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19C. POLITICAL THEORY; PART 1

How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
 
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06521. Democratic Theory. An interesting discussion of the political theory of democracy, from the liberal tradition of the classical model to the modern arguments for an "elite" model democracy. 10p. 5f. 5D.   $70
 
06520. Machiavelli's Political Thought and Ethical Theory. The ideas of the Italian political philosopher are considered in this study of ethical theory; Machiavelli is seen as being less an amoralist than an advocate of pragmatic politics, rejecting the traditional view of morality and promoting an ethic of results. 13 pages, 16 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. includes 2 pages outline.   $14
 
06515. b.f. Skinner on Public Administration. The noted behaviorists views on the philosophy of public administration, as found in Walden Two, are discussed in this paper. Skinner's later writings are used to amplify his views on means of social control. 10 pages, 5 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
06228. Locke, Limited Government and Majority Rule. Essay on the conflict in the thought of John Locke between the principle of limited government and the principle of an engaged citizenry. Finds Locke is best understood in the context of his times, and his own opinions. 4 pages, 3 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
06226. The Context of Freedom. Review and analysis of R.H. Tawney's essay on the limits of freedom in modern Western society: economic constraints are held to devalue political liberty. 15 pages, 6 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
06218. Leading Political Science Journals. Interesting annotated bibliography of 14 leading political journals, including editors, concerns, and general ideological tendencies. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06212. The Role of Violence in Political Evolution. An interesting analysis of violence, based on Barrington Moore's Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy; the prevalance and normality of violence in the political evolution of France, Britain, Japan, and India. 15 pages, 14 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $105
 
06211. The Development of the State Under Capitalism. Good survey of basic Marxist thought concentrating on the evolution of society (as postulated by Marx), from primitive tribe to capitalist state, also theory of exploitation, alienation, and contrast with Weber's view of the state. 25 pages, 23 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
06154. Relationship Between Personality and Political Behavior. Very thorough summary of social scientists attempt to link personality type and political preferences. Discusses numerous theories and paradigms that have been presented; points up how general and unpredictable those theories are, how much work remains to be done in this field. 31 pages, 28 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
06142. Hong Kong and Britain: A Past With a Future. Very thorough study of the economic and political history of Hong Kong since the first European traders in the lSOO's; more on the past than postwar, but current status and future political developments are also covered. Appendix on modern economics relations between Britain and Hong Kong. 30p. inc. Appendix. 45f. 20b.   $133
 
06138. Machiavelli, Luther and Calvin on Religion and Politics. A brief discussion of the political philosophy of the Reformation, arguing that Machiavilli would have approved of the more civic and national character of the Protestant political theory as compared to that of the Roman Church. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
06105. The Culture of Narcissism. Review of Christopher Lasch's book from radical perspective; compared to Barrington Moore and E.O. Wilson. Finds Lasch's critique of America's "Me Generation" stimulating, but not hopeful. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
06009. The First Circle: A Public Administration Perspective. A consideration of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's novel The First Circle, describing a special prison for scientists in Stalin's Russia. The discussion focuses on the different meanings of "public administration" and between the "Weberian" and Stalinist" models of bureaucratic administration, concludes that the differences have roots in Russian political culture. 30 pages, 23 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05966. Despotism and Political Culture in Russia and China. A study comparing the histories of Russia and China, stressing the tradition of autocratic centralized government and contrasting it to the feudal tradition in the West. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05960. Bureaucracies and Environments. The thesis of this paper is that organizations -- bureacratic organizations in particular -- are more determined by their social and ideological environments that vice versa. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05951. Change and the Systems Concept. An examination of `systems theory' in terms of efforts to bring about change - -with material drawn from personal experience in a political election campaign (described in very general terms). 10 pages, 7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05950. Systems Analysis and Public Policy. A critical analysis of the relevance of the systems approach to public-policy making -- its benefits and dangers. 10p. 9f. 3 sources cited in notes.   $70
 
05949. The Benefits and Dangers of Systems Theory in Public Policy. A critique of "systems theory" on the grounds that it is (a), overly vague and (b) underestimates the importance of normative considerations. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05948. "On Human Nature" by Edward Wilson. A review of the main ideas of Edward Wilson's book which attempts to provide a biological foundation for the social sciences. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05925. Barrington Moore. Some Reflections on the Causes of Human Misery. A paper outlining Moore's tentative analysis of contemporary pessimism and a suggested political solution to it. 5 pages, 2 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05884. Economic Development and Democracy. A paper dealing with the relationship of politics and economics in terms of the per capita income and political institutions of various countries. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $49
 
05883. Socialism. A review of the history of socialism in Europe and the U.S, from the conceptual critique of Marx to some of the major problems facing socialists in the late 20th century. 10 pages, 3 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05880. The Contribution of the Men of the Enlightenment to the Coming of the French Revolution. An analysis of the role played by the intelligentsia in the development of the French revolution in a context of political and economic disintegration. The conclusion is that the impact of the philosopher's was uneven and minimal. 6p. 3b. 5f.   $42
 
05858. Reforming the Bureaucracy. A critical analysis of suggestions made by David Brown (1977) for changes in the governmental bureacracy. Considers the views of three other authors (Anthony Downs, Marshall Meyer and Francis Rourke.), 6 pages, 10 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05856. Psychology and Terrorism. A discussion of several journal articles (1975-79) dealing with the personalities of terrorists. Concludes that terrorist behavior must be divided into "idiosyncratic" and "social" types. 9 pages, 7 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
05853. The Problem of Government in Three Utopias. A critical analysis of the political systems proposed in Plato's Republic, More's Utopia, and Bellamy's Looking Backward, Concludes that social struggle may be the only rea listic way toward social unity. 12 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
05784. War and Realism. A discussion of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars focusing on his critique of "realism", Basically sympathetic to the book, 8 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05760. Participation and Democracy. A review of Carol Pateman's book and her thesis that participation is essential to real and healthy democracy. Schumpeter is the target of much of her animosity. The Yugolslav example of worker participation is cited. 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05750. Totalitarianism, Democracy and Communism. Examines the question of how a non-Communist state or a democratic state might go Communist. Points out that neither kind of transition has ever happened short of war. 6 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05711. Totalitarianism. A definition of the concept of totalitarianism and a discussion of its origins using Hannah Arendt's "The Origins of Totalitarianism" as a foundation. It is seen as being a systematic to destroy the individual through such means as the concentration camp and as having its roots in the 19th century imperialism and racism. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05707. Pressure Groups and Democracy. A critical evaluation of the question of whether interest-group politics is a benefit or a threat to democracy. Concentrates on the writings of David Truman and Grant McConnell. 15 pages, 5 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
05706. Democracy: Public and Private. Do the features of American society keep powerful private groups -- although not internally democratic -- from violating the public interest and democratic values? Concludes that the contention that they do avoid such dangers is not wholly convincing. Uses oil induntry as example. 15 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $105
 
05703. The Historical-Analytical Approach in Political Science. A sympathetic consideration of the claim that modern political theorists ought to make use of historical data, in spite of the problems connected with that project. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $42
 
05701. "Looking Backward" by Edward Bellamy (A Review). A review of the famous utopian socialist novel "Looking Backward" by Edward Bellamy. Both the strengths and weaknesses of the novel are discussed (including comparisons to other novels such as Moore's "Utopia"). 5 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05637. France in May 1968. Two views of the events of May 1968 in France, Cohn Bendit's and Daniel Singer's, both of whom saw the tumult from a socialist perspective, the former from a committed standpoint, the latter from an "objective" position as a reporter. Their differences are documented as is the fact that they both agreed on the overall significance of the quasi revolution. 7p. 2b. l1f.   $49
 
05632. Eurocommunism. A broad survey attempting to define the concept of Eurocommunism in the post Stalin era and the pressure to adapt ideology to local conditions. There is an exploration of the central Marxist theory of the state and its historical development. Carrillo's rejection of the Soviet, Union as a model for Western Europe is considered as are various European Communist parties' attitudes to the ideological changes brought about by the Euroconnunist phenomena, 26 pages, 31 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05624. The Dilemma of Authority. Administrative Versus Professional. Hierarchy as a perenial feature of human society, implying authority and its at least partial validation in popular eyes is the subject of this paper. The question of rank and position as opposed to professional expertise in social theory is considered using Etzioni exhaustively. 10p. 4b. 10f.   $70
 
05623. Rousseau's Thought on the State of Nature. Rousseau's vision of the state of nature prior to the inception of civil government in closely scrutinized, specifically in relation to the Hobbesian and Lockean views, both of which Rousseau rejects. The paper discusses in detail the underlying ideas in his thinking as expressed in the first and second discourses, notably his attempt to create an anthropology of primitive man using the peasants of the Haute Savoie as a basis. 10 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05622. The Politics of the "American Political Science Review." The focus is on the 20 year period 1957-77. Three strands of theorization are seen as developing in the APSR at this time, the methodological, the right opposition and the left opposition, The chronological change in the review is closely followed as are its links with contemporary political events notably in the tumultuous l960's. Rising critical tide at the "behavioral" stance of the APSR is documented as is the Politicization of the profession in the early l970's. The work of Dahl is extensively considered. 21 pages, 40 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05620. Rousseau's Social Ideas. Rousseau's concepts of the state of nature and civil society are used to examine the process whereby men abandon solitude and join social groups, thus subordinating himself to the General Will. The paper concludes with a rather unconvincing application of Rosseau's thought to modern multinational corporations and their lack of ethical behavior. 9 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $63
 
05614. Herbert Mccloskey "Consensus and Ideology in the American Political System." American Political Review June 1964. An attempt to ascertain if a De Toqueville type consensus exists among political activists and the general public in the U.S. Concluding that there is a high level of cynicism and disbelief expressed by the public and a lesser level expressed by the activists. The paper queries these findings and proposes extra criteria for measuring the same phenomena. 7p. 1 source.   $49
 
05604. Japan and Fascism. Details history of militarism and proto fascist movement in pre-war Japan and the applicability of the term 'fascist' to Japan. 4 pages, 6 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $28
 
05483. Politics and Psychology. A critical analysis of the charge that Sigmund Freud ignored politics in his criticque of mass society and Hannah Arendt ignored psychology and the inner life in her criticism of the same phenomenon. 12 pages, 14 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $84
 
05452. Empirical Research in Political Science. A methodological analysis of a 1976 article in the American Political Science Review suggesting that the level of political information among the citizenry of the Third World (the country studied being Ghana) is much higher than usually assumed. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
05450. "The Semisovereign People" by E. E. Schattschneider (A Review). An analysis of the modern political classic by E. E. Schattschneider attacking "interest politics." The strong and weak sides of the theory are evaluated. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
05447. Dostoyevsky and Lenin. A comparison and contrast between Lenin's theories and Dostoyevsky's notion that socialism would be like an "ant-hill". Sympathetic to Lenin but admitting that Dostoyevsky raised an important question. 8 pages, 6 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $56
 
05432. Islam, Communism, Socialism and Capitalism. A discussion of the theoretical gulfs and possible pragmatic closenesses of Islamic political thought, Soviet Communism, non-Marxist socialism and American style capitalism with reference to foreign policy as well as domestic orientations. 21 pages, 26 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05430. Almond and Verba: The Civic Culture. An analysis of the major work on "political culture" to appear in the United States. The pioneering and innovative character of the book (first published in 1963) is admitted, but certain limitations of the research are pointed out. 5p. 4f. 3 sources cited in footnotes.   $35
 
05420a. Imperialism and Underdevelopment. This paper defends the point that imperialism is connected with underdevelopment in the Third World. Generally sympathetic to Marxism-Leninism, but not dogmatically so. KEYWORDS: imperialism marxism third world underdevelopment. 10 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05418a. The New Industrial State by John Kenneth Galbraith. This paper is a review of Galbraith's thesis (as presented in his book, The New Industrial State) that industry has changed significantly over the near term past to the extent that it is insulated from the demands of consumers and has become strongly identified with the state. Technology, planning and education are all discussed. KEYWORDS: book review non fiction industrialization theories business government relations. 15 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic reference.   $105
 
05416a. Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. This paper provides a review of Milton Friedman's defense of pure capitalism in Capitalism and Freedom. This essay provides an even-handed summary of the book's arguments but concludes that its program is perhaps "utopian." KEYWORDS: book review nonfiction economic theory capitalism friedman. 6 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
05409a. The Age of Imperialism by Harry Magdoff. This paper provides a review of Magdoff’s book which provides a classical Marxist critique of the role of the United States in the world economy. KEYWORDS: book review non-fiction harry magdoff imperialism marxist critique. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
 
05408. Plato and the Modern Researchers on the Immortality of the Soul. An exposition of the Platonic theory of the nature of the human soul and its immortality in the world-soul. The doctrines of Plato, as found in the Phaedo and other works, are compared with the contemporary findings of researchers into death and dying, including Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, Raymond Moody and Osis and Haraldsson. 20 pages, 16 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05408a. Imperialism. This paper provides a mostly Marxist essay on Franz Schurman’s explanation of American “imperialism” since World War II, contrasted with Lenin’s explanation of imperialism. Schurman’s focus on the power of the Presidency are pitted against Lenin’s ideas of “historical necessity.” KEYWORDS: marxism imperialism schurman lenin. 20 pages, 22 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05406a. Thomas Hobbes’ "Leviathan". This paper reviews Hobbes’ central themes: Men are natural machines and the body politic must design itself to represent man, God’s creation. Human characteristics are treated mechanistically and man is seen in terms of motion and connection. Eventually, Hobbes arrives at absolute monarchy as the most desirable state of government. KEYWORDS: thomas hobbes political philosophy mechanistic absolute monarchy leviathan. 7 pages, 6 footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
 
05355. The Great Awakening: Jonathan Edwards and Nathan Cole. An account of the Great Awakening--the wave of religious fervour which swept colonial new England in the mid 18th century. 5p.   $35
 
05340. The Capetian Conception of Kingship. An investigation of the development of the French monarchy under the direct line of the Capetian dynasty (987-1328). It stresses the gradual process of consolidation of royal power first in the king's personal domain, and then victory throughout the whole kingdom over local nobles, and finally against the English and the Pope. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $70
 
05322. Frantic Fanon's "The Wretched of the Earth". A critical discussion of the influential book on the role of violence and revolution in the Third World. While appreciative of Fanon's insights, it concludes that his philosophy is overly-romantic. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $35
 
05277. Political Participation by Lester Milbrath. A review of political scientist Milbrath's study of participation in the political process, leaning toward the theories of behavioral psychologists on learned behavior. Special attention is given Milbrath's emphasis on open communication in democracy. 6 pages, 0 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
 
05262. Public Adminisiration in the Usa and the Ussr. Using Solzhenitsyn's The Cancer Ward and Shafriz' and Hyde's collection of readings, this paper analyzes the theory and practice of public administration in the US and the USSR. The Marxist theory of the state, law and public policy is discussed at some length, as is Max Weber's model of bureaucracy. It concludes that at least some of the differences between the Soviet and American systems may be more apparant than real. 25 pages, 21 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $133
 
05221. Rousseau's Social Contract. The question of representative government as opposed to sovereign authority is raised in this criticism of Rousseau's social treatise. The author's support of the general will of the people and the Utopian ideal is seen as overriding his demand for social cohesiveness. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic sources. 2000 words.

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