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19C. POLITICAL THEORY; PART 1

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
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10225. The Democratic Facade by Daniel Hellinger and William Judd. Review of a political science study of America's modern democratic institutions; accepts the authors' view that media, schooling and socialization have made democracy an illusory form of government. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
10218. Class and Community by Alan Dawley. Reviews a radical critique of the class interests and labor organization efforts of the Lynn, Massachusetts shoemakers in the 19th century. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
10163. George Orwell and 1984. Report describes Orwell, his work and life, his concerns as writer/thinker, distopia in 1984, political aspects of language and behavior. Internal notes, several sources. 9 pages, 17 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
10007. Brazilian Nationalism. 29 pages, 58 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources. See Section 25F.   $133
 
10007. Brazilian Nationalism. A paper which traces the history and development of Brazilian nationalism, beginning with its first manifestation as colonial nativism in the 17th century and focusing on nationalism's heyday under the 20th century Vargas and Kubitschek administrations. Concludes with an appraisal of the nationalistic elements within the current movement toward democratic reform. 29 pages, 58 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
10006. Justice and Expediency in Political Revolutions. A comparison of the moderate, gradualist model of the English Revolution with the radical, antidemocratic model of the Russian Revolution. The models are then applied to the constrasting political situations in El Salvador and Nicaragua. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
10005. Structural-Functionalism as Methodology. Summarizes the viewpoints of a political scientist on the sociological discipline of structural-functionalism. Analyzes whether structural-functional methodology is useful for generating interesting hypotheses in political analysis or whether it serves merely as a convenient typology. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
10004. State and Government in the Political System. An analysis of the relationship between state power and constitutional government authority in four countries: the Soviet Union, England, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. 6 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
09976. Plans for Unification Under Napoleon and Hitler. An analysis of Napoleon's and Hitler's plans for European unification. Compares and contrasts the two leaders' political and personal motivations and considers the extent to which each succeeded in meeting their objectives. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
09975. British and French Nationalism: An Historical Comparison. An in-depth historical analysis of French and British nationalism, arguing that British nationalism was an indigenous, insular phenomenon in comparison to the continental, international conception of the nation in France. Considers the subject during three periods: the rise of nationalism in the Renaissance, the expansion and development of Empire, and the changing role of nationalism in the modern era. KEYWORDS: Britain France nationalism international comparison empire and nation modernism. 31 pages, 42 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 7,862 words.   $133
 
09931. International Airport Financing. Compares and contrasts sources of funding, approaches to financing, revenues and expenses at King Abdulaziz International in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia with Boston's Logan International Airport. The advantages of the compensatory approach over the residual-cost approach to airport financing are discussed as are the economic inefficiencies of weight-based landing fee pricing. 22 pages, 59 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09834. Problems With Bureaucratic Structures. Considers common criticisms with and problems in bureaucracy, and then argues that the problems can be seen as a failure of administrative responsibility. Considers possible solutions to the problems, including changing administrative structure and funciton, as well as the possibility of citizen empowerment and direct participation in policymaking. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09790. Emergence of Public Administration Theory. Traces the way in which general theories of organization in the private sector gradually came to be grafted onto the public sector. Considers how Taylor's "scientific management," Weber's theory of bureaucracy, and later Maslow's humanism impacted contemporary public administration theory. 10 pages, 6 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09789. The Inner Nazi: A Critical Analysis of “Mein Kampf” by Hans Staudinger (A Review). The German-American sociologist's critical analysis of Hitler's "Mein Kampf" is reviewed. Staudinger's insights into Hitler's political program and the state of post-war Europe are remarked upon. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
09785. Separation of Church and State in America. The origins and development of the First Amendment principle of a wall of separation between church and state are traced; numerous state establishments of religion in colonial America are noted, and the persistence of state laws and sectarian pressures for state religion in the 19th Century are described. 16 pages, 43 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $112
 
09784. Marcuse and Marx. A comparison of the two philosophers on the subjects of alienation and alienated labor, liberation, and revolution. Marcuse is seen as developing a new utopian strain of revolutionary Marxism, with its roots in the early writings of the young Karl Marx. 20 pages, 37 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09754. "Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age" by Benjamin R. Barber. Review and analysis of Barber's book which advocates participation in democracy as the only way to create a strong democracy and secure liberty. Barber relates interesting theories relating such individuals as Tocqueville on the survival of democracy in the modern era. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
09752. The Planning Function in Government Agencies: The Growing Role of Outside Consultants. Examines recent trends of government agencies to use private, outside consultants, especially for the planning function. Considers the current extent of service use, history of success, cost-effectiveness and advantages and disadvantages. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09746. Intergovernmental Relations: The Partnership Between Federal and State. Considers the need for, and conflicts inherent within national/state/local relations. Considers the relationship from the perspective of three perspectives: the inclusive-authority model, the overlapping-authority model, and the coordinate-authority model. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09715. Risk Management in the Public Sector. Discusses the growth of risk management practices in public and not-for-profit organizations since 1978. Defines risk management, describes its early development in the private sector (mainly in insurance), and the risks of its application in the public sector. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09698. Productivity in the Public Sector. A look at some of the efforts taken to improve productivity within public sector organizations. Discusses the impetus behind such efforts, the problems inherent in managing productivity in the public sector, programs in-place, and some of the conditions for successful program implementation. 11 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09694. Promotion, Equitable Treatment and the Law. A case analysis of a promotion-decision situation in public administration (the supervising administrator must decide who to promote between a choice of one male and one female applicant, both who have similar backgrounds in training and experience). Provides an overview of EEOC Guidelines, CSRA regulations, and factors to consider in the use of performance appraisal data. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09690. Organizational Theory in Traditional and Modern Society. Reviews the historical development of organizational theory. Compares and contrasts the classical approach popularized by Weber with the neoclassical approach stressing open systems and human relations management. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09689. Cultural Impacts on Organizations. An overview of the importance of cultural considerations to the running of organizations. Analyzes how cultural differences make for different views of leadership roles, supervisor-subordinate relationships, planning, organizational development, and employee selection. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09688. Organizational Effectiveness in the Public Sector. Considers the criteria and factors involved in achieving organizational effectiveness within the public sector. The investigation traces organizational theory, noting its fragmentation and its limitations, and notes some of the difficulties in applying programs and procedures designed for the private sector to the public agency. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09628. Liberation Theology. A look at the political and religious implications of the Latin American Liberation Theology movement in the Catholic Church: focuses on Brazil and the recent debate over radical activism between the clergy and the authority of John Paul II and the Vatican. 11 pages, 15 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09611. Machiavelli's Relevance to Modern Politics. An essay which argues that Machiavelli's theories are more relevant than ever to the contemporary environment. The essayist applies Machiavelli's cynical realism to a case assessment of the Soviet involvement in Afghanistan and to former President Carter's foreign policy based on "human rights." 11 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09599. Politics, Religion and the Satanic Verses. Summary and analysis of Rushdie's controversial novel. Author's purpose, style, and major themes are analyzed in detail. The political implications of the book, including its ramifications in Iran and the West, are noted. The analysis includes a brief biography of the author and his previous works. 20 pages, 40 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09596. "Political Man" by Seymour Martin Lipset. Summary analysis of Lipset's collection of essays on the subject of "The Social Bases of Politics". 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
09548. Rousseau's the Social Contract. Reviews Rousseau's book and considers its value to the student of political science and government. Major themes in the book and their relation to Rousseau's philosophy are explained. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
09547. Alexis De Tocqueville's "Democracy in America". Review of Tocqueville's book which assesses its historical importance as well as its applicability to modern American politics and society. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
09540. The Failure of Democracy. Argues that the political system of democracy as it is now practiced in the U.S. is failing. Examples of this failure are drawn from events such as changes in voting patterns, the growing influence of PACs, and the lack of substantive issues duriong the 1988 Presidential campaign. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09515. Collective Behavior and Individual Aggression. This term paper examines alternative psychological views on how group authority challenges or acquiesces to individual aggressive and anti-social behavior. 12 pages, 28 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 2,873 words.   $84
 
09434. Fatah and the Effectiveness of Terrorism. A case analysis of Arafat's PLO mainstream group, Fatah, which considers the usefulness of the doctrine of armed force as a way to effect change. Examines Fatah's history, ideology, strategy and relationship to other PLO groups and to Arab states in general. Considers the impact of Arab factionalism, international public opinion, Israeli military effectiveness, and the actions of Palestinians living in occupied territories. 21 pages, 32 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
09432. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers by Paul Kennedy. Review of Kennedy's best-selling book on the changing configurations of power among major nations. Kennedy's central thesis is analyzed from the perspective of the remarkable rise of Japan and other Pacific Rim countries over the past decade. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09430. Power Politics. A discussion of the "school" of international power politics as founded by Professor Hans J. Morgenthau and an analysis of how nations and/or political groups use "power" mechanisms to gain influence. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09402. Antigone and Socrates on Virtue and the State's Law. A comparison of the views of citizen's duty to the state in Sophocles' play and Socrates' philosophy. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
09379. Natural Law Versus Judicial Positivism in the Context of the Modern Civil Rights Movement. Outlines the important features of these two theories of law and suggests how they might be used to promote justice against the articulation of group-based rights. 9 pages, 13 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
09378. The Role of Religion in Machiavelli's Conception of "The Prince". Considers the role of religion and gaining and maintaining power as well as Machiavelli's attitude toward God and toward the Church as exemplified in his treatise. 5 pages, 24 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
09377. Political Liberty and the Philosophies of Machiavelli, Bolingbroke and Locke. A critique and analysis of each theorist's treatment of the concept of political liberties. 8 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
09376. Power Elitism and Libertarianism: Two Critiques of Contemporary American Democracy. A critical analysis of C. Wright Mills' The Power Elite and Miesczyslaw Maneli's Freedom and Tolerance with comparisons on how each author treats the concepts of liberty and democracy. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09369. Machiavelli's "The Prince". Machiavelli's treatise on power politics is reviewed, with special attention to the author's treatment of virtue and liberty. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
09368. The Prince by Machiavelli. Summary and analysis of Machiavelli's work with particular attention to the author's views on morality. 6 pages, 21 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,416 words.   $42
 
09367. The Role of Virtue in Governing a Principality in Machiavelli’S “the Prince”. Considers Machiavelli's argument that a prince should give the appearance of virtue, and not necessarily practice it. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
09317. A Research Design: Attitudes Towards Foreign Investment in Selected Industrial Democracies and Less Developed Countries: An Experimental Approach. A research design for political risk analysis on the problem of nationalism. Includes background information, design components, data sources and collection, and data processing and analysis. 11 pages, 16 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
09215. Executive vs. Legislative: The President Is Too Powerful. Using evidence from events during President Reagan's involvement in iran-Contra and the likelihood of his granting a pardon for the defendants, the essay argues that the president is too powerful. The excess of power comes both from a misinterpretation of the Constitution and from flaws in the Constitution itself. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
09201. "The Prince" by Machiavelli. Presents an overview of Machiavelli's thoughts about society and the character of rulers as expressed in his major work. Also considers contemporary political figures in light of The Prince's assertions. 6 pages, 7 footnotes in text, l bibliographic source.   $42
 
09076. Machiavelli, Gandhi and Martin Luther King (Mlk) on Leadership and Power. This paper examines the philosophical and political foundations of power by comparing the leadership philosophies of Niccolò Machiavelli, Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. Machiavelli had a purely practical view on the use of power, while Gandhi and King took an ethical view on its use. Reference is made to the argument of Carl Sagan that leaders need to be adaptable in their use of strategies. It is concluded that there are advantages and disadvantages to both views of power and that leaders should incorporate the best ideas from both as they adapt to the situations placed before them. TAGS: philosophy legitimate charismatic coercive power leadership ethics Machiavelli Gandhi King Sagan. Turabian Style with Endnotes. 11 pages, 16 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 2,590 words.   $77
 
09005. The Weakness of Power in Machiavelli's "The Prince". Discusses Machiavelli's concept of political power and why he believed that powerful men run the risk of becoming victims of their own strength. 3 pages, l footnote, l bibliographic source.   $21
 
08983. Terrorism. Considers the denotative and connotative meanings of terrorism in the context of the modern world. Analyzes, the history, motivations, and applications of terrorism. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08963. Machiavelli's the Prince: Meaning, Response, and Legacy. Examines The Prince as a "Great Book" in the context of life between 14000 and 1800. After briefly describing the historical context of Machiavelli's work, the investigation summarizes content and meaning in Machiavelli's work. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
08929. Terrorism and the i.r.A. The investigation explores the history, objectives, organization, and activities of the IRA. Gives an evaluation of the organization and an appraisal of its future. 7 pages, 16 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
08732. Unified Central Power and the Creation of Civilizations. This paper examines the role of centralized power in the creation of civilizations, to see how the fact of a unified central authority has influenced the development of great cultures through the ages. Argues that although centralized power provided the necessary nucleus for great imperial states such as Egypt, Rome, and Great Britain, it is not itself the civilizing factor. 9 pages, 4 footnotes in text, 10 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08727. Government and Business Procurement. Compares and contrasts the procurement practices of private business with those of the United States government, particularly the Department of Defense. The reasons behind these differences are explored, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the differing procedures. 10 pages, 20 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
08651. The Idea of Political Authority in the Writings of Thomas Jefferson. Analyzes Jefferson's concept of political authority which for Jefferson was the power of those in positions of leadership to affect the lives of the governed. Considers the influence of Locke in Jefferson's political ideas and compares the popular orientation of Jefferson with elitist orientation of his contemporary, Alexander Hamilton. 22 pages, 47 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08573. A Brief Interpretive History of the Comintern, 1919 to 1924. A history and analysis of the Comintern, or Communist International, from 1919 to 1924. Considers organizational structure, "right wing" vs. "left wing" communism, and the political shifts from one congress to the next. 15 pages, 23 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
08559. Theoretical Models of Revolution in the Mexican Revolution. A comparative analysis of two theoretical approaches to the Mexican Revolution, as presented in Crane Brinton's The Anatomy of Revolution and Jack A. Goldsone's Revolutions. Also assesses the major forces in the Mexican Revolution and discusses the outcomes of the protracted upheaval in the country. 18 pages, 23 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
08407. Cost-Benefit Analysis: Its Purpose and Limitations. An examination of how cost-benefit analysis relates to public finance and expenditures. Analyzes the technique's theoretical foundations as well as its benefits and limitations. 10 pages, 31 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
08398. Relationship Between Economic Status and Political Party Affiliation. Examines the fallacies and truism present in the assumption that Republicans tend to be from the upper classes. Voting patterns between 1932 and 1976 are analyzed. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
08358. Kentucky Fried Chicken -- International Marketing Opportunity. Analysis of KFC's Japanese marketing strategy, including an analysis of the company's target market, location, product mix, distribution system, and advertising strategy. Also includes an overview of the Japanese consumer market and a market strategy prototype for U.S. companies entering Japan's consumer market. 14 pages, footnotes in text, 17 bibliographic sources.   $98
 
08298. Democracy in the United States by Robert Dahl. Review of Dahl's book which explores interrelated political principles which form the foundation for American democracy: citizen equality, equal opportunity, citizen participation, and majority rule. Also considered are Dahl's criticisms of the U.S. system. 8 pages, 15 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
08292. Plato and the United States Constitution. Examines Plato's insights into the strengths and weaknesses of constitutional governments, and considers the criticisms of key aspects of the U.S. Constitution that Plato made in his general discussion of the ideal form of government. Investigates whether Plato's views on government are supported by the same principles of natural law and civil rights often cited as the underlying principles of the U.S. Constitution. 18 pages 30 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
08198. A Political Risk Analysis of u.s. Investment in Egypt. Analyzes the risk of direct Egyptian government intervention with U.S. investments. An examination of the Egyptian presidency, banking system and overall political stability leads to the conclusion that there is currently little risk of negative government influence upon U.S. investment in Egypt. 16p. 14f.   $112
 
08176. Democracy and the Novel: The Evolution of Democracy and the Public Reading Taste as Reflected in Three American and Three British Novels. Encroachment of democratic principles into the scope, style and characters of novels by Fielding, Dickens and Forester in England and Hawthorne, Twain and Bellow in America is extensively traced and analyzed. The movement away from the classic literary tradition and its symbolism and towards journalistic realism and realistic dialogue is perceived as resulting from changing work occupation and education of the reader as well as political and social responses to changing views on class and ethnic divisions. 34 pages, 81 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08133. Policy Analysis and the Swine Flu Affair. Critical analysis of the public policy making process taken from an examination of "The Epidemic That Never Was" by Richard Neustadt and Harvey V. Fineberg. Discusses the policy process from the perspective of the six phases of initiation, estimation, selection, implementation, evaluation, and termination. 9 pages, footnotes in text, 2 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
08074. The Political Influence of American Independence: 1776-1830. A study of the effects of American Independence on international politics. The European reaction and subsequent colonial rebellions in the Americas are discussed. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
08037. The Political Sphere in Kafka. A study of the political element in some of Kafka's major works which concentrates on the conflict between the works' protagonists and bureaucractic institutions. 20 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
08024. The Bureaucratic Experience. A book review which considers the differences between bureaucracy and natural society, and the advantages and disadvantages of bureaucratic systems. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
07812. Machiavelli's "The Prince". A critical examination of Niccolo Machiavelli's classic book "The Prince", which analyzes the work itself and the historical context in which it was written. 5p., 1b., footnotes in text.   $35
 
07726. The Public Administration of American Immigration Policy. A thorough study of the interrelated functions of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of State, Public Health Service, and Department of Labor in directing and implementing United States immigration policy. Contains a brief history of immigration legislation. 19 pages, 18 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
07709. Democracy for Whom? A comparative critique of two contrasting textbooks on the American system of government: Michael Parenti's "Democracy for the Few" and Cumming's and Wise's "Democracy Under Pressure". 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07533. George Orwell's 1984: Is It Coming True? Essay which argues that while many dictatorial governments act like they want it to come true, and the increasingly technological basis of American society would give a dictatorship the means for making it come true, at least in the democratic societies of the West is has not yet come true, largely because the average person is aware of the symbolism of 1984 and has totally rejected it. 5p. 1b.   $35
 
07416. A Model Method of Improving/Enhancing Communications in a Public or Private Organization. A comprehensive survey of communications problems and methods, including major factors affecting communications in an organization (human environment, physical environment, etc.), analysis of formal and informal communications and their effectiveness, and several techniques for improving communications: analyzing communications flow, establishing employee committees, face-to-face conferences, and using sociometric techniques to determine patterns of informal communications. 18 pages, 27 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $126
 
07375. Horowitz' Theory of Imperialism. Summary of D. Horowitz' Empire and Revolution. The need to control world markets and raw materials is the driving force of imperialism, even though it manifests itself in different forms in various historical eras. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07374. Horowitz and Stalinism. Review of Horowitz' Empire and Revolution, asking whether Stalinism derived from Marxist theory or historical circumstances. Disagrees with Horowitz in arguing strongly that historical circumstances were responsible. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07373. The Anatomy of a Revolution: The Case of Chile. Pinochet's coup of Sept. 1973 is analyzed in terms of C. Brinton's and E. Wolff's models of revolution. Includes generally good historical analysis of the coup from leftist viewpoint. Finds that the coup was the opposite of popular, thus confounding models, but some structural results of governmental change fit the models to be compared. 9 pages, 18 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
07339. Hamilton, Madison, and the Concept of Power. Good comparison of the views of these two Founding Fathers on the proper form and functions of governmental power. Hamilton was influenced by Hobbes and the need for a strong government for defense reasons; Madison was concerned with ensuring that governmental power be firmly limited to protect the citizens from tyranny. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources. Notes in text.   $35
 
07338. Jefferson, Madison, and Property Rights. Compares the role that property plays in the writings of these two founding fathers. Though both had aristocratic tendencies and were strongly influenced by the philosophy of Locke, and opposed any levelling, Jefferson appears slightly less concerned with the possibility of property becoming a source of civil conflict. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
07235. Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism. Thorough review of federalism in national governments throughout the world in theory with practical examples. Finds that flexibility and ease of adapting to local conditions are the main advantages of federalism, which recommend it for Third World nations under certain circumstances. 12 pages, 10 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
07234. On Kingship by Aquinas. Thoughtful, well-written review of this example of Aquinas' political thought, finding him surprisingly democratic for his age. His thoughts on submission to/removal of a tyrant were conditioned by his liberal belief that the tyrant is an aberration that cannot last, or be half so successful as an understanding king. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $35
 
07229. Dante Alghieri's La Vita Nuova. Thorough dissection and discussion of Dante's spiritual and self-revealing series of poems for his beloved Beatrice. Like the poems themselves, the study concentrates on the development of Dante's character and emotions as he spends his youth in an idealistic passion for a woman he talked to only once. 25 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $133
 
07228. Dante on World Government. Very thorough summary and review of Dante's analysis of world government. Making use of typical Medieval scholastic type arguments, Dante proves three contentions: that a universal world government is the best possible form of human government; that the Roman Empire existed by right and was guided by Providence; and that the authority of the Holy Roman Emperor was superior to that of the Pope. 20 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $133
 
07150. A Summary and Critique of Empire and Revolution by D. Horowitz. Good criticism of this Marxist tome by a non-Marxist. Objective summary of a book that is based on the false premise of international class struggle. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
07119. Administrative Organization. Basic overview of the definitions and functions of administrative organizations and bureaucracies, and the need for checks and balances to protect the public from the lack of accountability of the bureaucrats. 4 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
07067. Comparative Politics: Plato, Marx and Marcuse. The three geniuses of essentially communist thought, who believe in the possibility of an ideal society in which all is shared; Plato found to be the most realistic. 5p. 1b. Notes in text.   $35
 
07067A. Comparative Politics: Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau. These three political philosophers exemplify the idea of the social contract, and are separated by their views on property on sovereign power. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.   $35
 
07047. "The Prince" by Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli's life and philosophy are fully described, with comparisons to The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius. Includes favorable personal reaction to Machiavelli's realistic description of the facts of political life. 7 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
06797. Anarchism and Michael Bakunin. The background and theory of anarchism in 19th century Europe is seen in light of the career and writings of Bakunin, and his revolutionary "catechism" for a new social order. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
06795. The Paris Commune. The historical significance of the popular uprising in Paris in 1871 is examined in detail in this comprehensive study. The background, events and circumstances of the rebellion are looked at in depth, and the economic and political forces at work in the Third Republic, are given a chapter-by-chapter analysis. The Commune is seen as a precursor to socialist uprisings in later years. 52 pages, 72 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
06784. Mill's Concept of Liberty. A critique of the notion that the acceptance of Mill's ideas on liberty would be of more harm than good to society, looking at issues of social responsiblity. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06758. Human Rights. This discussion argues that human rights are a manmade and not a natural law, and suggests that democracy best protects those rights. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. Notes in text.   $35
 
06743. Machiavelli and Traditional Political Philosophy. Machiavelli's newer political philosophy of individual power and self-interest is contrasted with the older political philosophy of Aristotle and Plato. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
06730. Machiavelli and Survival of the Fittest. An interesting study of the political theory of Machiavelli, viewing The Prince as a precursor to the 19th century theories of social Darwinism and the Nietzschean cult of the superman.- 12 pages, 20 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
06726. The Proper Role of Taxation. Taxation as a means of supporting social programs is discussed in this essay; taxation for defense is seen as proportional to the property rights being defended. 7p. 2f. 2h.   $49
 
06687. Nationalism as a Cause of War. A solid, brief, review of nationalism as it exists in the Third World and super power nations. While nationalism is seen as a cause of war in both Third World and First World states, significant differences are cited. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
06681. The Task of Political Science. An interesting study of the legitimate task of political science, comnaring the theories of Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hume, Hobbes and other major thinkers. 8 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
06635. "The Hidden Injuries of Class" by Richard Sennet and Jonathan Cobb. A review of a sociological study of class attitudes among workers and their families, based on interviews and impressions rather than comparative analysis. 8 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $56
 
06525. Supranational Organizations. An indepth study of the nature and history of supranational organizations; the types, history (ancient and modern) and problems of such groups are all analyzed and discussed. The paper concludes with a look at possible multi-national and supranational organization in the future. 31 pages, 22 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: supranational organizations, European Union, EEC, WTO, IMF, supranationality, state sovereignty, regional economic alliances.

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Suprantionality and the Decline of State Sovereignty: The Case of the European Union Research Paper

European Unification and US Federalism Research Paper

Eastern European and European Union (EU) Expansion Research Paper

Sovereignty: Changing Norms in a New World Order Research Paper

Supranational Organizations Research Paper

  $133
 
06523. The Nature of Politics. The nature and ends of politics and political associations are examined; the questions of power, violence, elite and democratic theory, and the morality of politics are all considered. 9 pages, 7 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
06522. Machiavelli and Borgia. An interesting study of Niccolo Machiavelli's idealization of the tyrant Cesare Borgia in his guide to statesmanship The Prince; the anti-papal temperament of Machiavelli is deemed responsible for his light treatment of Borgia's misdeeds. 11 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
 
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