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How to interpret the catalog entries:
  • How old is my paper? The closer a paper is to the top of a page, the more recently it was written.
  • Book reviews Underlined titles indicate that the paper is a review/summary of a book.
  • Page lengths, footnotes and bibliographic references: The title of the paper, usually typed in capital letters, is followed by a brief description of the paper and a specification of text page length (NOT including the bibliography or endnote pages), number of footnotes or citations, and number of bibliographic references.
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13726. Freud and Adler: The Psychoanalysts and Their Theories. Compares Freud and Adler (with brief reference to Jung) in terms of their views on human nature (Freud the pessimist versus Adler the realist), the role of the counselor and therapist, their views of childhood and sexuality, and their view of well-adjusted individuals. Examines the classic "Clare's case" from the perspective of Freudian psychoanalytic theory and then looks at the same case from an Adlerian perspective. 12 pages, 5 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $84
13714. Family Therapy of Alcoholism. Examines the theories, processes, advantages and disadvantages of using family therapy in the treatment of alcoholism. Considers how family therapy for alcoholism of necessity involves treatment not only of the individual alcoholic, but rather of the entire "alcoholic family." 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $42
13701. Alcohol and Drug Abuse: A Comparison of Treatment Approaches. Following a review of the because potential and dangers of alcohol and drug use and the diagnosis of alcoholism and/or addiction, this paper presents an overview of contemporary treatment philosophies and strategies. Describes various approaches including medically-supervised detoxification, counseling and psychotherapy, family therapy, 12-step program (e.g., AA), and inpatient rehab centers such as the Betty Ford Center. 14 pages, 21 footnotes, 21 bibliographic references.   $98
13699. Anorexia and Bulimia: Symptoms and Diagnosis. This paper describes the symptoms and diagnosis of these two major eating disorders, along with the problem of compulsive overeating and dieting. Identifies the principal causes of the major eating disorders found in American society and looks at the psychological and physiological impact of these disorders. 12 pages, 17 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $84
13652. Alcoholism and Marriage. An investigation and review of literature on the impact of alcoholism on marriage, viewing the disease in its social context as a part of the marriage relationship and as a significant factor in the dynamics of the "alcoholic family." Argues that the alcoholic marriage is impacted by alcoholism in three main ways: 1) through its role as a dysfunctional element; 2) as a source of co-dependency or mutual addiction; and 3) as a disease process. 19 pages, 29 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $133
13595. Psychological Effects of Natural Disasters. This paper presents a review of the current literature investing psychological effects of natural disasters (hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, fires,etc.). Profiles the range of effects in both adults and children, discussing acute stress responses, dissociative disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and behavioral problems. Examines factors correlated with higher rates of disaster-related psychological consequences, including disaster magnitude and intensity; pre-existing psychological/psychiatric disorders, and life stresses. KEYWORDS: disasters terrorist attacks floods earthquakes hurricanes psychological effect post traumatic stress term paper. APA Style. 16 pages, 49 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $112
13526. Brief Therapy: A Comparative Analysis of Psychodynamic Cognitive-Behavioral and Solutions-Focused Approaches. This paper provides an overview and comparative analysis of three models of brief therapy: 1) Psychodynamic approaches; 2) cognitive-behavioral; and 3) strategic/solution. Prior to discussing the theory, process and applications of each model, the paper first presents a definition, overview and history of the brief therapy model. The concluding section presents a summary comparative analysis of the three models. KEYWORDS: brief therapy modalities psychotherapy term paper. APA Style. 12 pages, 39 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $84
13512. Depressive Disorders. This paper provides an overview and analysis of depressive disorders, reviewing the epidemiology; etiology; symptoms, natural history and sub-types; and current treatments (pharmacological, psychotherapy, and other)for this common mental illness. 17 pages, 59 footnotes, 27 bibliographic sources.   $119
13472. Anxiety Disorders: The Bio-Psychosocial Perspective. Following a brief overview of the classification and definition of the anxiety disorders group within DSM-IV (APA, 1994), this paper presents an overview of anxiety disorders from the biopsychosocial perspective of differential diagnosis. Focusing on the research relevant to the field of clinical psychology, and the role of the clinical psychologist in making a differential diagnosis of anxiety disorder, the analysis considers the biological, psychological, and social issues in detail and includes reference to legal, ethical, and cultural considerations in the differential diagnosis of anxiety disorder. 17 pages, 35 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.   $119
13461. Mood Disorders: A Focus on Bipolar Disorder From the Perspective of the Treating Clinical Psychologist. Following an overview of the prevalence, etiology, and symptomatology of the principal mood disorders (i.e., major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder), this paper focuses on the diagnosis and treatment (medication and psychotherapeutic) of bipolar disorder (focusing on bipolar I and bipolar II). The intended audience for this review is the clinical psychologist. Although medication treatment under the primary direction of a psychiatrist is the generally accepted first-line treatment for both major depression and bipolar disorder, “talk therapies” (particularly cognitive-behavioral therapies) under the direction of a skilled and trained clinical psychologist are a vital adjunctive treatment modality in mood disorders. 27 pages, 42 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.   $133
13400. Prescription Privileges for Psychologists? This paper provides an overview and analysis of the controversy surrounding the provision of prescription privileges for psychologists. Following a brief overview of some of the forces driving the push for prescription privileges, the major points of contention, and an outline of the principal parties supporting each side, the analysis reviews the arguments both for and against prescription privileges for psychologists. A concluding section presents recommendations based on the merits of each side of the controversy and argues that prescription privileges should not be granted to psychologists. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $84
13378. Dream Theories. Discusses early examples of dream interpretation, as well as the views of noted theorists such as Freud, Jung, Perls, Hobson, Crick and LaBerge, among others. Also considers areas where further research is needed. 11 pages, 37 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $77
13371. Dissociative Identity Disorder (Or Multiple Personality Disorder). Overview of the disorder, including definition, description, link to child abuse, famous cases, controversies, treatment, and suggestions for future research. 10 pages, 43 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $70
13370. The Ethics of Involuntary Psychiatric Commitment. Considers the controversial biomedical ethics issues related to involuntary commitment of the mentally ill, weighing the patients’ rights and patient autonomy arguments against and the utilitarian and parens patriae arguments in favor of involuntary commitment. Examines the extent to which the “purity” of these opposing moral arguments have been confounded and diluted by the politics of deinstitutionalization, the problem of homelessness and the public’s fear of the mentally ill. KEYWORDS: psychiatry ethics mentally ill confinement involuntary psychiatric commitment. APA Style. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $70
13364. Profile of a Leader in Community Mental Health. Current problems and issues in community mental health are discussed in this report which presents a summary review and analysis of a confidential interview with a leader in community mental health in a major metropolitan area. Subjects covered in the interview include duties, responsibilities and qualifications for the position, the role of local government agencies, issues related to funding, and cultural/ethnic issues. A brief concluding section presents summary research on how community mental health issues are addressed in other countries, with a look at both the developed and the developing world. An organizational chart of the community mental health center profiled in this report is included as an appendix. KEYWORDS: community mental health organizations leaders. APA Style. 10 pages + appendix, 12 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $70
13323. Managed Care: Impact on Social Services/Mental Health Care. This paper examines the impact of the managed care paradigm on the delivery of mental health (or, as it is now called, behavioral health) care services, with special focus on the effects of managed care on social workers (MSWs, LCSWs, BSWs) and the range/scope of services these health care workers provide. Includes an overview and description of managed care as it has evolved within and impacted mental health care service delivery. Changes in reimbursement, controls on providers, and the changing role of various providers (e.g., psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, counselors) within the evolving system are examined. Assesses the impact of the new system on social workers and their patients/clients. 24 pages, 45 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $133
13320. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. This paper presents an overview and analysis of post traumatic stress disorder with an emphasis on its association with comorbid alcohol and substance abuse disorders. The phenomenology of PTSD is described, including its symptomology, diagnostic classification, course of illness, and prevalence. Biological as well as psychological components of the disorder are considered. To further understand how to treat this disorder, the analysis considers its etiology and the role of comorbid psychiatric disorders, particularly substance/alcohol abuse. The concluding section examines treatment protocols, considering pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, and preventive interventions with special attention to treatment of dually diagnosed PTSD and substance abuse. 34 pages, 142 footnotes, 43 bibliographic sources.   $133
13282. Sexuality, Sexual Behavior and Race/Ethnicity. This report provides a survey and overview of recent literature on racial differences in sexuality. The first section examines what has historically been the major focus of attention among sexuality researchers who have investigated racial issues: comparisons of sexuality between Caucasian and African-Americans. The next section reviews the literature on Asian and Hispanic sexuality, particularly as it compares to sexual behaviors among White and Black Americans. A concluding section discusses explanations for racial differences in sexuality. 24 pages, 134 footnotes, 35 bibliographic sources.   $133
13279. Karen Horney: Contributions to Modern Psychology Since 1950. This report reviews and assesses Karen Horney's contribution to modern psychology and psychoanalytic thinking during the post-1950 period. Following a brief biographical sketch of Dr. Horney's life and work, the analysis focuses on Horney's contributions to feminine psychology, neo-Freudianism/cultural psychoanalysis, personality theory, and modern humanistic psychology. A concluding section summarizes the findings and considers some of the reasons why Horney has only quite recently begun to get the attention she deserves. 12 pages, 35 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $84
13255. The Milan Group Approach to Family Therapy. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the Milan systemic approach to family therapy, with a focus on the original Milan Family Therapy model and its more common contemporary modifications. The analysis considers the key theoretical concepts, outlines the therapeutic process, and discusses the major therapeutic techniques within the Milan systemic approach to family therapy. A concluding discussion considers outcomes and limitations in the Milan approach. 14 pages, 43 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.   $98
13220. Virginia Satir's Family Therapy Mode Versus Brief Family Therapy. This report critically analyzes Virginia Satir's family therapy mode and the Brief Family Therapy mode. Each therapy is first considered separately in terms of its history, theoretical orientation, treatment approach, model of treatment, treatment techniques and role of the therapist. Following this, Satir's mode and Brief Therapy are compared and contrasted along major points. The analysis also includes a discussion of what factors a social worker might consider in selecting one of these modes over the other for intervention with a particular client(s). 10 pages, 34 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
13214. Talk Therapy: How Effective Is It? This report provides a review and analysis of the use and effectiveness of talk therapy as a treatment modality in a variety of psychological and psychiatric disorders. Following a brief definition of talk therapy and a discussion of its objectives and various approaches, the analysis reviews current literature on the evidence for the effectiveness of talk therapy, both in general and in specific disorders and examines some of the factors (e.g., length of treatment, stage of illness, quality of therapy/therapist, type of psychotherapy, etc.) which may mitigate its effectiveness. A concluding section considers some of the current challenges to the successful implementation of talk therapy modalities, with special reference to the role of managed care. 12 pages, 48 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.   $84
13165. Seasonal Affective Disorder (Sad). The Influence of Physical Environment on Human Psychology. This paper explores the physical environment-human psychology relationship through an examination of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Following a review of the literature on the relationship between seasonality and psychiatric disorders which helped to spur the initial clinical research on the problem of SAD, the main part of the paper provides a thorough overview of SAD, including its clinical features and major symptoms, the natural course of the illness, its distinction from other affective disorders, its epidemiology, and a discussion of treatment options with special attention to light therapy. The final section looks at the main theories of etiology in SAD, considering the role of photoperiod, melatonin, and circadian rhythms and the validity of each theory. 34 pages, 107 footnotes, 33 bibliographic sources.   $133
12668. Counseling Techniques: An Overview. The paper analyzes the skills and procedures required of the professional counselor, looking at them in the context of work in the Occupational Safety and Health field. The paper argues that a familiarity with problems of child, family and individual counseling is indispensable in areas of physical health (including alcohol and substance abuse problems), safety, mental health and well-being (where workplace habits are frequently impacted by problems of illness, death or dysfunction in the family). 12 pages, 18 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $84
12667. Human Communication in Counseling. The paper reviews the most successful techniques now being used by therapists and counselors to facilitate the human communication which lies at the center of the counseling process. The paper focuses on the theories of Thomas Gordon ( Parent Effectiveness Training); Virginia Satir and Don D. Jackson (Conjoint Therapy); Eric Berne and Jay Haley (Transactional Analysis); Carl Rogers (Client-Centered Therapy); Gregory Bateson (the Double-Bind in Family Therapy); and Paul Watzlawick (Therapeutic Communication). The paper argues that a key element of each of these recent theories is the crucial role of the transactional structure or grammar of communication in therapy. KEYWORDS: counseling communication therapeutic relationships bateson virginia satir don jackson paul watzlawick jay haley eric berne thomas gordon. 14 pages, 31 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $98
12666. Cross-Cultural Values and Counseling. The paper examines the sensitive cultural, linguistic and parental problems that can develop in cross-cultural marriage, family and child counseling. Through analysis of the four major minority groups in the U.S. (Blacks, Asians, Hispanics and Native Americans), the paper argues that traditional counseling methods have been heavily biased toward a white middle-class perspective and that minority clients rarely fit either the ideal model of that perspective, or the stereotypical model that the dominant culture often has of minorities. 14 pages, 19 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $98
12505. Weight Management and Eating Disorders. This paper provides an overview and investigation of weight management and eating disorders. As an introduction to the topic, the analysis begins with a brief summary of a visit to a counselor specializing in the treatment of eating disorders. This is followed by the analysis of three separate cases, each involving a patient manifesting a different type of eating disorder of weight management problem. Each analysis begins with a brief summary of the case and the client's presenting symptoms. Drawing on recent psychological, dietary, and medical literature, the eating disorder presented is identified and discusses. The second part of each analysis presents a suggested treatment plan and rationale for the patient. 25 pages, 29 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $133
12444. Mental Retardation: Student Characteristics and Instructional Approaches. The first part of the paper considers the current definition of mental retardation and profiles some of the basic factors and characteristics in mental retardation, with special attention to memory, attention, motivation, cognition, and behavior. The second part examines specific instructional approaches and procedures for the education of the mentally retarded student, with a focus on teaching social skills, mathematics, and reading. 17 pages, 41 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.   $119
12266. Identity and Adolescence: Applying Erik Erikson's Theories to an Interview With a Teenager. This paper draws on Erikson's (1959, 1961, 1968) theories on adolescent-stage identity formation and developmental tasks to analyze the results of an interview with a real-life teenager. This analysis begins with a summary overview of Erikson's (1959, 1968) theories on the adolescent identity crisis and the tasks of development during adolescence and is followed by an analysis which integrates interview observations with Erikson's theories on adolescence and identity. 12 pages, 16 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $84
12265. Analysis of a Therapeutic Intervention: Quitting Smoking. Provides an analysis of a hypothetical therapeutic session focused on a client's goal of quitting smoking. Profiles the client's characteristics, analyzes the problem of smoking and the literature on stop smoking interventions, and presents a treatment plan and rationale tailored to the client's needs and characteristics. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $70
12264. Self-Realization in the Writings of Taylor, Gendlin, and Morrison. Compares the perspectives of three writers on the subject: Charles Taylor (The Ethics of Authenticity). Eugene Gendlin (Focusing), and Toni Morrison (Nobel Prize acceptance speech). All of these authors agree that self-realization involves getting in touch with one's self, but that it also involves being concerned with the needs of other people. 20 pages, 65 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $133
12240. Alcoholic Families: Does Heredity Play a Role? This paper reviews the literature on the hereditary etiology of alcoholism. Concludes that the evidence provided by twin and adoption studies, as well as more recent evidence culled from genetic research, makes a strong case that heredity plays an important role in an individual’s propensity towards alcohol abuse and alcoholism. Keywords: alcoholism causes genetic family. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $49
12239. Dual Relationships in Psychology. This paper explores the ethical and legal issues surrounding dual relationships in psychotherapy. Following a brief description of the APA's position on dual relationships, the analysis examines the ethical and legal issues inherent within three categories of dual relationships: 1) sexual dual relationships between therapists and clients; 2) non-erotic (e.g. social, business) dual relationships between therapists and clients; and 3) dual relationships in psychology supervision and training. The concluding section summarizes the main legal and ethical problems in dual relationships and makes recommendations for addressing these problems. 10 pages, 26 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
12235. A Family Therapy Approach to Analyzing the Film Ordinary People. Analyzes the problems and family relationship interactions of the film's teenage protagonist within a systems theory framework using Nichols (1996) integrative approach to family therapy which combines elements of the psychodynamic, communications, and behavior approaches. Provides background on the theoretical approach, analyzes the film within this context, and sets forth a treatment plan using the integrative approach. 15 pages, 21 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $105
12179. Legal and Ethical Issues in Mandatory Child Abuse Reporting Requirements for Psychologists. The paper examines the legal and ethical issues and dilemmas in mandatory child abuse reporting requirements from the perspective of the mental health professional. Provides an overview of the legal and ethical issues and analyzes reasons why therapists often fail to comply with reporting laws. Offers recommendations on how psychologists and psychiatrists might resolve some of the ethical and legal dilemmas presented by these laws. 11 pages, 25 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $77
12082. An Overview of Gambling Addiction. Describes and examines pathological gambling within the framework of the behavior as an addiction, similar to alcohol and drug addiction. Describes and analyzes the personalities and behaviors of gamblers, draws analogies between gambling and other addictions, and considers treatment methods and their efficacy. 11 pages, 24 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $77
12058. The Organic Basis of Misidentification Syndromes: Reduplicative Paramnesia and Capgras Syndrome. Reviews the current neuropsychiatric literature on reduplicative syndromes - focusing on Capgras and reduplicative paramnesia (RP) - examining their underlying pathology and assessing current models of etiology. Provides an overview of the case literature on the definitions, classifications, and pathological features of these syndromes. Looks at the theoretical and empirical literature investigating the etiology of the syndromes, focusing particularly on organic explanations. 13 pages, 53 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $91
12053. A Personal Perspective on Healing and the Healer. Describes and assesses Barbara Sullivan's (1989) approach to psychotherapy and then demonstrates, via a review of the literature, how Sullivan's approach applies to the writer's own emerging style of working with patients. Considers and offers opinion on what constitutes healing, how one works as a healer, how healing is manifested and fostered, and who and what are healed. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
11725. Anorexia Nervosa. Provides a brief overview of the eating disorder. Describes the disorder in terms of its central clinical and diagnostic features, discusses its occurrence and typical age of onset, details how anorexia interferes with patient's day-to-day functioning, looks at ego defenses and other psychological manifestations of the disorder, and presents recommended treatment strategies. 5 pages, 23 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $35
11721. William H. Gates: A Personality Analysis. Thoughtful analysis of the key personality characteristics of the Microsoft Corp. founder and CEO. Examines how Gates' "Promeathan" personality type has influenced his management style and business success. Considers Gates' leadership style, relations with subordinates and business associates, work ethic, self-esteem, and attitude toward risk-taking. Argues that Gates' personality is well suited to success in the computer software industry and details how it has championed success at Microsoft in particular. 10 pages, 0 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $70
11712. Treatment of Major Depression. An overview of the major treatment strategies for major depression in adults. Considers preliminary assessment needs along with the specific psychotherapeutic, medication and other (ECT) interventions. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $49
11638. Core Factors in Group Process. Describes and analyzes Yalom's 11 core factors in group therapy within the broader context of the group dynamics and organizational change literature. Given OD's focus on group processes and change versus the change of individual client members, the analysis also considers the therapeutic factors that differentiate group interventions from individual therapy. 15 pages, 36 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $105
11603. The Search for the Causes of Homosexuality. Investigates the search for the etiology of homosexuality. Reviews the historical views on the causes and then analyzes more recent research on possible biological basis of homosexuality. The strengths and weaknesses of the scientific research which has postulated hormonal and/or neurochemical linkages, brain structure links, and genetic links are examined. 11 pages, 39 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.   $77
11601. Resistance to Change Is a Defense of Self. This analysis develops the notion that resistance to change is a defense of the self. This notion is developed both through the clinical perspective of the psychotherapist on patient resistance and the diagnostic perspective of the Organizational Development (OD) change agent on client and client-member resistance. 15 pages, 26 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $105
11598. Multiple Personality Disorder: A Psychiatric Controversy. An overview and analysis of the psychiatric and legal controversy over the existence or legitimacy of MPD. Considers history, factors fueling the controversy, and specific arguments on both sides of the issue. Concludes that a resolution is not imminent. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $77
11471. Contributions of Women in Psychology, 1890-1960. Provides brief biographies and summaries of the contributions made by ten major female psychologists working from 1890-1960. Mary Calkins, Margaret Washburn, Anna Freud, Melanie Klein, Karen Horney, Margaret Mahler, Maria Montessori, and Charlotte Buhler are among those profiled. 11 pages, 25 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $77
11454. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: The Serotonin Connection. Following a brief overview of the epidemiology and phenomenology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), this paper investigates the etiology of OCD. Examines the evidence for the neurochemical basis of OCD and then considers other possible causal factions in OCD within an appropriate model of causation for psychological disorders. 9 pages, 31 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $63
11235. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Presents on overview of the definition, symptoms, epidemiology, prognosis, etiology and treatment for ADHD. Considers the various treatment modalities and their respective effectiveness. Recommends use of stimulants in conjunction with cognitive-behavioral training. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $70
11210. Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches to the Treatment of Alcoholism. An overview and analysis of the cognitive-behavioral approach to alcoholism treatment. Compares and contrasts the behavioral model with the widely accepted "disease model" and considers the implications of these differences for treatment. Reviews main treatment modalities and their effectiveness. Contrasts effectiveness of behavioral treatment with non-behavioral methods. Considers controlled drinking controversy and speculates on the reasons why cognitive-behavioral approaches have not been more widely accepted. 9 pages, 30 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.   $63
11110. Underhill's Practical Mysticism and Fromm's the Art of Loving . This paper compares and contrasts these two books on different topics and from different times. Finds love and mysticism similarly defined. The method recommended to develop them is also similar. Concludes authors' also have like ideas on the impact of love and mysticism in society. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $35
11106. Psychological Effect of Toxic Waste Disasters. Defines posttraumatic shock disorder. Reviews studies of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl disasters. Discusses symptoms and population groups most affected. 8 pages, 18 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $56
11105. "Split Brain" Patients. Considers major issues and controversies in the fields of neurology and psychology involving human split brain operations, including practical aspects on human cerebral functioning with severed hemispheres, the respective functions of the right and left hemispheres, the psychiatric consequences, and the controversy concerning possible unifying structures within the human split brain. 13p, 22f., 14b.   $91
11093. Brain Injury and Psychiatric Disorders. This paper provides an overview of the relationship between traumatic brain injury and neuropsychiatric disorders. The etiology, scope and magnitude of the correlation between brain injury and personality disorders, psychosis, dementia, delusions, schizophrenia, behavioral disorders, affective disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder are discussed and analyzed. 10 pages, 32 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.   $70
11006. Advances in Art Therapy H. Wadeson Ed. Detailed chapter by chapter review which summarizes classes of patients and uses of art therapy by several therapists. Reports therapist's opinions on the effectiveness and purpose of art therapy in context of an overall treatment program. 16 pages, 13 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $112
11004. Art Therapy With Seven Clients. Case analyses of the art work and course of art therapy conducted with seven clients (2 children, 2 adolescents, 3 adults). Following descriptions of each client (along with psychiatric diagnoses when available) and a presentation of representative art work, the course of therapy with each client is discussed. A final section of the paper makes an in-depth presentation of the art therapy treatment of one young adult male client. 22 pages, 21 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $133
10696. Advances in Art Therapy, H. Wadeson, Ed. And Art as Therapy, Tessa Dalley, Ed. A chapter by chapter review of two anthologies of art therapy research. 16 pages, 34 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $112
10686. Art Therapy: Review of Current Literature. Analyzes the significant issues and current trends in the field of art therapy today. The first part of the review focuses on the issues of theory and structure within the field-- problems of definition, theoretical conflicts among practitioners, the role of aesthetics, the place of research. The second part of the review is devoted to an overview of trends and issues in art therapy applications with a focus on art therapy with children and adolescents, with the physically and sexually abused, with eating disorder patients, and other areas of application currently demonstrating development and expansion. 20 pages, 51 footnotes, 49 bibliographic sources.   $133
10685. History and Development of Art Therapy. Traces the history and development of art therapy as a recognized approach within the disciplines of psychiatry and psychotherapy. Following an examination of the assumptions and theoretical framework which underlie contemporary art therapy, considers the influence of the work of early psychoanalysts such as Freud and Jung on modern art therapy. Looks at the early studies in both Europe and the United States which explored the relationship between the arts and mental illnesses. Traces in detail the development of art therapy as a formal profession, drawing distinctions between the American and European approaches and then focusing on its development in the United States, from the early work of Naumburg and Kramer to the later work of Kwiatkowska and Wadeson. 22 pages, 64 footnotes, 41 bibliographic sources.   $133
10675. Treating Kuwaiti Students After the Gulf War. A comprehensive treatment. Beginning with a survey of literature on children and war, the paper details short and long-term symptoms. A theoretical basis for treatment (based on a diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) is offered, followed by practical considerations of various styles of therapy (Adlerian, Multimodal, etc.). Includes chart. 20 pages, 39 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.   $133
10590. Ego and the Self: A Personal View. The author examines how ego or "selfhood" has been perceived and understood in the author's own life. The author provides a brief discussion of the differences and similarities between the psychological and philosophical uses of the concept. 12 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $84
10433. Sensation Seeking and Risk-Taking in "Thrill" Sports. This paper investigates the psychological concept of sensation (or thrill)-seeking and its relation to risk-taking behaviors, particularly the so-called "thrill" sports. The sensation-seeking trait is defined and its components are analyzed. The analysis explores the links between sensation seeking and personality types and investigates the biological basis of the trait. "Thrill" sports are compared with other, often more destructive, manifestations of thrill-seeking. 15 pages, 38 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.   $105
10196. A Review and Evaluation of "If You Meet the Buddha on the Road, Kill Him" by Sheldon B. Kopp. Report and evaluation of Kopp's book on the use of psychotherapy as a means of directing and taking charge of one's own life and assuming responsibility for one's destiny. Report concludes that while book offers useful suggestions and depicts therapeutic process well and in detail, it is too personalized an accounting to be of value to the individual needing therapeutic assistance from a professional. 10 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $70
10177. Encounter Groups: Therapeutic Practices and Ethical Concerns. A look at the ethical dilemmas involved in the practice of encouter group psychotherapy. The Rogers, Esalen and Synanon methods of encouter group are examined among others. Problems of psychological aggression, group casualties, and the development of cult leaders are noted. 20 pages, 36 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $133
10090. Religious Faith and the Lifespan. Examines the concept of religious faith as expressed across the human lifespan; theories of Freud, Jung, Erikson, Skinner and other psychologists are considered, and the differences in religious traditions on age and spiritual growth are noted. 20 pages, 34 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.   $133
10015. Grief, an Issue in Crisis Intervention. A discussion and analysis of the usefulness of crisis intervention for persons suffering from the death of a loved one. Presents the rationale for intervention, describes the process of grief, and gives a step-by-step outline of procedures in crisis intervention for this situation. 6 pages, 27 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.   $42
10003. The Application of Psychoanalytic Theory to Political Methodology. An overview and summary of David Garson's assessment and critique of the use of Freud's psychoanalytic approach in explaining variations in political phenomena. Considers Freud's four major developmental themes as they apply to political science, profiles the major criticisms of the psychoanalytic approach, and considers criteria for hypothesis evaluation. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $49
09578. Freud and Transference. The Freudian concept of transference between patient and doctor is analyzed; uses of repetition, neurosis and "amnesia" in psychoanalysis are described. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $70
09457. Rogerian Analysis of Tom Wingo in "The Prince of Tides". An analysis of protagonist Tom Wingo in Conroy's 1986 novel of a psychoanalytic self-discovery; based on Carl Rogers' psychology of becoming and reality therapy. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $70
09222. Major Theories of Anna Freud. A critical perspective on the theories of Anna Freud which pertain to defense mechanisms. Analyzes the basic schism between Sigmund and Anna Freud and enumerates the weaknesses in Anna's theories. KEYWORDS: anna freud psychology theory defense mechanisms. 10 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $70
09009. Daydreaming. Explores the phnomenon of daydreaming, including its motivations and manifestations. Agrees with the cognitive-affective model of daydreaming which argues that daydreams are a crucial component of the human information processing system. Considers the benefits and possible negative side effects of daydreaming. 12 pages, 18 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $84
08975. Freud and Religion. Freud's views on religion and its influence on the psychological development of the race are examined. Concludes that Freud's antipathy to religion was grounded in his belief that it represented a largely negative and repressive force which had outlived its usefulness. 7 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $49
08956. Bulimia: Optimal Treatment Modalities. The investigation compares and contrasts the cognitive-behavioral approach with the group therapy approach in the treatment of this eating disorder. Rationale, procedures, and evidence supporting each approach is considered. Concludes that the cognitive-behavioral approach is most effective. 10 pages, 22 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.   $70
08804. Jungian Theory in Maya Angelou's "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings". Applies Jungian personality theory to Maya Angelou's autobiography. Takes into consideration archetypes, the collective unconscious, and the four basic mental functions of thinking, feeling, sensing and intuiting. 5 pages, 10 footnotes in text, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
08692. Self-Healing: Headaches. Describes the rationale, reviews the literature, and sets up a program for using a self-healing technique combining distraction and visualization for the treatment of tension and migraine headaches. 6p. 15. 11b.   $42
08691. Stress in the Workplace. Based on a review of literature in the field, this essay presents a brief overview of the topic of stress in the work environment. Defines "stress" and discusses a variety of theories on the management of stress. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.   $42
08687. A Modern Theory of Personality. An extensive criticism and analysis of the theories of Freud, Jung and Adler, with a look at the Behaviorist view of "introspective psychology." Concludes that an eclectic approach to the study of subjective introspective psychology is valid. 20 pages, 25 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
08640. Reichian Theory in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Applies Reichian analysis (including concepts such as Character Armor and Muscular Armor) to Maya Angelou's autobiography. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $35
08596. Building a Theory of Psychology. An interesting comparison of psychological theorizing to building a house; uses Freud and Jung's structures as examples of structural development. 8 pages, 4 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
08595. Orality in Freudian Psychoanalysis. The role of the mouth in infantile sexuality and the later significance of orality in rituals of eating and rites of passage are discussed. Comparisons between the biological and psychological symbolism of the mouth are made. 8 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.   $56
08589. The Woman Leader. Considers the issue of women and leadership and how women leaders compare to men leaders. Uses attribution theory, cognitive theory, and evaluation differences as the point of analysis. 11 pages, 14 footnotes in text, 12 bibliographic sources.   $77
08473. Entrepreneurial Stress. Investigates the entrepreneur as a victim of work-related stress. Analyzes the stressors and stress responses particular to entrepreneurs and presents a potential stress management program directed at this group. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.   $70
08442. Theories of Personality. Examines and compares the theories of a dozen personality psychologists, with a view toward showing how differing perceptions of these fundamental categories of mental activity alter each thinker's larger theory of the human personality. Considers the central questions of cognition, interpersonal activity, consciousness, and the study of human behavior. 20 pages, 23 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.   $133
08409. Overcoming Anxiety Through Deep Breathing. Presents a first-person investigation and rationale behind the components of using deep-breathing as a stress reduction technique. Techniques for practice and adjunctive stress-reduction modalities are discussed. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.   $35
07745. The Personality of the Effective Counselor. An examination of some of the personality characteristics of the effective counselor such as personal power, ethical concerns, and nurturing capacity. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
07729. The Case of Stan: A Psychotherapeutic Study. A suggested therapeutic counseling approach for a young adult with a troubled psychological history. 6 pages, footnotes in text, 1 bibliographic source.   $42
07597. Virginia Satir's Conjoint Family Therapy. A detailed examination of the noted family therapist's model of communications and family therapy technique; reviews both the theory and the technique from her work. 12 pages, 19 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $84
07596. Self-Esteem and the Elderly. Survey of the psychological changes/problems of America's senior citizens. Reviews theories and studies of psychological changes of the elderly, focusing on self-esteem and self-image; significance of factors such as economic class, attitude towards authority, altruism, finds basic paradox that elderly generally share the negative conceptions about old age in general, yet many see themselves as an exception and do not personal difficulties in adjusting to age. 17 pages, 21 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.   $119
07075. The Blending of Eastern and Western Psychologies. Favorable review of eastern types of psychological therapy which treat the inner man rather than western techniques which focus on the outer man; summarizes zen and yoga based therapies and attempts to combine benefits of both styles of therapy. 12 pages, 20 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $84
07074. The Life and Work of Carl Rogers. Full study of the life and work of Carl Rogers, leading American psychologist and theorist of humanist psychology, whose success is based on his basic hypotheses: that the client has within himself great resources for understanding and changing his behavior which only need by gently brought out by the therapist. 12 pages, 13 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.   $84
07073. Contemporary Family Therapies. Hypothetical application of five modern family-oriented therapeutic techniques to a family suffering from a lack of communication. Covers transactional analysis of Berne and others; client-centered Rogerian, as adapted by L'Abate; reality therapy of Glasser: neo-Freudian symbolic-experimental of Whitaker and Keith; humanist model by Erikson, May and others. Finds L'Abate and Berne would work best. 30p. 19b. Notes in text.   $133
06776. Anna Freud and Melanie Klein on Child's Play. Melanie Klein's technique of play therapy as the basis of children's psychoanalysis is reviewed, and a criticism of that technique by Anna Freud for a comparative basis. 6 pages, 5 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.   $42
06696. The I and the Not I: A Study in the Development of Consciousness. A well written review of M. Esther Harding's hook, The I and the Not I. Summarizing Harding's interpretation of the concepts of Jungian psychology as they relate to modern ego osychology, the paper offers certain minor critiques of Harding's methodology. 4 pages, 5 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $28
06542. How to Handle Resistance in Gestalt Therapy. The approach to therapy in the "here and now" pioneered by Dritz Perls is examined, with an emphasis is on handling resistance in the patient, 15 pages, 31 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.   $105
06540. Love and Human Relations. An interesting study of the significance of love in the life of the well-integrated human being. Theories of self-esteem, conditioned behavior, and other means of reconnecting with the ability to love are looked at. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibligraphic sources.   $70
06529. The Psychology of the Persona. The theory of human consciousness which holds that our conscious, civilized behavior is a mask or persona is examined in this study; the theories of Freud, Jung and Perls are used to analyzed dreams, and the construction of a personal self-image is outlined. 21 pages, 14 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
06122. Psychotherapy East and West by Alan Watts. Thoughtful book review of Watt's study of psychological and philosophical assumptions; good criticism o fsimplistic thought in modern versions of Eastern beliefs. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 0 bibliographic sources.   $35
06092. Jungian Interpretation of Fairy Tales. Detailed study of Jungian categories in fairy tales; heavy Jungian vocabulary. Analyzes two tales in Jungian terms; deep theoretical discussion of feminine archetypes. 20 pages, 28 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.   $133
06010. Carl Gustav Jung's "Memories, Dreams, Reflections". The autobiography of the Swiss psychologist is examined in terms of his theories of the archetypes, the collective unconscious and the animus and anima. The biographical aspect of the book is seen as uneven. KEYWORDS: jung autobiography psychological theorist. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.   $35
05875. Carl Rogers and Rogerian Analysis. Rogers' client-directed approach to therapy and its roots are documented stressing the importance of responsibility on the client's part within a framework of mutual trust. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.   $56
05873. Shyness and Insecurity. An examination of the classic psychoanalytic views of shyness, insecurity and the personality traits associated with it. Freud and Adler are cited. 8 pages, 14 footnotes, 5 annotated bibliographic sources.   $56
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