. 7 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
05890. The Medieval View of Human Nature. A paper explaining medieval Christian attitudes to human nature based on the works of St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. 4 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
04983. Augustine and Aristotle on the Polis. St. Augustine's emphasis on man as an historical animal is contrasted with the Aristotelian maxim that man is a political animal. Concepts of the city and the state are compared between the two thinkers, and the universal pattern of history examined in each. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
04918. Saint Thomas Aquinas. The life and thought of the medieval philosopher and theologian are examined in this essay. A brief biography is presented, the influence of Aristotle and Plato considered, and the currents of Arabic and Catholic philosophy found in his proofs of God's existence are considered also. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
04149. The Influence of Aristotle on the Epistemology of William of Ockham. Ockham's debt to Aristotle in the area of epistemology is summarized. Their agreement on the rejection of forms independent of cognitive bodies is noted, and their reliance on evidence of the senses and the scientific principle in the search for knowledge is observed. Ockham is seen as limited only by the theology of the church in his epistemology. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
00694. Francis Bacon's Essays. The life and thought of Bacon are considered, and their relationship to the ideas found in the Essays is found to be both intellectual and political. The philosopher's personal shortcomings and intellectual contributions are assessed. 9 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
53752. St. Thomas Aquinas' Fifth Proof for Proving the Existence of God. Good basic discussion of the logical bases and possible objections to Aquinas' argument that the existence of God can be proved by the fact that natural events seem to have some ultimate "design" or purpose. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
51552. St. Thomas Aquinas' Doctrine of Necessary Being. A review of Patterson Brown's study of Aquinas, examining the arguments for the logical and necessary existence of God and the world. Brown is seen as an inadequate critic of Aquinas, and God is deemed to be knowable only through faith. 8 pages, 4 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 


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