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18D. 20TH CENTURY WESTERN PHILOSOPHY

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08657. Language and Cognition. Reviews literature on the relationship between language and cognition, with particular attention devoted to the Whorf-Sapir hypothesis that language affects cognition. Explores Chomsky's views in detail. Concludes that current research cannot yet state with certainty the exact relationship between language and cognition. 12 pages, 16 footnotes in text, 14 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
08648. Lying by Sissela Bok. A thoughtful review of Bok's book which emphasizes the inherently destructive nature of lying, both within personal relationships and within the public sphere. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
08477. The Worldview of Greek and Mesopotamian Cultures. Compares and contrasts the two cultures with respect to their outlooks on nature, the role of man in the universe, and the relationship between men and the world around them. As a vehicle for comparison, an epic poem from each culture is analyzed. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08320. Are Those Monkeys Really Talking? An assessment of the growing body of evidence both for and against the argument that mammals are capable of language communication. Explores the arguments of both the non-language school of thought and the pro-language school of thought. 8 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
08296. The Future of Animal Rights. Reviews recent issues on the subject of animal rights and examines existing and proposed animal protection measures both in the U.S. and in Europe. 3 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $21
 
08295. Destructive Obedience to Authority and Scientific Responsibility. Examines the content and validity of psychologist Stanley Milgram's famous 1964 experiment on destructive obedience to authority in which he found that normal test subjects were capable of great brutality when placed in authoritarian settings. 4 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: bystander effect, situational influence, ethics, groupthink, social loafing, personal integrity.

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08207. Freud, Kierkegaard and the Major Issues of Religious Belief. Argues that both thinkers construct valid arguments concerning the validity of religious belief while rejecting religious dogma as an acceptable basis for belief. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
08194. The Philosophy of Uniqueness: Man's Search for Rationality and Free Will. An examination of free will as it relates to man's "unique" rationality. Artificial intelligence is viewed as a challenge to human uniqueness and as an argument for determinism and the "mappability" of human consciousness. 10p. 2b.   $70
 
08193. Beyond Dualism, Traversing Materialism: Mind-Body Integration. Examines the ontological problem ("mind-body" problem), a central issue in philosophies of the mind. Presents a comparative analysis of Cartesian dualism vs. reductive materialism. The theory of mind-body integration and interaction is presented as a workable alternative to these two extremes. 14 pages, footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
08117. If Abortion Were Made Illegal.. Hypothetical case study of a possible Supreme Court reversal of the 1973 Abortion Decision. Outlines legal precedents, case studies, and takes a pro-choice position, strongly opposing any reversal of the 1973 decision. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
08098. What Is Life? A personal consideration of the problems of the modern world and what an individual can do in the age of machines. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08097. Civil Disobedience in Today's Society. A personal study of civil disobedience which considers under what circumstances it is right to protest a situation to the extent of possibly being arrested or killed. Apartheid, the U.S. military buildup, and defense of constitutional liberties are considered. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
07742. Romeo and Juliet. The different concepts of eternal and changing love in Shakespeare's play are examined. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
07735. Is Man Free or Determined? A good historical overview of the philosophical debate concerning determinism in man's actions. Causality, freedom and will are examined. 6 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
07732. The Hermeneutics of Jurgen Habermas. Well-written, clear overview of the basic points of this complex modern German philosopher, focusing on his views of the problem of subjectivity in social science investigation. Essentially, the observer must take a viewpoint based on his best judgment, and if this is done carefully valid conclusions and real communication may be achieved. Includes Habermas's arguments; comments on the importance of Habermas for dealing with the problem of subjectivity in the social sciences. 10 pages, 23 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $70
 
07606. The Enduring Contribution of Niccolo Machiavelli: His Place in the Renaissance and His Significance Today. Scholarly essay on political philosopher Machiavelli and what he was really trying to say. Finds great significance in the fact that the questions he raised have never been fully answered. Argues that Machiavelli was the first to grasp the implications of the secularization of politics; his code of morality was based on the welfare of society through political stability. 12 pages, 4 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
07588. Does Intelligence Require Immateriality?. Tightly-argued pro and con discussion on whether intelligence is connected to physical bodies, or whether, as Plato and other believe, pure intelligence is immaterial and unconnected with the body. Includes arguments from Plato, Aristotle, religion, science, animals, computers and artificial intelligence; concludes there is evidence on both sides, and neither can flatly disprove the other. 8 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
07230. Individualism in Machiavelli and Confucius. A comparison of individual and collective values and virtues in the two political philosophers, seeing their ideas as expressive of Eastern and Western outlooks. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06758. Human Rights. This discussion argues that human rights are a manmade and not a natural law, and suggests that democracy best protects those rights. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. Notes in text.   $35
 
06737. Existentialism and Humanism. A review of the history of existential philosophy, based on Kaufmann's Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre and Sartre's essay on Existentialism. A good examination of Sartre's argument that existentialism is a humanism. 18 pages, 20 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
06694. Humanistic Basis of Psychology. This paper review Rychlak's The Psychology of Rigorous Humanism and describes the need for a new paradigm in American psychology, Examines the behaviorist-functionaiist approach and suggests the need for new theoretical constructs to explain human behavior. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
06677. A. J. Ayer on Mind-Body. The modern philosopher's argument that mind and body are not two radically different orders of being is discussed. His view that they are two interpretations of the same experience is analyzed. 4 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
06676. p.t. Geach. A contemporary philosopher's views on the question of whether sensuous experiences could occur apart from an organism are outlined in this paper. A counter-argument for materialism is presented. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
06675. Self-Interest and Human Action. Examines the question whether all human actions are motivated by self-interest, in terms of the authors in Rachels' Understanding Moral Philosophy. 6 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
06550. Alienation and Engagement Camus' "The Plague" and Kafka's "The Trial". The different views of existential engagement and alienation found in the novels by Camus and Kafka are contrasted. 4 pages, 2 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
06538. David Hume. The philosophy of Hume is reviewed in this paper; Liebnitz' ideas are seen as challenging common sense notions about the self, necessity, memory, and a host of other conceptions. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06536. Existentialism and Phenomenology. The relationship between the two major branches of modern philosophy is examined in this studY; Husserl and Sartre are opposed as the major exPonents of hoth schools, and a thorough discussion of the idealistic basis of consciousness is offered. 17 pages, 18 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $119
 
06517. "Walden Two" by B. F. Skinner. An interesting critique of Skinner's utopian novel, attacking behaviorism and comparing "Walden Two" with Plato's "Republic" as an elitist community. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
06374. The Philosophical Roots of Education Theories. In this naper the philosophies of Idealism, Realism, Neo-Thomism, experimentalism and Existentialism are examined with reference to their relationship to education theory. 15 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
06230. Life After Death. Well-organized essay on the problems of possible experience after death. Argues that `revived-from-death' stories are still not a proof of experience after death; the problems of determining what a "soul might be and who it might represent; finds that the problem of life after death opens infinite complications for rational thinkers. 11 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $77
 
06103. The Philosophy of Promises. Essay on the problem of whether promises must be kept; argues for rational understanding of the conditionality of human actions. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
06101. The Rights of Animals. Discussion of whether animals should have rights, and why; focuses on the problems of establishing a basis for the rights of animals; cognitive ability, contribution to ecological balance, or what? 6 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
06043. The Problem of Universals. A review of this philosophical problem from the time of Abelard to the present taking account of the rationalist-nominalist and logical positions. 10 pages, 13 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06003. "Freedom and Justice in History." A thorough discussion of the question of whether or not freedom and justice are separable, taking as its point of departure Dostoevsky's "Grand Inquisitor" and debating pros and cons of Herbert Muller's article of the title. 12 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $84
 
05936. "Irrational Man" by William Barrett. A review of Barrett's work on the origins of existentialism which is essentially a history of philosophy from Plato to Sartre. 12 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source.   $84
 
05900. Do Animals Have Rights? A discussion of the philosophical and moral claims derived from the concept of rights as differentiated from the concept of duty and how this can be related to the question of animal rights. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05816. Is There Life After Death? A review of the philosophical and religious ideas on the issue of immortality from the earlies times to the post-Nietzschean rationalists of the 20th century. 14 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
05795. Ethics and Morals. Definition of moral and ethical sensibilities and their formation caulturally and socially are the subjects of this paper. 4 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
05718. "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values" by Robert Pirsig (A Review). A review of Robert Pirsig's book highlighting the various philosophical ideas and the developing relationship between father and son. An iconic cult book of the American new age. 5 pages, footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05560. The Issue of Animal Rights. Thorough, balanced look at the use of animals in research in the U.S.: ethical, philosophical and biological issues involved, proposals for reform. Gives both sides, but strongly favors consideration of the rights of animals used in research. 13 pages, 14 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
05500. Euthanasia. Various cases in which euthanasia might be appropriate are quoted and the difficulty of defining death in modern medicine is examined. Arguments for and against an exposition of the Catholic stance conclude. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05420. Heidegger's Existential Humanism. Heidegger's criticisms of the Christian and Marxist existentialism are reviewed, and his discussion of the confusions of moral and metaphysical ideas is looked at, from the "Letter on Humanism" to Sartre. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05417. Searching for Saudi Investments in the u.s. The difficulties of assessing Saudi investments in the U.S. are enumerated given the Saudi preference for operating through 3rd parties. Channels, type of investments and goals are considered. 15 pages, 14 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
05417a. Husserl and Otherness. This paper presents a critical survey of the reply of the chief philosopher of phenomenology against the charge of solipsism. KEYWORDS: phenomenology husserl critique. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05416. Vision and Knowledge. A look at four philosophical treatments of the metaphor of vision as a kind of perception. The "seer" in the works of Castaneda, in art critic Bernard Berenson's discussion of social science, Coomeraswamy's view of Buddism, and the modern scientist's views of discovery are compared. 8 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05411. The Relationship Between Classical Political and Economic Theory, Marxism and Neo-Classical Economic Theory. A paper focusing on the theory of value in all three schools of thought: the just price, labor value and modern attacks on the Marxist position. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
05410. Plato and Wittgenstein. A comparison and contrast between the `realistic' stance of the Socratic tradition and the `nominalistic' stand taken by quasi-positivist philosophers in the 20th century. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05409. Martin Buber's "The Knowledge of Man". A chapter-by-chapter discussion of Buber's last collection of essays, focusing on the continuing doctrine of the I-Thou relation, his theories on guilt and interhuman relations, and the necessity of love. 4 pages, 6 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
05408. Plato and the Modern Researchers on the Immortality of the Soul. An exposition of the Platonic theory of the nature of the human soul and its immortality in the world-soul. The doctrines of Plato, as found in the Phaedo and other works, are compared with the contemporary findings of researchers into death and dying, including Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, Raymond Moody and Osis and Haraldsson. 20 pages, 16 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05407. Trade and Economic Relations Between the United States and South Korea. This paper relates the development of the South Korean economy to trade and economic relations between the United States and South Korea. Paper takes the position that South Korea is heavily dependent on the United States for its economic development, although the South Koreans are trying to diversify their trade relations. KEYWORDS: international trade foreign policy korea korean economy. 20 pages, 18 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05407a. The Social Scientist and the Biker. This paper provides an examination of Max Weber’s celebrated distinction between “fact” and “value” and Robert Parsig’s attempt to combine them in his book, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. KEYWORDS: max weber values facts parsig. 6 paper, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05403. Science and Philosophy. A critical analysis of the views of Ludwig Wittgenstein and Peter Winch, with special reference to the social sciences. 7 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
05402. Martin Heidegger's "Being and Time". An examination of Heidegger's Dasein (beings-within-the-world) as constitutive of and affected by the concepts of time and most strongly, of Being. 4 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
 
05255. Do Animals Have Rights? A general essay on the question of whether sub-humans should be given property or other legal rights, concluding in the negative. Not having personalities, they are hence themselves property. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05201. Understanding Philosophy by Tom Regan. A chapter by chapter review of this general philosophy book, looking at all of the branches of philosophy and their treatment in the study. Regan's treatment of three basic issues in the history of philosophy is praised in the conclusion. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $70
 
05165. Dualism or Unity of Mind and Body. The philosophical issue of the separation of mind and body is examined in light of such related issues as free will and determinism, materialism and phenomenalism, and space-time. Descartes, James, Russell and other modern philosophers are mentioned. 4 pages, 5 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
04970. Moral Rules and Decision-Making. The ethical dilemma of the moral actor in making decisions is considered from the standpoint of situational ethics. Ethical concepts of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant are applied to a hypothetical life-and-death situation. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
04910. Freedom of Will. The laws of causation and natural freedom are discussed in terms of the philosophy of Moore, Ayer, Hobbes, and others. The problem of distinguishing between free action and random events is considered, and the psychological offshoots of determinism and behaviorism are seen as philosophical questions. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
04904. Art and Science. The split between C. P. Snow's Two Cultures is treated with a view to the various works of Thomas Mann, Kate Chopin and James Watson of Double Helix fame. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
04858. The Ethical Action and Freedom of Decision. The principle of moral rules and a personal God are discussed in a review of Vincent Punzo's Reflective Naturalism; Locke, Kant, and modern situational ethics are considered by Punzo. 7 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
04802. Values in the Work of Henry David Thoreau. Henry David Thoreau's search for new values in life are examined, and hypothetical reactions of the philosopher to modern events are postulated. His ideas are then compared to a modern pro-technologist's. 5 pages, footnotes in text, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
04791. Realism, Christianity and International Politics. The theories of political "realism" are explained and the Christian criticism of those theories examined. Moral questions of war, individualism, and violence are studied from the perspective of Mortenthau's realism and from that of Niebuhr and Ramsay's Christian humanism. Efforts to reconcile questions of good and evil and God's will are studied. 15 pages, 22 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
04628. Situation Ethics by Joseph Fletcher. The statement in Chapter 7 of this book that "love justifies its means" is considered, and a general criticism of the morality of situation ethics is presented. The problem of evil in the doing of good, and the principle of love as the ultimate meaning to existence, are both discussed. 10 pages, 3 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
04442. The Little Prince and I and Thou. Two highly different works are compared for their existential themes. Buber's book is seen as a dissertation essay, and Exupery's fairy tale as an allegory of man's condition. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
04326. Phenomenology and Organizations. Very good, detailed and thorough discussion of organization theory in terms of phenomological criticism (existential philosophy.) The format is a thorough discussion of D. Silverman's Theory of Organizations. Finds that role-systems and interactions of actors are the most important variable to be studied in the organization. Much more clearly written than most published phenomenology. 21 pages, 34 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
04300. Bertrand Russell and Induction. Russell's theories on inductive reasoning and the limitations and possibilities of logic are reviewed. The role of experience, common sense and association in his theories are discussed, and Edwards' criticism of Russell's notions on verification and empiricism is commented on. 13 pages, 12 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $91
 
04289. Eros and the New Approach to Existential Phenononology. Good discusson, in two parts; the first is a general, clear overview of existential phenomonology; the second explores the role of love in consciousness, which discusses Freud, Plato Aquinas, Binswanger and others to get a "humanist view" of love. 12 pages, 15 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
04219. The Problem of Freedom: The Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. Smoothly-written discussion of the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre; focusing on his insistence on man's freedom and his responsibility for his own actions; also summarizes his plays "The Flies" and "The Condemned of Altona." 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
04209. A Discussion of Sadler's Existence and Love. Good, personal discussion of Sadler's exercise in existentiai philosophy; the importance of freedom, the necessity of love. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $70
 
03997. Alan Watts' the Book on the Taboo Against Knowing Who You Are. Watts' treatise on the relationship of the ego to the true self is given a favorable review. The author's views on consciousness, truth and the cosmic relation of self to the universe are looked at. 3p., 0f.. 0b.   $21
 
03996. William Barrett's Irrational Man. Barrett's work on existential philosophy is seen as a key to understanding the philosophical language and meaning of an irrational world. Barrett's treatment of the roots of existentialism, (Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre and Heidegger) is outlined in the review. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
03960. The Role of God in Heidegger's Philosophy. The ontological theories of Heidegger's existentialism are reviewed, and the basic terms of his thought are defined. The transcendental values of being and nothingness are contrasted to the traditional metaphysical concept of God, and the role of creation out of nothing in his thought is explained. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
03959. Sartre as a Humanist. The humanist aspects of existential thoughts are explored. The problems of loneliness, pessimism and the lack of social ethic are answered by Sartre with the existential idea of a universal standard of conduct ground philosophy in humanism. 7 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
03774. Auguste Comte's Positivism and Modern Society. Comte's social theory and contribution to the science of sociology through Positivism are examined. The stages of growth and the phenomenal world view are related to the contemporary world, and compared to the sociology of George Simmel. 10 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source.   $70
 
03585. Bertrand Russell on Descartes. Bertrand Russell's analysis of Descartes as a systematic doubter in "Problems of Philosophy" is reviewed. Russell argues that Descartes went beyond what could be judged certain in his reliance upon sensation as proof of existence. The problems of a necessary cause and the awareness of thought and sensation in the self are debated. 6 pages, 4 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
03583. Can Miracles Be Known to Happen? A philosophical discussion of the nature and occurence of miracles. The opposition of the dogmatic thinkers to violations of known laws is compared to the modern will to belief and faith, and the possibility of miracles is upheld. 7 pages, 2 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
03581. Philosophy and Science. A comparison of the kinds of theoretical concepts found in philosophy and those of science. Determination of meaning, the formation of concepts, and the rules of logical thought are seen in terms of the problems of modern physics. Science and philosophy are said to meet at the borderline of metaphysics. 9 pages, 16 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
02399. The Modern Faith in Science. Very good, thorough discusson of Science considered as a religion. First part shows how science depends on judgements at all stages; part two shows the dangers of "totally scientific" legal system, part three gives the usual discussion of liberal-radical fears of "Establishment-behavioral science" collusion for repression, and could be updated. Overall very convincing. 18 pages, 10 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
02387. Intellectuals in the 2oth Century. A brief but ambitious and stimulating interpretive essay surveying major intellectual developments of our era including the development of science, Freud, and existentialism. 12 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
02373. Whitehead's Alternative to Hume's Analysis of the Problem of Induction. Good, detailed analysis of a problem in philosophy. Hume saw inductive reasoning as a conjecture based on impressions, while Whitehead shows how we form an understanding based on causal relationships which makes our impressions make sense, and thus validates our inductive reasoning. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
02369. Tillich's Levels of Reality. Sophisticated, complete discussion of Paul Tillich's philosophy, focusing on his discussion of the infinite "ground of being" and the finite "real world," and the kinds of knowledge appropriate and proper to each. Concludes with clever thoughts on the role of objective and subjective knowledge in science, given Tillich's framework. 14 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. (notes in text).   $98
 
02363. Jean-Paul Sartre. A brief biographical study of Sartre, with a commentary on his brand of existentialism and an outline of the central tenets of his thought. His relations with Camus and the modern French intellectual world are also discussed. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
02362. Nausea by Jean-Paul Sartre. A review of Sartre's novel, emphasizing the atheistic existential position described in it. The development of time and the struggle of Roquentin to "come to terms with his own existence" are explored. The characters of Anny and The Self Taught Man are analyzed, and the philosophic implications of Sartre's view of human existence are outlined. 12 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
02361. Sartre on Doestoevsky's Underground Man. The position of Sartre on the central beliefs of Dostoevsky's character in Notes from Undcrground is hypothesized. Sartre is said to be beyond Dostoevsky in his postulation of freedom and an indefinable essence in the human spirit and its self-concept. 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
 
02360. Bertrand Russell's "Education." Russell's proposals for a liberal philosophy of education in the essay are discussed. The criticism of modern education as politically oriented and based on discipline instead of reverence is outlined, and the need for a system without fear of authority reiterated. . 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
 
02359. Bertrand Russell's Mysticism and Logic. An early work of Russell formulating a doctrine of material objects is reviewed in detail. His common sense approach to the reality of sense data is criticized, and his theory of non-subjective, persistent objects is judged weak. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
02356. The Individual and Transcendence of Time. The role of the individual in the modern concept of historical time is analyzed, Modern Man's transience is contrasted with the transcendent values of archaic man. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
02352. Modern Physics and the Philosophy of Being. In this paper, the implications of 20th Century physics for the theories of matter in philosophy are examined. The concepts of motion and particle theory from the Atomists to Newton are compared to the dualism of modern physics with its wave and particle theories. KEYWORDS: physics philosophy particle theory. 6 pages, 3 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
02348. Friedrich Nietzsche and Ayn Rand. Two radically different prophets of Nihilism are compared for similarities in their views of the individual. religion, and socialism. The ideal of the hero or superman makes Neitzsche an advocate of the will to power, Rand advocates triumph of reason. 9p, 5f, 4b.   $63
 
02346. Modern Philosophy of the Mind. The questions of mind-body dualism in Cartesianism and the physicalism of Identity Theory of the mind and body are contrasted. The hypothetical objections to physicalism of the mind are examined, and physiology is held to be an inadequate explanation of the phenomenon of consciousness. The problem of free-floating "ideas" is also discussed in relation to the question of intent and infinite progress in physicalism. 12p., 0f., annotated B. of 8.   $84
 
02344. The Mind: An Existential Inquiry. The thesis that the mind can only be understood in terms of man's existence is elaborated through references to Cartesianism, Phenomenology and the philosophy of being. Man's existence in spatiality and temporality is seen as the crux of Being and the Other. Four modern theories of mind, Pyle, Strawson, the Identity Theory, and Freud, are criticized in brief, and the implication of existentialism for man's freedom and responsibility are summarized. 13 pages, 0 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. Includes outline.   $91
 
02334. Individualism: Arguments for and Against. The struggle for the theory of individualism is traced from the l8th cent. to date. Doctrines of self-interest and laissez-faire economics are contrasted with the collectivist ethic, with Marx, the Utilitarians and the socialists on the side of collectivism and Freud, Spencer and the Existentialists upholding the primacy of the individual. 9 pages, 23 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
02332. The Idealist: Weiss, Sartre, Camus, and Ellsberg. The role of the idealist in Weiss' Marat Sade and Canus' The Plague is compared to the justifications of Daniel Ellsberg for his theft of the Pentagon Papers. A personal view of the modern idealist. 7 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
02331. Edmund Husserl and Jean-Paul Sartre. The relationship of the thought and method of Husserl's phenomenology to Sartre's work is examined. Husserl's insistence upon the acccssibility of experience is seen as the basis of Sartre's existential concept of ego as "being-in-the-world. " 8 pages, 0 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
02330. Causation in Hume and Whitehead. A detailed comparison of the theory of causation in Hume's Treatise on Human Nature and the views of Whitehead on the monadic nature of the world. An excellent study of the problem of learning the nature of reality from experience; Whitehead's attack on skepticism is seen as opening thc door to inquiry into experience once more. 23 pages, 22 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
02318. The Philosophy of Mind, a Circle Game? A criticism of the controversy of mind/body dualism, mechanism and other issues of the philosophy of mind since the time of Descartes. The matter is regarded as a hopeless confusion of ideas and words. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources..   $56
 
02317. Materialism and Creativity. A discussion of the philosophical concept of materialism in relation to mind/body duality. Utilizing resources from O'Conner and Scriven, postulates man's creative impulse is seen as a refutation of the materialist doctrine that man is a physical robot. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
02313. George Berkeley and C. S. Peirce. A comparison of Berkeley's ideas on reality and perception found in Principles of Knowledge and the "realism" of Charles S. Peirce's pragmatic philosophy. The two are seen as connected through their teleological view of the universe and their opposition of the nominalist/realist dichotomy. 12 pages, 23 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. Also notes in text.   $84
 
02312. Man's Search for a Value System. - A personal view of the quest for meaning in the modern world. Questions of free will, relativity of values, and morality are raised and dealt with from the author's opinions, and a note on aesthetics is included at the end. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
02305. Theories of Content and Form in Beardsley and Santayana. The aesthetic theories of the two philosophers with regard to content and form in literature are compared. Problems of defining the object as represented and as suggested, content semiotic value with regard to literary aesthetics. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
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